Geschichte Altamerikas

Author: Hanns J. Prem

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 348670110X

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 9701


Die Geschichte der vorspanischen Hochkulturen Amerikas, insbesondere die der Azteken, Maya und Inka und ihrer Vorläufer, faszinierte lange Zeit schon, weil sie geheimnisvoller, unbekannter erschien als die der Alten Welt. Forschungsfortschritte der letzten Jahrzehnte, vor allem die Entzifferung der Maya-Hieroglyphenschrift, brachten ungeahnte neue Erkenntnisse. Dem trägt die völlig neu bearbeitete und um beinahe ein Drittel erweiterte Auflage der "Geschichte Altamerikas" Rechnung, in der nun auch in das Schicksal der indianischen Bevölkerung unter der spanischen Kolonialherrschaft eingeführt wird. Zur ersten Auflage: "Mit großer Sachkenntnis und in gut lesbarer Sprache schildert Prem in kompakter Form die gesicherten Kenntnisse über die Geschichte der beiden Kulturräume von der Vorgeschichte bis zur spanischen Eroberung." Horst Pietschmann, FAZ

The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Author: Deborah L. Nichols,Christopher A. Pool

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996342

Category: Social Science

Page: 1000

View: 2265


The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology provides a current and comprehensive guide to the recent and on-going archaeology of Mesoamerica. Though the emphasis is on prehispanic societies, this Handbook also includes coverage of important new work by archaeologists on the Colonial and Republican periods. Unique among recent works, the text brings together in a single volume article-length regional syntheses and topical overviews written by active scholars in the field of Mesoamerican archaeology. The first section of the Handbook provides an overview of recent history and trends of Mesoamerica and articles on national archaeology programs and practice in Central America and Mexico written by archaeologists from these countries. These are followed by regional syntheses organized by time period, beginning with early hunter-gatherer societies and the first farmers of Mesoamerica and concluding with a discussion of the Spanish Conquest and frontiers and peripheries of Mesoamerica. Topical and comparative articles comprise the remainder of Handbook. They cover important dimensions of prehispanic societies--from ecology, economy, and environment to social and political relations--and discuss significant methodological contributions, such as geo-chemical source studies, as well as new theories and diverse theoretical perspectives. The Handbook concludes with a section on the archaeology of the Spanish conquest and the Colonial and Republican periods to connect the prehispanic, proto-historic, and historic periods. This volume will be a must-read for students and professional archaeologists, as well as other scholars including historians, art historians, geographers, and ethnographers with an interest in Mesoamerica.

History of Writing

Author: Steven Roger Fischer

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861895887

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 352

View: 4444


From the earliest scratches on stone and bone to the languages of computers and the internet, A History of Writing offers a fascinating investigation into the origin and development of writing throughout the world. Commencing with the first stages of information storage, Fischer focuses on the emergence of complete writing systems in Mesopotamia in the fourth millennium BC. He documents the rise of Phoenician and its effect on the Greek alphabet, generating the many alphabetic scripts of the West. Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese writing systems are dealt with in depth, as is writing in pre-Columbian America. Also explored are Western Europe's medieval manuscripts and the history of printing, leading to the innovations in technology and spelling rules of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Archaeological Research at Xochicalco

Author: Kenn Hirth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874805857

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5488


The ancient site of Xochicalco is located in the state of Morelos in the southern reaches of the central Mexican mountain range. Two hundred years ago it was the first archaeological site in Mexico to be "scientifically" described, but archaeologists have since disagreed on practically every aspect of its history and function. It has been characterized as a Maya colony, a commercial entrepot controlling interregional trade routes, a religious shrine and pilgrimage center for the cult of Quetzalcoatal, and even the location of Tamoanchan, the paradise of Nahuatl mythology. Seeking answers, the Xochicalco Mapping Project was initiated in 1978. Specific goals were to locate the site's physical boundaries and identify its residential area; map and establish the size of Xochicalco during its major developmental periods; analyze the site's residential and public architecture to provide clues for sociopolitical organization; and obtain data for insight into Xochicalco's role in the regional evolution of social, economic, and political systems. The two volumes in this series present data and analysis from twenty years of research. Volume 1 offers a specific analysis of Xochicalco urban development plus a synthetic treatment of culture process in central Mexico. Volume 2 includes descriptive and synthetic contributions; it contains much of the data referred to in Volume 1, though primarily in summary form. Together the volumes are an important step in documenting central Mexican prehistory.

Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage

From Teotihuacan to the Aztecs

Author: David Carrasco,Lindsay Jones,Scott Sessions

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780870815126

Category: Social Science

Page: 559

View: 1689


For more than a millennium the great Mesoamerican city of Teotihucan (c150BCE--750CE) has been imagined and reimagined by a host of subsequent cultures including our own. This book engages the subject of the unity and diversity of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica by focusing on the classic heritage of this ancient city. Includes the history of religions, anthropology, archaeology, and art history -- and a wealth of new data, this book examines Teotihuacan's rippling influence across Mesoamerican time and space, including important patterns of continuity and change, and its relationships, both historical and symbolic, with Tenochtitlan, Cholula, and various Maya communities.

The Murals of Cacaxtla

The Power of Painting in Ancient Central Mexico

Author: Claudia Lozoff Brittenham,María Teresa Uriarte

Publisher: Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long


Category: Art

Page: 295

View: 594


"Between AD 650 and 950, a small city-state in central Mexico produced dazzling murals of gods, historical figures, and supernatural creatures on the walls of its most important sacred and public spaces. This study explores how the Cacaxtla murals constitute a sustained and local painting tradition, in which generations of ancient Mexican artists, patrons, and audiences created a powerful statement of communal identity that still captures the imagination"--

Contemporary Authors

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787645953

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 471

View: 1093


Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors(r) .

Obsidian Craft Production in Ancient Central Mexico

Archaeological Research at Xochicalco

Author: Kenn Hirth,Bradford Andrews

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 2335


An examination of the obsidian craft industry found at the site of Xochicalco, Morelos, between A.D. 650 and 900 when independent city-states appeared throughout central Mexico to fill the political vacuum left by the decline of Teotihuacan.

World-systems theory in practice

leadership, production, and exchange

Author: P. Nick Kardulias,American Anthropological Association. Meeting

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 6389


In the quarter century since Wallerstein first developed world systems theory (WST), scholars in a variety of disciplines have adopted the approach to explain intersocietal interaction on a grand scale. These essays bring to light archaeological data and analysis to show that many historic and prehistoric states lacked the mechanisms to dominate the distant (and in some cases, nearby) societies with which they interacted.

The Archaeology of Mesoamerica

Mexican and European Perspectives

Author: Warwick Bray,Linda Manzanilla

Publisher: N.A


Category: Central America

Page: 127

View: 9489


Bringing together seven papers given at a major conference on MesoAmerican studies held at the British Museum in 1995, this book uncovers new findings in three major geographical regions of MesoAmerica.

The presence of Teotihuacan in the Cuitzeo Basin, Michoacán, Mexico

a world-system perspective

Author: Agapi Filini

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 2781


Until recently it was thought that West Mexico was isolated from the cultural region defined as aeMesoamericaAe, especially during the apogee of the city of Teotihuacan, Central Mexico. Studies on the exchange network of Teotihuacan have not considered the relations between Teotihuacan and West Mexico despite the existence of a number of artifacts in West Mexico that either originated in Teotihuacan or were locally reproduced copies of Teotihuacan artifacts. In this work the author investigates relations between Teotihuacan and the Cuitzeo Basin, Michoacan, from a world systemic perspective. Ideological factors seem to have been particularly important for the structure of the Teotihuacan world-system that extended over a broad area in Mesoamerica. The polarizing dichotomy between aecentreAe and aeperipheryAe has impeded understanding of the dynamics of change for both the Cuitzeo Basin and Teotihuacan. This work examines whether dependency can be inferred by the local and imported material culture with references to other parts of the Teotihuacan world-system. An attempt is made to redefine the concept of complexity regarding peripheral areas and the role of important denominators such as trade, crafts specialization and symbolic complexity as manifested through specific cognitive concepts.

Rethinking Mycenaean Palaces

New Interpretations of an Old Idea

Author: Michael L. Galaty,William A. Parkinson

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology


Category: Social Science

Page: 119

View: 6315


Eleven anthropological contributions aim to define more accurately the term "palace" in light of both recent archaeological research in the Aegean and current anthropological thinking on the structure and origin of early states. Arguing that regional centers interacted with more extensive sociopolitical systems, the authors claim that the concept of palace must be made more in tune with a model which more completely integrates palaces with their networks of regional settlement and economy.

Mesoamerican Lithic Technology

Experimentation and Interpretation

Author: Kenn Hirth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874807653

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 8928


Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.