Marginality and Condemnation

An Introduction to Critical Criminology

Author: Bernard Schissel,Carolyn Brooks

Publisher: Fernwood Publishing

ISBN: 9781552667347

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 9600

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A newly updated version of this groundbreaking, critical introductory criminology textbook.

Manufacturing Guilt

Wrongful Convictions in Canada

Author: Dawn Anderson,Barrie Anderson

Publisher: Brunswick Books

ISBN: 9781552662687

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 402

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"Manufacturing Guilt, 2nd edition, updates the cases presented in the first edition and includes two new chapters: one concerning the case of James Driskell and another regarding Dr. Charles Smith, whose role in forensic pathology evidence led to several wrongful convictions. In this new edition, the authors demonstrate that the same factors at play in the criminalization of the powerless and marginalized are found in cases of wrongful conviction. Contrary to popular belief, wrongful convictions are not due simply to "unintended errors," but rather are too often the result of the deliberate actions of those working in the criminal justice system. Using Canadian cases of miscarriages of justice, the authors argue that understanding wrongful convictions and how to prevent them is incomplete outside the broader societal context in which they occur, particularly regarding racial and social inequality." --Book Jacket.

Still Blaming Children

Youth Conduct and the Politics of Child Hating

Author: Bernard Schissel

Publisher: Black Point, N.S. : Fernwood Pub.

ISBN: 9781552661864

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 2886

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Exploring modern exploitations of youths—from excessive legal scrutiny to the minimal benefits associated with jobs in unskilled industries—this study examines the shrinking human rights offered to an age group that is often misrepresented and deceptively portrayed. The global context of children, crimes and condemnation, the role of the media, and finding social justice for young adults are all issues discussed at length in this revealing and insightful analysis.

Discipline & Punish

The Birth of the Prison

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307819299

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7679

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In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.

Power, Conflict and Criminalisation

Author: Phil Scraton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134101112

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 8906

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Drawing on a body of empirical, qualitative work spanning three decades, this unique text traces the significance of critical social research and critical analyses in understanding some of the most significant and controversial issues in contemporary society. Focusing on central debates in the UK and Ireland – prison protests; inner-city uprisings; deaths in custody; women’s imprisonment; transition in the north of Ireland; the ‘crisis’ in childhood; the Hillsborough and Dunblane tragedies; and the ‘war on terror’ – Phil Scraton argues that ‘marginalisation’ and ‘criminalisation’ are social forces central to the application of state power and authority. Each case study demonstrates how structural relations of power, authority and legitimacy, establish the determining contexts of everyday life, social interaction and individual opportunity. This book explores the politics and ethics of critical social research, making a persuasive case for the application of critical theory to analysing the rule of law, its enforcement and the administration of criminal justice. It is indispensable for students in the fields of criminology, criminal justice and socio-legal studies, social policy and social work.

Constructing Crime

Contemporary Processes of Criminalization

Author: Janet Mosher,Joan Brockman

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774859466

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5428

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Constructing Crime examines why particular behaviours are defined and enforced as crimes and particular individuals are targeted as criminals. Contributors interrogate notions of crime, processes of criminalization, and the deployment of the concept of crime in five areas � the enforcement of fraud against welfare recipients and physicians, the enforcement of laws against Aboriginal harvesting practices, the perceptions of disorder in public housing projects, and the selective criminalization of gambling. These case studies and an afterword by Marie-Andr�e Bertrand challenge us to consider just who is rendered criminal and why.

I Did It to Save My Life

Love and Survival in Sierra Leone

Author: Catherine E. Bolten

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520273788

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 9214

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“Ethnographically rich, these accounts come to life in beautiful prose. These are inspiring and at times heartbreaking stories of how people living in such difficult and dangerous circumstances find ways to survive, love and take care of each other. This will be a valuable contribution as well as a welcome counter to the more popular images of warzones as places of total immorality.”—Catherine Besteman, author of Transforming Cape Town

The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586431

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 8929

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Argues that the War on Drugs and policies that deny convicted felons equal access to employment, housing, education and public benefits create a permanent under-caste based largely on race. Reprint. 12,500 first printing.

Gender, Law & Justice

Author: Emily Van Der Meulen

Publisher: Fernwood Publishing

ISBN: 9781552668917

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 1009

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A custom text book compiled from previously published Fernwood material intended for courses focusing on gender and criminal justice studies.

"Indians Wear Red"

Colonialism, Resistance, and Aboriginal Street Gangs

Author: Elizabeth Comack,Lawrence Deane,Larry Morrissette,Jim Silver

Publisher: Fernwood Books Limited

ISBN: 9781552665824

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 5475

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Winner of the 2014 Alexander Kennedy Isbister Award for Non-Fiction, Manitoba Book Awards. With the advent of Aboriginal street gangs such as Indian Posse, Manitoba Warriors, and Native Syndicate, Winnipeg garnered a reputation as the gang capital of Canada. Yet beyond the stereotypes of outsiders, little is known about these street gangs and the factors and conditions that have produced them. Indians Wear Red locates Aboriginal street gangs in the context of the racialized poverty that has become entrenched in the colonized space of Winnipeg s North End. Drawing upon extensive interviews with Aboriginal street gang members as well as with Aboriginal women and elders, the authors develop an understanding from inside the inner city and through the voices of Aboriginal people especially street gang members themselves. While economic restructuring and neo-liberal state responses can account for the global proliferation of street gangs, the authors argue that colonialism is a crucial factor in the Canadian context, particularly in western Canadian urban centres. Young Aboriginal people have resisted their social and economic exclusion by acting collectively as Indians. But just as colonialism is destructive, so too are street gang activities, including the illegal trade in drugs. Solutions lie not in quick fixes or getting tough on crime but in decolonization: re-connecting Aboriginal people with their cultures and building communities in which they can safely live and work."

The Precariat

The New Dangerous Class

Author: Guy Standing

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474294170

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7118

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First published in 2011 The Precariat is the hugely influential first account of an emerging class of people facing insecurity, moving in and out of precarious work that gives little meaning to their lives. Standing warns that the growth of the precariat is producing instabilities in society. Its internal divisions have led to the villainization of migrants and other vulnerable groups and some are susceptible to the dangers of political extremism. Standing argues for a new politics which puts the fears and aspirations of the precariat at the heart of a progressive strategy of redistribution and income security. The precariat is an increasingly global phenomenon, highly visible in the ongoing migrant crisis and protest movements around the world. In a new preface for the Revelations edition Guy Standing discusses recent political developments and their effect on the precariat.

Black Mixed-Race Men

Transatlanticity, Hybridity and 'Post-Racial' Resilience

Author: Remi Joseph-Salisbury

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787565319

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 4299

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This book offers a corrective to pathological and stereotypical representations of mixedness generally, and Black mixed-race men specifically. By introducing the concept of ‘post-racial’ resilience the book shows that Black mixed-race men are active and agentic as they resist the fragmentation and erasure of multiplicitous identities.

Blaming Children

Youth Crime, Moral Panic and the Politics of Hate

Author: Bernard Schissel

Publisher: Fernwood Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 133

View: 2709

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This book explains the Canadian media's current moral panic, its affiliations with information/political systems, understandings of reader viewers, its alliances with corporate Canada, and its ability to construct and frame debates about youth crime. The reality of youth crime is presented in stark contrast to the collective perception that youth crime is expanding at an alarming rate, and a discussion of the larger structural forces that benefit those who have access to power and indict those who live on the margins of political, social, and economic cultures is revealed.

Homegirls

Language and Cultural Practice Among Latina Youth Gangs

Author: Norma Mendoza-Denton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118910877

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 1755

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In this ground-breaking new book on the Norteña and Sureña (North/South) youth gang dynamic, cultural anthropologist and linguist Norma Mendoza-Denton looks at the daily lives of young Latinas and their innovative use of speech, bodily practices, and symbolic exchanges that signal their gang affiliations and ideologies. Her engrossing ethnographic and sociolinguistic study reveals the connection of language behavior and other symbolic practices among Latina gang girls in California, and their connections to larger social processes of nationalism, racial/ethnic consciousness, and gender identity. An engrossing account of the Norte and Sur girl gangs - the largest Latino gangs in California Traces how elements of speech, bodily practices, and symbolic exchanges are used to signal social affiliation and come together to form youth gang styles Explores the relationship between language and the body: one of the most striking aspects of the tattoos, make-up, and clothing of the gang members Unlike other studies – which focus on violence, fighting and drugs – Mendoza-Denton delves into the commonly-overlooked cultural and linguistic aspects of youth gangs

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

An International Dilemma

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412949882

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 951

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This book provides case studies from countries around the world regarding the nature and scope of concerns related to race, ethnicity, crime and justice. The text centres primarily on English-speaking countries where they have encountered problems related to race, ethnicity, crime and justice. The book is designed to be used as either a main or supplementary text for courses focusing on race and crime, minorities and crime, and diversity in criminal justice. Additionally, it can also be used in sociology and ethnic studies courses that focus on race and crime.

Researching Crime and Justice

Tales from the Field

Author: Louise Westmarland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136776303

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 8774

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This book provides an introduction to research and some of the methods in the field of crime and justice and related areas, including police, prisons and criminal justice policy making. Less a dry 'how to' book, it is concerned rather to provide a wide-ranging discussion that illustrates the kind of research that has been done in particular areas, the findings of previous studies, the pitfalls of ‘real life’ research (and some potential solutions) and the range of possible research methods and approaches – both qualitative and quantitative. It shows how appropriate methods are chosen for particular studies and explores the theoretical underpinnings of the studies, including how and why researchers use theory; the political and ethical issues; and the role of emotions such as fear and danger in researching the field of crime and criminal justice. Key features include: First hand interviews with leading ‘hands on’ academics Examples, excerpts and sources of original research Analysis of the theories, methods and outcomes of previous research Throughout the book there is an emphasis on the often troublesome (and often ignored) relationship between the topic of study, desired outcomes and suitable methods, with a wide range of illustrative case studies. Here the approach is practical - pointing out the different approaches various studies have used and how their outcome is often determined by their choice of methods. The book also reflects on the philosophies of research and includes discussions about the way the choice of methods will be reflected in the findings and vice versa (which seems obvious but is often forgotten). Researching Crime and Justice: Tales from the Field will be an essential source of inspiration and ideas for criminology students and other researchers on crime and justice.

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

2nd edition

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317221826

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 3942

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The main objective of the second edition of the Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is twofold: (1) to provide original chapters that cover contemporary critical criminological theoretical offerings generated over the past five years and (2) to provide chapters on important new substantive topics that are currently being studied and theorized by progressive criminologists. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as southern criminology, queer criminology, and green criminology. The diverse chapters cover not only cutting-edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, which generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The new edition of the Handbook is a major work in redefining areas within the context of international multidisciplinary critical research, and in highlighting emerging areas, such as human trafficking, Internet pornography and image-based sexual abuse. It is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and policymakers.

Discourses of Denial

Mediations of Race, Gender, and Violence

Author: Yasmin Jiwani

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774840943

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 361

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Enriched by its official policies of multiculturalism, gender equality, and human rights, the Canadian public is occasionally shocked by glaring acts of racist and sexist violence brought to their attention by the sensationalist media. But nobody pauses to consider the historical antecedents and root causes of these tragedies. Discourses of Denial uncovers how racism, sexism, and violence interweave deep within the foundations of our society. Using examples from the lives of immigrant girls and women of colour, Yasmin Jiwani considers the way accepted definitions of race and gender shape and influence public consciousness. In linking race, gender, and violence, this book makes an important contribution to our understanding of the complex and interconnected influences that shape the violence of contemporary social reality and that contour the lives of racialized women.

The Legacy of School for Aboriginal People

Education, Oppression, and Emancipation

Author: Bernard Schissel,Terry Wotherspoon

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 176

View: 8508

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Education is expected to assist students in the development of their personal identities and the achievement of social and economic success. Yet the aspirations of Aboriginal students have too often been thwarted by the very structures that are supposed to help them. Combining a research study, an extensive review of the literature, and an analysis of current trends, Schissel and Wotherspoon detail the harm done to Aboriginal children and their families-not only in the past, when residential schools explicitly set out to eliminate Aboriginal identities, but also in more recent years, when educational systems designed for the mainstream have relegated First Nations students to the sidelines. The authors find hope for the future in four experimental programs from Saskatchewan, in which severely stressed Aboriginal young people have found nourishment for their self-esteem in educational settings that take into account traditional culture and spiritual teachings, as well as academic achievement. Interviews with Aboriginal students themselves give additional depth to the author's findings.

Handbook of European Homicide Research

Patterns, Explanations, and Country Studies

Author: Marieke C. A. Liem,William Alex Pridemore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404668

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 3256

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This comprehensive work provides a sourcebook of information about the substantive, methodological, and policy-oriented aspects of homicide research in Europe. Part one of this work covers the most recent substantive and methodological information about European homicide research. The second part will contains detailed case studies on homicide research in 15-20 individual European nations. This work will be both conceptual and practical. conceptual and practical. Conceptual aspects will focus on theoretical frameworks and patterns and trends of violence in Europe. Practical aspects will examine the results of empirical research, topics relating to different data sources and the variation of legal definitions of violence throughout Europe, and policy issues relating to variation in homicide prevention and punishment of homicide offenders throughout Europe. This handbook will not only provide an up-to-date reference that brings together known information, but will also offer previously unpublished comprehensive literature reviews and original research findings. The editors’ distinctive approach is to provide readers with an English-language central source of information about the voluminous literature on European homicide research that is currently spread widely in dozens of different European and American journals.