Maintenance of Process Instrumentation in Nuclear Power Plants

Author: H.M. Hashemian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540337040

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 3111

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This book provides a training course for I and C maintenance engineers in power, process, chemical, and other industries. It summarizes all the scattered literature in this field. The book compiles 30 years of knowledge gained by the author and his staff in testing the I and C systems of nuclear power plants around the world. It focuses on process temperature and pressure sensors and the verification of these sensors’ calibration and response time.

Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security

Author: Yastrebenetsky, Michael

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466651342

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 3290

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Accidents and natural disasters involving nuclear power plants such as Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and the recent meltdown at Fukushima are rare, but their effects are devastating enough to warrant increased vigilance in addressing safety concerns. Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security evaluates the risks inherent to nuclear power and methods of preventing accidents through computer control systems and other such emerging technologies. Students and scholars as well as operators and designers will find useful insight into the latest security technologies with the potential to make the future of nuclear energy clean, safe, and reliable.

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION

Author: K. KRISHNASWAMY,M. PONNI BALA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120348249

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 6247

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The second edition of this text presents an overview of power generation and discusses the different types of equipment used in a steam thermal power generation unit. The book describes various conventional and non-conventional energy sources. It elaborates on the instrumentation and control of water-steam and fuel-air flue gas circuits along with optimization of combustion. The text also deals with the power plant management system including the combustion process, boiler efficiency calculation, and maintenance and safety aspects. In addition, the book explains Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system as well as turbine monitoring and control. This book is designed for the undergraduate students of electronics and instrumentation engineering and electrical and electronics engineering. New To This Edition • A new chapter on Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation is added, which elaborates how electricity is generated in a Nuclear Power Plant. Key Features • Includes numerous figures to clarify the concepts. • Gives a number of worked-out problems to help students enhance their learning skills. • Provides chapter-end exercises to enable students to test their understanding of the subject.

Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2003

A Proceedings Volume from the 5th IFAC Symposium, Seoul, South Korea, 15-19 September 2003

Author: K. Y. Lee,M.C. Shin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080442105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1198

View: 862

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Provides the latest research on Power Plants, Power Systems ControlContains contributions written by experts in the field Part of the IFAC Proceedings Series which provides a comprehensive overview of the major topics in control engineering.

Digital Instrumentation and Control Systems in Nuclear Power Plants

Safety and Reliability Issues

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 8942

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The nuclear industry and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) have been working for several years on the development of an adequate process to guide the replacement of aging analog monitoring and control instrumentation in nuclear power plants with modern digital instrumentation without introducing off-setting safety problems. This book identifies criteria for the USNRC's review and acceptance of digital applications in nuclear power plants. It focuses on eight areas: software quality assurance, common-mode software failure potential, systems aspects of digital instrumentation and control technology, human factors and human-machine interfaces, safety and reliability assessment methods, dedication of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software, the case-by-case licensing process, and the adequacy of technical infrastructure.

Power Systems and Power Plant Control 1989

Selected Papers from the IFAC Symposium, Seoul, Korea, 22-25 August 1989

Author: U. Ahn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483298949

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 1518

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The control of power systems and power plants is a subject of growing interest which continues to sustain a high level of research, development and application in many diverse yet complementary areas, such as maintaining a high quality but economical service and coping with environmental constraints. The papers included within this volume provide the most up to date developments in this field of research.

Digital Instrumentation and Control Systems in Nuclear Power Plants

Safety and Reliability Issues

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Application of Digital Instrumentation and Control Systems to Nuclear Power Plant Operations and Safety

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309057329

Category: Nature

Page: 78

View: 6402

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The nuclear industry and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) have been working for several years on the development of an adequate process to guide the replacement of aging analog monitoring and control instrumentation in nuclear power plants with modern digital instrumentation without introducing off-setting safety problems. This book identifies criteria for the USNRC's review and acceptance of digital applications in nuclear power plants. It focuses on eight areas: software quality assurance, common-mode software failure potential, systems aspects of digital instrumentation and control technology, human factors and human-machine interfaces, safety and reliability assessment methods, dedication of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software, the case-by-case licensing process, and the adequacy of technical infrastructure.

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Author: Jeffery Lewins,Martin Becker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306478129

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 281

View: 1971

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The present review volume not only covers a wide range of topics pertinent to nuclear science and technology, but has attracted a distinguished international authorship, for which the editors are grateful. The opening review by Drs. Janet Tawn and Richard Wakeford addresses the difficult matter of questioning sci- tific hypotheses in a court of law. The United Kingdom experienced a substantial nuclear accident in the 1950s in the form of the Windscale Pile fire. This in itself had both good and bad consequences; the setting up of a licensing authority to ensure nuclear safety was one, the understandable public sentiment concerning nuclear power (despite the fire occurring in a weapons pile) the other. Windscale today is subsumed in the reprocessing plant at Sellafield operated by British Nuclear Fuels plc and it was inevitable perhaps that when an excess cluster of childhood leukaemia was observed in the nearby village of Seascale that public concern should be promoted by the media, leading to the hearing of a claim of compensation brought on behalf of two of the families of BNFLs workers who had suffered that loss. The review article demonstrates the complexity of und- standing such a claim against the statistical fluctuations inherent and shows how the courts were persuaded of the need to propose a biological mechanism if responsibility were to be held. The Company were undoubtedly relieved by the finding.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Controls

Author: Philip Kiameh

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071798488

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 6230

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A practical guide to increasing power plant operating uptime and profitability Power Plant Instrumentation and Controls provides a detailed description of power plant computer simulation and modern instrumentation and control systems that allow improvements in online power plant operating periods and thus profitability – minimizing unnecessary outages, maintenance activities, and downtime. The book reviews the many benefits of these different computer simulation programs, modern instrumentation, and control systems as they relate to plant safety, reliability, costs, efficiency, and emissions. It focuses on modern power generating plants – gas turbines, co-generation, and combined cycle plants. The book features a simulation program to determine the effects on turbine performance; turbine creep life; environmental emissions; and turbine life-cycle cost, revenue, and profitability of the following parameters: Variations in ambient temperature and pressure Inlet and exhaust losses Engine deterioration Different faults Power augmentation methods, including peak mode Water injection Control system performance, including proportional offset, integral windup, and trips Fuel type Variations in maintenance techniques and frequency Power generating plant outages are often due to unnecessary and improper maintenance activities and poor or outdated instrumentation and control systems, resulting in a significant reduction in profitability of power plant operation. This authoritative volume addresses these concerns and offers proven solutions. It is an essential next step to Kiameh's successful Power Generation Handbook and Power Plant Equipment Operation and Maintenance Guide. Power Plant Instrumentation and Controls includes Bar charts trending key turbine parameters Bar charts trending compressor characteristics and operating point during engine transients Tips for exporting simulated data to other software, such as Excel Exercises to illustrate use of simulation programs under different scenarios, including modern co-generation and combined-cycle plants In-depth coverage of smart instrumentation and advanced control systems used in modern power generating plants Details on selecting, commissioning, operating, diagnosing, and testing smart instrumentation, Distributed Control Systems, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, and all types of control valves, actuators, and positioners

Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation

Author: B. S. Dhillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319040197

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 188

View: 1055

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Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.

Management of life cycle and ageing at nuclear power plants

Improved I&C maintenance : report prepared within the framework of the Technical Working Group on Nuclear Power Plant Control and Instrumentation

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nuclear power plants

Page: 135

View: 837

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The goal of this publication is to provide the latest information on ageing, obsolescence and performance monitoring of those items of I & C equipment that are classified as safety equipment and/or safety related equipment, are operated in harsh environments in NPPs, and are important in plant life extension not only for normal operation but also, and more importantly, for post-accident service. In achieving this goal, this publication identifies the key I & C components of interest that are expected to function well throughout the life of a plant including the extended life.

Energy Research Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Power resources

Page: N.A

View: 8171

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Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Electrical Power Equipment Maintenance and Testing

Author: Paul Gill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420017551

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1000

View: 4199

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The second edition of a bestseller, this definitive text covers all aspects of testing and maintenance of the equipment found in electrical power systems serving industrial, commercial, utility substations, and generating plants. It addresses practical aspects of routing testing and maintenance and presents both the methodologies and engineering basics needed to carry out these tasks. It is an essential reference for engineers and technicians responsible for the operation, maintenance, and testing of power system equipment. Comprehensive coverage includes dielectric theory, dissolved gas analysis, cable fault locating, ground resistance measurements, and power factor, dissipation factor, DC, breaker, and relay testing methods.

Model-based Process Supervision

A Bond Graph Approach

Author: Arun Kumar Samantaray,Belkacem Ould Bouamama

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848001596

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 9064

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This book provides control engineers and workers in industrial and academic research establishments interested in process engineering with a means to build up a practical and functional supervisory control environment and to use sophisticated models to get the best use out of their process data. Several applications to academic and small-scale-industrial processes are discussed and the development of a supervision platform for an industrial plant is presented.

Artificial intelligence in nuclear power plants

Author: Pentti J. Haapanen,International Atomic Energy Agency. International Working Group on Nuclear Power Plant Control and Instrumentation,Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Sähkö ja-automaatiotekniikan laboratorio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789513835705

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 424

View: 4809

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Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Volume 3

Process Software and Digital Networks, Fourth Edition

Author: Bela G. Liptak,Halit Eren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439863431

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1139

View: 3471

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Instrument Engineers' Handbook – Volume 3: Process Software and Digital Networks, Fourth Edition is the latest addition to an enduring collection that industrial automation (AT) professionals often refer to as the "bible." First published in 1970, the entire handbook is approximately 5,000 pages, designed as standalone volumes that cover the measurement (Volume 1), control (Volume 2), and software (Volume 3) aspects of automation. This fourth edition of the third volume provides an in-depth, state-of-the-art review of control software packages used in plant optimization, control, maintenance, and safety. Each updated volume of this renowned reference requires about ten years to prepare, so revised installments have been issued every decade, taking into account the numerous developments that occur from one publication to the next. Assessing the rapid evolution of automation and optimization in control systems used in all types of industrial plants, this book details the wired/wireless communications and software used. This includes the ever-increasing number of applications for intelligent instruments, enhanced networks, Internet use, virtual private networks, and integration of control systems with the main networks used by management, all of which operate in a linked global environment. Topics covered include: Advances in new displays, which help operators to more quickly assess and respond to plant conditions Software and networks that help monitor, control, and optimize industrial processes, to determine the efficiency, energy consumption, and profitability of operations Strategies to counteract changes in market conditions and energy and raw material costs Techniques to fortify the safety of plant operations and the security of digital communications systems This volume explores why the holistic approach to integrating process and enterprise networks is convenient and efficient, despite associated problems involving cyber and local network security, energy conservation, and other issues. It shows how firewalls must separate the business (IT) and the operation (automation technology, or AT) domains to guarantee the safe function of all industrial plants. This book illustrates how these concerns must be addressed using effective technical solutions and proper management policies and practices. Reinforcing the fact that all industrial control systems are, in general, critically interdependent, this handbook provides a wide range of software application examples from industries including: automotive, mining, renewable energy, steel, dairy, pharmaceutical, mineral processing, oil, gas, electric power, utility, and nuclear power.

Managing Nuclear Projects

Author: Jas Devgun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857097261

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 3427

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In addition to the nuclear power industry, the nuclear field has extensive projects and activities in the areas of research reactors, medical isotope production, decommissioning, and remediation of contaminated sites. Managing nuclear projects focuses on the management aspects of nuclear projects in a wide range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements, and lessons learned. Part one provides a general overview of the nuclear industry including basic principles for managing nuclear projects, nuclear safety culture, management of worker risk, training, and management of complex projects. Part two focuses on managing reactor projects with discussion on a variety of topics including management of research reactor projects, medical radioisotope production, power reactor modifications, power uprates, outage management, and management of nuclear-related R&D. Chapters in part three highlight the areas of radioactive waste and spent fuel management, reactor decommissioning, and remediation of radioactively contaminated sites. Finally, part four explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry. Chapters discuss quality assurance and auditing programs, licensing procedures for nuclear installations, emergency preparedness, management of nuclear crises, and international nuclear cooperation. With its distinguished editor and contributors, Managing Nuclear Projects is a valuable resource for project managers, plant managers, engineers, regulators, training professionals, consultants, and academics. Examines the basic principles of managing nuclear projects focussing on processes and requirements Discusses the management of reactor projects Explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry