Metaphors of Interrelatedness

Toward a Systems Theory of Psychology

Author: Linda E. Olds

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791410127

Category: Psychology

Page: 205

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Olds examines the role of metaphor and models in psychology, science, and religion and argues the case for systems theory as a contemporary unifying metaphor across domains, with particular emphasis on clarifying its potential for psychology.

Symbolism 2018

Special Focus: "Cranes on the Rise" - Functions of Metaphor in Autobiographical Writing

Author: Rüdiger Ahrens,Florian Kläger,Klaus Stierstorfer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110580829

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 6855

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This special issue of Symbolism: An International Annual of Critical Aesthetics explores the various functions of metaphor in life writing. Looking at a range of autobiographical subgenres (pathography, disability narratives, memoirs of migration, autofiction) and different kinds of metaphors, the contributions seek to ‘map’ the possibilities of metaphor for narratively framing an individual life and for constructing notions of selfhood.

Metaphors of Identity

A Culture-Communication Dialogue

Author: Thomas K. Fitzgerald

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791415955

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 9701

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Placing identity within its cultural context, Fitzgerald offers ethnographic case material to examine the meaning and changing metaphors of ethnicity, male and female identity, and aging and identity. He opens up an exciting multidisciplinary dialogue for improving interpersonal and cross-cultural communication. The book provides a clear synthesis of the interrelated meanings of culture, identity, and communication, examining self-concept and its role in the communication process, and exploring cultural and biological research on self, individuality, personality, and mind-body questions.

Recreating Relationships

Collaboration and Educational Reform

Author: Helen Christiansen

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791433041

Category: Education

Page: 330

View: 1376

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Focuses on two major themes: the imporvement of teaching practice through collaborative research, and reflection on the process of collaboration itself to understand its role in educational change.

Images of Organization

Author: Gareth Morgan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506354726

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 520

View: 3999

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Since its first publication over twenty years ago, Images of Organization has become a classic in the canon of management literature. The book is based on a very simple premise—that all theories of organization and management are based on implicit images or metaphors that stretch our imagination in a way that can create powerful insights, but at the risk of distortion. Gareth Morgan provides a rich and comprehensive resource for exploring the complexity of modern organizations internationally, translating leading-edge theory into leading-edge practice.

Metaphors of Conciousness

Author: Ronald S. Valle,Rolf von Eckartsberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461338026

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 1530

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As we move into the 1980s, there is an increasing awareness that our civilization is going through a profound cultural transformation. At the heart of this transformation lies what is often called a "paradigm shift"-a dramatic change in the thoughts, perceptions, and values which form a particular vision of reality. The paradigm that is now shifting comprises a large number of ideas and values that have dominated our society for several hundred years; values that have been associated with various streams of Western culture, among them the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century, The Enlightenment, and the Industrial Revolution. They include the belief in the scientific method as the only valid approach to knowledge, the split between mind and matter, the view of nature as a mechanical system, the view of life in society as a competitive struggle for survival, and the belief in unlimited material progress to be achieved through economic and technological growth. All these ideas and values are now found to be severely limited and in need of radical revision.

Metaphors of Mind

Conceptions of the Nature of Intelligence

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521386333

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

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This text enables readers to understand human intelligence from a variety of standpoints, such as psychology, anthropology, computational science, sociology, and philosophy. Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the concept of intelligence and how ideas about it have evolved and are continuing to evolve. Much of the present confusion surrounding the concept of intelligence stems from our having looked at it from these different standpoints without considering how they relate to each other or how they might be combined into a unified view that goes beyond the boundaries of a particular discipline.

Motherhood as Metaphor

Engendering Interreligious Dialogue

Author: Jeannine Hill Fletcher

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN: 0823252191

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 2818

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Who is my neighbor? As our world has increasingly become a single place, this question posed in the gospel story is heard as an interreligious inquiry. Yet studies of encounter across religious lines have largely been framed as the meeting of male leaders. What difference does it make when women's voices and experiences are the primary data for thinking about interfaith engagement? Motherhood as Metaphor draws on three historical encounters between women of different faiths: first, the archives of the Maryknoll Sisters working in China before the Second World War; second, the experiences of women in the feminist movement around the globe; and third, a contemporary interfaith dialogue group in Philadelphia. These sites provide fresh ways of thinking about our being human in the relational, dynamic messiness of our sacred, human lives. Each part features a chapter detailing the historical, archival, and ethnographic evidence of women's experience in interfaith contact through letters, diaries, speeches, and interviews of women in interfaith settings. A subsequent chapter considers the theological import of these experiences, placing them in conversation with modern theological anthropology, feminist theory, and theology. Women's experience of motherhood provides a guiding thread through the theological reflections recorded here. This investigation thus offers not only a comparative theology based on believers' experience rather than on texts alone, but also new ways of conceptualizing our being human. The result is an interreligious theology, rooted in the Christian story but also learning across religious lines.

Their Eyes Were Watching God

Author: Zora Neale Hurston

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252017780

Category: Fiction

Page: 231

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When Janie Starks returns home, the small Black community buzzes with gossip about the outcome of her affair with a younger man

Whitehead's Ontology

Women Shipyard Workers in Portland and Vancouver During World War II and Reconversion

Author: John W. Lango

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438410077

Category: Philosophy

Page: 102

View: 4369

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An examination of Whitehead’s metaphysics through a study of his Process and Reality.

Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree

The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Author: J. David Archibald

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537662

Category: Science

Page: 304

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Leading paleontologist J. David Archibald explores the rich history of visual metaphors for biological order from ancient times to the present and their influence on humans' perception of their place in nature, offering uncommon insight into how we went from standing on the top rung of the biological ladder to embodying just one tiny twig on the tree of life. He begins with the ancient but still misguided use of ladders to show biological order, moving then to the use of trees to represent seasonal life cycles and genealogies by the Romans. The early Christian Church then appropriated trees to represent biblical genealogies. The late eighteenth century saw the tree reclaimed to visualize relationships in the natural world, sometimes with a creationist view, but in other instances suggesting evolution. Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859) exorcised the exclusively creationist view of the "tree of life," and his ideas sparked an explosion of trees, mostly by younger acolytes in Europe. Although Darwin's influence waned in the early twentieth century, by midcentury his ideas held sway once again in time for another and even greater explosion of tree building, generated by the development of new theories on how to assemble trees, the birth of powerful computing, and the emergence of molecular technology. Throughout Archibald's far-reaching study, and with the use of many figures, the evolution of "tree of life" iconography becomes entwined with our changing perception of the world and ourselves.

A Psychohistory of Metaphors

Envisioning Time, Space, and Self through the Centuries

Author: Brian J. McVeigh

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498520294

Category: Psychology

Page: 244

View: 2949

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How have figures of speech configured new concepts of time, space, and mind throughout history? Brian J. McVeigh answers this question in A Psychohistory of Metaphors: Envisioning Time, Space, and Self through the Centuries by exploring “meta-framing:” our ever-increasing capability to “step back” from the environment, search out its familiar features to explain the unfamiliar, and generate “as if” forms of knowledge and metaphors of location and vision. This book demonstrates how analogizing and abstracting have altered spatio-visual perceptions, expanding our introspective capabilities and allowing us to adapt to changing social circumstances.

The Metaphor of the City in the Apocalypse of John

Author: Eva Maria Räpple

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820470832

Category: Religion

Page: 279

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Throughout history, the vision of a new city - the heavenly Jerusalem coming down from heaven - has inspired human beings to dream about community, society, and the world. Acting as an incentive to turn unsatisfied longing into utopian ideas and, ultimately, action, the language of the Apocalypse of John has long inspired human imagination in a highly effective manner. This fact has contributed to its controversial role in the history of New Testament interpretation; its bizarre, often paradoxical language seems to veil, rather than reveal, its message. Interestingly, the Apocalypse has never ceased to be an inspiration for artists: unlike conceptual language, art does not restrict interpretation, but has the power to incite the reader or audience to imagine. Using artistic expression as paradigm, this book examines a central image - the city - as metaphorical material, investigating the dynamic, interpretive process from text to imagination.

Body of Vision

Northrop Frye and the Poetics of Mind

Author: Michael Sinding

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442698160

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

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In Body of Vision, Michael Sinding connects Northrop Frye’s groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of the human imagination with cognitive poetics – the cutting-edge school of literary criticism that applies the principles of cognitive science to the interpretation of literary texts and contexts. Sinding undertakes this task through analyses of the interplay of metaphoric and narrative schemas in several forms of cultural mythology. Sinding identifies the profound connections between cognitive views of language, literature, and culture and Frye’s views by exploring three related aspects of Frye’s work – meaning and thought, culture and society, and literary history. He investigates these connections through detailed studies of major cultural texts including Dante’s Divine Comedy, Hobbes’ Leviathan, Rousseau’s Social Contract, and Milton’s "Lycidas." By linking Frye’s classic studies to exciting recent approaches in the humanities and the cognitive revolution of the past few decades, Body of Vision casts Frye’s achievements in a fascinating new light.

What is Enlightenment?

Eighteenth-century Answers and Twentieth-century Questions

Author: James Schmidt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520202269

Category: History

Page: 563

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This collection contains the first English translations of a group of 18th-century German essays that address the question, "what is Enlightenment?". They explore the origins of 18th-century debate on the Enlightenment, and its significance for the present.

Agency, Culture, and Human Personhood

Pastoral Thelogy and Intimate Partner Violence

Author: Jeanne M. Hoeft

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 163087826X

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 9221

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Agency, Culture and Human Personhood" uses feminist theories, process and liberation theologies, psychodynamics and the problem of intimate partner violence to develop a pastoral theology of human agency. The turn to cultural context for understanding what makes human beings who they are and do the things they do, raises significant questions about human agency. To what extent is agency, the human capacity to act, self-determined, and to what extent is it determined by external factors? If we conceive of persons with too little agency we negate the possibility for change but too much agency negates the necessity for resistance movements. Hoeft argues that agency arises ambiguously from and is constituted of culture. She suggests that such a conception of agency enables the church to foster in victims, perpetrators, and congregations more resistance to violence and proposes practices of ministry that can do just that. The book will challenge deeply ingrained notions of personal responsibility and one's capacity to choose change, yet offers concrete proposals for a creating a less violent world.

Dickens's Style

Author: Daniel Tyler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107028434

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 284

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Written by leading scholars, this collection of essays offers the first comprehensive and accessible book on Dickens's style.

Aspects of Metaphor in Physics

Examples and Case Studies

Author: Hanna Pulaczewska

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110915936

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 309

View: 3651

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For decades there has been awareness of the fact that the natural sciences and the language they use are not metaphor-free domains. This study draws together statements on this phenomenon made in a discourse context hitherto dominated by theoreticians and philosophers of science and points up new perspectives of an interdisciplinary nature discussed here primarily from the viewpoint of cognitive semantics. How do metaphors enter into a discourse with physics? To what extent are the methods used and the issues addressed in physics influenced by metaphors? How do the ubiquitous metaphors of everyday language help us to impose a structure on physics knowledge and express abstract ideas in concrete images? These and other related issues are discussed with reference to copious examples.

Cinematic Appeals

The Experience of New Movie Technologies

Author: Ariel Rogers

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535783

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 352

View: 1926

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Cinematic Appeals follows the effect of technological innovation on the cinema experience, specifically the introduction of widescreen and stereoscopic 3D systems in the 1950s, the rise of digital cinema in the 1990s, and the transition to digital 3D since 2005. Widescreen cinema promised to draw the viewer into the world of the screen, enabling larger-than-life close-ups of already larger-than-life actors. This technology fostered the illusion of physically entering a film, enhancing the semblance of realism. Alternatively, the digital era was less concerned with the viewer's physical response and more with information flow, awe, and the reevaluation of spatiality and embodiment. This study ultimately shows how cinematic technology and the human experience shape and respond to each other over time.

The Logic of Metaphor

Analogous Parts of Possible Worlds

Author: Eric Steinhart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401596549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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1. Metaphors and Logic Metaphors are among the most vigorous offspring of the creative mind; but their vitality springs from the fact that they are logical organisms in the ecology of l- guage. I aim to use logical techniques to analyze the meanings of metaphors. My goal here is to show how contemporary formal semantics can be extended to handle metaphorical utterances. What distinguishes this work is that it focuses intensely on the logical aspects of metaphors. I stress the role of logic in the generation and int- pretation of metaphors. While I don't presuppose any formal training in logic, some familiarity with philosophical logic (the propositional calculus and the predicate c- culus) is helpful. Since my theory makes great use of the notion of structure, I refer to it as the structural theory of m etaphor (STM). STM is a semant ic theory of m etaphor : if STM is correct, then metaphors are cognitively meaningful and are n- trivially logically linked with truth. I aim to extend possible worlds semantics to handle metaphors. I'll argue that some sentences in natural languages like English have multiple meanings: "Juliet is the sun" has (at least) two meanings: the literal meaning "(Juliet is the sunkIT" and the metaphorical meaning "(Juliet is the sun)MET". Each meaning is a function from (possible) worlds to truth-values. I deny that these functions are identical; I deny that the metaphorical function is necessarily false or necessarily true.