Modern Trends in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

Author: A. K. Haghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1926895002

Category: Science

Page: 167

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This book covers a collection of topics that reflect the diversity of modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering. It presents leading-edge research from some of the brightest and most well known scientists from around the world. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to give readers an understanding of the material and/or structural behavior of new and advanced systems. The book offers a broad scope of new research for academics, researchers, and engineering professionals, which has potential for applications in several disciplines of engineering and science. Topics include: Time evolution of the electronegativity and its various scales and the interrelationship between electronegativity and other periodic parameters The starch nanocomposite and nanoparticles and its biomedical applications The lamination of nanofiber at different temperatures Electrospinning of chitosan (CHT) and how it can be improved by the addition of synthetic materials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Smart nanofibers based on nylon 6,6/polyethylene glycol blend Nano-biocomposites with chitosan matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Polypyrrole-coated polyacrylonitrile electrospun nanofibers Semi-empirical AM-1 studies on porphyrin, which include global reactivity parameters, local reactivity parameters, and atomic charge

Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Volume 1

Mathematical and Analytical Techniques

Author: A. K. Haghi,Devrim Balköse,Omari V. Mukbaniani,Andrew G. Mercader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315341433

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

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This new book brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of informatics tools for applied chemistry and computer science. It presents a modern approach to modeling and calculation and also looks at experimental design in applied chemistry and chemical engineering. The volume discusses the developments of advanced chemical products and respective tools to characterize and predict the chemical material properties and behavior. Providing numerous comparisons of different methods with one another and with different experiments, not only does this book summarize the classical theories, but it also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. Recent trends in several areas of chemistry and chemical engineering science, which have important application to practice, are discussed. Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering: Volume 1: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques provides valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers as well as for graduate students. It demonstrates the progress and promise for developing chemical materials that seem capable of moving this field from laboratory-scale prototypes to actual industrial applications. Volume 2 will focus principles and methodologies in applied chemistry and chemical engineering.

Ionic Soft Matter: Modern Trends in Theory and Applications

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Ionic Soft Matter: Modern Trends in Theory and Application Lviv, Ukraine, 14-17 April, 2004

Author: Douglas Henderson,Myroslav Holovko,Andrij Trokhymchuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402036637

Category: Science

Page: 418

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Ionic soft matter is a class of conventional condensed matter in which the prevailing contribution is from electrostatics. Since electrostatic forces are found practically everywhere in nature, the development of appropriate and powerful theoretical tools to treat electrostatic forces, as well as a correct interpretation and understanding of observed phenomena, are extremely important issues at the frontiers of modern chemical and molecular engineering, biological and materials sciences, energy and environmental technological strategies. The presence of charge carriers (electrons, protons, ions, counter-ions, ionic surfactant micelles, charged latex, polystyrene and other colloidal particles) was found to be crucial in determining the physical properties of a variety of systems that include not only industrial colloidal suspensions but also living protein channels and biological DNA solutions. This book is for researchers interested in the statistical mechanical modeling of charged substance as well as for those working in chemical physics, physical chemistry, biophysics and environmental science. The book consists of state of the art reviews of the recent experimental, theoretical and simulation studies on ionic criticality, polyelectrolytes, proton transport in fuel cell membranes, and the design of DNA arrays. A significant portion of the book deals with discussions of the fundamental and applied problems of important phenomena such as ion association, ion adsorption, ion solvation, electrical double layer, thin colloidal film stability, ion collective dynamics, ion screening, etc. using a level of argumentation that is common and understandable for mathematicians, physicists, chemists, biologists and engineers. The book concludes with chapter on physical properties of fuel-containing materials from the inside of the troubled Chornobyl sarcophagus.

Recent Trends in Surface and Colloid Science

Author: Bidyut K. Paul,Satya Priya Moulik

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814299413

Category: Medical

Page: 350

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Colloid and surface science is a fascinating interdisciplinary field, where modern development and knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, material science, pharmacy and engineering have been extensively adopted, with ample scope for fundamental research and extensive potential for application. The progress of research in this important field has been remarkable during the last four decades, and it has greatly benefited society. With a summary of recent advances in this multifaceted field, Recent Trends in Surface and Colloid Science provides critical information and presents the basic concepts of organized systems in relation to their practical significance.

Recent Trends in the Acetylcholinesterase System

Author: Mahira Parveen,Santosh Kumar

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586035082

Category: Science

Page: 229

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The enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) has drawn the attention of scientist as it has played a striking role in Alzheimers disease, Cardiac diseases and other diseases. A good discussion and overview document on AChE enzyme and its various aspects was felt lacking since long time in the field of enzyme Biochemistry as well as enzyme Biotechnology and this publication fills this gap. Before this publication there was no data available in AChE enzyme inhibition, its kinetics, its peripheral sites, their role in catalytic and noncholinergic function of enzyme, Ach receptors, AChE and BuChE genes etc. All these topics together form a good basis for researchers and post graduate students in this field of interest. This book is exclusively based on recent works reported in the field of AChE enzyme and is a collection volume of recent advanced reports and data on AChE Enzyme.

Recent Trends in Radiation Chemistry

Author: James F. Wishart,B. S. Madhava Rao

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981428209X

Category: Electronic books

Page: 607

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This volume is a review of the trends in the field of radiation chemistry research. It covers a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the historical perspective, instrumentation of accelerators in the nanosecond to femtosecond region, through the use of radiation chemical methods in the study of antioxidants and nanomaterials, radiation-induced DNA damage by ionizing radiation involving both direct and indirect effects, to ultrafast events in free electron transfer, radiation-induced processes at solid-liquid interfaces and the recent work on infrared spectroscopy and radiation chemistry. The book is unique in that it covers a wide spectrum of topics that will be of great interest to beginners as well as experts. Recent data on ultrafast phenomena from the recently established world-class laser-driven accelerators facilities in the US, France and Japan are reviewed.

Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Industry

Author: R. Rajagopal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118677897

Category: Science

Page: 312

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The global fine and speciality chemicals industry is a vitalsegment within the chemical value chain, catering to a multitude of societal and industrial needs.Regulatory, sustainability and consumer forces have been constantlyshaping the business fundamentals of this industry. Developingvalue creation strategies, which embed economic, environmental andsocial sustainability components, will need a comprehensiveassessment of business, scientific and technological challengesfacing the industry. Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and SpecialityChemicals Industry assesses sustainable value creation optionsagainst the backdrop of global mega trends that are defi ning thepresent and future course of the industry. It discusses innovativestrategies in feedstocks, R&D, technology, manufacturing,resource management and the supply chain as well as thesignificance of the bio-based chemical economy in enablingsustainable value creation in the fine and speciality chemicalsindustry. Topics covered include: • Transformation in the fine and speciality chemicalsbusiness • Sustainable management: evolution, transitions andtools • Research and technology directions • Resource optimization strategies • Bio-based chemicals, specialities and polymers • Sustainable practices in the fine and speciality chemicalsindustry • Sustainable value creation strategies Sustainable Value Creation in the Fine and SpecialityChemicals Industry presents a comprehensive overview of strategic options for sustainability management in theglobal fine and speciality chemicals industry. It will be avaluable resource for chemists and chemical engineers involved inthe design and development of economically, environmentally andsocially sustainable practices for the future.

Chemical Engineering Research Trends

Author: Leon P. Berton

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600214868

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 395

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Chemical engineering deals with the application of physical science (in particular chemistry and physics) and mathematics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. As well as producing useful materials, chemical engineering is also concerned with pioneering valuable new materials and techniques; an important form of research and development with direct applications in pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, artificial kidneys, oil refineries, solar panels, clean water, and biocompatible polymers! This book presents important research in this explosive field.

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV

Author: Victor Starov,Karel Procházka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642190375

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 202

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This volume includes 35 contributions to the 24th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society which took place in September 2010 in Prague. The contributions from leading scientists cover a broad spectrum of the following topics: • Self-assembling, Stimuli-responsive and Hierarchically Organized Systems • Colloid, Polymer and Polyelectrolyte Solutions; Concentrated Systems and Gels • Thin Films, Interfaces and Surfaces; Wetting Phenomena • Novel Nano-to-Mesostructured Functional Materials • Biologically Important and Bioinspired Systems; Pharmaceutical and Medical Applications

Research Methodology in Chemical Sciences

Experimental and Theoretical Approach

Author: Tanmoy Chakraborty,Lalita Ledwani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149872860X

Category: Science

Page: 388

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Recent Methodology in Chemical Sciences provides an eclectic survey of contemporary problems in experimental, theoretical, and applied chemistry. This book covers recent trends in research with the different domain of the chemical sciences. The chapters, written by knowledgeable researchers, provide different insights to the modern-day research in the domain of spectroscopy, plasma modification, and theoretical and computational analysis of chemical problems. It covers descriptions of experimental techniques, discussions on theoretical modeling, and much more.

Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Technology and Economic Policy,Committee on Trends in Federal Spending on Scientific and Engineering Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309170621

Category: Education

Page: 112

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The Board on Science, Technology and Economic Policy updated its 1999 analysis (Appendix A, Securing America's Industrial Strength, 1999) of changes since 1990 in the distribution of federal research funding by field of science and engineering) by incorporating FY 1998 and FY 1999 obligations from the NSF Federal Funds survey, with particular attention to the trends in basic research support, changes in research fields' relative dependence on research-sponsoring agencies, and the relationship between changes in research support and changes in enrollment in graduate training in selected fields of research. The Board did not recommend funding levels for any discipline but addressed procedural aspects of R&D budgeting.

Solid State Chemistry Research Trends

Author: Ronald W. Buckley

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600215674

Category: Science

Page: 236

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The book on solid state chemistry presents studies of chemical, structural, thermodynamic, electronic, magnetic, and optical properties and processes in solids. Research areas covered in this book include: bonding in solids, crystal chemistry, crystal growth mechanisms, diffusion epitaxy, high-pressure processes, magnetic properties of materials, optical characterisation of materials, order-disorder, phase equilibria and transformation mechanisms, reactions at surfaces, statistical mechanics of defect interactions, structural studies and transport phenomena.

Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules: Modern Trends

Author: P. Carmona,R. Navarro,A. Hernanz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792346852

Category: Science

Page: 642

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The 1997 European Conference on Spectroscopy of Biological Molecules (ECSBM) is the seventh in a biennial series of conferences devoted to the applications of molecular spectroscopy to biological molecules and related systems. The interest of these conferences rests mainly on the relationship between the structure and physiological activity of biological molecules and related systems of which these molecular species form part. This volume ofECSBM contains articles prepared by the invited lecturers and those making poster presentations at the seventh ECSBM. The reader will find mainly applications of vibrational spectroscopy to protein structure and dynamics, biomembranes, molecular recognition, nucleic acids and other biomolecules and biological systems containing specific chromophors. Biomedical applications of vibrational spectroscopy are expanding rapidly. On the other hand, a significant number of the papers describe applications of other methods, such as NMR, circular dichroism, optical absorption and fluorescence, X-ray absorption and diffraction and other theoretical methods. One aim has been to achieve a well balanced, critically comparative review of recent progress in the field of biomolecular structure, bonding and dynamics based on applications of the above spectroscopic methods. A great part of the contributions included in this volume are devoted to biomedical and biotechnological applications and provide a broadly based account of recent applicationS in this field. The content of this book has been organized in sections corresponding mainly to the different types of biological molecules investigated. This book includes also another section related to theoretical methods where MO calculations of vibrational frequencies dominate clearly the topic.

Recent Trends in Biotechnology and Therapeutic Applications of Medicinal Plants

Author: Mohd. Shahid,Anwar Shahzad,Abida Malik,Aastha Sahai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766033

Category: Science

Page: 357

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The book provides an overview of current trends in biotechnology and medicinal plant sciences. The work includes detailed chapters on various advance biotechnological tools involved in production of phytoactive compounds of medicinal significance. Some recent and novel research studies on therapeutic applications of different medicinal plants from various geographical regions of the world have also been included. These studies report the antimicrobial activity of various natural plant products against various pathogenic microbial strains. Informative chapters on recent emerging applications of plant products such as source for nutraceuticals and vaccines have been integrated to cover latest advances in the field. This book also explores the conservation aspect of medicinal plants. Thus, chapters having comprehensively complied in vitro conservation protocols for various commercially important rare, threatened and endangered medicinal plants were provided in the present book.