Miscible Polymer Blends

Background and Guide for Calculations and Design

Author: Michael M. Coleman,Paul C. Painter

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 193207855X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 39

View: 9464


Offers polymer chemists and engineers a method for very rapidly determining which polymers and co-polymers mix and do not mix. The CD-ROM calculator is designed to aid in determining promising polymer blends for many different applications. A self-guided tutorial on the CD-ROM, as well as an accompanying booklet, presents the theoretical background.

Functional Polymer Blends

Synthesis, Properties, and Performance

Author: Vikas Mittal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439856702

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 5244


With their broad range of properties, polymer blends are widely used in adhesion, colloidal stability, the design of composite and biocompatible materials, and other areas. As the science and technology of polymer blends advances, an increasing number of polymer blend systems and applications continue to be developed. Functional Polymer Blends: Synthesis, Properties, and Performance presents the latest synthesis and characterization methodologies for generating polymer blend systems. This one-stop resource brings together both experimental and theoretical material, much of which has previously only been available in research papers. Featuring contributions by eminent international experts, the book: Reviews polymer blend systems Details miscibility enhancements in polymer blends through multiple hydrogen binding interactions Presents the component dynamics in polymer blend systems Discusses concepts of shape memory polymer blends Considers ethylene methyl acrylate (EMA) copolymer toughened polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) blends Provides theoretical insights through molecular dynamics simulation studies for binary blend miscibility Reports on the conformation and topology of cyclic linear polymer blends (CLBs) Addresses strain hardening in polymer blends with fibril morphology Explores the modification of polymer blends by irradiation techniques Examines the directed assembly of polymer blends using nanopatterned chemical surfaces Combining background and advanced information on technologies, methods, and applications, this practical reference is a must-have for researchers and industry professionals as well as students in materials science, chemistry, and chemical and surface engineering.

Hydrogen Bonding in Polymeric Materials

Author: Shiao-Wei Kuo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527804285

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 4673


Summarizing our current knowledge of the topic, this book describes the roles and effects of hydrogen bonding in polymer materials by reviewing the latest developments over recent years. To this end, it discusses all relevant aspects from the fundamentals, via characterization, to properties and applications in various polymeric materials, including polymer blends, block copolymers, mesoporous materials, biomacromolecules and nanocomposites. Invaluable reading for scientists in polymers and materials as well as those working in macromolecular chemistry.

Specific Interactions and the Miscibility of Polymer Blends

Author: MichaelM. Coleman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351415158

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 1199


This book with software provides powerful tools for the analysis, prediction and creation of new polymer blends, an area of significant commercial potential. The R&D approaches and methods described in the book have attracted the interest of polymer R&D leaders in industry, and have been put into use in several major chemical companies. The companion set of computer programs speeds and facilitates work in this area. FROM THE AUTHORS' PREFACE: During the 1980's a steadily increasing number of compatible systems [polymer blends] have been reported. We believe that miscible mixtures will prove to be fairly common and the purpose of this book is to explore the circumstances in which single phase materials can be obtained. We will also describe a model for the phase behavior of these mixtures which we believe to have a predictive value, or be used as a practical guide to polymer miscibility. Our approach is based on the use of association models which have until recently been largely ignored in treating hydrogen bonding in polymer mixtures. They have most frequently been applied to mixtures of alcohols with simple hydrocarbons, where the equilibrium constants used to describe association have most frequently been determined by a fit to thermodynamic data (e.g., vapor pressures, heat of mixing). In our work we have sought to, first, adapt this approach to a description of the phase behavior of polymer mixtures; second, develop spectroscopic methods that provide an independent measurement of the equilibrium constants. Our purpose in this book is to explore and describe this approach and illustrate its broad utility. We address two overlapping yet different audiences. One would be primarily interested in the broad nature of this approach and the practical applications of a simple model. The second would be more interested in the derivations of the equations and some of the fundamental aspects of the spectroscopy of these systems. Accor

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Chapter 1. Polymer Blends

Author: Chandran C. Sarath,Robert A. Shanks,S. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128090782

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 2835


Miscibility and compatibility in polymer blends is a topic of great academic and industrial importance. This is because miscibility and compatibility contribute to morphology, properties, and performance. Miscibility results in one phase; compatibility creates a disperse phase with size and stability determined by interfacial interactions. Miscible polymer properties are averaged similar to a plasticizer polymer, and compatible polymers retain properties of each component, such as toughening or reinforcement. With miscible polymer blends the continuous phase dominates properties; the disperse phase contributes via stress transfer. This chapter revisits the criteria for miscibility or compatibility in polymer blends and the contributors of compatibility compared with miscibility and incompatibility. Development of copolymers and their blending with thermosets and thermoplastics result in complex two-phase morphologies. The dynamics of phase separation observed in polymer blends leading to different morphologies and the criteria for phase separation is explained. A nanometer-dispersed phase requires strong interfacial interactions to stabilize the large interfacial area, and this is favored by rapid spinodal phase separation compared with size diminution by high shear. Nanoblends open up a new arena for polymer blends, and research shows that nanoblends have outstanding optical and mechanical properties.

Essentials of Polymer Science and Engineering

Author: Paul C. Painter,Michael M. Coleman

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1932078754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 525

View: 4977


T his book is at once an introduction to polymers and an imaginative invitation to the field of polymer science and engineering as a whole, including plastics and plastics processing. Created by two of the best-known scientists in America, the text explains and helps students as well as professionals appreciate all major topics in polymer chemistry and engineering: polymerization synthesis and kinetics, applications of probability theory, structure and morphology, thermal and solution properties, mechanical properties, biological properties and plastics processing methods. Essentials of Polymer Science and Engineering, designed to supercede many standard texts (including the authors'), is unique in a number of ways. Special attention has been paid to explaining fundamentals and providing high-level visuals. In addition, the text is replete with engaging profiles of polymer chemists and their discoveries. The book explains the science of polymer engineering, and at the same time, tells the story of the field from its beginnings to the present, indicating when and how polymer discoveries have played a role in history and society. The book comes well equipped with study questions and problems and is suitable for a one- or two-semester course for chemistry students at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Polymer Blends: Formulation and Performance, Two-Volume Set

Author: Donald R. Paul,Clive B. Bucknall

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471248255

Category: Science

Page: 1224

View: 3239


The authoritative resource on polymer blends for the twenty-first century. The most definitive and up-date reference available on the subject, the two-volume set Polymer Blends: Formulation and Performanceexplores and summarizes the recent progress made in polymer blend technology through the use of carefully selected contributions from today's foremost authorities from around the world. Stemming from over two decades of growth within the field, each chapter offers a unique combination of expertise and point of view designed to guide professionals working in the field into the twenty-first century. Editors Donald R. Paul and Clive B. Bucknall have devoted considerable attention to coordinating the contents and style of each chapter to assure coherent transition from topic to topic, and chapter to chapter. Far more than a compendium of recent literature or a review on dramatic new advances, this highly practical handbook is essential reading for anyone concerned with development or use of polymer blends. The two-volume set provides the scientist with useful guidelines for designing polymers with desired properties. Volume 1 is devoted to the formulation of polymer blends. Coverage includes: * The basic thermodynamics of polymer-polymer mixtures * Characterization of blends by a variety of techniques * Structure formation, particularly of multiphase blends Volume 2 is devoted to the performance of polymer blends. Coverage includes: * Mechanical properties and fracture resistance * The performance of rubber-toughened polymers, including fatigue bahavior * Blending for specific performance characteristics * Reinforced polymer blends. Features: * · Contributions from the world's leading experts provide the most authoritative and objective examination of the past twenty years of progress in the field * · Careful editing ensures a smooth and logical transition from topic to topic * · Comprehensive coverage provide enough background to enable even a beginner to begin work in the field * · In-depth coverage presents the most important issues in the field culled from critical sifting through current literature * · Clear, concise entries and carefully selected graphics emphasize important basic principles and conceptual points to aid in understanding * · Bibliographies at the end of each chapter identify the most up-to-date and significant literature on each topic to facilitate further research. Donald R. Paul, PhD, is Director of the Texas Materials Institute of the University of Texas at Austin. Clive B. Bucknall, ScD, PhD, is Head of the Advanced Materials Department, SIMS, Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom.

Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends

Author: Anatoly E. Nesterov,Yuri S. Lipatov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566766241

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 8311


Thermodynamics is an indispensable tool for developing a large and growing fraction of new polymers and polymer blends. These two volumes show the researcher how thermodynamics can be used to rank polymer pairs in order of immiscibility, including the search for suitable chemical structure of compatibilizers. Because of the great current commercial interest in this most dynamic sector of the polymer industry, there is high interest in studying their physical and mechanical properties, their structures, and the processes of their formation and manufacture. These Books are dedicated to Analysis of the Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends. Thermodynamic behavior of blends determines the compatibility of the components, their morphological features, rheological behavior, and microphase structures. As a result, the most important physical and mechanical characteristics of blends can be identified. The information in these two volumes will be useful to all those involved in polymer research, development, analysis and advanced process engineering.

Shape Memory Polymers for Aerospace Applications

Novel Synthesis, Modeling, Characterization and Design

Author: Gyaneshwar Tandon ,Jeffery Baur,Amber McClung

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1605951188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 9117


Shape memory polymer chemistry and design for active materials and morphing structuresCovers shape memory in polymers, alloys and composites, including models and testing Essential equations for analysis of the structure, behavior and properties of SMPsMany graphs and figures in full color A technical analysis of shape-memory polymers (SMPs) and their composites, particularly in adaptive materials, this volume introduces designs linking SMPs to metals, elastomers, foams, nanoparticles and other materials, as well as the engineering of SMPs directly into parts and active (morphing) components. Attention is given to controlled structures activated by light, heat, electricity and other energy sources, as well as the connection of SMPs with actuators. Part one discusses the activation and analysis of the shape memory response, including shape recovery. Subsequent chapters offer modeling and other tools for investigating the SMP response, including shape recovery. Part three combines the response with micro- and macro-scale reinforcing phases for producing SMP composites, and the following section discusses synthetic and nanostructured customization of the shape memory polymer response. The final section focuses on specific SMP concepts in aircraft, including morphing skins, wings, unimorph composite actuators for deployment, and variable stiffness elements.

Science and Engineering of Materials, SI Edition

Author: Donald R. Askeland,Wendelin J. Wright

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130544633X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 7062


Succeed in your materials science course with THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS, 7e. Filled with built-in study tools to help you master key concepts, this proven book will help you develop an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials and will serve as a useful reference for future courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Polymer Blends and Alloys

Author: Gabriel O. Shonaike,George P. Simon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719807

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 768

View: 5825


Distinguishing among blends, alloys and other types of combinations, clarifying terminology and presenting data on new processes and materials, this work present up-to-date and effective compounding techniques for polymers. It offers extensive analyses on the challenging questions that surround miscibility, compatibility, dynamic processing, interaction/phase behaviour, and computer simulations for predicting behaviours of polymer mixture and interaction.

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry

A Biobased Approach

Author: Judit E. Puskas, Ph.D

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1605950300

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 4017


Fundamental concepts and reactions explained through polymers from plants and animals Macromolecular structures introduced via biological polymers Includes a course syllabus, study questions and exercises Extensive lab guidance and protocols for DNA isolation, amplification using PCR Full color figures shown throughout the text This book connects modern synthetic polymer chemistry to its roots by exploring the chemistry of natural polymers and self-assembled macromolecular structures. Designed to introduce students to the basics of polymer science, the text investigates intermolecular forces, functional groups and key reactions by means of polymers found in, and produced by, living plants and animals, including proteins, rubber, DNA, fibers, lignin, carbohydrates and many others. The author explains how varied natural polymeric systems illustrate a wide array of fundamental polymer concepts. Key analogies are demonstrated between mechanisms in biological and synthetic polymerization, and the text uses growth, DNA replication, self-assembly and other biological processes to assist the student in mastering the terminology and molecular-level mechanisms of polymer chemistry. To guide both instructors and students the book includes the outline of a one-semester course syllabus, end-of-chapter questions, as well as detailed instructions for setting up multiple labs dealing with gene isolation and amplification using polymerase chain reaction techniques (PCR). Each chapter also offers exercises based on real-world examples.

Photophysics of Polymers

Author: Charles E. Hoyle,John M. Torkelson

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 531

View: 9610


Provides scientists engaged in basic and applied polymer research with a clear understanding of the current status of polymer photophysics. Offers topics ranging from luminescence decay analysis of biologically important polymers to investigation of electronic energy relaxation in the synthesis of aromatic vinyl polymers using picosecond fluorescence spectroscopy. Provides discussions on energy migration in polymer films and solutions, as well as fluorescent conformational probes of polymers in solution, dye labeling techniques, kinetic spectroscopy, excitation migration, triplet antenna effect, and more.

Polymer Science and Engineering

The Shifting Research Frontiers

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 2119


Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they play a key role in addressing environmental problems, international competitiveness, and other national issues. This book explores the universe of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness.

Shape-Memory Polymer Device Design

Author: David L. Safranski,Jack C. Griffis

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323378080

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 246

View: 6642


Shape-Memory Polymer Device Design discusses the latest shape-memory polymers and the ways they have started to transition out of the academic laboratory and into devices and commercial products. Safranski introduces the properties of shape-memory polymers and presents design principles for designing and manufacturing, providing a guide for the R&D engineer/scientist and design engineer to add the shape memory effect of polymers into their design toolbox. This is the first book to focus on applying basic science knowledge to design practical devices, introducing the concept of shape-memory polymers, the history of their use, and the range of current applications. It details the specific design principles for working with shape-memory polymers that don't often apply to mechanically inactive materials and products. Material selection is thoroughly discussed because chemical structure and thermo-mechanical properties are intrinsically linked to shape-memory performance. Further chapters discuss programming the temporary shape and recovery through a variety of activation methods with real world examples. Finally, current devices across a variety of markets are highlighted to show the breadth of possible applications. Demystifies shape-memory polymers, providing a guide to their properties and design principles Explores a range of current and emerging applications across sectors, including biomedical, aerospace/automotive, and consumer goods Places shape-memory polymers in the design toolkit of R&D scientists/engineers and design engineers Discusses material selection in-depth because chemical structure and thermo-mechanical properties are intrinsically linked to shape-memory performance

Polymer Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Properties

Author: Arlene A. Teraoka,Iwao Teraoka

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471389293

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 2615


A broad examination of the physical properties of solutions Polymer Solutions: An Introduction to Physical Properties offers afresh, inclusive approach to teaching the fundamentals of physicalpolymer science. Students, instructors, and professionals inpolymer chemistry, analytical chemistry, organic chemistry,engineering, materials, and textiles will find Iwao Teraoka's textat once accessible and highly detailed in its treatment of theproperties of polymers in the solution phase. Teraoka's purpose in writing Polymer Solutions is twofold: tofamiliarize the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduatestudent with basic concepts, theories, models, and experimentaltechniques for polymer solutions; and to provide a reference forresearchers working in the area of polymer solutions as well asthose in charge of chromatographic characterization of polymers.The author's incorporation of recent advances in theinstrumentation of size-exclusion chromatography, the method bywhich polymers are analyzed, renders the text particularlytopical. Subjects discussed include: * Real, ideal, Gaussian, semirigid, and branched polymerchains * Polymer solutions and thermodynamics * Static light scattering of a polymer solution * Dynamic light scattering and diffusion of polymers * Dynamics of dilute and semidilute polymer solutions Study questions at the end of each chapter not only providestudents with the opportunity to test their understanding, but alsointroduce topics relevant to polymer solutions not included in themain text. With over 250 geometrical model diagrams, PolymerSolutions is a necessary reference for students and for scientistspursuing a broader understanding of polymers.

Principles of Polymer Processing

Author: Zehev Tadmor,Costas G. Gogos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470355921

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 984

View: 4815


Thoroughly revised edition of the classic text on polymer processing The Second Edition brings the classic text on polymer processing thoroughly up to date with the latest fundamental developments in polymer processing, while retaining the critically acclaimed approach of the First Edition. Readers are provided with the complete panorama of polymer processing, starting with fundamental concepts through the latest current industry practices and future directions. All the chapters have been revised and updated, and four new chapters have been added to introduce the latest developments. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover a host of new material, including: * Blend and alloy microstructuring * Twin screw-based melting and chaotic mixing mechanisms * Reactive processing * Devolatilization--theory, mechanisms, and industrial practice * Compounding--theory and industrial practice * The increasingly important role of computational fluid mechanics * A systematic approach to machine configuration design The Second Edition expands on the unique approach that distinguishes it from comparative texts. Rather than focus on specific processing methods, the authors assert that polymers have a similar experience in any processing machine and that these experiences can be described by a set of elementary processing steps that prepare the polymer for any of the shaping methods. On the other hand, the authors do emphasize the unique features of particular polymer processing methods and machines, including the particular elementary step and shaping mechanisms and geometrical solutions. Replete with problem sets and a solutions manual for instructors, this textbook is recommended for undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering and polymer and materials engineering and science. It will also prove invaluable for industry professionals as a fundamental polymer processing analysis and synthesis reference.