Relativistic Cosmology

Author: George F. R. Ellis,Roy Maartens,Malcolm A. H. MacCallum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642952

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Cosmology has been transformed by dramatic progress in high-precision observations and theoretical modelling. This book surveys key developments and open issues for graduate students and researchers. Using a relativistic geometric approach, it focuses on the general concepts and relations that underpin the standard model of the Universe. Part I covers foundations of relativistic cosmology whilst Part II develops the dynamical and observational relations for all models of the Universe based on general relativity. Part III focuses on the standard model of cosmology, including inflation, dark matter, dark energy, perturbation theory, the cosmic microwave background, structure formation and gravitational lensing. It also examines modified gravity and inhomogeneity as possible alternatives to dark energy. Anisotropic and inhomogeneous models are described in Part IV, and Part V reviews deeper issues, such as quantum cosmology, the start of the universe and the multiverse proposal. Colour versions of some figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521381154.

Modern Cosmology

Author: D. W. Sciama

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521080699

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 9509

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The exploration of the Universe, as conducted by physicists, astronomers, and cosmologists was one of the greatest intellectual adventures of the mid-twentieth century. This book, first published in 1971, tells the story of their achievements and the insight gained into the structure, history, working and scale of our Universe. Dr Sciama describes the major components of the Universe as understood at the beginning of the 1970s: the stars, galaxies, radio-galaxies and quasi-stellar objects. He discusses in detail the red shift of the lines in their optical spectra, which leads to the idea that the Universe is expanding. Theoretical discussion of the expanding Universe suggests the possibility that intergalactic space may contain a significant quantity of matter and be the seat of important physical activity. The issues involved are thoroughly debated. Also discussed is the discover and significance of the 3'K' cosmic microwave radiation, its relation to the hot big bang and the helium problem, to cosmic high energy processes and to questions of isotropy.

Modern Cosmology

Author: Scott Dodelson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122191411

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 9126

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An advanced text for senior undergraduates, graduate students and physical scientists in fields outside cosmology. This is a self-contained book focusing on the linear theory of the evolution of density perturbations in the universe, and the anisotropiesin the cosmic microwave background.

Physical Foundations of Cosmology

Author: Viatcheslav Mukhanov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139447114

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Inflationary cosmology has been developed over the last twenty years to remedy serious shortcomings in the standard hot big bang model of the universe. This textbook, first published in 2005, explains the basis of modern cosmology and shows where the theoretical results come from. The book is divided into two parts; the first deals with the homogeneous and isotropic model of the Universe, the second part discusses how inhomogeneities can explain its structure. Established material such as the inflation and quantum cosmological perturbation are presented in great detail, however the reader is brought to the frontiers of current cosmological research by the discussion of more speculative ideas. An ideal textbook for both advanced students of physics and astrophysics, all of the necessary background material is included in every chapter and no prior knowledge of general relativity and quantum field theory is assumed.

Cosmological Crossroads

An Advanced Course in Mathematical, Physical and String Cosmology

Author: Spiros Cotsakis,Eleftherios Papantonopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540437789

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 4311

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Cosmological Inflation and Large-Scale Structure

Author: Andrew R. Liddle,David H. Lyth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575980

Category: Science

Page: 400

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A thorough and up-to-date graduate textbook on the most promising theory of the universe - inflationary cosmology.

Mathematical and Quantum Aspects of Relativity and Cosmology

Proceedings of the Second Samos Meeting on Cosmology, Geometry and Relativity Held at Pythagoreon, Samos, Greece, 31 August – 4 September 1998

Author: Spiros Cotsakis,Gary W. Gibbons

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540668659

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 7890

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This book is written in a pedagogical style intelligible for graduate students. It reviews recent progress in black-hole and wormhole theory and in mathematical cosmology within the framework of Einstein's field equations and beyond, including quantum effects. This collection of essays, written by leading scientists of long standing reputation, should become an indispensable source for future research.

An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology

Author: Derek Raine,E.G. Thomas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750304054

Category: Science

Page: 232

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A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology explores various theories and ideas in big bang cosmology, providing insight into current problems. Assuming no previous knowledge of astronomy or cosmology, this book takes you beyond introductory texts to the point where you are able to read and appreciate the scientific literature, which is broadly referenced in the book. The authors present the standard big bang theory of the universe and provide an introduction to current inflationary cosmology, emphasizing the underlying physics without excessive technical detail. The book treats cosmological models without reliance on prior knowledge of general relativity, the necessary physics being introduced in the text as required. It also covers recent observational evidence pointing to an accelerating expansion of the universe. The first several chapters provide an introduction to the topics discussed later in the book. The next few chapters introduce relativistic cosmology and the classic observational tests. One chapter gives the main results of the hot big bang theory. Next, the book presents the inflationary model and discusses the problem of the origin of structure and the correspondingly more detailed tests of relativistic models. Finally, the book considers some general issues raised by expansion and isotropy. A reference section completes the work by listing essential formulae, symbols, and physical constants. Beyond the level of many elementary books on cosmology, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology encompasses numerous recent developments and ideas in the area. It provides more detailed coverage than many other titles available, and the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter aids in self study and makes the book suitable for taught courses.

Galaxy Formation and Evolution

Author: Houjun Mo,Frank van den Bosch,Simon White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521857937

Category: Science

Page: 820

View: 5692

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A coherent introduction for researchers in astronomy, particle physics, and cosmology on the formation and evolution of galaxies.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Proceedings of the XIVth GIFT International Seminar on Theoretical Physics : 27 June - 1 July 1983, Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Catalonia, Spain

Author: Xavier Fustero,E. VERDAGUER (Ed)

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astrofísica

Page: 301

View: 7046

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Is the Universe Open Or Closed?

The Density of Matter in the Universe

Author: Peter Coles,George Francis Rayner Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521566896

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 9453

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This controversial book examines one of the most fundamental questions of modern cosmology: how much matter is there in the Universe? This issue affects theories of the origin and evolution of the Universe as well as its geometrical structure and ultimate fate. The authors address this debate and point out the most likely avenues for determining the actual density of Universe matter in both visible and invisible forms by pulling together evidence from all available sources. They conclude that the balance of arguments presently lies with a density of around twenty percent of the critical density required for the Universe to ultimately recollapse. Written by two eminent cosmologists, this topical and provocative book will be essential reading for all cosmologists and astrophysicists.

Scientia Sinica

Mathematical, physical, astronomical & technical sciences. Series A

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astronomy

Page: N.A

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Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

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Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgest?tzter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verf?gung, die R?ckschl?sse auf immer fr?here Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universit?ten best?ndig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einf?hrung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verst?ndliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und ?bungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enth?lt, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen f?r Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende ?bersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich erg?nzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zus?tzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.

Modern Cosmology & Philosophy

Author: John Leslie

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 363

View: 3541

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"...engaging…a fascinating mix of opinion and scientific/philosophic discussion...quite readable and enjoyable...a book that should be in one’s library."-Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith Did the universe originate from a "big bang" as argued by leading astrophysicists and others? Or does some other theory more accurately describe its beginnings? Are there other forms of life in our universe? What about other universes? Was our universe specially formed to support life? Does our universe have a purpose? What are the conditions under which life begins, evolves, and how does it become extinct? These questions propel Modern Cosmology & Philosophy as the leading text in this hotly debated area where science and philosophy meet. Edited with an introduction by noted scholar John Leslie, this volume offers superb selections on modern cosmology, relativistic theories of the universe, the Big Bang, the problem of God and creation, cosmology and verifiability, coincidences, origins and evolution, multiple universe theories, infinity, chaos, life forms, the end of time, and the limits of our knowledge. This volume includes work by H. Bondi, William Lane Craig, Paul Davies, R. H. Dicke, G. F. R. Ellis, Stephen Jay Gould, Adolf Grunbaum, Heinz R. Pagels, Sir Martin Rees, Quentin Smith, Richard Swinburne, and others.

Towards the edge of the universe

a review of modern cosmology

Author: Stuart G. Clark

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 209

View: 8739

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Cosmology is the science of the nature, origin, & history of the universe. This book offers an accessible introduction to cosmology. It provides an overview of modern cosmology & contains worked examples of calculations to help readers understand the information presented.

Primordial Cosmology

Author: Giovanni Montani

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814271004

Category: Science

Page: 591

View: 3632

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Primordial Cosmology deals with one of the most puzzling and fascinating topics debated in modern physics - the nature of the Big Bang singularity. The authors provide a self-consistent and complete treatment of the very early Universe dynamics, passing through a concise discussion of the Standard Cosmological Model, a precise characterization of the role played by the theory of inflation, up to a detailed analysis of the anisotropic and inhomogeneous cosmological models. The most peculiar feature of this book is its uniqueness in treating advanced topics of quantum cosmology with a well-traced link to more canonical and pedagogical notions of fundamental cosmology. This book traces clearly the backward temporal evolution of the Universe, starting with the Robertsonndash;Walker geometry and ending with the recent results of loop quantum cosmology in view of the Big Bounce. The reader is accompanied in this journey by an initial technical presentation which, thanks to the fundamental tools given earlier in the book, never seems heavy or obscure.

Galaxies and cosmology

Author: Vittorio Canuto,Bruce G. Elmegreen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 885

View: 5502

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The fundamentals of cosmology and galaxies are discussed from theoretical, experimental, and observational perspectives, providing a basic reference source for specialists and non-specialists alike. This volume includes articles on non-equilibrium relativistic cosmology, cosmology and elementary particles, particle creation by expansion of the universe, non-standard cosmologies, the formation of galaxies, radio galaxies: observation and theories of their extended components, evolution of the stars and gas in galaxies, propagating star formation and the structure and evolution of galaxies.