Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy

Social Classes and the Political Origins of Regimes in Interwar Europe

Author: Gregory M. Luebbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198023073

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 7810

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This work provides a sweeping historical analysis of the political development of Western Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Arguing that the evolution of most Western European nations into liberal democracies, social democracies, or fascist regimes was attributable to a discrete set of social class alliances, the author explores the origins and outcomes of the political development in the individual nations. In Britain, France, and Switzerland, countries with a unified middle class, liberal forces established political hegemony before World War I. By coopting considerable sections of the working class with reforms that weakened union movements, liberals essentially excluded the fragmented working class from the political process, remaining in power throughout the inter-war period. In countries with a strong, cohesive working class and a fractured middle class, Luebbert points out, a liberal solution was impossible. In Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Czechoslovakia, political coalitions of social democrats and the "family peasantry" emerged as a result of the First World War, leading to social democratic governments. In Italy, Spain, and Germany, on the other hand, the urban middle class united with a peasantry hostile to socialism to facilitate the rise of fascism.

The Making and Unmaking of Democracy

Lessons from History and World Politics

Author: Theodore K. Rabb,Ezra N. Suleiman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113670468X

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 6713

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First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time

Author: Ira Katznelson

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0871406608

Category: History

Page: 720

View: 2793

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“A powerful argument, swept along by Katznelson’s robust prose and the imposing scholarship that lies behind it.”—Kevin Boyle, New York Times Book Review A work that “deeply reconceptualizes the New Deal and raises countless provocative questions” (David Kennedy), Fear Itself changes the ground rules for our understanding of this pivotal era in American history. Ira Katznelson examines the New Deal through the lens of a pervasive, almost existential fear that gripped a world defined by the collapse of capitalism and the rise of competing dictatorships, as well as a fear created by the ruinous racial divisions in American society. Katznelson argues that American democracy was both saved and distorted by a Faustian collaboration that guarded racial segregation as it built a new national state to manage capitalism and assert global power. Fear Itself charts the creation of the modern American state and “how a belief in the common good gave way to a central government dominated by interest-group politics and obsessed with national security” (Louis Menand, The New Yorker).

Democratization in the Global South

The Importance of Transformative Politics

Author: K. Stokke,O. Törnquist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370047

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1822

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Given the weaknesses of mainstream democratisation since the 1980s, the authors present a cutting edge examination of dynamics of political change in the direction of more substantive democracy. While focusing on the Global South, they also draw comparisons from historical and contemporary experiences from Scandinavia.

Fascism, Liberalism, and Social Democracy in Central Europe

Past and Present

Author: Lene Bøgh Sørensen,Leslie C. Eliason

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: 9788772887197

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 2548

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The three main currents in twentieth century political thought and practice "fascism, liberalism, and social democracy", emerged not in isolation from one another, but rather as competing and conflicting ideologies connected with particular social strata in different parts of Central Europe. That historical legacy continues to exert influence on popular perceptions and the relationship of contemporary political parties in the post-communist world. This volume of essays seeks to place the forces of Neo-Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Neo-Fascism within their historical perspective and their appeal to contemporary constituencies. In addressing the left, center, and right political elements, an international group of authors presents detailed analyses of a myriad of political options, including the skinheads and Neo-Nazis of central Europe, Hungarian Social Democracy, the Civic Forum in the Czech Republic, the party system in Slovakia, the development of FPÖ in Austria, and the Radical right in the Czech Republic. Papers also document the fall and rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic, the undermining of Slovak democracy, and Austrian Social Democracy before and after 1945. Concluding articles reflect on the limitations of Liberalism in Hungary and the ideology and role of socialist parties in the post-socialist milieu of Eastern-Central Europe. This book will be invaluable in providing the historical environment with an understanding of a vibrant, sometimes turbulent political arena.

Politik und Wissenschaft

50 Jahre Politikwissenschaft in Marburg

Author: Wolfgang Hecker,Joachim Klein,Hans Karl Rupp

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825854416

Category: Marburg (Germany)

Page: 444

View: 6337

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Forward to the Past?

Continuity and Change in Political Development in Hungary, Austria, and the Czech and Slovak Republics

Author: Lene Bøgh Sørensen,Leslie C. Eliason

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 8701

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These eleven essays by historians, political scientists, sociologists and anthropologists establish a foundation for appreciating the political history of Central Europe. By examining the political landscape in each country, the contributors aim to evoke the legacy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and bridge the gap between the two extreme images of Central European history. Specific topics presented include: the lost dimensions of social movements and classes; the relationship between the concepts of "nation" and "state"; Austrian democracy; party system development; the myth of Czech liberalism; the Sudeten-German problem; Slovak politics; the regime change in Hungary; and the relationship between democracy and organised interests. By focusing on the consequences of past regime types, social structures and cultural contexts for democractic development, this volume presents a significant base from which future scholars can proceed on a country-by-country analysis.

History in Dispute: Twentieth-century European social and political movements. Second series

Author: Benjamin Frankel

Publisher: St James Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6081

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Addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. This volume covers twentieth-century European social and political movements. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of events only summarized in history texts, helps stimulate critical thinking and provides ideas for papers and assignments.

Democratization in Eastern and Western Europe

Author: Frederick D. Weil,Jeffrey Huffman,Mary Gautier

Publisher: JAI Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 867

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Provides research on democracy and society, discussing such topics as: reformed churches and the fall of communism in Hungary and Romania; the Polish conflict of the 1980s as a challenge to systemic transformations; and nationalism and democracy in England, France and Russia.

Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences

Author: James Mahoney,Dietrich Rueschemeyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107717558

Category: Political Science

Page: 468

View: 5244

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This book systematically investigates the past accomplishments and future agendas of contemporary comparative-historical analysis. Its core essays explore three major issues: the accumulation of knowledge in the field over the past three decades, the analytic tools used to study temporal process and historical patterns, and the methodologies available for making inferences and for building theories. The introductory and concluding essays situate the field as a whole by comparing it to alternative approaches within the social sciences. Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences will serve as an invaluable resource for scholars in the field, and it will represent a challenge to many other social scientists - especially those who have raised skeptical concerns about comparative-historical analysis in the past.