Maya Postclassic State Formation

Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers

Author: John W. Fox

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521321105

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 1739


John Fox here offers a fresh and persuasive view of the crucial Classic-Postclassic transition that determined the shape of the later Maya state. Drawing this data from ethnographic analogy and native chronicles as well as archaeology, he identifies segmentary lineage organisation as the key to understanding both the political organisation and the long-distance migrations observed among the Quiche Maya of Guatemala and Mexico. The first part of the book traces the origins of the Quiche, Itza and Xiu to the homeland on the Mexican Gulf coast where they acquired their potent Toltec mythology and identifies early segmentary lineages that developed as a result of social forces in the frontier zone. Dr Fox then matches the known anthropological characteristics of segmentary lineages against the Mayan kinship relationships described in documents and deduced from the spatial patterning within Quiche towns and cities. His conclusion, that the inherently fissile nature of segmentary lineages caused the leapfrogging migrations of up to 500km observed amongst the Maya, offers a convincing solution to a problem that has long puzzled scholars.

Ladinos With Ladinos, Indians With Indians

Land, Labor, And Regional Ethnic Conflict in the Making of Guatemala

Author: René Reeves

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804767774

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 8869


In the late 1830s an uprising of mestizos and Maya destroyed Guatemala's Liberal government for imposing reforms aimed at expanding the state, assimilating indigenous peoples, and encouraging commercial agriculture. Liberal partisans were unable to retake the state until 1871, but after they did they successfully implemented their earlier reform agenda. In contrast to the late 1830s, they met only sporadic resistance. Reeves confronts this paradox of Guatemala's nineteenth century by focusing on the rural folk of the western highlands. He links the area of study to the national level in an explicitly comparative enterprise, unlike most investigations of Mesoamerican communities. He finds that changes in land, labor, and ethnic politics from the 1840s to the 1870s left popular sectors unwilling or unable to mount a repeat of the earlier anti-Liberal mobilization. Because of these changes, the Liberals of the 1870s and beyond consolidated their hold on power more successfully than their counterparts of the 1830s. Ultimately, Reeves shows that community politics and regional ethnic tensions were the crucible of nation-state formation in nineteenth-century Guatemala.

State and Society

The Emergence and Development of Social Hierarchy and Political Centralization

Author: John Gledhill,Barbara Bender

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415122554

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 718


The traditional Eurocentric view of state formation and the rise of civilisations is vigorously challenged in this broad-ranging and innovative volume. By bringing archaeological research into contact with the work of ethno-historians and anthropologists, and by constantly challenging trends in interpretation, State and Society offers analyses of political centralization and resistance to it in a diverse range of historical and geographical contexts.

Mesoamerican Elites

An Archaeological Assessment

Author: Diane Z. Chase,Arlen F. Chase

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806135427

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 2767


In Mesoamerican Elites, Diane Z. Chase and Arlen F. Chase present a wide variety of essays, all of which evaluate current archaeological knowledge of the privileged ruling classes, or elites, in Mesoamerica. Some experts argue that Mesoamerican societies consisted only of elites and peasants, while others argue that considerable intermediate social levels also existed. In light of such diverse opinions, this volume addresses problems in the interpretation of archaeological evidence regarding ancient Mesoamerican social structure.


A Late Postclassic Maya Settlement in Highland Guatemala

Author: John M. Weeks

Publisher: N.A


Category: Chisalin Site (Guatemala).

Page: 448

View: 4843


Soldiers of the Virgin

The Moral Economy of a Colonial Maya Rebellion

Author: Kevin Gosner

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 227

View: 6321


In the early summer of 1712, a young Maya woman from the village of Cancuc in southern Mexico encountered an apparition of the Virgin Mary while walking in the forest. The miracle soon attracted Indian pilgrims from pueblos throughout the highlands of Chiapas. When alarmed Spanish authorities stepped in to put a stop to the burgeoning cult, they ignited a full-scale rebellion. Declaring "Now there is no God or King," rebel leaders raised an army of some five thousand "soldiers of the Virgin" to defend their new faith and cast off colonial rule. Using the trial records of Mayas imprisoned after the rebellion, as well as the letters of Dominican priests, the local bishop, and Spaniards who led the army of pacification, Kevin Gosner reconstructs the history of the Tzeltal Revolt and examines its causes. He characterizes the rebellion as a defense of the Maya moral economy, and shows how administrative reforms and new economic demands imposed by colonial authorities at the end of the seventeenth century challenged Maya norms about the ritual obligations of community leaders, the need for reciprocity in political affairs, and the supernatural origins of power. The first book-length study of the Tzeltal Revolt, Soldiers of the Virgin goes beyond the conventions of the regional monograph to offer an expansive view of Maya social and cultural history. With an eye to the contributions of archaeologists and ethnographers, Gosner explores many issues that are central to Maya studies, including the origins of the civil-religious hierarchy, the role of shamanism in political culture, the social dynamics of peasant corporate communities, and the fate of the native nobility after the Spanish conquest.

The Ancient Maya

Author: Robert J. Sharer,Loa P. Traxler

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804748179

Category: Social Science

Page: 931

View: 8228


The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of this standard work on the Maya people. New field discoveries, new technical advances, new successes in the decipherment of Maya writing, and new theoretical perspectives on the Maya past have made this new edition necessary.

Der archaische Staat

zur Soziologie charismatischer Herrschaft

Author: Stefan Breuer

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political sociology

Page: 234

View: 2105


Settlement and Politics in Three Classic Maya Polities

Author: Olivier De Montmollin

Publisher: N.A


Category: Colonisation intérieure - Types préhistoriques - Mexique - Rosario, Vallée

Page: 369

View: 5718


Original survey research in the Greater Rosario Valley provides the background to this comparative study of three Maya polities (Rosario, Ojo de Agua and Los Encuentros). Comparison of these three adjoining states is made with reference to multiple features including; civic hierarchies, territorial divisions, political boundaries, capitals, civic plaza layouts, residential compositions, population distributions, civic distributions and government sizes. Because these three polities are outside the most heavily urbanised areas of Maya settlement, the role of peripheries is a central theme in this book, which makes advances in the understanding of political centralization, pyramidal vs.hierarchical regimes and the integration of diverse populations divided by status and ethnicity.


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 9021


Includes section "Reviews."

The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands

Collapse, Transition, and Transformation

Author: Arthur A. Demarest,Don S. Rice

Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado


Category: History

Page: 676

View: 8251


This book revisits one of the great problems in Mayan archaeology -- the apparent collapse of Classic Maya civilisation from roughly AD830-950. During this period the Maya abandoned their power centres in the southern lowlands and rather abruptly ceased the distinctive cultural practices that marked their apogee in the Classic period. Archaeological fieldwork during the past three decades, however, has uncovered enormous regional variability in the ways the Maya experienced the shift from Classic to Post-classic society, revealing a period of cultural change more complex than acknowledged by traditional models. Featuring an impressive roster of scholars, the book presents the most recent data and interpretations pertaining to this perplexing period of cultural transformation in the Maya lowlands. Although the research reveals clear interregional patterns, the contributors resist a single overarching explanation. Rather, this volume's diverse and nuanced interpretations provide a new, more properly grounded beginning for continued debate on the nature of lowland Terminal Classic Maya civilisation.