Modern Trends in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

Author: A. K. Haghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1926895002

Category: Science

Page: 167

View: 982

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This book covers a collection of topics that reflect the diversity of modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering. It presents leading-edge research from some of the brightest and most well known scientists from around the world. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to give readers an understanding of the material and/or structural behavior of new and advanced systems. The book offers a broad scope of new research for academics, researchers, and engineering professionals, which has potential for applications in several disciplines of engineering and science. Topics include: Time evolution of the electronegativity and its various scales and the interrelationship between electronegativity and other periodic parameters The starch nanocomposite and nanoparticles and its biomedical applications The lamination of nanofiber at different temperatures Electrospinning of chitosan (CHT) and how it can be improved by the addition of synthetic materials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Smart nanofibers based on nylon 6,6/polyethylene glycol blend Nano-biocomposites with chitosan matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Polypyrrole-coated polyacrylonitrile electrospun nanofibers Semi-empirical AM-1 studies on porphyrin, which include global reactivity parameters, local reactivity parameters, and atomic charge

Process Advancement in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research

Author: Gennady E. Zaikov,Vladimir A. Babkin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498719317

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 9134

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This volume contains peer-reviewed chapters and original research on chemistry and its broad range of applications in chemical engineering. Covering both theoretical and practical applications of modern chemistry, the book presents a different aspects of chemistry and chemical engineering. The book includes the most significant new research papers and other original contributions on the structure of single molecules and radicals, molecular assemblies, gases, liquids (including water and solutions), amorphous and crystalline solids, surfaces, films and nanoparticles (including inorganic, organic and organometallic compounds), molecular and polymeric materials, single crystals, and minerals. The aim of this multidisciplinary book is to promote communication and dialogue among researchers, scientists, engineers, and policymakers working in the areas of modern chemistry and chemical engineering and who deal with all structural aspects of modern chemistry and chemical engineering. The research provided here will be especially valuable to those interested in the principles of chemical bonding and matter organization, the impact of structural aspects on a chemical property or transformation, and the application of the newest physical methods in chemical structure research.

Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Volume 1

Mathematical and Analytical Techniques

Author: A. K. Haghi,Devrim Balköse,Omari V. Mukbaniani,Andrew G. Mercader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315341433

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 2848

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This new book brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of informatics tools for applied chemistry and computer science. It presents a modern approach to modeling and calculation and also looks at experimental design in applied chemistry and chemical engineering. The volume discusses the developments of advanced chemical products and respective tools to characterize and predict the chemical material properties and behavior. Providing numerous comparisons of different methods with one another and with different experiments, not only does this book summarize the classical theories, but it also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. Recent trends in several areas of chemistry and chemical engineering science, which have important application to practice, are discussed. Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering: Volume 1: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques provides valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers as well as for graduate students. It demonstrates the progress and promise for developing chemical materials that seem capable of moving this field from laboratory-scale prototypes to actual industrial applications. Volume 2 will focus principles and methodologies in applied chemistry and chemical engineering.

Modern Trends in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

Experiment and Theory

Author: Xueming Yang,Kopin Liu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812385681

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 638

View: 8978

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The field of chemical reaction dynamics has made huge progress during the last decade or so. The aim of these volumes is to provide graduate students and experts in the field with a picture of the current status of advanced experimental and theoretical research in chemical reaction dynamics.

Preparing Chemists and Chemical Engineers for a Globally Oriented Workforce

A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165808

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 90

View: 8505

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Globalizationâ€"the flow of people, goods, services, capital, and technology across international bordersâ€"is significantly impacting the chemistry and chemical engineering professions. Chemical companies are seeking new ideas, a trained workforce, and new market opportunities regardless of geographic location. During an October 2003 workshop, leaders in chemistry and chemical engineering from industry, academia, government, and private funding organizations explored the implications of an increasingly global research environment for the chemistry and chemical engineering workforce. The workshop presentations described deficiencies in the current educational system and the need to create and sustain a globally aware workforce in the near future. The goal of the workshop was to inform the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, which provides a science-oriented, apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemically related issues affecting government, industry, and universities.

Business Chemistry

How to Build and Sustain Thriving Businesses in the Chemical Industry

Author: Jens Leker,Carsten Gelhard,Stephan von Delft

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118858506

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 8508

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Advanced Data Analysis and Modelling in Chemical Engineering

Author: Denis Constales,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Dagmar R. D'hooge,Joris W. Thybaut,Guy B. Marin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 8471

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Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling in Chemical Engineering provides the mathematical foundations of different areas of chemical engineering and describes typical applications. The book presents the key areas of chemical engineering, their mathematical foundations, and corresponding modeling techniques. Modern industrial production is based on solid scientific methods, many of which are part of chemical engineering. To produce new substances or materials, engineers must devise special reactors and procedures, while also observing stringent safety requirements and striving to optimize the efficiency jointly in economic and ecological terms. In chemical engineering, mathematical methods are considered to be driving forces of many innovations in material design and process development. Presents the main mathematical problems and models of chemical engineering and provides the reader with contemporary methods and tools to solve them Summarizes in a clear and straightforward way, the contemporary trends in the interaction between mathematics and chemical engineering vital to chemical engineers in their daily work Includes classical analytical methods, computational methods, and methods of symbolic computation Covers the latest cutting edge computational methods, like symbolic computational methods

Pathways to Modern Physical Chemistry

An Engineering Approach with Multidisciplinary Applications

Author: Rainer Wolf,Gennady E. Zaikov,A. K. Haghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315342235

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 8287

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Pathways to Modern Physical Chemistry: An Engineering Approach with Multidisciplinary Applications focuses on recent trends and takes a systematic and practical look at theoretical aspects of materials chemistry. The book describes the characterization and analysis methods for materials and explains physical transport mechanisms in various materials. Not only does this book summarize the classical theories of materials chemistry, but it also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. Recent trends in several areas are explored, including polymer science, textile engineering, and chemical engineering science, which have important application to practice.

Pharmaceutical Process Development

Current Chemical and Engineering Challenges

Author: A. John Blacker,Mike T. Williams

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849731462

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 4126

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This book is aimed at both graduates and postgraduates interested in a career in the pharmaceutical industry by informing them about the breadth of the work carried out in chemical research and development departments. It is also of great value to academics wishing to advise students on the merits of careers in chemical development over discovery.

Ionic Soft Matter: Modern Trends in Theory and Applications

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Ionic Soft Matter: Modern Trends in Theory and Application Lviv, Ukraine, 14-17 April, 2004

Author: Douglas Henderson,Andrij Trokhymchuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402036637

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 5864

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Ionic soft matter is a class of conventional condensed matter in which the prevailing contribution is from electrostatics. Since electrostatic forces are found practically everywhere in nature, the development of appropriate and powerful theoretical tools to treat electrostatic forces, as well as a correct interpretation and understanding of observed phenomena, are extremely important issues at the frontiers of modern chemical and molecular engineering, biological and materials sciences, energy and environmental technological strategies. The presence of charge carriers (electrons, protons, ions, counter-ions, ionic surfactant micelles, charged latex, polystyrene and other colloidal particles) was found to be crucial in determining the physical properties of a variety of systems that include not only industrial colloidal suspensions but also living protein channels and biological DNA solutions. This book is for researchers interested in the statistical mechanical modeling of charged substance as well as for those working in chemical physics, physical chemistry, biophysics and environmental science. The book consists of state of the art reviews of the recent experimental, theoretical and simulation studies on ionic criticality, polyelectrolytes, proton transport in fuel cell membranes, and the design of DNA arrays. A significant portion of the book deals with discussions of the fundamental and applied problems of important phenomena such as ion association, ion adsorption, ion solvation, electrical double layer, thin colloidal film stability, ion collective dynamics, ion screening, etc. using a level of argumentation that is common and understandable for mathematicians, physicists, chemists, biologists and engineers. The book concludes with chapter on physical properties of fuel-containing materials from the inside of the troubled Chornobyl sarcophagus.

Research Methodology in Chemical Sciences

Experimental and Theoretical Approach

Author: Tanmoy Chakraborty,Lalita Ledwani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149872860X

Category: Science

Page: 388

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Recent Methodology in Chemical Sciences provides an eclectic survey of contemporary problems in experimental, theoretical, and applied chemistry. This book covers recent trends in research with the different domain of the chemical sciences. The chapters, written by knowledgeable researchers, provide different insights to the modern-day research in the domain of spectroscopy, plasma modification, and theoretical and computational analysis of chemical problems. It covers descriptions of experimental techniques, discussions on theoretical modeling, and much more.

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition

Author: Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146659456X

Category: Nature

Page: 712

View: 9929

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While strides are being made in the research and development of environmentally acceptable and more sustainable alternative fuels—including efforts to reduce emissions of air pollutants associated with combustion processes from electric power generation and vehicular transportation—fossil fuel resources are limited and may soon be on the verge of depletion in the near future. Measuring the correlation between quality of life, energy consumption, and the efficient utilization of energy, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition thoroughly examines the science and technology of alternative fuels and their processing technologies. It focuses specifically on environmental, technoeconomic, and socioeconomic issues associated with the use of alternative energy sources, such as sustainability, applicable technologies, modes of utilization, and impacts on society. Written with research and development scientists and engineers in mind, the material in this handbook provides a detailed description and an assessment of available and feasible technologies, environmental health and safety issues, governmental regulations, and issues and agendas for R&D. It also includes alternative energy networks for production, distribution, and consumption. What’s New in This Edition: Contains several new chapters of emerging interest and updates various chapters throughout Includes coverage of coal gasification and liquefaction, hydrogen technology and safety, shale fuel by hydraulic fracturing, ethanol from lignocellulosics, biodiesel, algae fuels, and energy from waste products Covers statistics, current concerns, and future trends A single-volume complete reference, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition contains relevant information on chemistry, technology, and novel approaches, as well as scientific foundations for further enhancements and breakthroughs. In addition to its purposes as a handbook for practicing scientists and engineers, it can also be used as a textbook or as a reference book on fuel science and engineering, energy and environment, chemical process design, and energy and environmental policy.

Corrosion Chemistry

Author: Volkan Cicek,Bayan Al-Numan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118232135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 190

View: 1384

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Corrosion Chemistry details the scientific background of the corrosion process and contemporary applications for dealing with corrosion for engineers and scientists, covering the most recent breakthroughs and trends. Corrosion is in essence a chemical process, and it is crucial to understand the dynamics from a chemical perspective before proceeding with analyses, designs and solutions from an engineering aspect. This book can be used both as a textbook and a reference book both by academics and engineers and scientists in the field. As a reference for the engineer in the field, it is both a refresher for the veteran on the causes of corrosion and the methods, processes, and technologies to deal with it, over a variety of industries. It is the most up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of corrosion available, covering the most cutting-edge new processes and theories. For the freshman engineer just entering the field, it is a tremendous introduction to corrosion. As a textbook, it can be used for a single semester technical elective course in undergraduate and postgraduate education for disciplines such as chemistry, chemical engineering, petroleum engineering, civil engineering, material engineering, mechanical engineering, metallurgical engineering, mining engineering, agricultural engineering, and other related technical fields.

Process Intensification

Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility

Author: David Reay,Colin Ramshaw,Adam Harvey

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080983057

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 4117

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Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding process intensification (PI) and developing successful PI solutions and applications in chemical process, civil, environmental, energy, pharmaceutical, biological, and biochemical systems. Process intensification is a chemical and process design approach that leads to substantially smaller, cleaner, safer, and more energy efficient process technology. It improves process flexibility, product quality, speed to market and inherent safety, with a reduced environmental footprint. This book represents a valuable resource for engineers working with leading-edge process technologies, and those involved research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems. No other reference covers both the technology and application of PI, addressing fundamentals, industry applications, and including a development and implementation guide Covers hot and high growth topics, including emission prevention, sustainable design, and pinch analysis World-class authors: Colin Ramshaw pioneered PI at ICI and is widely credited as the father of the technology

Biofuels and Bioenergy

Processes and Technologies

Author: Sunggyu Lee,Y.T. Shah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420089552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 341

View: 1582

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The newest addition to the Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering series from CRC Press, Biofuels and Bioenergy: Processes and Technologies provides a succinct but in-depth introduction to methods of development and use of biofuels and bioenergy. The book illustrates their great appeal as tools for solving the economic and environmental challenges associated with achieving energy sustainability and independence through the use of clean, renewable alternative energy. Taking a process engineering approach rooted in the fuel and petrochemical fields, this book masterfully integrates coverage of current conventional processes and emerging techniques. Topics covered include: Characterization and analysis of biofuels Process economics Chemistry of process conversion Process engineering and design and associated environmental technologies Energy balances and efficiencies Reactor designs and process configurations Energy materials and process equipment Integration with other conventional fossil fuel processes Byproduct utilization Governmental regulations and policies and global trends After an overview of the subject, the book discusses crop oils, biodiesel, and algae fuels. It examines ethanol from corn and from lignocelluloses and then explores fast pyrolysis and gasification of biomass. Discussing the future of biofuel production, it also describes the conversion of waste to biofuels, bioproducts, and bioenergy and concludes with a discussion of mixed feedstock. Written for readers with college-level backgrounds in chemistry, biology, physics, and engineering, this reference explores the science and technology involved in developing biofuels and bioenergy. It addresses the application of these and other disciplines, covering key issues of special interest to fuel process engineers, fuel scientists, and energy technologists, among others.

Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 5-Volume Set

Author: Devrim Balköse

Publisher: Apple Academic Press

ISBN: 9781771885942

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1790

View: 4353

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Volume 1. Mathematical and analytical techniques -- volume 2. Principles, methodology, and evaluation -- volume 3. Interdisciplinary approaches to theory -- volume 4. Experimental techniques and methodical developments -- volume 5. Research methodologies in modern chemistry and applied science

Recent Trends in Surface and Colloid Science

Author: Bidyut K. Paul,Satya Priya Moulik

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814299413

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 808

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Colloid and surface science is a fascinating interdisciplinary field, where modern development and knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, material science, pharmacy and engineering have been extensively adopted, with ample scope for fundamental research and extensive potential for application. The progress of research in this important field has been remarkable during the last four decades, and it has greatly benefited society. With a summary of recent advances in this multifaceted field, Recent Trends in Surface and Colloid Science provides critical information and presents the basic concepts of organized systems in relation to their practical significance.