Matrix Groups for Undergraduates

Second Edition

Author: Kristopher Tapp

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470427222

Category: Compact groups

Page: 239

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Matrix groups touch an enormous spectrum of the mathematical arena. This textbook brings them into the undergraduate curriculum. It makes an excellent one-semester course for students familiar with linear and abstract algebra and prepares them for a graduate course on Lie groups. Matrix Groups for Undergraduates is concrete and example-driven, with geometric motivation and rigorous proofs. The story begins and ends with the rotations of a globe. In between, the author combines rigor and intuition to describe the basic objects of Lie theory: Lie algebras, matrix exponentiation, Lie brackets, maximal tori, homogeneous spaces, and roots. This second edition includes two new chapters that allow for an easier transition to the general theory of Lie groups.

Mostly Surfaces

Author: Richard Evan Schwartz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821853686

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

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This book presents a number of topics related to surfaces, such as Euclidean, spherical and hyperbolic geometry, the fundamental group, universal covering surfaces, Riemannian manifolds, the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem, and the Riemann mapping theorem. The main idea is to get to some interesting mathematics without too much formality. The book also includes some material only tangentially related to surfaces, such as the Cauchy Rigidity Theorem, the Dehn Dissection Theorem, and the Banach-Tarski Theorem.

The goal of the book is to present a tapestry of ideas from various areas of mathematics in a clear and rigourous yet informal and friendly way. Prerequisites include undergraduate courses in real analysis and in linear algebra, and some knowledge of complex analysis.

A Practical Guide to the Invariant Calculus

Author: Elizabeth Louise Mansfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139487043

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book explains recent results in the theory of moving frames that concern the symbolic manipulation of invariants of Lie group actions. In particular, theorems concerning the calculation of generators of algebras of differential invariants, and the relations they satisfy, are discussed in detail. The author demonstrates how new ideas lead to significant progress in two main applications: the solution of invariant ordinary differential equations and the structure of Euler-Lagrange equations and conservation laws of variational problems. The expository language used here is primarily that of undergraduate calculus rather than differential geometry, making the topic more accessible to a student audience. More sophisticated ideas from differential topology and Lie theory are explained from scratch using illustrative examples and exercises. This book is ideal for graduate students and researchers working in differential equations, symbolic computation, applications of Lie groups and, to a lesser extent, differential geometry.

Lie Groups

A Problem Oriented Introduction Via Matrix Groups

Author: Harriet Pollatsek

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883857595

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

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The work of the Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie extends ideas of symmetry and leads to many applications in mathematics and physics. Ordinarily, the study of the "objects" in Lie's theory (Lie groups and Lie algebras) requires extensive mathematical prerequisites beyond the reach of the typical undergraduate. By restricting to the special case of matrix Lie groups and relying on ideas from multivariable calculus and linear algebra, this lovely and important material becomes accessible even to college sophomores. Working with Lie's ideas fosters an appreciation of the unity of mathematics and the sometimes surprising ways in which mathematics provides a language to describe and understand the physical world.Lie Groups is an active learning text that can be used by students with a range of backgrounds and interests. The material is developed through 200 carefully chosen problems. This is the only book in the undergraduate curriculum to bring this material to students so early in their mathematical careers.

Séminaire de Probabilités XLII

Author: Catherine Donati-Martin,Michel Émery,Alain Rouault,Christophe Stricker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642017630

Category: Mathematics

Page: 449

View: 8083

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This book offers an introduction to rough paths. Coverage also includes the interface between analysis and probability to special processes, Lévy processes and Lévy systems, representation of Gaussian processes, filtrations and quantum probability.

Matrix Groups

An Introduction to Lie Group Theory

Author: Andrew Baker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447101839

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

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This book offers a first taste of the theory of Lie groups, focusing mainly on matrix groups: closed subgroups of real and complex general linear groups. The first part studies examples and describes classical families of simply connected compact groups. The second section introduces the idea of a lie group and explores the associated notion of a homogeneous space using orbits of smooth actions. The emphasis throughout is on accessibility.

Differentialgeometrie

Kurven - Flächen - Mannigfaltigkeiten

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658006153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

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Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie und ein passender Begleiter zum Differentialgeometrie-Modul (ein- und zweisemestrig). Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Bei der Neuauflage wurden einige zusätzliche Lösungen zu den Übungsaufgaben ergänzt.

Matrix Groups

Author: M. L. Curtis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461252865

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

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These notes were developed from a course taught at Rice Univ- sity in the spring of 1976 and again at the University of Hawaii in the spring of 1977. It is assumed that the students know some linear algebra and a little about differentiation of vector-valued functions. The idea is to introduce students to some of the concepts of Lie group theory-- all done at the concrete level of matrix groups. As much as we could, we motivated developments as a means of deciding when two matrix groups (with different definitions) are isomorphic. In Chapter I "group" is defined and examples are given; ho- morphism and isomorphism are defined. For a field k denotes the algebra of n x n matrices over k We recall that A E Mn(k) has an inverse if and only if det A ~ 0 , and define the general linear group GL(n,k) We construct the skew-field lli of to operate linearly on llin quaternions and note that for A E Mn(lli) we must operate on the right (since we mUltiply a vector by a scalar n on the left). So we use row vectors for R , en, llin and write xA for the row vector obtained by matrix multiplication. We get a ~omplex-valued determinant function on Mn (11) such that det A ~ 0 guarantees that A has an inverse.

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

A Publication of the Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik, Bonn

Author: Daniel Huybrechts,Manfred Lehn

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783663116257

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

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This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the theory of semistable sheaves and at the same time to provide a survey of recent research results on the geometry of moduli spaces. The first part introduces the basic concepts in the theory: Hilbert polynomial, slope, stability, Harder-Narasimhan filtration, Grothendieck's Quot-scheme. It presents detailed proofs of the Grauert-Mülich Theorem, the Bogomolov Inequality, the semistability of tensor products, and the boundedness of the family of semistable sheaves. It also gives a self-contained account of the construction of moduli spaces of semistable sheaves on a projective variety à la Gieseker, Maruyama, and Simpson. The second part presents some of the recent results of the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves on an algebraic surface, following work of Mukai, O'Grady, Gieseker, Li and many others. In particular, moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces and determinant line bundles on the moduli spaces are treated in some detail. Other topics include the Serre correspondence, restriction of stable bundles to curves, symplectic structures, irreducibility and Kodaira-dimension of moduli spaces.

Die Gruppentheoretische Methode in der Quantenmechanik

Author: Bartel Leendert van der Waerden

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662021870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen

Author: Vladimir I. Arnold

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642564801

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 9531

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nen (die fast unverändert in moderne Lehrbücher der Analysis übernommen wurde) ermöglichten ihm nach seinen eigenen Worten, "in einer halben Vier telstunde" die Flächen beliebiger Figuren zu vergleichen. Newton zeigte, daß die Koeffizienten seiner Reihen proportional zu den sukzessiven Ableitungen der Funktion sind, doch ging er darauf nicht weiter ein, da er zu Recht meinte, daß die Rechnungen in der Analysis bequemer auszuführen sind, wenn man nicht mit höheren Ableitungen arbeitet, sondern die ersten Glieder der Reihenentwicklung ausrechnet. Für Newton diente der Zusammenhang zwischen den Koeffizienten der Reihe und den Ableitungen eher dazu, die Ableitungen zu berechnen als die Reihe aufzustellen. Eine von Newtons wichtigsten Leistungen war seine Theorie des Sonnensy stems, die in den "Mathematischen Prinzipien der Naturlehre" ("Principia") ohne Verwendung der mathematischen Analysis dargestellt ist. Allgemein wird angenommen, daß Newton das allgemeine Gravitationsgesetz mit Hilfe seiner Analysis entdeckt habe. Tatsächlich hat Newton (1680) lediglich be wiesen, daß die Bahnkurven in einem Anziehungsfeld Ellipsen sind, wenn die Anziehungskraft invers proportional zum Abstandsquadrat ist: Auf das Ge setz selbst wurde Newton von Hooke (1635-1703) hingewiesen (vgl. § 8) und es scheint, daß es noch von weiteren Forschern vermutet wurde.

Differentialgleichungen und ihre Anwendungen

Author: Martin Braun

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642975151

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 6410

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Dieses richtungsweisende Lehrbuch für die Anwendung der Mathematik in anderen Wissenschaftszweigen gibt eine Einführung in die Theorie der gewöhnlichen Differentialgleichungen. Fortran und APL-Programme geben den Studenten die Möglichkeit, verschiedene numerische Näherungsverfahren an ihrem PC selbst durchzurechnen. Aus den Besprechungen: "Die Darstellung ist überall mathematisch streng und zudem ungemein anregend. Abgesehen von manchen historischen Bemerkungen ... tragen dazu die vielen mit ausführlichem Hintergrund sehr eingehend entwickelten praktischen Anwendungen bei. ... Besondere Aufmerksamkeit wird der physikalisch und technisch so wichtigen Frage nach Stabilität von Lösungen eines Systems von Differentialgleichungen gewidmet. Das Buch ist wegen seiner geringen Voraussetzungen und vorzüglichen Didaktik schon für alle Studenten des 3. Semesters geeignet; seine eminent praktische Haltung empfiehlt es aber auch für alle Physiker, die mit Differentialgleichungen und ihren Anwendungen umzugehen haben." #Physikalische Blätter#

Symmetry

A Mathematical Exploration

Author: Kristopher Tapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461402992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 215

View: 401

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This textbook is perfect for a math course for non-math majors, with the goal of encouraging effective analytical thinking and exposing students to elegant mathematical ideas. It includes many topics commonly found in sampler courses, like Platonic solids, Euler’s formula, irrational numbers, countable sets, permutations, and a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem. All of these topics serve a single compelling goal: understanding the mathematical patterns underlying the symmetry that we observe in the physical world around us. The exposition is engaging, precise and rigorous. The theorems are visually motivated with intuitive proofs appropriate for the intended audience. Students from all majors will enjoy the many beautiful topics herein, and will come to better appreciate the powerful cumulative nature of mathematics as these topics are woven together into a single fascinating story about the ways in which objects can be symmetric.

Newsletter

Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8541

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Groups and Symmetry

Author: Mark A. Armstrong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387966755

Category: Mathematics

Page: 187

View: 8872

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This is a gentle introduction to the vocabulary and many of the highlights of elementary group theory. Written in an informal style, the material is divided into short sections, each of which deals with an important result or a new idea. Includes more than 300 exercises and approximately 60 illustrations.

Applied Group Theory

The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected Readings in Physics

Author: Arthur P. Cracknell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483182479

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 9924

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Applied Group Theory covers group theory and its applications and is designed to cater undergraduate students. This text is comprised of two parts; the first of which discusses topics such as symmetry; crystallographic groups; vibrations in molecules and solids; and electronic states in atoms, molecules, and solids. This book then explains in the second part topics including the elastic characteristic vibrations of symmetrical systems; theory of Brillouin zones and symmetry properties of wave functions in crystals; and magnetic symmetry of crystals. This text also gives hints to solutions of the exercises provided in each discussion. This selection will be invaluable to undergraduate students of mathematics who are in need of reference materials in group theory that are understandable to them. Mathematics instructors will also find this book helpful.