The Lowland Maya Postclassic

Author: Arlen F. Chase,Prudence M. Rice

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477302581

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

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This collection represents a major step forward in understanding the era from the end of Classic Maya civilization to the Spanish conquest.

Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands

An Epigraphic Approach to Territorial Organization

Author: Joyce Marcus,Robert L Carneiro Distinguished University Professor Joyce Marcus

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks

ISBN: 9780884020660

Category: History

Page: 203

View: 1718

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Marcus reconstructs Classic Maya political organization through the use of evidence derived from epigraphy, settlement pattern surveys, and locational analysis. This study describes the development of a four-tiered settlement hierarchy and its subsequent collapse.

Lifeways in the Northern Maya Lowlands

New Approaches to Archaeology in the Yucat‡n Peninsula

Author: Jennifer P. Mathews,Bethany A. Morrison

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816524167

Category: Science

Page: 274

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The flat, dry reaches of the northern Yucat‡n Peninsula have been largely ignored by archaeologists drawn to the more illustrious sites of the south. This book is the first volume to focus entirely on the northern Maya lowlands, presenting a broad cross-section of current research projects in the region by both established and up-and-coming scholars. To address the heretofore unrecognized importance of the northern lowlands in Maya prehistory, the contributors cover key topics relevant to Maya studies: the environmental and historical significance of the region, the archaeology of both large and small sites, the development of agriculture, resource management, ancient politics, and long-distance interaction among sites. As a volume in the series Native Peoples of the Americas, it adds a human dimension to archaeological findings by incorporating modern ethnographic data. By exploring various social and political levels of Maya society through a broad expanse of time, Lifeways in the Northern Maya Lowlands not only reconstructs a little-known past, it also suggests the broad implications of archaeology for related studies of tourism, household economies, and ethno-archaeology. It is a benchmark work that pointedly demonstrates the need for researchers in both north and south to ignore modern geographic boundaries in their search for new ideas to further their understanding of the ancient Maya.

How the Maya Built Their World

Energetics and Ancient Architecture

Author: Elliot M. Abrams

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292792387

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

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Maya architecture is often described as "massive" and "monumental," but experiments at Copan, Honduras, convinced Elliot Abrams that 300 people could have built one of the large palaces there in only 100 days. In this groundbreaking work, Abrams explicates his theory of architectural energetics, which involves translating structures into volumes of raw and manufactured materials that are then multiplied by the time required for their production and assembly to determine the labor costs of past construction efforts. Applying this method to residential structures of the Late Classic period (A.D. 700-900) at Copan leads Abrams to posit a six-tiered hierarchic social structure of political decision making, ranging from a stratified elite to low-ranking commoners. By comparing the labor costs of construction and other economic activities, he also prompts a reconsideration of the effects of royal construction demands on commoners. How the Maya Built Their World will interest a wide audience in New and Old World anthropology, archaeology, architecture, and engineering.

The Maya and Their Central American Neighbors

Settlement Patterns, Architecture, Hieroglyphic Texts and Ceramics

Author: Geoffrey E Braswell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317756088

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

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The ancient Maya created one of the most studied and best-known civilizations of the Americas. Nevertheless, Maya civilization is often considered either within a vacuum, by sub-region and according to modern political borders, or with reference to the most important urban civilizations of central Mexico. Seldom if ever are the Maya and their Central American neighbors of El Salvador and Honduras considered together, despite the fact that they engaged in mutually beneficial trade, intermarried, and sometimes made war on each other. The Maya and Their Central American Neighbors seeks to fill this lacuna by presenting original research on the archaeology of the whole of the Maya area (from Yucatan to the Maya highlands of Guatemala), western Honduras, and El Salvador. With a focus on settlement pattern analyses, architectural studies, and ceramic analyses, this ground breaking book provides a broad view of this important relationship allowing readers to understand ancient perceptions about the natural and built environment, the role of power, the construction of historical narrative, trade and exchange, multiethnic interaction in pluralistic frontier zones, the origins of settled agricultural life, and the nature of systemic collapse.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands

Author: William L. Balée,Clark L. Erickson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509618

Category: Science

Page: 432

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This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

Coba

A Classic Maya Metropolis

Author: William J. Folan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483296679

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

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Coba

Tikal

Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City

Author: David L. Lentz,Nicholas P. Dunning,Vernon L. Scarborough

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107027934

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 9012

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The primary question addressed in this book focuses on how the ancient Maya in the northern Petén Basin sustained large populations during the Late Classic period.

Olmec to Aztec

Settlement Patterns in the Ancient Gulf Lowlands

Author: Barbara L. Stark,Philip J. Arnold

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816516896

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 5621

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Archaeological settlement patterns—the ways in which ancient people distributed themselves across a natural and cultural landscape—provide the central theme for this long-overdue update to our understanding of the Mexican Gulf lowlands Olmec to Aztec offers the only recent treatment of the region that considers its entire prehistory from the second millennium B.C. to A.D. 1519. The editors have assembled a distinguished group of international scholars, several of whom here provide the first widely available English-language account of ongoing research. Several studies present up-to-date syntheses of the archaeological record in their respective areas. Other chapters provide exciting new data and innovative insights into future directions in Gulf lowland archaeology. Olmec to Aztec is a crucial resource for archaeologists working in Mexico and other areas of Latin America. Its contributions help dispel long-standing misunderstandings about the prehistory of this region and also correct the sometimes overzealous manner in which cultural change within the Gulf lowlands has been attributed to external forces. This important book clearly demonstrates that the Gulf lowlands played a critical role in ancient Mesoamerica throughout the entirety of pre-Columbian history.

Supply-Side Sustainability

Author: Timothy F. H. Allen,Joseph A. Tainter,Thomas W. Hoekstra

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504071

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 5409

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While environmentalists insist that lower rates of consumption of natural resources are essential for a sustainable future, many economists dismiss the notion that resource limits act to constrain modern, creative societies. The conflict between these views tinges political debate at all levels and hinders our ability to plan for the future. Supply-Side Sustainability offers a fresh approach to this dilemma by integrating ecological and social science approaches in an interdisciplinary treatment of sustainability. Written by two ecologists and an anthropologist, this book discusses organisms, landscapes, populations, communities, biomes, the biosphere, ecosystems and energy flows, as well as patterns of sustainability and collapse in human societies, from hunter-gatherer groups to empires to today's industrial world. These diverse topics are integrated within a new framework that translates the authors' advances in hierarchy and complexity theory into a form useful to professionals in science, government, and business. The result is a much-needed blueprint for a cost-effective management regime, one that makes problem-solving efforts themselves sustainable over time. The authors demonstrate that long-term, cost-effective resource management can be achieved by managing the contexts of productive systems, rather than by managing the commodities that natural systems produce.

Ancient Maya Political Economies

Author: Marilyn A. Masson,David A. Freidel

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100817

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 6458

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Ancient Maya Political Economies examines variation in systems of economic production and exchange and how these systems supported the power networks that integrated Maya society. Using models originally developed by William L. Rathje, the authors explore core-periphery relations, the use of household analysis to reconstruct political economy, and evidence for market development. In doing so, they challenge the conventional wisdom of decentralized Maya political authority and replace it with a more complex view of the political economic foundations of Maya civilization.

Early Civilizations

Ancient Egypt in Context

Author: Bruce G. Trigger

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774243653

Category: History

Page: 158

View: 5405

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"An important scholarly contribution not only to the study of early civilizations, but also to archaeological theory. . . . It should be required reading for any course on ancient civilization." --Kathryn A. Bard, Journal of Field Archaeology

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice

Author: Michael D. Palmer,Stanley M. Burgess

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355376

Category: Religion

Page: 664

View: 5330

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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice brings together a team of distinguished scholars to provide a comprehensive and comparative account of social justice in the major religious traditions. The first publication to offer a comparative study of social justice for each of the major world religions, exploring viewpoints within Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism Offers a unique and enlightening volume for those studying religion and social justice - a crucially important subject within the history of religion, and a significant area of academic study in the field Brings together the beliefs of individual traditions in a comprehensive, explanatory, and informative style All essays are newly-commissioned and written by eminent scholars in the field Benefits from a distinctive four-part organization, with sections on major religions; religious movements and themes; indigenous people; and issues of social justice, from colonialism to civil rights, and AIDS through to environmental concerns

Computers, Pattern, Chaos and Beauty

Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151611

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 3027

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Fractals and chaos theory lead to startling graphics in this book by a renowned scientist, inventor, and artist, who coordinates information from disparate fields. Over 275 illustrations, 29 in color.

Emergence and Change in Early Urban Societies

Author: Linda Manzanilla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306454943

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 4526

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Provides an overview of the different factors involved in the emergence and change in early urban societies in the Fourth Millennium BC. This book examines such factors as centralized storage and redistributive economies, agro-managerial models, mercantile network control, and conflict and conquest.

Ancient Maya

The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization

Author: Arthur Demarest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521533904

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 1393

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Ancient Maya comes to life in this new holistic and theoretical study.