Methodology: Who Needs It?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849202044

Category: Reference

Page: 214

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In this book, Martyn Hammersley argues that many social scientists are ambivalent about methodology because of a wider problem: the gradual decline of a previously influential academic model of inquiry. This has occurred as a result of ideological challenges and the erosion of the institutional conditions that support academic work. He defends this model, spelling out the demands it places upon social scientists, and examining such issues as the proper role of methodology, the nature of objectivity, the false idea that social scientists should be intellectuals or social critics, the dialectic of academic discussion, the ethics of belief, and the limits of academic freedom.

What is Qualitative Research?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666067

Category: Reference

Page: 144

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This book illuminates the problems and perspectives of qualitative research and offers researchers a comprehensive overview of the various types of .

Ethics in Qualitative Research

Controversies and Contexts

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Anna Traianou

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446258203

Category: Reference

Page: 184

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All social researchers need to think about ethical issues. Their salience has recently been increased by the pressures of ethical regulation, particularly in the case of qualitative research. But what are ethical issues? And how should they be approached? These are not matters about which there is agreement. Ethics in Qualitative Research explores conflicting philosophical assumptions, the diverse social contexts in which ethical problems arise, and the complexities of handling them in practice. The authors argue that the starting point for any discussion of research ethics must be the values intrinsic to research, above all the commitment to knowledge-production. However, the pursuit of inquiry is rightly constrained by external values, and the book focuses on three of these: minimising harm, respecting autonomy, and protecting privacy. These external values are shown to be far from unequivocal in character, often in conflict with one another (or with the commitments of research), and always subject to situational interpretation and practical judgment. Nevertheless, it is contended that in the present challenging times it is essential that qualitative researchers uphold research values. Martyn Hammersley is Professor of Educational and Social Research at The Open University. Anna Traianou is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Educational Studies, Goldsmiths, University of London.

Social Research

Philosophy, Politics and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803988057

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

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This critical introduction to the principles of social and educational research draws together a key set of readings which offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of values and practice in social research. Issues explored include: the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods; positivism and the role of the natural sciences as a model for social research; the purposes of research - knowledge or the transformation of the social world; issues of race, gender and power in social research; the politics and ethics of data collection; and the validity and relevance of social research. Social Research is a set book for The Open University course DEH313 Principles of Social and Educational Resear

The Limits of Social Science

Causal Explanation and Value Relevance

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473906326

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

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What forms of knowledge can social science claim to produce? Does it employ causal analysis, and if so what does this entail? What role should values play in the work of social scientists? These are the questions addressed in this book. They are closely interrelated, and the answers offered here challenge many currently prevailing assumptions. They carry implications both for research practice, quantitative or qualitative, and for the public claims that social scientists make about the value of their work. The arguments underpinning this challenge to conventional wisdom are laid out in detail in the first half of the book. In later chapters their implications are explored for two substantive areas of intrinsic importance: the study of social mobility and educational inequalities; and explanations for urban riots, notably those that took place in London and other English cities in the summer of 2011.

Case Study Method

Key Issues, Key Texts

Author: Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley,Peter Foster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275698

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8214

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This is the most comprehensive guide to the current uses and importance of case study methods in social research. The editors bring together key contributions from the field which reflect different interpretations of the purpose and capacity of case study research. The address issues such as: the problem of generalizing from study of a small number of cases; and the role of case study in developing and testing theories. The editors offer in-depth assessments of the main arguments. An annotated bibliography of the literature dealing with case study research makes this an exhaustive and indispensable guide. `This is a worthwhile book which will be useful to readers. It collects together key sources on a topic which is a "hardy perennial", guaranteeing its relevance for academics, researchers, and students on higher level methods programmes. The editorial contributions are by well-known authorities in the field, are carefully-constructed, and take a clear position. I would certainly want this book on my shelf' - Nigel Fielding, University of Surrey

The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857029657

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

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Structured as a series of probing questions, and covering a range of methods, this book reflects on the challenge posed by the idea that social research should serve evidence-based practice.

What's Wrong with Ethnography?

Methodological Explorations

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415054775

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

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This stimulating and refreshing study, written by one of the leading commentators in the field, provides novel answers to these crucial questions. "What's Wrong With Ethnography provides a fresh look at the rationale for and distinctiveness of ethnographic research in sociology, education and related fields, and succeeds in slaying a number of currently fashionable sacred cows. Relativism, critical theory, the uniqueness of the case study and the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research are all examined and found wanting as a basis for informed ethnography. The policy and political implications of ethnography are a particular focus of attention. The author compels the reader to reexamine some basic methodological assumptions in an exciting way", Martin Bulmer, London School of Economics.

Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

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An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.

Educational Research, Policymaking and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876455

Category: Education

Page: 180

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`This valuable book addresses an important current issues for education research in developed countries - the relationship between research on the one hand and policy-making and education practice on the other' - Stephen Gorard, Cardiff University, British Journal of Education Studies `Martyn Hammersley has produced a remarkably complete analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of educational research. I believe the analysis to be fair to all parties' - Lewis Elton, British Journal of Educational Technology Educational research and its relationship with policy making and practice has been a perennial concern. This book deals with some basic and controversial questions about that issue, including: - Can there be harmony in the relationship between researchers and educational policymakers or practitioners? - Do increases in knowledge always lead to practical improvement, and never to undesirable consequences? - Would educational research flourish if it were subjected to more central, and external, control? - What is the role of research reviews in making the results of research publicly available? Educational Research maps the demands now being made on educational research against the background complexities of the relationship between research and practice. This book is for students on methodology courses, taught courses and research degrees in education, social science disciplines, social policy and health studies both at masters and doctoral level.

The Politics of Social Research

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780803977198

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

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Is social research political? Should it be political? What are the implications of the politicization of social research? Recent years have seen a growing range of challenges to the idea that research should be governed by the principle of value neutrality. Critical, feminist, antiracist and postmodernist analyses have argued that social research is intrinsically political. In this stimulating and often controversial book, Martyn Hammersley weighs the arguments offered in support of these positions. He considers the fundamental issues that the debate raises about the nature of social research, its political dimensions and its contemporary relevance. At the same time he provides a robust defence of value neutrality as a con

Educational Research

Volume One: Current Issues

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781853962431

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 5813

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The chapters in this book outline the history and scope of educational research. They also discuss many of the major issues at stake in current debates, and exemplify the contrasting perspectives to be found in the literature. This is the companion volume to Educational Research in Action (edited by Roger Gomm and Peter Woods). It is one of two course readers for The Open University course E824 Educational Research Methods.

Educational Research and Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Professor Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144622726X

Category:

Page: 320

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Combining classic articles that have been key markers in recent debates with some new material, this book addresses the problems involved in educational research and the issues surrounding its contribution to policymaking and practice. The authors examine the diverse approaches within qualitative research and address some of the key areas which have attracted criticism. They consider what role research should play and examine the case for randomised controlled trials and for action research. The book is suitable for any undergraduate or postgraduate student concerned with educational research methodology, as well as those focusing on educational policy and practice, and students doing PhDs and EdDs.

Understanding Research with Children and Young People

Author: Alison Clark,Rosie Flewitt,Martyn Hammersley,Martin Robb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903963

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 328

View: 453

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How do views about children shape research concerned with their lives? What different forms can research with children take? What ethical issues does it involve? How does it impact on policy and practice, and on the lives of children themselves? This book helps you to understand how research is designed and carried out to explore questions about the lives of children and young people. It tackles the methodological, practical and ethical challenges involved, and features examples of actual research that illustrate: Different strategies for carrying out research Common challenges that arise in the research process Varying modes of engagement that researchers can adopt with participants and audiences; and The impact that research can have on future studies, policy and practice.

Questioning Qualitative Inquiry

Critical Essays

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026771

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 5874

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Is qualitative research in crisis? In Questioning Qualitative Inquiry Martyn Hammersley raises fundamental questions about the current state of qualitative social research. He examines some of the changes that have taken place within it over the past fifty years, suggesting that the move away from natural science as a model, and towards an appeal to literature and art, involves rejection of key principles that are essential to research of any kind. Hammersley argues that, in important respects, qualitative inquiry has not lived up to the claims originally made on its behalf, and that more recent developments have worsened the situation. Insufficient attention has been given to the problems surrounding leading ideas like thick description, analytic induction, and constructionism. The argument is pursued through discussion of the work of influential writers - such as Clifford, Geertz, Denzin and Lincoln - and by detailed examination of concrete issues, like the value of interview data, the rationales for discourse and conversation analysis, the role of rhetoric in research reports, and the nature of assessment criteria. At a time when qualitative inquiry is coming under renewed challenge in some quarters, the task of addressing the methodological problems it faces has become urgent. These essays on current developments and debates are essential reading for anyone interested in the future of qualitative research.

Dilemma Qualitative Method

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134978782

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

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First Published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Methodology (Methodologie, engl.) Foundations of inference and research in the behavioral sciences

Author: Adriaan Dingenman de Groot,J. A. A. Spiekerman

Publisher: ICON Group International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 400

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The empirical cycle in science; Designing theories and hypotheses; Formulation of thheories and hypotheses: a the deductive process; Formulation of theories and hypotheses; From formulation to testing and evaluation; Objectivity: a through the empirical cycle; Objectivity: bb data collection and analysis; Criteria for empirical variables and instruments.

Educational Research with Our Youngest

Voices of Infants and Toddlers

Author: Eva Johansson,E. Jayne White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400723948

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 6293

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Interpreting the voices of under three year olds is central to early childhood education. Yet entering into their life-worlds is fraught with challenges and unrealised possibilities. This ground-breaking book generates a dialogue about the multiple ways researchers have exploited a range of methods for approaching, accessing, understanding and interpreting infant voice. Each chapter explores the kinds of ethical considerations and dilemmas that may arise in this process. The book itself represents a chorus of international voices (researchers, children, teachers and parents), all adding to a discussion about various circumstances, dilemmas and possibilities involved in doing research with our youngest. This book is an essential read for researchers and teachers alike who seek to 'listen' and 'see' very young children with fresh ears and eyes.

Introduction to Logic

and to the Methodology of Deductive Sciences

Author: Alfred Tarski

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

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This classic undergraduate treatment examines the deductive method in its first part and explores applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories in its second part. Exercises appear throughout.

A Companion to Research in Education

Author: Alan D. Reid,E. Paul Hart,Michael A. Peters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400768095

Category: Education

Page: 606

View: 6632

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This volume offers a unique commentary on the diverse ways that educational inquiry is conceived, designed and critiqued. An international team of scholars examines cross-cutting themes of how research in education is conceptualised, characterised, contextualised, legitimated and represented. Contributions include specially commissioned essays, critical commentaries, vignettes, dialogues and cases. Each section discusses the significance of a complex terrain of ideas and critiques that can inform thinking and practice in educational research. The result is a thorough and accessible volume that offers fresh insights into the perspectives and challenges that shape diverse genres of research in education. ​