Mandatory Rules in International Arbitration

Author: George A. Bermann,Loukas A. Mistelis

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 9781933833668

Category: Law

Page: 339

View: 5800

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"...[papers] originally presented at a colloquium on Mandatory rules of law in international arbitration held at Columbia Law School in June 2007 and organized by Professor George A. Bermann of Columbia Law School and Professor Loukas A. Mistelis of the School of International Arbitration, Queen Mary University of London" -- P. vii.

Conflict of Laws in International Arbitration

Author: Franco Ferrari,Stefan Kröll

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3866539290

Category: Law

Page: 479

View: 6397

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Irrespective of the increasing harmonization of law at the transnational level, every arbitration raises a number of confl ict of laws problems relating to procedural questions as well as to issues concerning the merits of the case. Unlike a state court judge, the arbitrator has no "lex fori" in the proper sense providing the relevant confl ict rules to determine the applicable law. This raises the question of what confl ict of laws rules to apply and, consequently, of the extent of the freedom the arbitrator enjoys in dealing with this and related issues. The best example of the importance of confl ict of laws questions in arbitration is the Vivendi-Elektrim saga where the outcome of the various proceedings depended on the question of characterization. This very beneficial book is dealing with - the arbitration agreement, - the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal, - the law applicable to the merits and - the arbitration procedure.

Pervasive Problems in International Arbitration

Author: Loukas A. Mistelis,Julian D. M. Lew

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041124500

Category: Law

Page: 391

View: 5744

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"This important book will be of great interest to arbitration lawyers, international lawyers and business people, as well as to academics, libraries, and students of dispute resolution."--Publisher's website.

Choice of forum and laws in international commercial arbitration

Author: Peter Edward Nygh

Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 33

View: 2426

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International commercial arbitration raises issues other than the choice of the law applicable To The principal contract. Autonomy may have a wider meaning, extending beyond the choice of applicable law To The choice of arbitration itself, and of the place or places where it is to be conducted. Nor is it altogether clear what the forum is, if any. This paper raises the fundamental question of what gives the arbitrator his or her competence--the will of the parties or the law of the seat of arbitration which the parties may, or may not, have chosen? The paper also suggests an answer To The questions of which choice of law rules, if any, should be applied by the arbitrators, To what extent arbitrators will apply mandatory rules (regrave;gles d'application immeacute;diate), As well as which law governs the procedural aspects and whether it has to be the procedural law of a national system. The new English Arbitration Act 1996 has also been taken into account.

Contracting with Sovereignty

State Contracts and International Arbitration

Author: Ivar Alvik

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316220

Category: Law

Page: 346

View: 5942

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The application of international law to state contracts with foreign private companies was the cause of continuing controversy throughout much of the twentieth century. State contractual undertakings with foreign investors raise a number of legal issues that do not fit well into the traditional pattern of international law as a law between states, but which also cannot be satisfactorily resolved by the exclusive application of the municipal law of the contracting state. In recent years the controversy has gained new prominence as a result of the advent of a new form of international dispute settlement, namely the mechanism of investment treaty arbitration. The main feature of this model of dispute resolution is that foreign investors are entitled to bring claims against states directly before international arbitral tribunals. This model, which emerged strongly in the late 1990s, has generated a rapidly expanding body of arbitral case law and in the process become one of the most significant new developments in modern international law. Many of the disputes subject to investment treaty arbitration have their origin in contractual commitments made by states toward foreign investors. At the same time international commercial arbitration continues to be the preferred means of dispute resolution in contracts between foreign investors and states or state entities. This book explores how contract claims against states are dealt with in the two parallel processes of treaty-based and contract-based arbitration. The book charts the development of commercial arbitration into an international legal remedy in this field, discusses the theoretical problems which it creates for international law, and outlines the most significant substantive features of the international law applicable to contract claims as developed by arbitral tribunals on the basis of treaty standards and customary law.

International Contracts and National Economic Regulation:Dispute Resolution Through International Commercial Arbitration

Author: Mahmood Bagheri

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041198105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 289

View: 3428

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The growth of national economic regulation and the process of globalisation increasingly expose international transactions to an array of regulations from different jurisdictions. These developments often contribute to widespread international contractual failures when parties claim the incompatibility of their contractual obligations with regulatory laws. The author challenges conventional means of dispute resolution and argues for an interdisciplinary approach whereby disciplines such as international economic law, conflict of laws, contract law and economic regulations are functionally united to resolve international and multifaceted regulatory disputes. He identifies the normative foundation of contract law as an important determinant in this process, contending that contract law is essentially neutral and underpinned by the concept of corrective justice, while economic regulations are mainly prompted by distributive justice. Applying this corrective/distributive justice dichotomy to international contracts, the author critically assesses major conflict of laws approaches such as `proper law', `the Rome Convention' and `governmental interest analysis', which could disregard either public interest or private rights. The author, taking these theories into account, proposes an alternative two-dimensional interest analysis approach. He tests the viability of this approach with reference to arbitral awards and court decisions in various jurisdictions and concludes that it uniquely fits into the structure of international commercial arbitration. In adopting this approach arbitrators would take into account both corrective and distributive justice, and to the extent that corrective justice prevails, would be able to avert a total failure of the contract.

Autonomy in International Contracts

Author: Peter Edward Nygh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198262701

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 5104

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This book explores the source and extent of the right of parties to an international contract to make appropriate arrangements for the determination of their legal relationship, primarily by selecting the applicable law, but also by selecting the judicial or arbitral forum. The book focuses on the legal systems of the United States, the Commonwealth jurisdictions and the civil law countries of western and central Europe, taking as a starting point the provisions of the several Hague Conventions on the Choice of Law in Sales and other contracts, the Rome Convention of 1980 on the Law Applicable to International Contracts and the Mexico Convention of 1994 on the same topic, as well as modern legislation on conflicts of law. Nygh's aim is to discern a general consensus, where present, and to argue for a further development and extension of the principles of autonomy unhampered by historical notions of territoriality and sovereignty, which hitherto have sought to restrain it, with only such limitations as can be justified for the protection of weaker parties or genuine state interests. This fascinating analysis, written from the author's unique perspective, will be welcomed by practitioners and scholars alike. This book is part of the Oxford Monographs in Private International Law series, the aim of which is to publish work of high quality and originality in a number of important areas of private international law. The series is intended for both scholarly and practitioner readers.

Comparative International Commercial Arbitration

Author: Julian D. M. Lew,Loukas A. Mistelis,Stefan Michael Kröll,Stefan Kröll

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041115684

Category: Law

Page: 953

View: 4032

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This treatise describes the practice of international commercial arbitration with reference to the major international treaties and instruments, arbitration rules and national laws. It provides an analysis of the interaction between party autonomy and arbitration practice.

Soft Law in International Arbitration

Author: Lawrence W. Newman,Michael J. Radine

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1937518434

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 5474

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Présentation de l'éditeur : "In recent years, a growing body of provisions called "protocols," "guidelines," "checklists" or even "rules" has emerged in international arbitration. Unlike national or international law, or institutional arbitral rules, these provisions are not "mandatory" for arbitration participants. They range from provisions that can be incorporated into the parties' agreement to arbitrate to suggestions as to the best practices that arbitrators and other arbitration participants may choose to follow. These materials are often collectively referred to as "soft law." Soft Law in International Arbitration provides a guide to what the editors consider to be the most useful of such materials. The book organizes these materials into five categories, each introduced with commentary by a prominent member of the international arbitration community. Thus, the eighteen documents contained in this book can be regarded as helping to fill in the spaces that substantive law and arbitration rules have intentionally left blank. Soft Law in International Arbitration is an indispensable commentary for practitioners and academics alike."

Force Majeure and Hardship Under General Contract Principles

Exemption for Non-performance in International Arbitration

Author: Christoph Brunner

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041127925

Category: Law

Page: 589

View: 8726

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Lawyers involved in international commercial transactions know well that unforeseen events affecting the performance of a party often arise. Not surprisingly, exemptions for non-performance are dealt with in a significant number of arbitral awards. This very useful book thoroughly analyzes contemporary approaches, particularly as manifested in case law, to the scope and content of the principles of exemption for non-performance which are commonly referred to as 'force majeure' and 'hardship.' The author shows that the 'general principles of law' approach addresses this concern most effectively. Generally accepted and understood by the business world at large, this approach encompasses principles of international commercial contracts derived from a variety of legal systems. It's most important 'restatements' are found in the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (UPICC). Establishing specific standards and "case groups" for the exemptions under review, the analysis treats such recurring elements as the following: contractual risk allocations; unforeseeability of an impediment; impediments beyond the typical sphere of risk and control of the obligor; responsibility for third parties (subcontractors, suppliers); legal impediments (acts of public authority) and effect of mandatory rules; involvement of states or state enterprises; interpretation of force majeure and hardship clauses; hardship threshold test; frustration of purpose; irreconcilable differences; comparison with exemptions under domestic legal systems (impossibility of performance, frustration of contract, impracticability) The book is a major contribution to the development of the use of general principles of law in international commercial arbitration. It may be used as a comprehensive commentary on the force majeure and hardship provisions of the UPICC, as well as on Art. 79 of the CISG. In addition, as an insightful investigation into the fundamental question of the limits of the principle of sanctity of contracts, this book is sure to capture the attention of business lawyers and interested academics everywhere.

A Guide to the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules

Author: Clyde Croft,Christopher Kee,Jeff Waincymer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107328101

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9333

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The first version of the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules was endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1976. Now considered one of UNCITRAL's greatest successes, the rules have had an extraordinary impact on international arbitration as both instruments in their own right and as guides for others. The Iran-US Claims Tribunal, for example, employs a barely modified version of the rules for all claims, and many multilateral and bilateral foreign investment treaties adopt the UNCITRAL Rules as an arbitral procedure. The Rules are so pervasive and the consequences of the new version potentially so significant that they cannot be ignored. This commentary on the Rules brings the official documents together in one volume and includes the insights and experiences of the Working Group that are not included in the official reports.

Corruption in International Trade and Commercial Arbitration

Author: Abdulhay Sayed

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041122362

Category: Law

Page: 482

View: 4576

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Descreve como a corrupção é julgada na arbitragem comercial internacional. Procura explicar porque não há uma uniformidade na política arbitral em relação à corrupção. Analisa casos relativos à corrupção e arbitragem. Examina a legislação sobre corrupção, assim como convenções internacionais relevantes.

Towards a Uniform International Arbitration Law?

Author: Emmanuel Gaillard,Anne Véronique Schlaepfer,Philippe Pinsolle,Louis Degos

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1929446675

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 5784

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The growing acceptance of the concept of transnational rules, be they substantive or procedural, has directly contributed to a substantial decrease of the influence of local norms. Transnational principles often override domestic law, and the arbitral process sometimes takes precedence over court decisions. Moreover, the exceptional development of investment arbitration has called into question traditional values of commercial arbitration such as confidentiality and the privity of arbitral proceedings. Widespread publication of awards rendered has also rejuvenated the debate on the value of arbitral awards as precedents. This book critically explores the extent to which these phenomena contribute to the creation of a truly uniform international arbitration law.

Arbitrability

International & Comparative Perspectives

Author: Loukas A. Mistelis

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041127305

Category: Law

Page: 375

View: 4086

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It often seems today that no dispute is barred from resolution by arbitration. Even the fundamental question of whether a dispute falls under the exclusive jurisdiction of a judicial body may itself be arbitrable. Arbitrability is thus an elusive concept; yet a systematic study of it, as this book shows, yields innumerable guidelines and insights that are of substantial value to arbitral practice. Although the book takes the form of a collection of essays, it is designed as a comprehensive commentary on practical issues that emerge from the idea of arbitrability. Fifteen leading academics and practitioners from Europe and the United States each explore different facets of arbitrability always with a perspective open to international developments and comparative evaluation of standards. The presentation falls into two parts: in the first the focus is on the general features of arbitrability, its rationale and the laws applicable to it. In the second, arbitrability is specifically examined in the context of administrative, criminal, corporate, IP, financial, commercial, and criminal law This book has its origins in an International Conference on Arbitrability held at Athens in September 2005. Seven papers presented there are here reviewed and updated, and nine others are added. The subject of the book and– arbitrability and– is one that is much talked about, but seldom if ever given the in-depth treatment presented here. Arbitrators and other practitioners in the field will welcome the way the analysis moves logically from theory to practice regarding every issue, and academics will recognize a definitive treatment of arbitrability as understood and applied in the settlement of disputes today.

Choice of Law in International Commercial Arbitration

Author: Okezie Chukwumerije

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: 9780899308784

Category: Law

Page: 218

View: 7381

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International commercial arbitration poses unique challenges to the choice of law. Laws relating to the arbitration agreement, arbitral procedure, and the merits of a dispute must all be applied in light of vital national interests and transnational public policy. State contracts pose additional problems. The legislative, judicial, and arbitral practices in major jurisdictions are analyzed to give the reader a view of the major trends in international commercial arbitration. Practitioners in international commercial arbitration, international lawyers interested in dispute resolution, and students of international commercial law and the conflict of laws will find this book of special interest.

The Review of International Arbitral Awards

Author: Emmanuel Gaillard

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1933833335

Category: Law

Page: 510

View: 7631

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In intemational arbitration, as in any other system of adjudication, finality of the decision must be balanced against the need to ensure that justice has been administered fairly. Because finality is one of its essential features, international arbitration has reached an equilibrium which guarantees to the parties a decision that cannot be appealed, while allowing a review of arbitral awards on limited grounds. The review of international arbitral awards was the topic of the inaugural IAI forum, on the occasion of which 50 prominent academics, judges, arbitrators and practitioners active in the field of international arbitration convened in the legendary Clos de Vougeot, in the heart of Burgundy for a two-day retreat. The presentations were followed by extensive discussion, the transcript of which is included in the present volume. The International Arbitration Institute (IAI) was established in Paris with the purpose of promoting communication and exchanges on current international arbitration issues. It now includes over 600 members residing in 44 countries. For further detail, see www.iaiparis.com.

Arbitration in Complex International Contracts

Author: Joachim Frick

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041116621

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 1975

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The technical, economic, and social development of the last one hundred years has created a new type of long-term contract which one may call `Complex International Contract'. Typical examples include complex civil engineering and constructions contracts as well as joint venture, shareholders, project finance, franchising, cooperation and management agreements. The dispute resolution mechanism, which normally deals with such contracts, is commercial arbitration, which has been deeply affected in recent decades by attempts to improve its capabilities. Most importantly, there is the trend towards further denationalization of arbitration with respect to the applicable substantive law. In this regard, a new generation of conflict rules no longer imposes on the arbitrators a particular method to be applied for the purpose of determining the applicable rules of law. Moreover, arbitration more frequently took on the task of adapting Complex International Contracts to changed circumstances. Also, special rules have been developed for so-called multi-party arbitration and fast track arbitration facilitating efficient dispute resolution. The author describes these trends both from a practical as well as a theoretical perspective, evaluating not only the advantages, but also the risks involved with the new developments in arbitration. Relevant issues with respect to the drafting and renegotiation of such contracts are also discussed.

Arbitration Clauses for International Contracts - 2nd Edition

Author: Paul D. Friedland

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1933833068

Category: Law

Page: 370

View: 2270

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"This book, by a leading international arbitration practitioner, offers suggested language for every option that a drafter of an international arbitration clause may need. Following a succinct assessment of the choice between arbitration and litigation and commentary on the choices among arbitration fora and formats, the author presents an accessible how-to for drafting. While other works offer theory and a smattering of drafting tips, there is no other comprehensive collection of workable language, presented accessibly with easy-to-reference appendices. This book will be a standard reference for both in-house counsel and outside practitioners. This book provides, in an accessible format, clauses that address all the significant issues that contracting parties face, and in any event should consider, when they decide to draft a dispute resolution clause for an international contract. Those who wish immediate access to suggested language may turn directly to the Appendices. Those who wish to understand the analysis that leads to the suggested language should read the text."--Publisher's website.

International Commercial Arbitration

Different Forms and Their Features

Author: Giuditta Cordero-Moss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107033489

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 1565

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Highlights specific features of various international commercial arbitration forms, thus enabling lawyers drafting arbitration clauses to make informed choices.