Brown Tide Rising

Metaphors of Latinos in Contemporary American Public Discourse

Author: Otto Santa Ana

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029277480X

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 6023


"...awash under a brown tide...the relentless flow of waves on a beach, these human flows are remaking the face of America...." Since 1993, metaphorical language such as this has permeated mainstream media reporting on the United States' growing Latino population. In this groundbreaking book, Otto Santa Ana argues that far from being mere figures of speech, such metaphors produce and sustain negative public perceptions of the Latino community and its place in American society, precluding the view that Latinos are vested with the same rights and privileges as other citizens. Applying the insights of cognitive metaphor theory to an extensive natural language data set drawn from hundreds of articles in the Los Angeles Times and other media, Santa Ana reveals how metaphorical language portrays Latinos as invaders, outsiders, burdens, parasites, diseases, animals, and weeds. He convincingly demonstrates that three anti-Latino referenda passed in California because of such imagery, particularly the infamous anti-immigrant measure, Proposition 187. Santa Ana illustrates how Proposition 209 organizers broadcast compelling new metaphors about racism to persuade an electorate that had previously supported affirmative action to ban it. He also shows how Proposition 227 supporters used antiquated metaphors for learning, school, and language to blame Latino children's speech—rather than gross structural inequity—for their schools' failure to educate them. Santa Ana concludes by calling for the creation of insurgent metaphors to contest oppressive U.S. public discourse about minority communities.

Maternal Metaphors of Power in African American Women's Literature

From Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison

Author: Geneva Cobb Moore

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1611177499

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 376

View: 5741


Geneva Cobb Moore deftly combines literature, history, criticism, and theory in Maternal Metaphors of Power in African American Women’s Literature by offering insight into the historical black experience from slavery to freedom as depicted in the literature of nine female writers across several centuries. Moore traces black women writers’ creation of feminine and maternal metaphors of power in literature from the colonial era work of Phillis Wheatley to the postmodern work of Paule Marshall, Alice Walker, and Toni Morrison. Through their characters Moore shows how these writers re-create the identity of black women and challenge existing rules shaping their subordinate status and behavior. Drawing on feminist, psychoanalytic, and other social science theory, Moore examines the maternal iconography and counter-hegemonic narratives by which these writers responded to oppressive conventions of race, gender, and authority. Moore grounds her account in studies of Phillis Wheatley, Harriet Jacobs, Charlotte Forten Grimké, Jessie Fauset, Nella Larsen, and Zora Neale Hurston. All these authors, she contends, wrote against invisibility and powerlessness by developing and cultivating a personal voice and an individual story of vulnerability, nurturing capacity, and agency that confounded prevailing notions of race and gender and called into question moral reform. In these nine writers’ construction of feminine images—real and symbolic—Moore finds a shared sense of the historically significant role of black women in the liberation struggle during slavery, the Jim Crow period, and beyond.

Metaphor, Culture, and Worldview

The Case of American English and the Chinese Language

Author: Dilin Liu

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761824220

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 150

View: 4191


Using dominant metaphors in American English and the Chinese language, Metaphor, Culture, and Worldview explores how metaphor is a product that is simultaneously shaped by and is shaping the culture and the worldview of the people who use it, and how it showcases some unique features of communication of the speakers of the two languages. Using examples mostly from media and other public speeches and writings, author Dilin Liu argues that sports and business constitute the dominant metaphors in American English while family and eating form the prevailing metaphors in Chinese. To assist the reader in understanding the metaphors discussed, the book contains a glossary of dominant American and Chinese metaphorical idioms.

Music in American Religious Experience

Author: Philip Vilas Bohlman,Edith Waldvogel Blumhofer,Edith L. Blumhofer,Maria M. Chow

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195173048

Category: Music

Page: 350

View: 3888


For students and scholars in American music and religious studies, as well as for church musicians, this book is the first to study the ways in which music shapes the distinctive presence of religion in the United States. The sixteen essayists' contributions to this book address the fullness of music's presence in American religion and religious history.

The Practice of American Public Policymaking

Author: Selden Biggs,Lelia B. Helms

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765628329

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 530

View: 8408


Designed for upper-level and professional courses, this text is a state-of-the-art introduction to the public policymaking process that gives equal attention to issues of policy implementation and public governance. It uses an innovative systems approach, integrating the activities, actors, tools, and techniques of policymaking, to provide a comprehensive framework for policy design and analysis. The book is practice-oriented, with a focus on the ways that policymakers at all levels employ the standard technologies of governance--authority, agency, program, rule, contract, and budget--to design policy outputs and achieve policy outcomes. Through extensive use of graphics, the text makes concepts easy to grasp for a generation of students accustomed to the visual presentation of ideas. Case studies illustrate the tools and techniques discussed, and key terms, questions for discussion, and suggested readings round out each chapter. Among the many emerging issues covered in this text that will be especially relevant for upper-level and professional programs and student-practitioners are: --program design --performance management --public contracting --policy networks --venue shopping --commercial and nonprofit sector participation in the policymaking process.

Metaphors of Dispossession

American Beginnings and the Translation of Empire, 1492-1637

Author: Gesa Mackenthun

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780806129532

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 608


German scholar Makenthun analyzes English and Spanish narratives of the discovery and colonization of America from the Caribbean and Mexico north to Virginia and New England. She shows how Europeans wrote themselves into possession by creating an ideology of native savagery and rightful territorial

The Decline and Fall of the United States of America

Author: Anthony Kishko

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469180340

Category: Fiction

Page: 647

View: 5815


Politicianthe dirtiest word in the English language. says Jacob Pirandello Kharinsky, a character in this book hailed as the UNDERGROUND CLASSIC OF OUR GENERATION: The DECLINE and FALL of THE UNITED STATES of AMERICA part I. (A theme which implies many things, possibilities and perspectives.) Jake Kharinsky discovers himself in an unknown labyrinth, a clandestine initiation, and is unable to recall what leads him there. Stranger than fiction events and stories unfold...with aesthetic word play, symbolism, humor and an architectured structure, as if crafted and written by a musician, to lead one into an expansion of consciousness, a journey of the mind, right into the HEART & UNCONSICOUS of AMERICA and beyond. At times, engaging a psychological evaluation of the American political mind, and ways out of the swamps and wastelands. Jakes visionary pursuits for the meaning of life and his endless patriotic studies into the nature and origins of our political, social, and cultural realities leads him to write an Underground Notebook which will one day be a condensed guide for the coming dark era of: collapse, fascism, empire, civil war and revolution, though the Notebook is written with hopes towards identifying and preventing this disaster. (The Decline and Fall fleshes out what Emmanuel Goldsteins The Book, from Orwells 1984, may look like today.) America, as we are conditioned and believe we know it to be, is dissolving before our very eyes. Ask yourself: what is it that is not being said? This analysis is not a black and white, an Us vs. Them simplification or pessimism (as many still hold to valid ideals in a system that no longer works for We the people.) There is no simple view, traveling towards our future from the elusive illusions of the past. Prophetic, DYSTOPIAN, at times surrealin a exploratory epic seeking to make sense of it all, utilizing both fiction and non-fiction. Raising questions about how the spectrums of cultures and power influence and create our realities and consciousnesshow blind wealth, corruption, greed and propaganda orbit and control our lives behind seemingly invisible curtains and veils. Dynamic changes with every chapter and the flowing weight of compelling content draws and gravitates the reader to see the world differently and envision new possibilities. ( A recipe for REVOLUTION? A GENERAL STRIKE? In the organizing a grassroots Aquarian Renaissance Movement... ) Endless hours of entertainment and edifying knowledge & inspiration.*** A book unlike ever before written, yet following through on a lineage & fusion of varied literary traditions, schools of thought, and paradigms suffused with humor and knowledge. A justified literate denial of the two party bankster corporate diseased entity of the machine grinding our lives away. A welcoming and inviting challenge to trace the angst of our contemporary American wasteland and world nightmare to blaze through this storm. , Rebridge and pick up where our ancient Renaissance and organic connections were cut off, and leave the old world behind. GET INITIATED!!! Author can be viewed reading excerpt on Youtube under: information8090: [Back cover]: A Book for both genuine LIBERALS and CONSERVATIVES, and beyond, who are utterly disgusted with Democrats and Republicans... A genre of both Kafkaesque Dystopian fiction, & non-fiction (the Orwellian BOOK within the book), inviting the reader on a journey of Mind, Concept, Metaphor and Languageof questions and provocations, Aesthetics and Spirituality; to evoke, articulate, and gather all those things that are collectively on our minds, confused yet envisioned, as a Nation, and as a World; of which we all possess pieces, and herein begin to puzzle together these telling elements: Of Politics, History, Religion, Culture, Education, Philosophy and Deconstruction of our Ideologies, whose $old out and manipulated Idea$ have warped the

Animal Myths and Metaphors in South America

Author: Gary Urton

Publisher: University of Utah Press

ISBN: 9780874802054

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 637


What similarities and differences do humans see between themselves and animals? Why do people commonly make metaphorical comparisons between human beings or social groups and animals, and to what degree are people's attitudes and beliefs about animals parallel to or contingent upon their attitudes and beliefs about human beings and human society? This collection of articles considers these issues. The issues are basic in any study of "totemism," or human and animal relationships, and they have been discussed in anthropological literature since the time of Lewis Henry Morgan's work on Iroquois social organization. The contributors to this anthology have not limited themselves to the notion that clans and moieties are the only sources and objects of metaphorical comparisons between humans and animals. They suggest a shift in perspective that has metaphorical comparisons generated by conceived similarities and differences between animals and particular types of human beings. Some examples of this include macaw fledglings as adolescents; pumas as fully initiated men, and foxes as young married men. With this shift of emphasis, a significantly different analytic focus in the study of human-animal relations is produced.

Black Frankenstein

The Making of an American Metaphor

Author: Elizabeth Young

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814797156

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1604


For all the scholarship devoted to Mary Shelley's English novel Frankenstein, there has been surprisingly little attention paid to its role in American culture, and virtually none to its racial resonances in the United States. In Black Frankenstein, Elizabeth Young identifies and interprets the figure of a black American Frankenstein monster as it appears with surprising frequency throughout nineteenth- and twentieth-century U.S. culture, in fiction, film, essays, oratory, painting, and other media, and in works by both whites and African Americans. Black Frankenstein stories, Young argues, effect four kinds of racial critique: they humanize the slave; they explain, if not justify, black violence; they condemn the slaveowner; and they expose the instability of white power. The black Frankenstein's monster has served as a powerful metaphor for reinforcing racial hierarchy—and as an even more powerful metaphor for shaping anti-racist critique. Illuminating the power of parody and reappropriation, Black Frankenstein tells the story of a metaphor that continues to matter to literature, culture, aesthetics, and politics.

American Culture

Myth and Reality of a Culture of Diversity

Author: Larry L. Naylor

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897895422

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 8680


A case study of American culture as a society characterized by diversity.

Metaphor in American Sign Language

Author: Phyllis Perrin Wilcox

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 9781563680991

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 213

View: 2455


Annotation It was an undergraduate student who started Wilcox (linguistics and signed language interpreting, U. of New Mexico-Albuquerque) on her quest several years ago by asking for a book on the subject. She studied theory of metaphor and its manifestation in various verbal languages, and here applies what she learned to a non-verbal language. She draws on opposing linguistic theories to show how the cognitive process experienced by deaf people change and enrich signed language. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Fictions of New York: The City as Metaphor in Selected American Texts

Author: Kim Vahnenbruck

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 3954895323

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 52

View: 2067


‘New York City as Metaphor in Selected American Texts’ tries to capture the picture and meaning of an ever-changing city which has casted and still casts a spell over people all around the world. An uncountable number of authors have dedicated their works to New York City because of their fascination of its diversity and constant change that promises its dwellers a life in wealth and freedom. Surprisingly, all novels that have been analyzed reveal New York as the complete opposite of the American Dream that everyone expects when arriving on Ellis Island. The protagonists have to realize that their dreams will never become fulfilled and, consequently, become disillusioned and corrupted by their unhealthy environment. John Dos Passos describes a City that becomes a modern Babylon; it is fragmented and on its way to greed, capitalism and corruption. The New York of Stephen Crane’s Maggie Johnson and Edith Wharton’s Lily Bart is like a gigantic deterministic cage that denies every attempt of escape. Moreover, the metaphysical novel ‘City of Glass’ by Paul Auster does not show any sign of the promised life in wealth and freedom, but rather a city that is split into pieces, ruled by chance and misunderstandings. The city literally dehumanizes its inhabitants as they are dazzled by its addictive quality.

The Cambridge History of American Literature

1590-1820. Vol. 1

Author: Sacvan Bercovitch,Cyrus R. K. Patell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521585712

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 829

View: 370


Discusses the social, cultural, intellectual, and aesthetic aspects of American literature

The Epic of America

Author: James Truslow Adams

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 141284701X

Category: History

Page: 433

View: 9564


Originally published in 1931 by Little, Brown, and Company.

Theater Enough

American Culture and the Metaphor of the World Stage, 1607-1789

Author: Jeffrey H. Richards,Professor of Theatre Jeffrey H Richards

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822311072

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 335

View: 4243


The early settlers in America had a special relationship to the theater. Though largely without a theater of their own, they developed an ideology of theater that expressed their sense of history, as well as their version of life in the New World. Theater Enough provides an innovative analysis of early American culture by examining the rhetorical shaping of the experience of settlement in the new land through the metaphor of theater. The rhetoric, or discourse, of early American theater emerged out of the figures of speech that permeated the colonists' lives and literary productions. Jeffrey H. Richards examines a variety of texts—histories, diaries, letters, journals, poems, sermons, political tracts, trial transcripts, orations, and plays—and looks at the writings of such authors as John Winthrop and Mercy Otis Warren. Richards places the American usage of theatrum mundi—the world depicted as a stage—in the context of classical and Renaissance traditions, but shows how the trope functions in American rhetoric as a register for religious, political, and historical attitudes.

I Never Metaphor I Didn't Like

A Comprehensive Compilation of History’s Greatest Analogies, Metaphors, and Similes

Author: Dr. Mardy Grothe

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061982934

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 4215


The murals in restaurants are on a par with the food in museums. America is an enormous frosted cupcake in the middle of millions of starving people. Critics are like pigs at the pastry cart. Describing something by relating it to another thing is the essence of metaphorical thought. It is one of the oldest activities of humankind—and one of the most impressive when done skillfully. Throughout history, many masters of metaphor have crafted observations that are so spectacular they have taken up a permanent residence in our minds. In I Never Metaphor I Didn't Like, quotation maven Dr. Mardy Grothe fixes his attention on the three superstars of figurative language—analogies, metaphors, and similes. The result is an extraordinary compilation of nearly 2,000 feats of association that will entertain, educate, and occasionally inspire quotation lovers everywhere. In this intellectual smorgasbord, the author of Oxymoronica and Viva la Repartee explains figurative language in a refreshingly down-to-earth way before taking readers on a tour of history's greatest word pictures. In chapters on wit, love, sex, stage and screen, insults, politics, sports, and more, you will find quotations from Aristotle and Maya Angelou to George Washington and Oprah Winfrey.

Visions of America

landscape as metaphor in the late twentieth century

Author: Martin L. Friedman

Publisher: ABRAMS


Category: Art

Page: 255

View: 4748


Constructing the Eighties

Versions of an American Decade

Author: Walter Grünzweig,Roberta Maierhofer,Adolf Wimmer

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 9783823350231

Category: American literature

Page: 233

View: 1226