Modern Processor Design

Fundamentals of Superscalar Processors

Author: John Paul Shen,Mikko H. Lipasti

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 147861076X

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 3003

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Conceptual and precise, Modern Processor Design brings together numerous microarchitectural techniques in a clear, understandable framework that is easily accessible to both graduate and undergraduate students. Complex practices are distilled into foundational principles to reveal the authors insights and hands-on experience in the effective design of contemporary high-performance micro-processors for mobile, desktop, and server markets. Key theoretical and foundational principles are presented in a systematic way to ensure comprehension of important implementation issues. The text presents fundamental concepts and foundational techniques such as processor design, pipelined processors, memory and I/O systems, and especially superscalar organization and implementations. Two case studies and an extensive survey of actual commercial superscalar processors reveal real-world developments in processor design and performance. A thorough overview of advanced instruction flow techniques, including developments in advanced branch predictors, is incorporated. Each chapter concludes with homework problems that will institute the groundwork for emerging techniques in the field and an introduction to multiprocessor systems.

Modern Processor Design

Fundamentals of Superscalar Processors

Author: John Paul Shen,Mikko H. Lipasti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781478607830

Category: Microprocessors

Page: 642

View: 7272

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Modern Processor Design: Fundamentals of Superscalar Processors

Author: John Shen,Mikko H. Lipasti

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780070570641

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 642

View: 2965

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Brings together numerous micro architectural techniques for harvesting instruction-level parallelism (ILP) to achieve better processor performance that have been proposed and implemented in machines. This book also features other advanced techniques from research efforts that extend beyond ILP to exploit thread-level parallelism (TLP).

Parallel Computer Organization and Design

Author: Michel Dubois,Murali Annavaram,Per Stenström

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139560344

Category: Computers

Page: 560

View: 485

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Teaching fundamental design concepts and the challenges of emerging technology, this textbook prepares students for a career designing the computer systems of the future. In-depth coverage of complexity, power, reliability and performance, coupled with treatment of parallelism at all levels, including ILP and TLP, provides the state-of-the-art training that students need. The whole gamut of parallel architecture design options is explained, from core microarchitecture to chip multiprocessors to large-scale multiprocessor systems. All the chapters are self-contained, yet concise enough that the material can be taught in a single semester, making it perfect for use in senior undergraduate and graduate computer architecture courses. The book is also teeming with practical examples to aid the learning process, showing concrete applications of definitions. With simple models and codes used throughout, all material is made open to a broad range of computer engineering/science students with only a basic knowledge of hardware and software.

Parallel Computer Architecture

A Hardware/software Approach

Author: David E. Culler,Jaswinder Pal Singh,Anoop Gupta

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 1558603433

Category: Computers

Page: 1025

View: 2334

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This book outlines a set of issues that are critical to all of parallel architecture--communication latency, communication bandwidth, and coordination of cooperative work (across modern designs). It describes the set of techniques available in hardware and in software to address each issues and explore how the various techniques interact.

Processor Architecture

From Dataflow to Superscalar and Beyond

Author: Jurij Silc,Borut Robic,Theo Ungerer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642585892

Category: Computers

Page: 389

View: 5031

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A survey of architectural mechanisms and implementation techniques for exploiting fine- and coarse-grained parallelism within microprocessors. Beginning with a review of past techniques, the monograph provides a comprehensive account of state-of-the-art techniques used in microprocessors, covering both the concepts involved and implementations in sample processors. The whole is rounded off with a thorough review of the research techniques that will lead to future microprocessors. XXXXXXX Neuer Text This monograph surveys architectural mechanisms and implementation techniques for exploiting fine-grained and coarse-grained parallelism within microprocessors. It presents a comprehensive account of state-of-the-art techniques used in microprocessors that covers both the concepts involved and possible implementations. The authors also provide application-oriented methods and a thorough review of the research techniques that will lead to the development of future processors.

Superscalar microprocessor design

Author: Mike Johnson

Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR

ISBN: 9780138756345

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 9996

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The term superscalar describes a computer architecture that achieves performance by concurrent execution of scalar instructions. Superscalar architectures represent the next step in the evolution of microprocessors. This book is intended as a technical tutorial and introduction for engineers & computer scientists. The book concentrates on reduced instruction set (RISC) processors.

CPU Design

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Author: Chandra Thimmannagari

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038723800X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 547

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Presents information in a user-friendly, easy-access way so that the book can act as either a quick reference for more experienced engineers or as an introductory guide for new engineers and college graduates.

Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128119063

Category: Computers

Page: 936

View: 9667

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Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises

Memory Systems

Cache, DRAM, Disk

Author: Bruce Jacob,Spencer Ng,David Wang

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780080553849

Category: Computers

Page: 900

View: 9874

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Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

Processor Microarchitecture

An Implementation Perspective

Author: Antonio Gonzalez,Fernando Latorre,Grigorios Magklis

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608454525

Category: Computers

Page: 106

View: 7593

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This lecture presents a study of the microarchitecture of contemporary microprocessors. The focus is on implementation aspects, with discussions on their implications in terms of performance, power, and cost of state-of-the-art designs. The lecture starts with an overview of the different types of microprocessors and a review of the microarchitecture of cache memories. Then, it describes the implementation of the fetch unit, where special emphasis is made on the required support for branch prediction. The next section is devoted to instruction decode with special focus on the particular support to decoding x86 instructions. The next chapter presents the allocation stage and pays special attention to the implementation of register renaming. Afterward, the issue stage is studied. Here, the logic to implement out-of-order issue for both memory and non-memory instructions is thoroughly described. The following chapter focuses on the instruction execution and describes the different functional units that can be found in contemporary microprocessors, as well as the implementation of the bypass network, which has an important impact on the performance. Finally, the lecture concludes with the commit stage, where it describes how the architectural state is updated and recovered in case of exceptions or misspeculations. This lecture is intended for an advanced course on computer architecture, suitable for graduate students or senior undergrads who want to specialize in the area of computer architecture. It is also intended for practitioners in the industry in the area of microprocessor design. The book assumes that the reader is familiar with the main concepts regarding pipelining, out-of-order execution, cache memories, and virtual memory. Table of Contents: Introduction / Caches / The Instruction Fetch Unit / Decode / Allocation / The Issue Stage / Execute / The Commit Stage / References / Author Biographies

The Cache Memory Book

Author: Jim Handy

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780123229809

Category: Computers

Page: 229

View: 7600

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The Second Edition of The Cache Memory Book introduces systems designers to the concepts behind cache design. The book teaches the basic cache concepts and more exotic techniques. It leads readers through someof the most intricate protocols used in complex multiprocessor caches. Written in an accessible, informal style, this text demystifies cache memory design by translating cache concepts and jargon into practical methodologies and real-life examples. It also provides adequate detail to serve as a reference book for ongoing work in cache memory design. The Second Edition includes an updated and expanded glossary of cache memory terms and buzzwords. The book provides new real world applications of cache memory design and a new chapter on cache"tricks". Illustrates detailed example designs of caches Provides numerous examples in the form of block diagrams, timing waveforms, state tables, and code traces Defines and discusses more than 240 cache specific buzzwords, comparing in detail the relative merits of different design methodologies Includes an extensive glossary, complete with clear definitions, synonyms, and references to the appropriate text discussions

Digital Design and Computer Architecture

ARM Edition

Author: Sarah Harris,David Harris

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 012800911X

Category: Computers

Page: 584

View: 8575

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Digital Design and Computer Architecture: ARM Edition covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Combining an engaging and humorous writing style with an updated and hands-on approach to digital design, this book takes the reader from the fundamentals of digital logic to the actual design of an ARM processor. By the end of this book, readers will be able to build their own microprocessor and will have a top-to-bottom understanding of how it works. Beginning with digital logic gates and progressing to the design of combinational and sequential circuits, this book uses these fundamental building blocks as the basis for designing an ARM processor. SystemVerilog and VHDL are integrated throughout the text in examples illustrating the methods and techniques for CAD-based circuit design. The companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. This book will be a valuable resource for students taking a course that combines digital logic and computer architecture or students taking a two-quarter sequence in digital logic and computer organization/architecture. Covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Features side-by-side examples of the two most prominent Hardware Description Languages (HDLs)—SystemVerilog and VHDL—which illustrate and compare the ways each can be used in the design of digital systems. Includes examples throughout the text that enhance the reader’s understanding and retention of key concepts and techniques. The Companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. The Companion website also includes appendices covering practical digital design issues and C programming as well as links to CAD tools, lecture slides, laboratory projects, and solutions to exercises.

Introduction to Data Compression

Author: Khalid Sayood

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128097051

Category: Computers

Page: 790

View: 7894

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Introduction to Data Compression, Fifth Edition, builds on the success of what is widely considered the best introduction and reference text on the art and science of data compression. Data compression techniques and technology are ever-evolving with new applications in image, speech, text, audio and video. This new edition includes all the latest developments in the field. Khalid Sayood provides an extensive introduction to the theory underlying today’s compression techniques, with detailed instruction for their applications using several examples to explain the concepts. Encompassing the entire field of data compression, the book includes lossless and lossy compression, Huffman coding, arithmetic coding, dictionary techniques, context based compression, and scalar and vector quantization. The book provides a comprehensive working knowledge of data compression, giving the reader the tools to develop a complete and concise compression package. Explains established and emerging standards in- depth, including JPEG 2000, JPEG-LS, MPEG-2, H.264, JBIG 2, ADPCM, LPC, CELP, MELP, iLBC and the new HEVC standard Includes more coverage of lattices in vector quantization Contains improved and expanded end-of-chapter problems Source code is provided via a companion website that gives readers the opportunity to build their own algorithms and choose and implement techniques in their own applications

Inside the Machine

An Illustrated Introduction to Microprocessors and Computer Architecture

Author: Jon Stokes

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593271042

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 6994

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Om hvordan mikroprocessorer fungerer, med undersøgelse af de nyeste mikroprocessorer fra Intel, IBM og Motorola.

Microprocessor Architecture

From Simple Pipelines to Chip Multiprocessors

Author: Jean-Loup Baer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769922

Category: Computers

Page: 367

View: 3950

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This book describes the architecture of microprocessors from simple in-order short pipeline designs to out-of-order superscalars.

Embedded DSP Processor Design

Application Specific Instruction Set Processors

Author: Dake Liu

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0123741238

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 778

View: 1412

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This book provides design methods for Digital Signal Processors and Application Specific Instruction set Processors, based on the author's extensive, industrial design experience. Top-down and bottom-up design methodologies are presented, providing valuable guidance for both students and practicing design engineers. Coverage includes design of internal-external data types, application specific instruction sets, micro architectures, including designs for datapath and control path, as well as memory sub systems. Integration and verification of a DSP-ASIP processor are discussed and reinforced with extensive examples. FOR INSTRUCTORS: To obtain access to the solutions manual for this title simply register on our textbook website (textbooks.elsevier.com)and request access to the Computer Science or Electronics and Electrical Engineering subject area. Once approved (usually within one business day) you will be able to access all of the instructor-only materials through the ";Instructor Manual"; link on this book's full web page. * Instruction set design for application specific processors based on fast application profiling * Micro architecture design methodology * Micro architecture design details based on real examples * Extendable architecture design protocols * Design for efficient memory sub systems (minimizing on chip memory and cost) * Real example designs based on extensive, industrial experiences.

Processor Design

System-On-Chip Computing for ASICs and FPGAs

Author: Jari Nurmi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402055307

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 1784

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Here is an extremely useful book that provides insight into a number of different flavors of processor architectures and their design, software tool generation, implementation, and verification. After a brief introduction to processor architectures and how processor designers have sometimes failed to deliver what was expected, the authors introduce a generic flow for embedded on-chip processor design and start to explore the vast design space of on-chip processing. The authors cover a number of different types of processor core.