Migrants of the British Diaspora Since the 1960s

Stories from Modern Nomads

Author: A. James Hammerton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 152611657X

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 280

View: 9823

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This is the first social history to explore experiences of British emigrants from the peak years of the 1960s to the emigration resurgence of the turn of the twentieth century. It explores migrant experiences in Australia, Canada and New Zealand alongside other countries. The book charts thegradual reinvention of the "British diaspora" from a postwar migration of austerity to a modern migration of prosperity. It offers a different way of writing migration history, based on life histories but exploring mentalities as well as experiences, against a setting of deep social and economicchange. Key moments are the 1970s loss of Britons' privilege in Commonwealth destination countries, "Thatcher's refugees" in the 1980s and shifting attitudes to cosmopolitanism and global citizenship by the 1990s. It charts a long process of change from the 1960s to patterns of discretionary andnomadic migration, which became more common practice from the end of the twentieth century.

Ten Pound Poms

A Life History of British Postwar Emigration to Australia

Author: A. James Hammerton,Alistair Thomson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719071331

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 6117

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The authors draw upon a rich life history archive of letters, diaries, personal photographs and oral history interviews with former migrants, including those who settled in Australia and those who returned to Britain. They offer original interpretations of key historical themes, including motivations for emigration; gender relations and the family dynamics of migration; the 'very familiar and awfully strange' confrontation with the new world; the anguish of homesickness and return; and the personal and national identities of both settlers and returnees, fifty years on. --book cover.

Empire, migration and identity in the British World

Author: Kent Fedorowich,Andrew S. Thompson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526103214

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6635

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This groundbreaking study opens up new avenues of research into the history of imperial mobility and migration, while also engaging with the contemporary debates generated by immigration, globalisation and transnationalism. The chief aim of the volume is to introduce the reader to new and emerging research in the broad field of 'imperial migration', and, in so doing, to show how this 'new' migration scholarship is helping to deepen and enrich our understanding of the concept of a British World. Based upon far-reaching primary, secondary and oral-based research in Australia, Canada, France, Great Britain, the United States and Zambia, the volume provides a more integrated and comparative approach to histories of migration and mobility within a British imperial world. The key focal point is the analysis of different types of imperial migration, its shifting patterns and processes, its socio-economic bases, and the transfer of ideas, identities, racial constructs and investment capital along the various networks established by British migrants throughout the empire, both formal and informal. The essays also explore the tensions between the national and imperial, and the transnational and global. In doing so, they reflect on notions of 'Britishness' as contested forms of identity. What emerges is a subtle yet far-reaching investigation of competing forms of empire and nation-building. This book will appeal to undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars interested in British imperial and migration history. It also offers important insights for students interested in the comparative dynamics and overlapping vectors of global, transnational and British World history.

The British in Rural France

Lifestyle Migration and the Ongoing Quest for a Better Way of Life

Author: Michaela Caroline Benson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1847797741

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7318

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The British in Rural France is a study of how lifestyle choices intersect with migration, and how this relationship frames and shapes post-migration lives. It presents a conceptual framework for understanding post-migration lives that incorporates culturally-specific imaginings, lived experiences, individual life histories, and personal circumstances. Through an ethnographic lens incorporating in-depth interviews, participant observation, life and migration histories, this monograph reveals the complex process by which migrants negotiate and make meaningful their lives following migration. By promoting their own ideologies and lifestyle choices relative to those of others, British migrants in rural France reinforce their position as members of the British middle-class, but also take authorship of their lives in a way not possible before migration. This is evident in the pursuit of a better of life that initially motivated migration and continues to characterise post-migration lives. As the book argues this ongoing quest is both reflective of wider ideologies about living, particularly the desire for authentic living, and subtle processes of social distinction. In these respects The British in Rural France provides a unique empirical example of the relationship between the pursuit of authenticity and middle class identification practices. The book will be of interest to lifestyle migration and migration specialists, sociologists, social anthropologists, human geographers, scholars of tourism, as well as being accessible to individuals with a broader interest in this social phenomenon.

Crimea in War and Transformation

Author: Mara Kozelsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190644710

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 8484

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The Crimean War, or the Eastern War, as the Russians called it, razed the countryside and cities of Crimea, leaving a devastated nation in its wake. The most costly war fought on Russian soil, losses exceeded even those of the Napoleonic War nearly half a century before. Sustained bycivilians, the conflict collapsed only when the violence had finally exhausted Crimean land and labor. Crimea in War and Transformation is the first exploration of the civilian experience during the Crimean War to appear in English.With limited options, the people of Crimea shaped their own destinies during the war. Whereas some chose to donate or to sell their agricultural produce to Russian and Allied armies, others resisted requisition. Many families welcomed soldiers into their homes, and in Sevastopol, locals helped buildcritical batteries, parapets and other defenses. Local Russian and Greek nationalists turned to religious patriotism and enlisted in community militias to fight a holy war for tsar and country. Some Crimean Tartars actively collaborated with the enemy, while others remained steadfastly loyal to thetsar. At the apex of violence, hungry soldiers and desperate officials scapegoated Crimea's native Muslim population, leading to a deadly population transfer. Unable to eke out survival in a hostile and war torn land, nearly 200,000 Crimean Tartars were driven from their homeland to the OttomanEmpire. Those inhabitants who remained--Tartars, Russians, Greeks, Bulgarians, German colonists, Jews, and others--participated in the largest war recovery program yet sponsored by the Russian government.Drawing from a wide body of published and unpublished material, including untapped archives, testimonies, and secret police files from Russia, Ukraine and Crimea, Mara Kozelsky details in readable and vivid prose the toll of war on the Crimean people from mobilization through recovery.

The Battle of Britishness

Migrant Journeys, 1685 to the Present

Author: Tony Kushner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719066409

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 9155

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Analyzing the history and memory of migrant journeys, covering not only the response of politicians and the public but also literary and artistic representations, then and now, Kushner's volume sheds new light on the nature and construction of Britishness from the early modern era onwards.

The Loyal Republic

Traitors, Slaves, and the Remaking of Citizenship in Civil War America

Author: Erik Mathisen

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469636336

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8738

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This is the story of how Americans attempted to define what it meant to be a citizen of the United States, at a moment of fracture in the republic's history. As Erik Mathisen demonstrates, prior to the Civil War, American national citizenship amounted to little more than a vague bundle of rights. But during the conflict, citizenship was transformed. Ideas about loyalty emerged as a key to citizenship, and this change presented opportunities and profound challenges aplenty. Confederate citizens would be forced to explain away their act of treason, while African Americans would use their wartime loyalty to the Union as leverage to secure the status of citizens during Reconstruction. In The Loyal Republic, Mathisen sheds new light on the Civil War, American emancipation, and a process in which Americans came to a new relationship with the modern state. Using the Mississippi Valley as his primary focus and charting a history that traverses both sides of the battlefield, Mathisen offers a striking new history of the Civil War and its aftermath, one that ushered in nothing less than a revolution in the meaning of citizenship in the United States.

Narratives of Exile and Return

Author: Mary Chamberlain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351503863

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 5617

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In this original and compelling book, Mary Chamberlain explores the nature and meaning of migration for Barbadians who migrated to Britain and elsewhere. It is a unique oral and social history, based on life-story interviews across three or more generations of Barbadian families. Locating migration within the contemporary debate on modernity, Narratives of Exile and Return highlights the continuing role of migration in shaping the culture and history of Barbados. But it does more by providing post-modern theorizing with concrete national and ethnic settings.

Emigrant Gentlewomen

Genteel Poverty and Female Emigration, 1830-1914

Author: A. James Hammerton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131724611X

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 4694

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First published in 1979. This book examines the distressed gentlewoman stereotype, primarily through a study of the experience of emigration among single middle-class women between 1830 and 1914. Based largely on a study of government and philanthropic emigration projects, it argues that the image of the downtrodden resident governess does inadequate justice to Victorian middle-class women’s responses to the experience of economic and social decline and to insufficient female employment opportunities. This title will be of interest to students of history.

The Great Famine and Beyond

Irish Migrants in Britain in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Donald M. MacRaild

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780716527206

Category: History

Page: 303

View: 7032

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Voices from Mariel

Oral Histories of the 1980 Cuban Boatlift

Author: José Manuel García

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813056661

Category: History

Page: 177

View: 3683

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Between April and September 1980, more than 125,000 Cuban refugees fled their homeland, seeking freedom from Fidel Castro's dictatorship. They departed in boats from the port of Mariel and braved the dangerous 90-mile journey across the Straits of Florida. Told in the words of the immigrants themselves, the stories in Voices from Mariel offer an up-close view of this international crisis, the largest oversea mass migration in Latin American history. Former refugees describe what it was like to gather among thousands of dissidents on the grounds of the Peruvian embassy in Cuba, where the movement first began. They were abused by the masses who protested them as they made their way to the Mariel harbor, before they were finally permitted to leave the country by Castro in an attempt to disperse the civil unrest. They waited interminably for boats in oppressive heat, squalor, and desperation at the crowded tent camp known as "El Mosquito." They embarked on vessels overloaded with too many passengers and battled harrowing storms on their journeys across the open ocean. Author Jose Manuel Garcia, who emigrated on the Mariel boatlift as a teenager, describes the events that led to the exodus and explains why so many Cubans wanted to leave the island. The shockingly high numbers of refugees who came through immigration centers in Key West, Miami, and other parts of the United States was a message--loud and clear--to the world of the people's discontent with Castro's government and the unfulfilled promises of the Cuban Revolution. Based on the award-winning documentary of the same name, Voices from Mariel features the experiences of marielitos from all walks of life. These are stories of disappointed dreams, love for family and country, and hope for a better future. This book illuminates a powerful moment in history that will continue to be felt in Cuba and the United States for generations to come.

Diaspora and Transnationalism

Concepts, Theories and Methods

Author: Rainer Bauböck,Thomas Faist

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642382

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6431

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Diaspora & transnationalism are widely used concepts in academic & political discourses. Although originally referring to quite different phenomena, they increasingly overlap today. Such inflation of meanings goes hand in hand with a danger of essentialising collective identities. This book analyses this topic.

Cruelty and Companionship

Conflict in Nineteenth Century Married Life

Author: A. James Hammerton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134959184

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 4920

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Cruelty and Companionship is an account of the intimate but darker sides of marriage in Victorian and Edwardian England. Hammerton draws upon previously unpublished material from the records of the divorce court and magistrates' courts to challenge many popular views about changing family patterns. His findings open a rare window onto the sexual politics of everyday life and the routine tensions which conditioned marriage in middle and working class families. Using contemporary evidence ranging from prescriptive texts and public debate to autobiography and fiction, Hammerton examines the intense public scrutiny which accompanied the routine exposure of marital breakdown, and charts a growing critique of men's behaviour in marriage which increasingly demanded regulation and reform. The critical discourse which resulted, ranging from paternalist to feminist, casts new light on the origins and trajectory of nineteenth century feminism, legal change and our understanding of the changing expression of masculinity.

OECD Insights International Migration The Human Face of Globalisation

The Human Face of Globalisation

Author: Keeley Brian

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264055789

Category:

Page: 172

View: 5922

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Examines the reality of international migration today, including where migrants come from and go to, how governments manage migration, how migrants perform in education and the workforce and migration's impact on developing countries.

Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World

Author: Kent Fedorowich,Andrew S. Thompson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719089565

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 6411

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This volume brings together established scholars with a new generation of migration and transnational historians. Their work weaves together the 'new' imperial and the 'new' migration histories, and explores the interplay of migration within and between the local, regional, imperial, and transnational arenas.

Migration and Diaspora in Modern Asia

Author: Sunil S. Amrith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497030

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7308

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Migration is at the heart of Asian history. For centuries migrants have tracked the routes and seas of their ancestors - merchants, pilgrims, soldiers and sailors - along the Silk Road and across the Indian Ocean and the China Sea. Over the last 150 years, however, migration within Asia and beyond has been greater than at any other time in history. Sunil S. Amrith's engaging and deeply informative book crosses a vast terrain, from the Middle East to India and China, tracing the history of modern migration. Animated by the voices of Asian migrants, it tells the stories of those forced to flee from war and revolution, and those who left their homes and their families in search of a better life. These stories of Asian diasporas can be joyful or poignant, but they all speak of an engagement with new landscapes and new peoples.

Post-Imperium

A Eurasian Story

Author: Dmitri V. Trenin

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 087003345X

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 7212

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The war in Georgia. Tensions with Ukraine and other nearby countries. Moscow's bid to consolidate its "zone of privileged interests" among the Commonwealth of Independent States. These volatile situations all raise questions about the nature of and prospects for Russia's relations with its neighbors. In this book, Carnegie scholar Dmitri Trenin argues that Moscow needs to drop the notion of creating an exclusive power center out of the post-Soviet space. Like other former European empires, Russia will need to reinvent itself as a global player and as part of a wider community. Trenin's vision of Russia is an open Euro-Pacific country that is savvy in its use of soft power and fully reconciled with its former borderlands and dependents. He acknowledges that this scenario may sound too optimistic but warns that the alternative is not a new version of the historic empire but instead is the ultimate marginalization of Russia.

Migration in a Globalised World

New Research Issues and Prospects

Author: Cédric Audebert,Mohamed Kamel Doraï

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089641572

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 1308

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This broad thematic study offers a major new research perspective on international migration in the context of globalisation.

City of Strangers

Gulf Migration and the Indian Community in Bahrain

Author: Andrew M. Gardner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801462193

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 539

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In City of Strangers, Andrew M. Gardner explores the everyday experiences of workers from India who have migrated to the Kingdom of Bahrain. Like all the petroleum-rich states of the Persian Gulf, Bahrain hosts an extraordinarily large population of transmigrant laborers. Guest workers, who make up nearly half of the country's population, have long labored under a sponsorship system, the kafala, that organizes the flow of migrants from South Asia to the Gulf states and contractually links each laborer to a specific citizen or institution. In order to remain in Bahrain, the worker is almost entirely dependent on his sponsor's goodwill. The nature of this relationship, Gardner contends, often leads to exploitation and sometimes violence. Through extensive observation and interviews Gardner focuses on three groups in Bahrain: the unskilled Indian laborers who make up the most substantial portion of the foreign workforce on the island; the country's entrepreneurial and professional Indian middle class; and Bahraini state and citizenry. He contends that the social segregation and structural violence produced by Bahrain's kafala system result from a strategic arrangement by which the state insulates citizens from the global and neoliberal flows that, paradoxically, are central to the nation's intended path to the future. City of Strangers contributes significantly to our understanding of politics and society among the states of the Arabian Peninsula and of the migrant labor phenomenon that is an increasingly important aspect of globalization.