LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications

Author: Pinliang Dong,Qi Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351233335

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 8967

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LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a remote sensing technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser and analyzing the reflected light. This book introduces the fundamentals of LiDAR remote sensing, LiDAR data processing and analysis methods and applications of LiDAR in forestry and vegetation mapping, urban environments, and geosciences. It includes 11 hands-on projects with step-by-step instructions and many up-to-date studies, and can be used as a textbook or reference in fields related to those listed above

LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications

Author: Pinliang Dong,Qi Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351233343

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 9409

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LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a remote sensing technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser and analyzing the reflected light. This book introduces the fundamentals of LiDAR remote sensing, LiDAR data processing and analysis methods and applications of LiDAR in forestry and vegetation mapping, urban environments, and geosciences. It includes 11 hands-on projects with step-by-step instructions and many up-to-date studies, and can be used as a textbook or reference in fields related to those listed above

LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications

Author: Pinliang Dong,Qian Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482243017

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 6890

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LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a remote sensing technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser and analyzing the reflected light. This book introduces the fundamentals of LiDAR remote sensing, LiDAR data processing and analysis methods and applications of LiDAR in forestry and vegetation mapping, urban environments, and geosciences. It includes 11 hands-on projects with step-by-step instructions and many up-to-date studies, and can be used as a textbook or reference in fields related to those listed above

Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery

Techniques and Applications

Author: Xiaojun Yang,Jonathan Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987459X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

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Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery: Techniques and Applications reviews some of the latest developments in remote sensing and information extraction techniques applicable to topographic and thematic mapping. Providing an interdisciplinary perspective, leading experts from around the world have contributed chapters examining state-of-the-art techniques as well as widely used methods. The book covers a broad range of topics including photogrammetric mapping and LiDAR remote sensing for generating high quality topographic products, global digital elevation models, current methods for shoreline mapping, and the identification and classification of residential buildings. Contributors also showcase cutting-edge developments for environmental and ecological mapping, including assessment of urbanization patterns, mapping vegetation cover, monitoring invasive species, and mapping marine oil spills—crucial for monitoring this significant environmental hazard. The authors exemplify the information presented in this text with case studies from around the world. Examples include: Envisat/ERS-2 images used to generate digital elevation models over northern Alaska In situ radiometric observations and MERIS images employed to retrieve chlorophyll a concentration in inland waters in Australia ERS-1/2 SAR images utilized to map spatiotemporal deformation in the southwestern United States Aerospace sensors and related information extraction techniques that support various mapping applications have recently garnered more attention due to the advances in remote sensing theories and technologies. This book brings together top researchers in the field, providing a state-of-the-art review of some of the latest advancements in remote sensing and mapping technologies.

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Urban and Coastal Areas

Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081017677

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

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For a long time, the dynamics of urban and coastal areas have been the focus of administrators and decision makers in charge of public policy in order to better take into account anthropogenic pressure and the impact of climate change. This volume presents applications of remote sensing in urban environments and coastal zones, including the use of remote sensing in city planning (urban expansion, light pollution, air quality, etc.), observation of the properties of ocean color, the study of coastal dynamics (identifying coastlines and estimating sediment balances, etc.) and analysis of the dynamics of mangroves. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to the coastal environment and urban areas. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Clear-and-concise descriptions of modern methods of remote sensing for a variety of applications Explores the most current remote sensing techniques, with physical aspects of their measurement (theory) Presents physical principles, measurement, and data processing chapters that are provided for each technique described

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

Principles and Processing, Second Edition

Author: Jie Shan,Charles K. Toth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351650424

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 654

View: 8783

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This book provides a comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. Ranging and scanning fundamentals, and broad, contemporary analysis of airborne LiDAR systems, as well as those situated on land and in space are covered. Also discussed are data collection in terms of waveforms and their properties; error budget, quality control, and data organization; LiDAR data processing and information extraction. State-of-the-art technological developments used in filtering algorithms for digital terrain model generation are included.

Advanced Remote Sensing

Terrestrial Information Extraction and Applications

Author: Shunlin Liang,Xiaowen Li,Jindi Wang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123859549

Category: Science

Page: 799

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Advanced Remote Sensing is an application-based reference that provides a single source of mathematical concepts necessary for remote sensing data gathering and assimilation. It presents state-of-the-art techniques for estimating land surface variables from a variety of data types, including optical sensors such as RADAR and LIDAR. Scientists in a number of different fields including geography, geology, atmospheric science, environmental science, planetary science and ecology will have access to critically-important data extraction techniques and their virtually unlimited applications. While rigorous enough for the most experienced of scientists, the techniques are well designed and integrated, making the book's content intuitive, clearly presented, and practical in its implementation. * Comprehensive overview of various practical methods and algorithms * Detailed description of the principles and procedures of the state-of-the-art algorithms * Real-world case studies open several chapters * More than 500 full-color figures and tables * Edited by top remote sensing experts with contributions from authors across the geosciences

Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar

Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22–26 July 1996

Author: Albert Ansmann,Roland Neuber,Patrick Rairoux,Ulla Wandinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642606121

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 8521

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Lidar or laser radar, the depth-resolved remote measurement of atmospheric parameters with optical means, has become an important tool in the field of atmospheric and environmental remote sensing. In this volume the latest progress in the development of Lidar methods, experiments, and applications is described. The content is based on selected and thoroughly refereed papers presented at the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, Berlin, 22 - 26 July 1996. The book is divided into six parts which cover the topics of tropospheric aerosols and clouds, Lidar in space, wind, water vapor, troposheric trace gases and plumes, and stratospheric and mesospheric profiling. As a supplement to fundamental LIDAR textbooks this volume may serve as a guide through the blossoming field of modern Lidar techniques.

The Application of Airborne Lidar Data in the Modelling of 3D Urban Landscape Ecology

Author: Ziyue Chen

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443857602

Category:

Page: 205

View: 7162

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Compared with traditional remote sensing technologies, airborne Lidar data can provide researchers with additional 3D positional information, which is a key factor for advanced urban research, and particularly that of urban landscape ecology. Therefore, the need for applying Lidar data to a variety of disciplines is rapidly growing. However, the lack of remote sensing background makes the wider use of Lidar data highly difficult for scholars from other disciplines. In contrast to the majority of Lidar-related books that focus on sophisticated principles and general applications of Lidar data, this book provides the reader with a feasible framework for applying airborne Lidar data to urban research. In addition to providing a general introduction to the subject, this book explains in detail a series of case studies to demonstrate how these theoretical models can be employed to address practical urban issues. As such, this book not only provides Lidar scholars with a series of specifically designed research methods, but will also serve to inspire scholars from other disciplines, such as geographers, urban planners, ecologists, and decision-makers, with a complete framework of potential application fields.

Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces

Techniques and Methods

Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081017685

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 7680

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Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surface: Techniques and Methods brings essential coverage of the space techniques of observation on continental surfaces. The authors explore major applications and provide detailed chapters on physical principles, physics of measurement, and data processing for each technique, bringing readers up-to-date descriptions of techniques used by leading scientists in the field of remote sensing and Earth observation. Presents clear-and-concise descriptions of modern methods Explores current remote sensing techniques that include physical aspects of measurement (theory) and their applications Provides physical principles, measurement, and data processing chapters that are included for each technique described

Urban Remote Sensing

Monitoring, Synthesis and Modeling in the Urban Environment

Author: Xiaojun Yang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470979895

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 4500

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Urban Remote Sensing is designed for upper level undergraduates, graduates, researchers and practitioners, and has a clear focus on the development of remote sensing technology for monitoring, synthesis and modeling in the urban environment. It covers four major areas: the use of high-resolution satellite imagery or alternative sources of image date (such as high-resolution SAR and LIDAR) for urban feature extraction; the development of improved image processing algorithms and techniques for deriving accurate and consistent information on urban attributes from remote sensor data; the development of analytical techniques and methods for deriving indicators of socioeconomic and environmental conditions that prevail within urban landscape; and the development of remote sensing and spatial analytical techniques for urban growth simulation and predictive modeling.

Space Remote Sensing Systems

An Introduction

Author: H. S. Chen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483260070

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

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Space Remote Sensing Systems: An Introduction discusses the space remote sensing system, which is a modern high-technology field developed from earth sciences, engineering, and space systems technology for environmental protection, resource monitoring, climate prediction, weather forecasting, ocean measurement, and many other applications. This book consists of 10 chapters. Chapter 1 describes the science of the atmosphere and the earth's surface. Chapter 2 discusses spaceborne radiation collector systems, while Chapter 3 focuses on space detector and CCD systems. The passive space optical radiometer and spectrometer systems are presented in Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 6 elaborates the passive space microwave radiometer systems. Chapters 7 and 8 deliberate the active space lidar systems, active space synthetic aperture radar, and scatterometer systems. The low-earth-orbit large satellite systems and applications are covered in Chapter 9. The last chapter considers the geosynchronous-orbit large satellite systems. This publication is written for scientists, engineers, and seniors or graduate students who are interested in the field of space remote sensing systems.

Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing

Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Qihao Weng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420091816

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 610

View: 5224

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Generating a satisfactory classification image from remote sensing data is not a straightforward task. Many factors contribute to this difficulty including the characteristics of a study area, availability of suitable remote sensing data, ancillary and ground reference data, proper use of variables and classification algorithms, and the analyst’s experience. An authoritative text, Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing: Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications compiles comprehensive review articles to examine the developments in concepts, methods, techniques, and applications as well as focused articles and case studies on the latest on a particular topic. Divided into four sections, the first deals with various sensors, systems, or sensing operations using different regions of wavelengths. Drawing on the data and lessons learned from the U.S. Landsat remote sensing programs, it reviews key concepts, methods, and practical uses of particular sensors/sensing systems. Section II presents new developments in algorithms and techniques, specifically in image preprocessing, thematic information extraction, and digital change detection. It gives correction algorithms for hyperspectral, thermal, and multispectral sensors, discusses the combined method for performing topographic and atmospheric corrections, and provides examples of correcting non-standard atmospheric conditions, including haze, cirrus, and cloud shadow. Section III focuses on remote sensing of vegetation and related features of the Earth’s surface. It reviews advancements in the remote sensing of ecosystem structure, process, and function, and notes important trade-offs and compromises in characterizing ecosystems from space related to spatial, spectral, and temporal resolutions of the imaging sensors. It discusses the mismatch between leaf-level and species-level ecological variables and satellite spatial resolutions and the resulting difficulties in validating satellite-derived products. Finally, Section IV examines developments in the remote sensing of air, water, and other terrestrial features, reviews MODIS algorithms for aerosol retrieval at both global and local scales, and demonstrates the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness (AOT). This section rounds out coverage with a look at remote sensing approaches to measure the urban environment and examines the most important concepts and recent research.

Coral Reef Remote Sensing

A Guide for Mapping, Monitoring and Management

Author: James A. Goodman,Samuel J. Purkis,Stuart R. Phinn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048192927

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 2643

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Remote sensing stands as the defining technology in our ability to monitor coral reefs, as well as their biophysical properties and associated processes, at regional to global scales. With overwhelming evidence that much of Earth’s reefs are in decline, our need for large-scale, repeatable assessments of reefs has never been so great. Fortunately, the last two decades have seen a rapid expansion in the ability for remote sensing to map and monitor the coral reef ecosystem, its overlying water column, and surrounding environment. Remote sensing is now a fundamental tool for the mapping, monitoring and management of coral reef ecosystems. Remote sensing offers repeatable, quantitative assessments of habitat and environmental characteristics over spatially extensive areas. As the multi-disciplinary field of coral reef remote sensing continues to mature, results demonstrate that the techniques and capabilities continue to improve. New developments allow reef assessments and mapping to be performed with higher accuracy, across greater spatial areas, and with greater temporal frequency. The increased level of information that remote sensing now makes available also allows more complex scientific questions to be addressed. As defined for this book, remote sensing includes the vast array of geospatial data collected from land, water, ship, airborne and satellite platforms. The book is organized by technology, including: visible and infrared sensing using photographic, multispectral and hyperspectral instruments; active sensing using light detection and ranging (LiDAR); acoustic sensing using ship, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and in-water platforms; and thermal and radar instruments. Emphasis and Audience This book serves multiple roles. It offers an overview of the current state-of-the-art technologies for reef mapping, provides detailed technical information for coral reef remote sensing specialists, imparts insight on the scientific questions that can be tackled using this technology, and also includes a foundation for those new to reef remote sensing. The individual sections of the book include introductory overviews of four main types of remotely sensed data used to study coral reefs, followed by specific examples demonstrating practical applications of the different technologies being discussed. Guidelines for selecting the most appropriate sensor for particular applications are provided, including an overview of how to utilize remote sensing data as an effective tool in science and management. The text is richly illustrated with examples of each sensing technology applied to a range of scientific, monitoring and management questions in reefs around the world. As such, the book is broadly accessible to a general audience, as well as students, managers, remote sensing specialists and anyone else working with coral reef ecosystems.

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere

Author: M. Tedesco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118368851

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 6055

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The cryosphere, that region of the world where water is temporarily or permanently frozen, plays a crucial role on our planet. Recent developments in remote sensing techniques, and the acquisition of new data sets, have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of all components of the cryosphere and its processes. This book, based on contributions from 40 leading experts, offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the methods, techniques and recent advances in applications of remote sensing of the cryosphere. Examples of the topics covered include: * snow extent, depth, grain-size and impurities * surface and subsurface melting * glaciers * accumulation over the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets * ice thickness and velocities * gravimetric measurements from space * sea, lake and river ice * frozen ground and permafrost * fieldwork activities * recent and future cryosphere-oriented missions and experiments All figures are in color and provide an excellent visual accompaniment to the technical and scientific aspect of the book. Readership: Senior undergraduates, Masters and PhD Students, PostDocs and Researchers in cryosphere science and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere is the significant first volume in the new Cryosphere Science Series. This new series comprises volumes that are at the cutting edge of new research, or provide focussed interdisciplinary reviews of key aspects of the science.

Fundamentals of Electro-Optic Systems Design

Communications, Lidar, and Imaging

Author: Sherman Karp,Larry B. Stotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021391

Category: Science

Page: 302

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Presents practical electro-optical applications in the context of the fundamental principles of communication theory, thermodynamics, information theory and propagation theory. Combining systems issues with fundamentals of communications, this is an essential reference for all practising engineers and academic researchers in optical engineering.

Laser Spectroscopy VIII

Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference, Åre, Sweden, June 22–26, 1987

Author: Willy Persson,Sune Svanberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540479732

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 479

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The Eighth International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy (EICOLS '87) was held at the Sunwing Hotel in A.re, Sweden, June 22-26; 1987. Fol lowing the traditions ef its predecessors at Vail, Megeve, Jackson Lake, Rottach-Egern, Jasper Park, Interlaken and Maui the intent of EICOLS '87 was to provide a forum for active scientists to meet in an informal at mosphere to discuss recent developments in laser spectroscopy. The scenic and remote location of the conference venue greatly stimulated a lively and relaxed exchange of information and ideas. The conference was attended by 227 scientists from 20 countries includ ing Australia, Austria, Canada, the People's Republic of China, Denmark, Finland, France, the Federal Repulic of Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, the Soviet Union, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. The scientific program included 14 topical sessions with 50 invited talks, ranging in length from 20 to 40 minutes. About 70 additional in vited contributions were presented in two evening poster sessions. A third evening session included 4 oral and 18 poster post-deadline presentations.

Optical Remote Sensing of Land Surface

Techniques and Methods

Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081011849

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 5767

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The considerable progress in instrumentation and in the development of methods for the processing and analysis of data places remote sensing at the center of various international programs for the surveillance and tracking of climatic and anthropogenic changes and effects on the environment. This volume presents optical imaging and LiDAR systems: their instrumentation, physics of measurement, processing methods and data analysis. The estimation of a digital terrain model based on optical images and LiDAR data is also discussed. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in Earth observation techniques and imaging systems. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

Airborne and Terrestrial Laser Scanning

Author: George Vosselman

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: 9781439827987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 9122

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Written by a team of international experts, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning. It focuses on principles and methods and presents an integrated treatment of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning technology. After consideration of the technology and processing methods, the book turns to applications, such as engineering, forestry, cultural heritage, extraction of 3D building models, and mobile mapping. This book brings together the various facets of the subject in a coherent text that will be relevant for advanced students, academics and practitioners.