Medical Anthropology and the World System

Author: Hans A. Baer,Merrill Singer,Ida Susser

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897898461

Category: Social Science

Page: 429

View: 6914

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Medical anthropology is one of the youngest and most dynamic of anthropology's various subdisciplines, examining health-related issues in precapitalist indigenous and state societies, capitalist societies, and postrevolutionary of socialist-oriented societies. While critical medical anthropology draws heavily on neo-Marxian, critical, and world systems theoretical perspectives, it attempts to incorporate the theoretical contributions of other systems in medical anthropology, including biocultural or medical ecology, ethnomedical approaches, cultural constructivism, poststructuralism, and postmodernism. This is the first textbook to incorporate this perspective.

Plagues and Epidemics

Infected Spaces Past and Present

Author: D. Ann Herring,Alan C. Swedlund

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887554

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 5182

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.

Introducing Medical Anthropology

A Discipline in Action

Author: Merrill Singer,Hans Baer

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759120900

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 5552

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This new edition introduces students to the growing field of medical anthropology. It reviews the basic perspectives and concepts and the latest debates in the field in a more comprehensive fashion than many other comparable works.

Global Warming and the Political Ecology of Health

Emerging Crises and Systemic Solutions

Author: Hans A. Baer,Merrill Singer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 238

View: 8393

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Hans Baer and Merrill Singer inventory and critically analyze the diversity of significant and sometimes devastating health implications of global warming using a range of theoretical tools from anthropology, medicine, and environmental sciences.

At Home on the Street

People, Poverty, and a Hidden Culture of Homelessness

Author: Jason Adam Wasserman,Jeffrey M. Clair

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 9827

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"In their examination of what it means to be truly at home on the street, Jason Wasserman and Jeffrey Clair argue that programs and policies addressing homeless people too often serve only to alienate them. They delve into the complex realities of homelessness to paint a gripping picture of individuals - not cases or pathologies - living on the street and of their strategies for daily survival. By exploring the private spaces that those who are homeless create for themselves, as well as their prevailing social mores, the authors explain how well-intentioned policies and programs often only widen the gap between the indigent and mainstream society. The result is an unvarnished look at the culture of long-term homelessness and a fresh approach to reaching this resurgent population." --Book Jacket.

Unhealthy health policy

a critical anthropological examination

Author: Arachu Castro,Merrill Singer

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 387

View: 7258

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This new collection turns a critical anthropological eye on the nature of health policy internationally. The authors reveal the prevailing social inequalities that often represent significant threats to the health and well being of the poor, ethnic minorities, and women. The authors define an anthropology of policy concerned with decision-making and the impact of health policy on human lives. It will be a critical resource for researchers and practitioners in medical anthropology, medical sociology, public policy, and public health care. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Contemporary Authors

New Revision Series. Vol. 139

Author: Tracey L. Matthews,Thomson Gale (Firm)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780787678937

Category: Authors

Page: 452

View: 9811

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An Anthropology of Biomedicine

Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119069130

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 385

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Edition History: Margaret Lock and Vinh-Kim Nguyen (1e, 2010) published by Blackwell Ltd."--T.p. verso.

Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures -

Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477548

Category: Social Science

Page: 1071

View: 8316

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Medical practitioners and the ordinary citizen are becoming more aware that we need to understand cultural variation in medical belief and practice. The more we know how health and disease are managed in different cultures, the more we can recognize what is "culture bound" in our own medical belief and practice. The Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology is unique because it is the first reference work to describe the cultural practices relevant to health in the world's cultures and to provide an overview of important topics in medical anthropology. No other single reference work comes close to marching the depth and breadth of information on the varying cultural background of health and illness around the world. More than 100 experts - anthropologists and other social scientists - have contributed their firsthand experience of medical cultures from around the world.

Cultural Anthropology

Global Forces, Local Lives

Author: Jack David Eller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131742817X

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 3445

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Cultural Anthropology: Global Forces, Local Lives presents all the key areas of cultural anthropology as well as providing original and nuanced coverage of current and cutting-edge topics. An exceptionally clear and readable introduction, it helps students understand the application of anthropological concepts to the contemporary world and everyday life. Thorough treatment is given throughout the text to issues such as globalization, colonialism, ethnicity, nationalism, neoliberalism, and the state. Changes for the third edition include a brand new chapter on medical anthropology and an updated range of cases studies with a fresh thematic focus on China. The book contains a number of features to support student learning, including: A wealth of color images Definitions of key terms and further reading suggestions in the margins Summaries at the end of every chapter An extensive glossary, bibliography and index. Further resources are provided via a comprehensive companion website.

Sciences and Cultures

Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences

Author: E. Mendelsohn,Y. Elkana

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027712356

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 1467

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Anthropological approaches to the sciences have developed as part of a broader tradition concerned about the place of the sciences in today's world and in some basic sense concerned with questions about the legitimacy of the sciences. In the years since the second World War, we have seen the emergence of a number of different attempts both to analyze and to cope with the successes of the sciences, their broad penetration into social life, and the sense of problem and crisis that they have projected. Among the of movements concerned about the earlier responses were the development social responsibility of scientists and technological practitioners. There is little doubt that this was a direct outgrowth of the role of science in the war epitomized by the successful construction and catastrophic use of the atomic bomb. The recognition of the deep social utility of science, and especially its role as an instrument of war, fostered curiosity about the earlier develop ment of scientific disciplines and institutional forms. The history of science as an explicit diSCipline with full-time practitioners can be seen as an attempt to locate science in temporal space - first in its intellectual form and second ly in its institutional or social form. The sociology of science, while certainly having roots in the pre-war work of Robert K.

Protecting the World's Children

Immunisation policies and Practices

Author: Sidsel Roalkvam,Desmond McNeill,Stuart Blume

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019164451X

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 6553

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Vaccination programmes now represent a major part of the effort devoted to improving the health of children in developing countries. These donor-funded programmes tend to be global in scope and focus on worldwide goals and targets such as 'polio eradication', and the Millennium Development Goals. Health policy makers at the national level are expected to implement these programmes in a standard manner and report progress according to a few standard indicators. Pressures and incentives to achieve the targets set are then transmitted down to the community level health worker who actually meets the parents and children to implement the programmes. Drawing on first hand, original research in India and Malawi carried out by the contributors, as well as existing literature, Protecting the World's Children: Immunisation policies and practices suggests that there is little or no scope allowed for the effects of variance in the way health systems work, the difficulties and tensions faced by health workers, or differences in the way people think about childhood illnesses that reflect cultural differences. The book argues that the need to show progress can create distortions and lead to the production of misleading data and an unwillingness to report problems. It proposes that vaccines could more effectively serve children's health needs if immunisation programmes are better understood and acknowledged, and if local knowledge and realities were enabled to inform national and international health policy. Written by an international, interdisciplinary team of experts in immunisation policy, Protecting the World's Children is an integrative study of immunisation policy and practice at a global, national and community level, and is an essential resource for researchers and practitioners in international and public health, as well as professionals in international and development studies.

Consumption in the Age of Affluence

The World of Food

Author: Ben Fine,Michael Heasman,Judith Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134779062

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 8053

DOWNLOAD NOW »

With growing affluence in the developed world, food has become an increasing focus for attention. Here, the authors argue that in order to understand the extensive and dramatic developments in the world of food, a new interdisciplinary approach is necessary. The Age of Affluence successfully addresses food consumption in this way. The volume: * argues the importance of socioeconomic and cultural factors over diet, in influencing the production, marketing and consumption of different groups of foods; * places food systems theory on sound analytical foundations; * draws critically upon food systems literature; * includes case studies from the sugar, dairy and meat systems; * employs novel statistical techniques to identify and explain distinct patterns of food consumption; The book will help to revitalize the discipline of food studies and points the way forward for the continuing study of food consumption. As such, it will be invaluable to students, researchers and policymakers engaged in the world of food.

The Science of Spirit Possession (2nd Edition)

Author: Terence Palmer

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443871036

Category: Medical

Page: 375

View: 9711

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Spirit possession, attachment, poltergeist activity and the negative impact of obsession, infestation and harassment on psychological health, together with the methods of dealing with it, are contemporary issues that demand serious scientific research and academic study. Essential reading for anyone who is presented with the problem of identifying and dealing with negative spirit influence, whether they are a health professional, a service user or a research scientist, this book presents a complementary approach that is built upon the theoretical concepts and experimental methods of Frederic Myers, together with modern research findings in quantum theory and neuro-imaging.

Integrating East Asian Medicine into Contemporary Healthcare E-Book

Author: Volker Scheid,Hugh MacPherson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048364

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 767

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Traditional East Asian healthcare systems have moved rapidly from the fringes of healthcare systems in the West towards the centre over the past 50 years. This change of status for traditional medicines presents their practitioners with both opportunities and challenges as the focus shifts from one of opposition towards one of integration into biomedically dominated healthcare systems. Integrating East Asian Medicine into Contemporary Healthcare examines the opportunities and challenges of integrating East Asian medicine into Western healthcare systems from an interdisciplinary perspective. Volker Scheid and Hugh MacPherson bring together contributions from acknowledged experts from a number of different disciplines - including clinical researchers, Chinese Medicine practitioners, historians, medical anthropologists, experts in the social studies of science, technology and medicine - to examine and debate the impact of the evidence-based medicine movement on the ongoing modernization of East Asian medicines. The book considers the following questions: •What are the values, goals and ethics implicit within traditional East Asian medical practices? • What claims to effectiveness and safety are made by East Asian medical practices? •What is at stake in subjecting these medical practices to biomedical models of evaluation? • What constitutes best practice? How is it to be defined and measured? • What are the ideologies and politics behind the process of integration of East Asian medical practices into modern health care systems? • What can we learn from a variety of models of integration into contemporary healthcare?

Health and Healing in Comparative Perspective

Author: Elizabeth Dixon Whitaker

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131273832

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 589

View: 1932

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This reader provides both fascinating comparative ethnographic detail and a theoretical framework for organizing and interpreting information about health. While there are many health-related fields represented in this book, its core discipline is medical anthropology and its main focus is the comparative approach. Cross-cultural comparison gives anthropological analysis breadth while the evolutionary time scale gives it depth. These two features have always been fundamental to anthropology and continue to distinguish it among the social sciences. A third feature is the in-depth knowledge of culture produced by anthropological methods such as participant-observation, involving long-term presence in and research among a study population. The first part of the book explores healing systems in different cultures; the second and third provide a strong grounding in evolutionary and culture-oriented analysis, making clear the connections between biology and culture as they affect health; the final part emphasizes case studies that apply the theoretical principles presented earlier to particular health topics. For medical anthropology, medical sociology, public health, nursing, and medical training professionals.

The Bakairí Indians of Brazil

Politics, Ecology, and Change, Second Edition

Author: Debra Picchi

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478609966

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 3175

DOWNLOAD NOW »

For over twenty-five years, Debra Picchi has documented how the Bakair Indians have addressed and endured change. This up-close portrayal of how a remarkable indigenous people of Brazil has managed to hold on to many of their traditions after years of contact with mainstream Brazilian culture is written in a down-to-earth, conversational style, yet does not avoid complex issues. The original edition represented one of the first ethnographies on South American Indians to espouse political ecology explicitly as a theoretical orientation. Expanded coverage in the second edition includes material on the theory of political ecology, different methodological approaches used to collect data on populations, the latest archaeological findings taking place in Brazil, how Bakair gender constructs have changed over the last 100 years, and the effects of population increases, mechanized production, and wealth accumulation. Both accessible and rigorous, Picchi packs much information into a slim volume, which serves as a reminder of the value of long-term fieldwork and demonstrates that research is as much about process as it is about product.