Introduction to Logic

and to the Methodology of Deductive Sciences

Author: Alfred Tarski

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

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This classic undergraduate treatment examines the deductive method in its first part and explores applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories in its second part. Exercises appear throughout.

Quantum Theory: Concepts and Methods

Author: A. Peres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471205

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 9710

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There are many excellent books on quantum theory from which one can learn to compute energy levels, transition rates, cross sections, etc. The theoretical rules given in these books are routinely used by physicists to compute observable quantities. Their predictions can then be compared with experimental data. There is no fundamental disagreement among physicists on how to use the theory for these practical purposes. However, there are profound differences in their opinions on the ontological meaning of quantum theory. The purpose of this book is to clarify the conceptual meaning of quantum theory, and to explain some of the mathematical methods which it utilizes. This text is not concerned with specialized topics such as atomic structure, or strong or weak interactions, but with the very foundations of the theory. This is not, however, a book on the philosophy of science. The approach is pragmatic and strictly instrumentalist. This attitude will undoubtedly antagonize some readers, but it has its own logic: quantum phenomena do not occur in a Hilbert space, they occur in a laboratory.

More Precisely

The Math You Need to Do Philosophy

Author: Eric Steinhart

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781770480094

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

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More Precisely provides a rigorous and engaging introduction to the mathematics necessary to do philosophy. It is impossible to fully understand much of the most important work in contemporary philosophy without a basic grasp of set theory, functions, probability, modality and infinity. Until now, this knowledge was difficult to acquire. Professors had to provide custom handouts to their classes, while students struggled through math texts searching for insight. More Precisely fills this key gap. Eric Steinhart provides lucid explanations of the basic mathematical concepts and sets out most commonly used notational conventions. Furthermore, he demonstrates how mathematics applies to many fundamental issues in branches of philosophy such as metaphysics, philosophy of language, epistemology, and ethics.

Norms, Values, and Society

Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401724547

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 4441

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Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science IX

Author: D. Prawitz,B. Skyrms,D. Westerståhl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080544959

Category: Mathematics

Page: 988

View: 872

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This volume is the product of the Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and contains the text of most of the invited lectures. Divided into 15 sections, the book covers a wide range of different issues. The reader is given the opportunity to learn about the latest thinking in relevant areas other than those in which they themselves may normally specialise.

Logic

The Laws of Truth

Author: Nicholas Jeremy Josef Smith

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691151636

Category: Philosophy

Page: 528

View: 3812

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Provides an essential introduction to classical logic.

Ethical Argumentation

Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739141380

Category: Philosophy

Page: 311

View: 8062

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Bridging the gap between applied ethics and ethical theory, Ethical Argumentation draws on recent research in argumentation theory to develop a more realistic model of how ethical justification actually works. Douglas Walton presents a new model of ethical argumentation in which ethical justification is analyzed as a defeasible form of argumentation considered in a balanced dialogue. Walton's new model employs techniques such as: asking the appropriate critical questions, probing accepted values, finding nonexplicit assumptions in an ethical argument, and deconstructing emotive terms and persuasive definitions. This book will be of significant interest to scholars and advanced students in applied ethics and theory.

Precision, Language and Logic

Author: F. H. George

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483145433

Category: Philosophy

Page: 228

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Precision, Language and Logic is a three-part book that first presents ideas in basic logic and clear thinking. Part II is concerned with the application of logic and other methods of precision to everyday discourse and also to the sciences and other disciplines such as law and economics. The last part of the book discusses a formalization of the sciences. This book will be useful as a text to guide people in the main ingredients of clear thinking and logical discussion.

The Logic Book

Author: Merrie Bergmann,James Moor,Jack Nelson

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077578333

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4625

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The Logic Book is a leading text for symbolic logic courses that presents all concepts and techniques with clear, comprehensive explanations. There is a wealth of carefully constructed examples throughout the text, and its flexible organization places materials within largely self-contained chapters that allow instructors the freedom to cover the topics they want, in the order they choose.

Introduction to Statistics

Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis

Author: Howard M. Reid

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324281

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 8122

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Using a truly accessible and reader-friendly approach, Introduction to Statistics: Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis, by Howard M. Reid, redefines the way statistics can be taught and learned. Unlike other books that merely focus on procedures, Reid’s approach balances development of critical thinking skills with application of those skills to contemporary statistical analysis. He goes beyond simply presenting techniques by focusing on the key concepts readers need to master in order to ensure their long-term success. Indeed, this exciting new book offers the perfect foundation upon which readers can build as their studies and careers progress to more advanced forms of statistics. Keeping computational challenges to a minimum, Reid shows readers not only how to conduct a variety of commonly used statistical procedures, but also when each procedure should be utilized and how they are related. Following a review of descriptive statistics, he begins his discussion of inferential statistics with a two-chapter examination of the Chi Square test to introduce students to hypothesis testing, the importance of determining effect size, and the need for post hoc tests. When more complex procedures related to interval/ratio data are covered, students already have a solid understanding of the foundational concepts involved. Exploring challenging topics in an engaging and easy-to-follow manner, Reid builds concepts logically and supports learning through robust pedagogical tools, the use of SPSS, numerous examples, historical quotations, insightful questions, and helpful progress checks.

Story Logic and the Craft of Fiction

Author: Catherine Brady

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137037202

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 7095

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This book illuminates how technique serves 'story logic,' the particular way fiction makes meaning. Writers raid the cupboard of theory looking for what works, and generic rules don't account for the rich variety of strategies they employ. For writers who are past the beginner stage, Brady offers a closer look at craft fundamentals, including plot, characterization, patterns of imagery, and style. The lively, lucid discussion draws on vivid examples from classic and contemporary fiction, ranging from George Eliot and William Faulkner to Haruki Murakami and Toni Morrison. Because it supplies the analytical tools needed to read as a writer, this text will enrich the reader's approach to any work of fiction, energizing discussion in a workshop or craft course.

Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

Author: Merrilee H. Salmon

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133711642

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 3389

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Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the subsequent sections on deductive logic and fallacies. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in critical thinking. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Just Enough Programming Logic and Design

Author: Joyce Farrell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111825955

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 2520

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Find exactly what you need to introduce your students to the fundamentals of programming logic with Farrell's direct, efficient JUST ENOUGH PROGRAMMING LOGIC AND DESIGN, 2E. This unique, language-independent approach to logic provides seven chapters focused on key programming and logic content in a concise format that helps readers progress through the subject matter quickly. Students study introductory concepts, structure, decision-making, looping, array manipulation, and calling methods as well as an introduction to object-oriented programming. Everyday examples and clear explanations in this edition's streamlined presentation make this a perfect choice for students with no prior programming experience. Twenty-five brief new videos from the author expand upon and clarify topics, while new Debugging Exercises and a wealth of review and programming exercises in each chapter help students hone their coding and programming skills. Use this concise approach alone or as a companion text in any programming language course. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit

The Idealistic Logic of Modern Theology

Author: Gary Dorrien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355899

Category: Religion

Page: 616

View: 8152

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Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought-provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant's writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant's three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others - moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner

Elements of Social and Political Philosophy

Author: Jan J.T. Srzednicki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401013535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 189

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The general purpose of this book differs from those of most of the works found traditionally in the field of political philosophy. Firstly, the present approach is in no way prescriptive or normative, as the interest centres on explication rather than an evaluative assess ment of this, that or another type of arrangement, or act. 1 It will be clear that I am in complete disagreement with Gewirth when he claims that "The central concern of political philosophy is the moral evaluation of political power. " It seems obvious that the under standing of political and social forms of life, and a fortiori of political power, must come before its evaluation. This cannot be provided by moral assessment alone. Thus an analytical or explicative approach which promotes such understanding must come first, and must be the "central concern" of the appropriate philosophical discipline. This is not to say that moral assessment is illegitimate, nor even that it cannot be one of the concerns of political philosophy, but it is to deny that it can be central, even though it might be somebody's central interest. To the extent to which this book is successful it will provide an argu mentin my favour - if the job can be done, obviously it is of primary importance. But we should not assume that it cannot be done unless we can show that there is no separate sphere of political and/or social phenomena.

Meaning and method

prolegomena to a scientific philosophy of religion and a scientific theology

Author: Anders Nygren

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 412

View: 8381

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