Malaysia

Islam, Society and Politics

Author: Virginia Hooker,Norani Othman

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812301611

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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This collection of essays has been prepared as a tribute to Clive S. Kessler, Professor of Sociology at the University of New South Wales for over twenty years and a member of staff of the London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, and the Barnard College, Columbia University, New York. Written by colleagues and graduate students, the essays are divided into three sections: Islam, Society and Politics. They focus on Professor Kessler's analyses of Malaysia. Each essay draws on aspects of his published research, taking his insights as points of departure for new studies. Professor Kessler's ideas and observations are thus extended, complemented and updated in ways which emphasize the depth and extent of his influence on contemporary research on Malaysia.

Ethnizität, Islam, Reformasi

Die Evolution der Konfliktlinien im Parteiensystem Malaysias

Author: Andreas Ufen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531931466

Category: Political Science

Page: 307

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Das malaysische Parteiensystem wurde im Laufe der letzten Jahrzehnte von mehreren Konfliktlinien geprägt. Zunächst war ein ethnischer Gegensatz vorherrschend, der sich im Zusammenhang mit dem elektoralen Autoritarismus, also aufgrund der strikten Kontrolle der Arbeiterbewegung und prodemokratischer Kräfte, und aufbauend auf einer frühzeitig ins Leben gerufenen interethnischen Elitenkoalition entfalten und stabilisieren konnte. Dieser Gegensatz wurde von einem solchen zwischen Säkularisten und Anhängern eines politisch interpretierten Islam zunehmend überformt. Seit 1998/99 hat sich quer zu den ethnischen und religiösen Konfliktlinien erstmals ein Gegensatz zwischen „Status quo“ und „Reformasi“ herausgebildet, der die Auseinandersetzungen im Parteiensystem heute dominiert und das gesamte politische System transformieren kann.

Religious Diversity in Muslim-majority States in Southeast Asia

Areas of Toleration and Conflict

Author: Bernhard Platzdasch,Johan Saravanamuttu

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9814519642

Category: Social Science

Page: 431

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"This book fills a gap in authoritative analyses of the causes of inter-religious conflict and the practice of religious toleration. The rise of more overt expressions of Islamic piety and greater bureaucratization of Islam in both Indonesia and Malaysia over several decades have tested the "live and let live" philosophy which used to characterize religious expression in these nations. The analyses in each chapter of the book break new ground with contextualized studies of particular and recent incidents of conflict or harassment in a variety of areas – from urban centres to more remote and, even complex, locations. As these studies show, legislation stands or falls on the ability and determination of local authorities to enforce it. This volume is essential reading for understanding the dynamics of state-religious interaction in Muslim majority nations and the crucial role civil society organizations play in negotiating interfaith toleration." - Emeritus Professor Virginia Hooker FAHA, Department of Political & Social Change College of Asia & the Pacific, The Australian National University "A most welcome contribution to the academic discourse of political Islam in Indonesia and Malaysia! For this volume focuses not on Islamic resurgence as many others have done, but on the impact of Islamic resurgence upon its non-Muslim minority counterparts - Buddhists, Christians, Hindus and also the Syiah Muslims - in the two plural societies, and the varying responses of those minorities, themselves often fragmented, to Islamic resurgence. The rich case studies highlight the changing character of politics in the two countries and their capacities to deal with religious diversity, an aspect of politics often ignored because of the usual concern for economic and political institutional capacities. The juxtaposition of Malaysian and Indonesian cases in a single volume and comparisons of contrasting developments in the two countries, challenges readers not to resort to easy conclusions and overgeneralizations about rising inter-religious tensions, but to give more scholarly attention to this politics-religion diversity nexus." - Emeritus Professor Francis Loh Kok Wah, Department of Political Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia

The Malaysian Islamic party PAS 1951-2013

Islamism in a mottled nation

Author: Farish Noor

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048521815

Category: Religion

Page: 268

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The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS is the biggest opposition party in Malaysia today and one of the most prominent Islamist parties in Southeast Asia. This work recounts the historical development of PAS from 1951 to the present, and looks at how it has risen to become a political movement that is both local and transnational, tracking its rise from the Cold War to the age of the War on Terror, and its evolving ideological postures - from anti-colonialism to post-revolutionary Islamism, as the party adapted itself to the realities of the postmodern global age. PAS's long engagement with modernity and its nuanced approach to the goal of state capture is the focus of this work, as it recounts the story of the Islamist party and Malaysia by extension. -Farish A. Noor is Associate Professor for the Contemporary Islam Programme at S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and member of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations Panel of Global Experts on Religion and Politics in Asia.

Islam in Asia

Changing Political Realities

Author: Colin Rubenstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351511475

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

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While the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc has contributed to the decline of communism as a revolutionary political force, religious and ethnic issues have now assumed renewed and increased significance in South East Asia. Since the Islamic resurgence of the early 1980s and 1990s, elements of a more radical political Islam have migrated from the Middle East to Asia. If left unchecked these radical elements could aggravate a number of security and political crises in countries weakened by the consequences of the devastating Asian financial crisis. In an increasingly globalized world, it is not only the exchange of tangible goods across borders that is transmitted with multiplying efficiency and speed, but the exchange of ideas across seamless borders, assisted by the ever-improving communications technology of the Internet and electronic mail. Paradoxically, globalization both creates social change that can spark a backlash in the form of Islamic radicalism, and provides improved means for the spread of Islamic ideals.This critical volume examines the advance and contours of Islamicism and analyzes the potential consequences that such activity poses in South East Asian region. The study tracks the activities of external countries such as Iran, Libya, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia and highlights the key roles these countries play in East Asian economies, politics, religion, and weapons procurement. It focuses on four locations in South East Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia, the southern Philippines, and southern Thailand. The introduction treats the Islamic resurgence in Asia, its links to Middle Eastern Islam, and its external influences. Chapters 1 and 2 examine ""Islam and Politics in the New Indonesia"" and ""Islam, Society, Politics, and Change in Malaysia""; chapters 3 and 4 discuss in detail ""Militant Islamic Extremism in the Southern Philippines"" and ""Militant Islamic Separatism in Southern Thailand."" A conclusion follows with an assessment of religious ext

Islam in Malaysian Foreign Policy

Author: Shanti Nair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134960999

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

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A case study of a multi-ethnic Muslim state and a contribution to the study of the domestic functions of foreign policy. The book also addresses the real and imagined significance of Islam as a force in contemporary global politics.

Islamische Wirtschaftspolitik in Malaysia

Malaysia als islamischer Staat mit islamischer Wirtschaft?

Author: Christian Wolff

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638895505

Category: Political Science

Page: 47

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Wirtschaftspolitik, Note: 1,3, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Institut für Wirtschaftswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Asien-Pazifik-Kolloquium, 45 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Malaysia ist ein islamischer Staat, der wie viele islamische oder islamisch geprägte Staaten in Südostasien eher in Vergessenheit geraten ist. Die Kernländer des Islam auf der und um die arabische Halbinsel halten das Öffentliche Interesse an ihren Entwicklungen wach, so dass in Europa meist nur unter dem Stichwort der „Tigerstaaten“ von Malaysia, Indonesien und den Philippinen berichtet wird. „Despite efforts by individual scholars an institutions in both the islamic world and in Western Europe and North America, the equation of Islam with the Middle East and with violence, backwardness, injustice, and being ́anti-West` still dominate Western views of Islam and Muslim countries. [...] Despite having the world's most populous Muslim country (Indonesia, with about 200 million Muslims) and about a quarter of the world's total Muslim population, Southeast Asia is rarely seen as Muslim.“ Natürlich ist diese „Vernachlässigung“ der südostasiatischen Staaten nicht als andauernde Tendenz in den Politik-, Islam- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften auszumachen, da es selbstverständlich Institute und Wissenschaftler gibt, die sich intensiv mit diesem Raum beschäftigen. Der Tenor, dass Islam einzig eng mit dem Nahen Osten verbunden wird, ist aber in der Öffentlichkeit noch weit verbreitet. Malaysia ist von den Staaten Südostasiens in so fern von Bedeutung, als es seit etwa 1981 versucht, den Islam in seine Wirtschaftspolitik einzubinden und sich in neuerer Zeit als Musterstaat für eine erfolgreiche islamische Wirtschaftsentwicklungspolitik in der islamischen Welt darstellen will. Die Frage, ob die malaysische Wirtschaft tatsächlich in dem Maße islamisch ist, dass sich die Möglichkeit eröffnet, Malaysia als Vorbild für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung der islamischen Welt herangezogen werden kann, ist der Kern der vorliegenden Arbeit. Ich möchte dabei nach einer kurzen einleitenden Information über Malaysia besonders auf die verschiedenen wirtschaftspolitischen Ansätze seit 1970 eingehen, die sich in den Schlagworten der New Economic Policy (NEP), der National Development Policy (NDP) und der National Vision Policy (NVP) manifestieren. Zum Schluss habe ich einige der strikten islamischen Elemente der malaysischen Wirtschaft herausgestellt und will abschließend eine kurze Definition der durchaus interessanten und erst 2004 entwickelten Idee eines zivilisierten Islam (Islam Hadhari) als Mittel zur Islamisierung der malaysischen Wirtschaft geben.

The Malays

Author: Anthony Milner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391664

Category: History

Page: 312

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Just who are ‘the Malays’? This provocative study poses the question and considers how and why the answers have changed over time, and from one region to another. Anthony Milner develops a sustained argument about ethnicity and identity in an historical, ‘Malay’ context. The Malays is a comprehensive examination of the origins and development of Malay identity, ethnicity, and consciousness over the past five centuries. Covers the political, economic, and cultural development of the Malays Explores the Malay presence in Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and South Africa, as well as the modern Malay show-state of Malaysia Offers diplomatic speculation about ways Malay ethnicity will develop and be challenged in the future

Islamic Modern

Religious Courts and Cultural Politics in Malaysia

Author: Michael G. Peletz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187452

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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How do Islamic courts work? What sorts of cultural understandings inform judicial process and litigants' strategies? How do women's claims fare? Do these courts promote social tolerance? And how do states use them to consolidate power, build nations, and shape a modern citizenry? These are among the questions addressed in this book, which not only enhances our understanding of diversity among and within the world's Muslim communities, but also provides ethnographic, historical, and transnational perspectives on contemporary Islam in the shifting landscape of a strategically important region of the world. Focusing on Malaysia, which has sustained more rapid development than probably any other Muslim nation, Michael Peletz explores the culture, political economy, and history of Islamic courts. He demonstrates that they are centrally involved in the creation and policing of new Malay-Muslim identities (such as middle-class urban dwellers) that the state sees as the basis for a national polity that will be highly competitive. He also shows how and why Islamic courts are key sites in struggles involving ethnic and religious groups, social classes, political parties, and others with a major stake in defining Islam's role with respect to the maintenance of sovereignty and the achievement of modernity and civil society in an age of globalization. Peletz deepens our knowledge of Islamic political development in a country very much concerned with forging an Islamic modernity viewed by its leaders as a viable alternative to Western-style modernization.

The Longest Journey

Southeast Asians and the Pilgrimage to Mecca

Author: Eric Tagliacozzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199989710

Category: History

Page: 336

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The pilgrimage to Mecca, or Hajj, has been a yearly phenomenon of great importance in Muslim lands for well over one thousand years. Each year, millions of pilgrims from throughout the Dar al-Islam, or Islamic world, stretching from Morocco east to Indonesia, make the trip to Mecca as one of the five pillars of their faith. By the end of the nineteenth century, and the beginning of the twentieth, fully half of all pilgrims making the journey in any given year could come from Southeast Asia. The Longest Journey, spanning eleven modern nation-states and seven centuries, is the first book to offer a history of the Hajj from one of Islam's largest and most important regions.

Modern Malaysia in the Global Economy

Political and Social Change Into the 21st Century

Author: Colin Barlow

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782543909

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

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The authors review the direction of politics after Prime Minister Mahathir, as well as exploring Malaysia's foreign, education, and labour policies. They canvass the idea of a "new Malay", better adapted to modern society, investigate the position of the Chinese, examine the struggle for women's rights within the religious framework of Islam, and discuss the contributions of Malaysian NGOs to ongoing changes. They finally draw together crucial issues facing Malaysia in the 21st century.

A History of Islamic Societies

Author: Ira M. Lapidus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514304

Category: History

Page: 1020

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An accessible worldwide history of Muslim societies provides updated coverage of each country and region, in a volume that discusses their origins and evolution while offering insight into historical processes that shaped contemporary Islam and surveying its growing influence. Simultaneous. (Social Science)

Government and Society in Malaysia

Author: Harold A. Crouch

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801432187

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 8531

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Consistently dominated by the Malay party UMNO, which represents the largest ethnic group, the Malaysian government requires the support of its Chinese, Indian, and East Malaysian minorities to retain control. The need to appeal to a politically and ethnically divided electorate restrains the arbitrary exercise of power by the ruling coalition. As a result, the government responds to popular aspirations, particularly since a split in the dominant Malay party in the 1980s.

Malaysia, State and Civil Society in Transition

Author: Vidhu Verma

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588260918

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

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Tracing historical and political dynamics underlying nearly 20 years of authoritarian rule, Verma addresses five issues: Islam, secular nationalism, citizenship, democracy and human rights, arguing that modernization has led to tensions in Malaysia.

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

Author: Johan Saravanamuttu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171874

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 6565

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This book examines the ways in which Muslim politics in Southeast Asia has greatly impacted democratic practice and contributed to its practical and discursive development. It provides comparisons and linkages amongst Muslim-majority and -minority countries, to aid understanding of the phenomenon of Muslim politics in the region as a whole.

Islam, Politics and Youth in Malaysia

The Pop-Islamist Reinvention of PAS

Author: Dominik M. Mueller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317912977

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

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Providing an ethnographic account of the Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) and its Youth Wing (Dewan Pemuda PAS), this book analyses the genesis and role of Islamic movements in terms of their engagement in mainstream politics. It explores the party’s changing approach towards popular culture and critically investigates whether the narrative of a post-Islamist turn can be applied to the PAS Youth. The book shows that in contrast to the assumption that Islamic marketization and post-Islamism are reinforcing each other, the PAS Youth has strategically appropriated and integrated Islamic consumerism to pursue a decidedly Islamist – or ‘pop-Islamist’ – political agenda. The media-savvy PAS Youth elites, which are at the forefront of implementing new outreach strategies for the party, categorically oppose tendencies of political moderation among the senior party. Instead, they are most passionately calling for the establishment of a Syariah-based Islamic oder for state and society, although these renewed calls are increasingly expressed through modern channels such as Facebook, YouTube, rock music, celebrity advertising, branded commodities and other market-driven forms of social movement mobilization. A timely and significant contribution to the literature on Islam and politics in Malaysia and beyond, this book sheds new light on widespread assumptions or even hopes of "post-Islamism". It is of interest to students and scholars of Political Religion and Southeast Asian Politics.

Islamization and Activism in Malaysia

Author: Julian C. H. Lee

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9814279021

Category: Political Science

Page: 163

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Islamization and Activism in Malaysia examines aspects of the increasing political and social profile of Islam in Malaysia and describes how different kinds of activists in Malaysia have sought to protect fundamental liberties and to improve the state of democracy in Malaysia. In particular, focus is paid to activists who engage with electoral process, the law and the public sphere, and in particular, to movements that cut across or combine these realms of action. Spanning the period of the Prime Ministership of Abdullah Badawi, Julian C. H. Lee's grounded analysis examines the most important issues of that period including the freedom of religion case of Lina Joy, the Islamic state debate, and events surrounding the 8 March 2008 general elections.

Beyond Mahathir

Malaysian Politics and Its Discontents

Author: Boo Teik Khoo

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842774656

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 429

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Beyond Mahathir is a timely response to the planned retirement in October 2003 of Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia, and poses vital questions about "Malaysian politics after Mahathir." It examines Malaysia's long-term social transformation, the global disruptions of July 1997 and September 11, 2001, key leaders' calculations of power, and the pitfalls of leadership transition that intersected to produce the political dramas of Mahathir's final decade in power. Organizing arguments around the critical but unstable fortunes of a thirty-year nationalist-capitalist project, it brings to life Mahathir's predicaments, contradictions in Anwar Ibrahim's career, Reformasi's creative dissent, and the cultural imperative behind the Alternative Front's "rainbow coalition". The result is an instructive guide to the momentous events that ultimately revolved around competing conceptions of what the future portends or should portend for Malaysia, and the bitterly contested ways of getting there.