Logic Primer

Author: Colin Allen,Michael Hand,Michael Robert Hand

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262511266

Category: Computers

Page: 191

View: 6018

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Logic Primer presents a rigorous introduction to natural deduction systems of sentential and first-order logic. Logic Primer presents a rigorous introduction to natural deduction systems of sentential and first-order logic. The text is designed to foster the student-instructor relationship. The key concepts are laid out in concise definitions and comments, with the expectation that the instructor will elaborate upon them. New to the second edition is the addition of material on the logic of identity in chapters 3 and 4. An innovative interactive Web site, consisting of a "Logic Daemon" and a "Quizmaster," encourages students to formulate their own proofs and links them to appropriate explanations in the book.

Logic Primer

Author: Elihu Carranza

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781479116379

Category: Philosophy

Page: 150

View: 4906

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Logic Primer is a classroom and laboratory for students engaged in the study of logic. From the writings of Dr. Gordon H. Clark, logic is defined as "the science of necessary inference." The Primer divides into seven chapters. Chapter 1 defines necessary basic terms to enable the reader to begin the investigation. Chapter 2 describes the four standard propositional forms, their formal properties, and methods for translating nonstandard into standard form propositions. Chapter 3 discusses immediate inferences. Chapter 4 examines the syllogism by describing its elements, valid moods and figures, and methods for determining validity. Chapter 5 introduces the student to additional valid argument forms and two important formal fallacies. Chapter 6 covers truth-table analyses of extended arguments. Chapter 7 examines informal fallacies, their classification, and the need for strict definition as a means for avoiding informal fallacies. Each chapter ends with questions for review and exercises to test the student's progress. Exercises/Answers are provided in an Appendix. A glossary of terms with corresponding chapter numbers serves as an index.

Sentence logic

Author: Paul Teller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic.

Page: 176

View: 6254

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Two-volume introduction to formal logic. Volume I presents sentence logic and Volume II covers predicate logic and metatheory. Features easy-to-understand explanations and graded exercises.

The Logic Primer

Reprinted from the Unique Original of 1672

Author: John Eliot

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Massachuset language

Page: 94

View: 6421

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Neuro-Logic

A Primer on Localization

Author: Phillip L. Pearl, MD,Helene Emsellem, MD

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 1620700417

Category: Medical

Page: 155

View: 8221

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NEURO-LOGIC is a foundational text about localization in the nervous system-the fundamental skill of clinical neurology. Written in an easily understandable and entertaining expanded outline format, the book integrates basic neuroscience information, the art of neurological examination, and disease-based knowledge. Over 95 crystal-clear illustrations illuminate topography, anatomic relationships, and clinical concepts. The material in this book is field-tested, and evolved from a syllabus the authors developed over many years of teaching introductory neurology to medical students. With a logical approach to the nervous system, the book takes readers step-by-step from the basics of the cerebral hemispheres and Brodmann areas to complex details about brainstem stroke syndromes, basal ganglia pathways, and brachial/lumbosacral plexi. It also contains a neuropsychiatry section exploring the relationship of frontal lobes and psychiatric disorders, and includes a section on special applications covering coma, epilepsy, movement, vertigo, cord compression, and autonomics. Written by renowned neurological educators, this concise primer will serve students throughout medical school rotations, post-graduate residency training, and medical practice during the lifelong learning task of evaluating patients with neurological problems. It is also a useful aid for neurology residents for reviewing the basics or preparing for their Residency In Service Training Exam (RITE), and for clinicians in related specialties who want to sharpen their neurological acumen. Key Features of NEURO-LOGIC: Teaches the fundamentals of localization and how to apply examination findings to sound clinical reasoning Written in a clear, accessible outline format that reflects how neurologists think Presents a logical approach to localization of lesions in the nervous system based on knowledge of neuroanatomy and clinical concepts Includes over 95 original drawings that make localization understandable

Digital Electronics: A Primer

Introductory Logic Circuit Design

Author: Mark Nixon

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783264926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 3940

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This practical introduction explains exactly how digital circuits are designed, from the basic circuit to the advanced system. It covers combinational logic circuits, which collect logic signals, to sequential logic circuits, which embody time and memory to progress through sequences of states. The primer also highlights digital arithmetic and the integrated circuits that implement the logic functions. Based on the author's extensive experience in teaching digital electronics to undergraduates, the book translates theory directly into practice and presents the essential information in a compact, digestible style. Worked problems and examples are accompanied by abbreviated solutions, with demonstrations to ensure that the design material and the circuits' operation are fully understood. This is essential reading for any electronic or electrical engineering student new to digital electronics and requiring a succinct yet comprehensive introduction.

An Introduction to Formal Logic

Author: Peter Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521008044

Category: Mathematics

Page: 357

View: 7420

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Formal logic provides us with a powerful set of techniques for criticizing some arguments and showing others to be valid. These techniques are relevant to all of us with an interest in being skilful and accurate reasoners. In this highly accessible book, Peter Smith presents a guide to the fundamental aims and basic elements of formal logic. He introduces the reader to the languages of propositional and predicate logic, and then develops formal systems for evaluating arguments translated into these languages, concentrating on the easily comprehensible 'tree' method. His discussion is richly illustrated with worked examples and exercises. A distinctive feature is that, alongside the formal work, there is illuminating philosophical commentary. This book will make an ideal text for a first logic course, and will provide a firm basis for further work in formal and philosophical logic.

Logic

The Laws of Truth

Author: Nicholas Jeremy Josef Smith

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691151636

Category: Philosophy

Page: 528

View: 6755

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Provides an essential introduction to classical logic.

Principles of Mathematics

A Primer

Author: Vladimir Lepetic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119131650

Category: Mathematics

Page: 672

View: 3424

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Presents a uniquely balanced approach that bridges introductory and advanced topics in modern mathematics An accessible treatment of the fundamentals of modern mathematics, Principles of Mathematics: A Primer provides a unique approach to introductory andadvanced mathematical topics. The book features six main subjects, whichcan be studied independently or in conjunction with each other including: settheory; mathematical logic; proof theory; group theory; theory of functions; andlinear algebra. The author begins with comprehensive coverage of the necessary building blocks in mathematics and emphasizes the need to think abstractly and develop an appreciation for mathematical thinking. Maintaining a useful balance of introductory coverage and mathematical rigor, Principles of Mathematics: A Primer features: Detailed explanations of important theorems and their applications Hundreds of completely solved problems throughout each chapter Numerous exercises at the end of each chapter to encourage further exploration Discussions of interesting and provocative issues that spark readers’ curiosity and facilitate a better understanding and appreciation of the field of mathematics Principles of Mathematics: A Primer is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate courses in the foundations of mathematics and mathematical logic as well as for graduate-level courses related to physics, engineering, and computer science. The book is also a useful reference for readers interested in pursuing careers in mathematics and the sciences. Vladimir Lepetic, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at DePaul University. His research interests include mathematical physics, set theory, foundations of mathematics, and the philosophy of mathematics.

The Discovery of Chinese Logic

Author: Joachim Kurtz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047426843

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 7932

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This book analyzes the discovery of Chinese logic as a paradigmatic case of the epistemic shifts that have shaped interpretations of China’s intellectual heritage. Reconstructing the transcultural genealogy of a modern discourse, it adds a neglected chapter to the global history of philosophy.

A Primer of Probability Logic

Author: Ernest Wilcox Adams

Publisher: Stanford Univ Center for the Study

ISBN: 9781575860664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 5949

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This book is meant to be a primer, that is an introduction, to probability logic, a subject that appears to be in its infancy. Probability logic is a subject envisioned by Hans Reichenbach and largely created by Adams. It treats conditionals as bearers of conditional probabilities and discusses an appropriate sense of validity for arguments such conditionals, as well as ordinary statements as premises. This is a clear well written text on the subject of probability logic, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduates, but also of interest to professional philosophers. There are well thought out exercises, and a number of advanced topics treated in appendices, while some are brought up in exercises and some are alluded to only in footnotes. By this means it is hoped that the reader will at least be made aware of most of the important ramifications of the subject and its tie-ins with current research, and will have some indications concerning recent and relevant literature.

The Logic Book

Author: Merrie Bergmann,James Moor,Jack Nelson

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077578333

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7328

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The Logic Book is a leading text for symbolic logic courses that presents all concepts and techniques with clear, comprehensive explanations. There is a wealth of carefully constructed examples throughout the text, and its flexible organization places materials within largely self-contained chapters that allow instructors the freedom to cover the topics they want, in the order they choose.

An Introduction to Formal Logic

Author: Peter Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521008044

Category: Mathematics

Page: 357

View: 8466

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Formal logic provides us with a powerful set of techniques for criticizing some arguments and showing others to be valid. These techniques are relevant to all of us with an interest in being skilful and accurate reasoners. In this highly accessible book, Peter Smith presents a guide to the fundamental aims and basic elements of formal logic. He introduces the reader to the languages of propositional and predicate logic, and then develops formal systems for evaluating arguments translated into these languages, concentrating on the easily comprehensible 'tree' method. His discussion is richly illustrated with worked examples and exercises. A distinctive feature is that, alongside the formal work, there is illuminating philosophical commentary. This book will make an ideal text for a first logic course, and will provide a firm basis for further work in formal and philosophical logic.

Being Logical

A Guide to Good Thinking

Author: D.Q. McInerny

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781588363770

Category: Reference

Page: 160

View: 9304

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Whether regarded as a science, an art, or a skill–and it can properly be regarded as all three–logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze, argue, and communicate. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. In this concise, crisply readable book, distinguished professor D. Q. McInerny offers an indispensable guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. Written explicitly for the layperson, McInerny’s Being Logical promises to take its place beside Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style as a classic of lucid, invaluable advice. As McInerny notes, logic is a deep, wide, and wonderfully varied field, with a bearing on every aspect of our intellectual life. A mastery of logic begins with an understanding of right reasoning–and encompasses a grasp of the close kinship between logical thought and logical expression, a knowledge of the basic terms of argument, and a familiarity with the pitfalls of illogical thinking. Accordingly, McInerny structures his book in a series of brief, penetrating chapters that build on one another to form a unified and coherent introduction to clear and effective reasoning. At the heart of the book is a brilliant consideration of argument–how an argument is founded and elaborated, how it differs from other forms of intellectual discourse, and how it critically embodies the elements of logic. McInerny teases out the subtleties and complexities of premises and conclusions, differentiates statements of fact from statements of value, and discusses the principles and uses of every major type of argument, from the syllogistic to the conditional. In addition, he provides an incisive look at illogical thinking and explains how to recognize and avoid the most common errors of logic. Elegant, pithy, and precise, Being Logical breaks logic down to its essentials through clear analysis, accessible examples, and focused insights. Whether you are a student or a teacher, a professional sharpening your career skills or an amateur devoted to the fine points of thought and expression, you are sure to find this brief guide to effecting reasoning both fascinating and illuminating.