LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications

Author: Pinliang Dong,Qi Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351233335

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 5261

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LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a remote sensing technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser and analyzing the reflected light. This book introduces the fundamentals of LiDAR remote sensing, LiDAR data processing and analysis methods and applications of LiDAR in forestry and vegetation mapping, urban environments, and geosciences. It includes 11 hands-on projects with step-by-step instructions and many up-to-date studies, and can be used as a textbook or reference in fields related to those listed above

Geofernerkundung

Grundlagen und Anwendungen

Author: Friedrich Kühn,Bernhard Hörig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642578292

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 8609

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Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery

Techniques and Applications

Author: Xiaojun Yang,Jonathan Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987459X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 8344

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Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery: Techniques and Applications reviews some of the latest developments in remote sensing and information extraction techniques applicable to topographic and thematic mapping. Providing an interdisciplinary perspective, leading experts from around the world have contributed chapters examining state-of-the-art techniques as well as widely used methods. The book covers a broad range of topics including photogrammetric mapping and LiDAR remote sensing for generating high quality topographic products, global digital elevation models, current methods for shoreline mapping, and the identification and classification of residential buildings. Contributors also showcase cutting-edge developments for environmental and ecological mapping, including assessment of urbanization patterns, mapping vegetation cover, monitoring invasive species, and mapping marine oil spills—crucial for monitoring this significant environmental hazard. The authors exemplify the information presented in this text with case studies from around the world. Examples include: Envisat/ERS-2 images used to generate digital elevation models over northern Alaska In situ radiometric observations and MERIS images employed to retrieve chlorophyll a concentration in inland waters in Australia ERS-1/2 SAR images utilized to map spatiotemporal deformation in the southwestern United States Aerospace sensors and related information extraction techniques that support various mapping applications have recently garnered more attention due to the advances in remote sensing theories and technologies. This book brings together top researchers in the field, providing a state-of-the-art review of some of the latest advancements in remote sensing and mapping technologies.

The Application of Airborne Lidar Data in the Modelling of 3D Urban Landscape Ecology

Author: Ziyue Chen

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443857602

Category:

Page: 205

View: 9379

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Compared with traditional remote sensing technologies, airborne Lidar data can provide researchers with additional 3D positional information, which is a key factor for advanced urban research, and particularly that of urban landscape ecology. Therefore, the need for applying Lidar data to a variety of disciplines is rapidly growing. However, the lack of remote sensing background makes the wider use of Lidar data highly difficult for scholars from other disciplines. In contrast to the majority of Lidar-related books that focus on sophisticated principles and general applications of Lidar data, this book provides the reader with a feasible framework for applying airborne Lidar data to urban research. In addition to providing a general introduction to the subject, this book explains in detail a series of case studies to demonstrate how these theoretical models can be employed to address practical urban issues. As such, this book not only provides Lidar scholars with a series of specifically designed research methods, but will also serve to inspire scholars from other disciplines, such as geographers, urban planners, ecologists, and decision-makers, with a complete framework of potential application fields.

Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing

Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Qihao Weng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420091816

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 610

View: 1318

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Generating a satisfactory classification image from remote sensing data is not a straightforward task. Many factors contribute to this difficulty including the characteristics of a study area, availability of suitable remote sensing data, ancillary and ground reference data, proper use of variables and classification algorithms, and the analyst’s experience. An authoritative text, Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing: Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications compiles comprehensive review articles to examine the developments in concepts, methods, techniques, and applications as well as focused articles and case studies on the latest on a particular topic. Divided into four sections, the first deals with various sensors, systems, or sensing operations using different regions of wavelengths. Drawing on the data and lessons learned from the U.S. Landsat remote sensing programs, it reviews key concepts, methods, and practical uses of particular sensors/sensing systems. Section II presents new developments in algorithms and techniques, specifically in image preprocessing, thematic information extraction, and digital change detection. It gives correction algorithms for hyperspectral, thermal, and multispectral sensors, discusses the combined method for performing topographic and atmospheric corrections, and provides examples of correcting non-standard atmospheric conditions, including haze, cirrus, and cloud shadow. Section III focuses on remote sensing of vegetation and related features of the Earth’s surface. It reviews advancements in the remote sensing of ecosystem structure, process, and function, and notes important trade-offs and compromises in characterizing ecosystems from space related to spatial, spectral, and temporal resolutions of the imaging sensors. It discusses the mismatch between leaf-level and species-level ecological variables and satellite spatial resolutions and the resulting difficulties in validating satellite-derived products. Finally, Section IV examines developments in the remote sensing of air, water, and other terrestrial features, reviews MODIS algorithms for aerosol retrieval at both global and local scales, and demonstrates the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness (AOT). This section rounds out coverage with a look at remote sensing approaches to measure the urban environment and examines the most important concepts and recent research.

Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies for Coastal Ecosystem Assessment and Management

Author: Xiaojun Yang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540881832

Category: Science

Page: 561

View: 4562

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In this landmark publication, leading experts detail how remote sensing and related geospatial technologies can be used for coastal ecosystem assessment and management. This book is divided into three major parts. In the first part several conceptual and technical issues of applying remote sensing and geospatial technologies in the coastal environment are examined. The second part showcases some of the latest developments in the use of remote sensing and geospatial technologies when characterizing coastal waters, submerged aquatic vegetation, benthic habitats, shorelines, coastal wetlands and watersheds. Finally, the last part demonstrates a watershed-wide synthetic approach that links upstream stressors with downstream responses for integrated coastal ecosystem assessment and management.

Lidar

Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere

Author: Claus Weitkamp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 0387251014

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 3225

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Written by leading experts in optical radar, or lidar, this book brings all the recent practices up-to-date. With a Foreword by one of the founding fathers in the area. Its broad cross-disciplinary scope should appeal to scientists ranging from the view of optical sciences to environmental engineers. Optical remote sensing has matured to become a lead method for cross-disciplinary research. This new multi-authored book reviews the state-of-the-art in a readable monograph.

Remote Sensing and GIS Integration: Theories, Methods, and Applications

Theory, Methods, and Applications

Author: Qihao Weng

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071606548

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 4355

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Maximize a geographical information tool by incorporating it with up-to-date remotely sensed data GIS is predominantly a data-handling technology, while remote sensing is a data retrieval and analysis technology. This book addresses the need to combine remotely sensed data with cartographic, socioeconomic, and environmental data and GIS functionalities. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration begins with theoretical discussions, followed by a series of application areas in urban and environmental studies that employ the integration of remote sensing and GIS. Each application area is examined through analysis of state-of-the-art methods and detailed presentations of one or more case studies.

Handbook on Advances in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems

Paradigms and Applications in Forest Landscape Modeling

Author: Margarita N. Favorskaya,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523082

Category: Computers

Page: 415

View: 551

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This book presents the latest advances in remote-sensing and geographic information systems and applications. It is divided into four parts, focusing on Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) and Optical Measurements of Forests; Individual Tree Modelling; Landscape Scene Modelling; and Forest Eco-system Modelling. Given the scope of its coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for students, researchers, practitioners, and educators interested in remote sensing and geographic information systems and applications.

Advanced Remote Sensing

Terrestrial Information Extraction and Applications

Author: Shunlin Liang,Xiaowen Li,Jindi Wang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123859549

Category: Science

Page: 799

View: 7869

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Advanced Remote Sensing is an application-based reference that provides a single source of mathematical concepts necessary for remote sensing data gathering and assimilation. It presents state-of-the-art techniques for estimating land surface variables from a variety of data types, including optical sensors such as RADAR and LIDAR. Scientists in a number of different fields including geography, geology, atmospheric science, environmental science, planetary science and ecology will have access to critically-important data extraction techniques and their virtually unlimited applications. While rigorous enough for the most experienced of scientists, the techniques are well designed and integrated, making the book's content intuitive, clearly presented, and practical in its implementation. * Comprehensive overview of various practical methods and algorithms * Detailed description of the principles and procedures of the state-of-the-art algorithms * Real-world case studies open several chapters * More than 500 full-color figures and tables * Edited by top remote sensing experts with contributions from authors across the geosciences

Laser Remote Sensing

Author: Takashi Fujii,Tetsuo Fukuchi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420030752

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 912

View: 6285

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Information on recent progress in laser remote sensor (LIDAR) technology can be found scattered throughout numerous journal articles and conference proceedings, but until now there has been no work that summarizes recent advancements and achievements in the field in a detailed format. Laser Remote Sensing provides an up-to-date, comprehensive review on LIDAR, focusing mainly on applications to current topics in atmospheric science. The scope of the book includes laser remote sensing of the atmosphere, including measurement of aerosols, water vapor, clouds, winds, trace constituents, and temperature. It also covers other interesting applications such as vegetation monitoring and altimetry. LIDAR systems described in this volume include ground-based (fixed or mobile), airborne, and spaceborne (satellite-based) systems. The book emphasizes instrumentation and measurement techniques to enable the reader to understand what kind of a LIDAR system is necessary for a certain application. The individual chapters are self-contained and written by authors who are outstanding experts in each field. The book is intended for scientists, researchers, and students who have interest in the atmospheric environment and wish to learn about the measurement capabilities of state-of-the-art LIDAR systems

Fluvial Remote Sensing for Science and Management

Author: Patrice Carbonneau,Hervé Piégay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118351525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 444

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of progress in thegeneral area of fluvial remote sensing with a specific focus on itspotential contribution to river management. The book highlights arange of challenging issues by considering a range of spatial andtemporal scales with perspectives from a variety of disciplines.The book starts with an overview of the technical progress leadingto new management applications for a range of field contexts andspatial scales. Topics include colour imagery, multi-spectral andhyper-spectral imagery, video, photogrammetry and LiDAR. The bookthen discusses management applications such as targeted, networkscale, planning, land-use change modelling at catchment scales,characterisation of channel reaches (riparian vegetation,geomorphic features) in both spatial and temporal dimensions, fishhabitat assessment, flow measurement, monitoring river restorationand maintenance and, the appraisal of human perceptions ofriverscapes. Key Features: • A specific focus on management applications in a period ofincreasing demands on managers to characterize river features andtheir evolution at different spatial scales • An integration across all scales of imagery with a cleardiscussion of both ground based and airborne images • Includes a wide-range of environmental problems • Coverage of cutting-edge technology • Contributions from leading researchers in the field

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography

Author: Andrew Millington,Mark Blumler,Udo Schickhoff

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446254453

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 5533

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"A superb resource for understanding the diversity of the modern discipline of biogeography, and its history and future, especially within geography departments. I expect to refer to it often." - Professor Sally Horn, University of Tennessee "As you browse through this fine book you will be struck by the diverse topics that biogeographers investigate and the many research methods they use.... Biogeography is interdisciplinary, and a commonly-voiced concern is that one biogeographer may not readily understand another's research findings. A handbook like this is important for synthesising, situating, explaining and evaluating a large literature, and pointing the reader to informative publications." - Geographical Research "A valuable contribution in both a research and teaching context. If you are biologically trained, it provides an extensive look into the geographical tradition of biogeography, covering some topics that may be less familiar to those with an evolution/ecology background. Alternatively, if you are a geography student, researcher, or lecturer, it will provide a useful reference and will be invaluable to the non-biogeographer who suddenly has the teaching of an introductory biogeography course thrust upon them." - Adam C. Algar, Frontiers of Biogeography The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography is a manual for scoping the past, present and future of biogeography that enable readers to consider, where relevant, how similar biogeographical issues are tackled by researchers in different 'schools'. In line with the concept of all SAGE Handbooks, this is a retrospective and prospective overview of biogeography that will: Consider the main areas of biogeography researched by geographers Detail a global perspective by incorporating the work of different schools of biogeographers Ecplore the divergent evolution of biogeography as a discipline and consider how this diversity can be harnessed Examine the interdisciplinary debates that biogeographers are contributing to within geography and the biological sciences. Aimed at an international audience of research students, academics, researchers and practitioners in biogeography, the text will attract interest from environmental scientists, ecologists, biologists and geographers alike.

Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar

Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22–26 July 1996

Author: Albert Ansmann,Roland Neuber,Patrick Rairoux,Ulla Wandinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642606121

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 2742

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Lidar or laser radar, the depth-resolved remote measurement of atmospheric parameters with optical means, has become an important tool in the field of atmospheric and environmental remote sensing. In this volume the latest progress in the development of Lidar methods, experiments, and applications is described. The content is based on selected and thoroughly refereed papers presented at the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, Berlin, 22 - 26 July 1996. The book is divided into six parts which cover the topics of tropospheric aerosols and clouds, Lidar in space, wind, water vapor, troposheric trace gases and plumes, and stratospheric and mesospheric profiling. As a supplement to fundamental LIDAR textbooks this volume may serve as a guide through the blossoming field of modern Lidar techniques.

Biophysical Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing

Author: Jonathan Hanes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642250475

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 5926

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A variety of biophysical applications (e.g. leaf area index and gross primary productivity) have been derived from measurements of the Earth system obtained remotely by NASA’s MODIS sensors and other satellite platforms. In Biophysical Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing, the authors describe major applications of satellite remote sensing for studying Earth's biophysical phenomena. The focus of the book lies on the broad palette of specific applications (metrics) of biophysical activity derived using satellite remote sensing. With in-depth discussions of satellite-derived biophysical metrics that focus specifically on theory, methodology, validation, major findings, and directions of future research, this book provides an excellent resource for remote sensing specialists, ecologists, geographers, biologists, climatologists, and environmental scientists.