Mechanics of Swimming and Flying

Author: Stephen Childress

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521280716

Category: Mathematics

Page: 155

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This book provides a clear and concise summary of the fluid dynamics of the locomotion of living organisms. The biological phenomena described in detail range from the swimming of bacteria and fish to the flying of insects and birds. The breadth of treatment requires the study of two basic fluid-dynamical regimes. In the first case, that of small organisms, the viscosity of the fluid is paramount in deciding the most effective swimming strategy. However, for larger insects, birds, and most fish, the viscosity of the air or water may be treated as if it were zero, and resulting mechanisms of propulsion are very different. Both these types are studied, with emphasis on the unsteady character of natural movements. Written for the advanced student, this volume assumes familiarity with basic fluid mechanics, although some elementary topics are included. It will be readily accessible to students of applied mathematics and biologists who have engineering or physics backgrounds.

Perspectives in Ecological Theory

Author: Jonathan Roughgarden,Robert M. May,Simon A. Levin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400860180

Category: Science

Page: 404

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This volume presents an overview of current accomplishments and future directions in ecological theory. The twenty-three chapters cover a broad range of important topics, from the physiology and behavior of individuals or groups of organisms, through population dynamics and community structure, to the ecology of ecosystems and the geochemical cycles of the entire biosphere. The authors focus on ways in which theory, whether expressed mathematically or verbally, can contribute to defining and solving fundamental problems in ecology. A second aim is to highlight areas where dialogue between theorists and empiricists is likely to be especially rewarding. The authors are R. M. Anderson, C. W. Clark, M. L. Cody, J. E. Cohen, P. R. Ehrlich, M. W. Feldman, M. E. Gilpin, L. J. Gross, M. P. Hassell, H. S. Horn, P. Kareiva, M.A.R. Koehl, S. A. Levin, R. M. May, L. D. Mueller, R. V. O'Neill, S. W. Pacala, S. L. Pimm, T. M. Powell, H. R. Pulliam, J. Roughgarden, W. H. Schlesinger, H. H. Shugart, S. M. Stanley, J. H. Steele, D. Tilman, J. Travis, and D. L. Urban. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Microbiorobotics

Biologically Inspired Microscale Robotic Systems

Author: Minjun Kim,Anak Agung Julius,U Kei Cheang

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323430198

Category: Science

Page: 290

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Microbiorobotics: Biologically Inspired Microscale Robotic Systems, Second Edition presents information on a new engineering discipline that takes a multidisciplinary approach to accomplish precise manipulation of microscale spaces. Microorganisms have evolved various mechanisms to thrive in microscale environments and are therefore a useful tool for use in many applications, ranging from micromanufacturing techniques, to cellular manipulation. In the context of microrobotics, biological microrobots can directly harness the microorganisms for propulsive and sensing power and synthetic microrobots can mimic the microorganisms’ motions for effective locomotion. This second edition covers new advances and insights that have emerged in recent years. Several new chapters have been added on important new research areas, with existing chapters thoroughly revised. In particular, increased coverage is given to fluid dynamics of microswimmers in nature. Gives the reader an understanding of the fundamental changes in dynamics and fabrication techniques in the microenvironment Offers a unique two-pronged approach to microrobotics from a biological perspective, i.e. bioinspired engineering design of biological systems to accomplish engineering tasks Introduces an interdisciplinary readership to the toolkit that micro-organisms offer to micro-engineering

Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems

7th International Conference, Living Machines 2018, Paris, France, July 17–20, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Vasiliki Vouloutsi,José Halloy,Anna Mura,Michael Mangan,Nathan Lepora,Tony J. Prescott,Paul F.M.J. Verschure

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319959727

Category: Computers

Page: 551

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems, Living Machines 2018, held in Paris, France, in July 2018.The 40 full and 18 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. The theme of the conference targeted at the intersection of research on novel life-like technologies inspired by the scientific investigation of biological systems, biomimetics, and research that seeks to interface biological and artificial systems to create biohybrid systems.

Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology

Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches

Author: Vicenç Méndez,Daniel Campos,Frederic Bartumeus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642390102

Category: Science

Page: 310

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This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lévy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitatively describing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statistical physics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicit definition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text is aimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, mathematical biology and physics.

FEDSM2006

Author: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Fluids Engineering Division,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Fluids Engineering Division. Summer Meeting

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780791847510

Category: Fluid dynamics

Page: N.A

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Rheophysics

The Deformation and Flow of Matter

Author: Patrick Oswald

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 7528

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Addresses problems involving the flow of matter for researchers and graduate students in physics, engineering, and materials science.

British Book News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 4128

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Includes no. 53a: British wartime books for young people.

Hydrodynamik

Author: Etienne Guyon,Jean-Pierre Hulin,Luc Petit

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322898318

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 466

View: 5237

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Neben der Herleitung und Darstellung der fundamentalen Gleichungen enthält dieses Lehrbuch sehr viele Beispiele und Anwendungen, so z.B. eine genaue Diskussion des Flugmechanismus sowie der Wirkung der verschiedenen Klappen an Flügeln, und ist daher auch für Dozenten eine Fundgrube zur anschaulichen Auflockerung der Vorlesung. Neben den beiden üblichen Schwerpunktthemen "Dynamik idealer Fluide" und "Verhalten sehr viskoser Fluide" wird das wichtige Thema "Grenzschichten" besonders behandelt. Ein Anhang über suprafluides Helium - ein Beispiel für ein ideales Fluid - rundet das Stoffgebiet ab.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9694

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Introductory Physics for Biological Scientists

Author: Christof M. Aegerter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108423345

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 2949

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An introduction to the fundamental physical principles related to the study of biological phenomena, structured around relevant biological examples.