Mechanization Takes Command

A Contribution to Anonymous History

Author: Sigfried Giedion

Publisher: University of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816690435

Category: Architecture

Page: 785

View: 1626

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First published in 1948, Mechanization Takes Command is an examination of mechanization and its effects on everyday life. A monumental figure in the field of architectural history, Sigfried Giedion traces the evolution and resulting philosophical implications of such disparate innovations as the slaughterhouse, the Yale lock, the assembly line, tractors, ovens, and “comfort” as defined by advancements in furniture design. A groundbreaking text when originally published, Giedion's pioneering work remains an important contribution to architecture, philosophy, and technology studies.

Raum, Zeit, Architektur

Die Entstehung einer neuen Tradition

Author: Sigfried Giedion

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035605777

Category: Architecture

Page: 560

View: 4325

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Der Architekturhistoriker Sigfried Giedion gilt als ein Wegbereiter der Moderne, sein 1941 unter dem Titel Space, Time, Architecture erstmals erschienenes Werk ist längst zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie avanciert. Giedion skizziert darin die Vorgeschichte und die Entwicklung des in den Zwanzigerjahren so bedeutungsvollen neuen Bauens und veranschaulicht dessen weltweite Auswirkungen. In der Vielfalt oft widersprüchlicher Tendenzen suchte er die geheime Synthese, in der sich eine neue Tradition ankündigte, ohne dass sie zunächst zu einer bewussten und handlungsbestimmenden Realität wurde. Giedion wurde so zu dem Historiker, der das Entstehen dieser neuen Tradition in der Architektur sowie ihre Beziehungen zu Handwerk, Kunst und Wissenschaft sichtbar machte und so immer noch zur Transparenz des gegenwärtigen Zustands beiträgt. Das Nachwort des Architekturkritikers Reto Geiser erläutert die Aktualität dieses in alle Weltsprachen übersetzten Standardwerks.

Befreites Wohnen

85 Bilder

Author: Sigfried Gideon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture, Domestic

Page: 20

View: 7696

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Avec divers ex. architecturaux de Le Corbusier (pl. 3, 7, 11, 18, 19, 73-75, 77, 81).

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5279

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Plucked

A History of Hair Removal

Author: Rebecca M. Herzig

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479840823

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 280

View: 5030

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A cultural historian explores the history of Americans' changing attitudes towards hair removal, discussing how it was once viewed as a “mutilation” practiced by “savage” men to being expected of women, lest they be viewed as mentally ill or sexually deviant.

Foucault-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Clemens Kammler,Rolf Parr,Ulrich Johannes Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476013782

Category: Social Science

Page: 455

View: 9757

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Der einflussreichste französische Denker der Gegenwart. Foucaults Werk hat nicht nur die Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften entscheidend beeinflusst. Das Handbuch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über Foucaults Leben und Werk. Es stellt die Kontexte dar, aus denen heraus seine Werke entstanden sind und erklärt Grundbegriffe des Foucault schen Denkens wie Archiv , Biopolitik , Diskurs , Dispositiv Genealogie , Körper und Macht . Mit einem umfangreichen Kapitel zur Rezeption in den verschiedenen Disziplinen.

Begriffsgeschichte und historische Semantik

Ein kritisches Kompendium

Author: Ernst Müller,Falko Schmieder

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351873850X

Category: History

Page: 1027

View: 8262

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Das Interesse an Begriffsgeschichte und historischer Semantik ist ungebrochen. Dieses Kompendium unternimmt eine umfassende Rekonstruktion der bislang oft isoliert behandelten Beiträge und Debatten in Philosophie, Geschichtswissenschaft, Sozialwissenschaft, Sprachwissenschaft, Wissenschaftsgeschichte und Kulturwissenschaft. Es bietet theoretische und historische Orientierungen und erschließt der Forschungspraxis neue interdisziplinäre Dimensionen und Fragestellungen. Begriffsgeschichte und historische Semantik sind keineswegs, wie es zunächst scheint, neutrale, rein technische Methoden. Sie wurden im Laufe ihrer Geschichte verschiedensten und zum Teil gegensätzlichen Funktionen dienstbar gemacht. Zu den überraschenden Befunden gehört, dass zwar viele ihrer Ansätze das historische Denken befördert haben, sie aber dennoch oft vor den Konsequenzen der eigenen Methode zurückgeschreckt sind. Das Paradigma der Begriffsgeschichte ist bis heute selten ausgereizt worden.

From Fireplace to Cookstove

Technology and the Domestic Ideal in America

Author: Priscilla J. Brewer

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815606505

Category: Cooking

Page: 338

View: 6770

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"Extensively documented - based on letters, diaries, probate inventories, census records, sales figures, advertisements, fiction, and advice literature - the book will be valuable to scholars of American history and women's studies."--BOOK JACKET.

Eating History

Thirty Turning Points in the Making of American Cuisine

Author: Andrew F. Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511752

Category: Cooking

Page: 392

View: 9650

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Food expert and celebrated food historian Andrew F. Smith recounts in delicious detail the creation of contemporary American cuisine. The diet of the modern American wasn't always as corporate, conglomerated, and corn-rich as it is today, and the style of American cooking, along with the ingredients that compose it, has never been fixed. With a cast of characters including bold inventors, savvy restaurateurs, ruthless advertisers, mad scientists, adventurous entrepreneurs, celebrity chefs, and relentless health nuts, Smith pins down the truly crackerjack history behind the way America eats. Smith's story opens with early America, an agriculturally independent nation where most citizens grew and consumed their own food. Over the next two hundred years, however, Americans would cultivate an entirely different approach to crops and consumption. Advances in food processing, transportation, regulation, nutrition, and science introduced highly complex and mechanized methods of production. The proliferation of cookbooks, cooking shows, and professionally designed kitchens made meals more commercially, politically, and culturally potent. To better understand these trends, Smith delves deeply and humorously into their creation. Ultimately he shows how, by revisiting this history, we can reclaim the independent, locally sustainable roots of American food.

Modernism and the Architecture of Private Life

Author: Victoria Rosner

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231507879

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 4675

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Modernism and the Architecture of Private Life offers a bold new assessment of the role of the domestic sphere in modernist literature, architecture, and design. Elegantly synthesizing modernist literature with architectural plans, room designs, and decorative art, Victoria Rosner's work explores the collaborations among modern British writers, interior designers, and architects in redefining the form, function, and meaning of middle-class private life. Drawing on a host of previously unexamined archival sources and works by figures such as E. M. Forster, Roger Fry, Oscar Wilde, James McNeill Whistler, and Virginia Woolf, Rosner highlights the participation of modernist literature in the creation of an experimental, embodied, and unstructured private life, which we continue to characterize as "modern."

The Empathic Civilization

The Race to Global Consciousness in a World in Crisis

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101171189

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 7669

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"One of the leading big-picture thinkers of our day" (Utne Reader) delivers his boldest work in this erudite, tough-minded, and far-reaching manifesto. Never has the world seemed so completely united-in the form of communication, commerce, and culture-and so savagely torn apart-in the form of war, financial meltdown, global warming, and even the migration of diseases. No matter how much we put our minds to the task of meeting the challenges of a rapidly globalizing world, the human race seems to continually come up short, unable to muster the collective mental resources to truly "think globally and act locally." In his most ambitious book to date, bestselling social critic Jeremy Rifkin shows that this disconnect between our vision for the world and our ability to realize that vision lies in the current state of human consciousness. The very way our brains are structured disposes us to a way of feeling, thinking, and acting in the world that is no longer entirely relevant to the new environments we have created for ourselves. The human-made environment is rapidly morphing into a global space, yet our existing modes of consciousness are structured for earlier eras of history, which are just as quickly fading away. Humanity, Rifkin argues, finds itself on the cusp of its greatest experiment to date: refashioning human consciousness so that human beings can mutually live and flourish in the new globalizing society. In essence, this shift in consciousness is based upon reaching out to others. But to resist this change in human relations and modes of thinking, Rifkin contends, would spell ineptness and disaster in facing the new challenges around us. As the forces of globalization accelerate, deepen, and become ever more complex, the older faith-based and rational forms of consciousness are likely to become stressed, and even dangerous, as they attempt to navigate a world increasingly beyond their reach and control. Indeed, the emergence of this empathetic consciousness has implications for the future that will likely be as profound and far-reaching as when Enlightenment philosophers upended faith-based consciousness with the canon of reason.

Blood

A Critique of Christianity

Author: Gil Anidjar

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537255

Category: Religion

Page: 560

View: 9549

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Blood, according to Gil Anidjar, maps the singular history of Christianity. As a category for historical analysis, blood can be seen through its literal and metaphorical uses as determining, sometimes even defining Western culture, politics, and social practices and their wide-ranging incarnations in nationalism, capitalism, and law. Engaging with a variety of sources, Anidjar explores the presence and the absence, the making and unmaking of blood in philosophy and medicine, law and literature, and economic and political thought from ancient Greece to medieval Spain, from the Bible to Shakespeare and Melville. The prevalence of blood in the social, juridical, and political organization of the modern West signals that we do not live in a secular age into which religion could return. Flowing across multiple boundaries, infusing them with violent precepts that we must address, blood undoes the presumed oppositions between religion and politics, economy and theology, and kinship and race. It demonstrates that what we think of as modern is in fact imbued with Christianity. Christianity, Blood fiercely argues, must be reconsidered beyond the boundaries of religion alone.

Medical Malpractice in Nineteenth-Century America

Origins and Legacy

Author: Kenneth De Ville

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814744168

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4984

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Highly readable . . . . interdisciplinary history of a high order. -- The Historian Well-written and superbly documented . . . . Both physicians and lawyers will find this book useful and fascinating. -- Journal of the American Medical Association This is the first book-length historical study of medical malpractice in 19th-century America and it is exceedingly well done . . . . The author reveals that, beginning in the 1840s, Americans began to initiate malpractice lawsuits against their physicians and surgeons. Among the reasons for this development were the decline in the belief in divine providence, increased competition between physicians and medical sects, and advances in medical science that led to unrealistically high expectations of the ability of physicians to cure . . . . This book is well written, often entertaining and witty, and is historically accurate, based on the best secondary, as well as primary sources from the time period. Highly recommended. -- Choice Adept at not only traditional historical research but also cultural studies, the author treats the reader to an intriguing discussion of how 19th-century Americans came truly to see their bodies differently . . . . a sophisticated new standard in the field of malpractice history. -- The Journal of the Early Republic By far the best compilation and analysis of early medical malpractice cases I have seen . . . . this excellently crafted study is bound to be of interest to a large number of readers. -- James C. Mohr, author of Abortion in America: The Origins and Evolution of a National Policy