Laughter Out of Place

Race, Class, Violence, and Sexuality in a Rio Shantytown

Author: Donna Goldstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520955412

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 7091

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Donna M. Goldstein presents a hard-hitting critique of urban poverty and violence and challenges much of what we think we know about the "culture of poverty" in this compelling read. Drawing on more than a decade of experience in Brazil, Goldstein provides an intimate portrait of everyday life among the women of the favelas, or urban shantytowns in Rio de Janeiro, who cope with unbearable suffering, violence and social abandonment. The book offers a clear-eyed view of socially conditioned misery while focusing on the creative responses—absurdist and black humor—that people generate amid daily conditions of humiliation, anger, and despair. Goldstein helps us to understand that such joking and laughter is part of an emotional aesthetic that defines the sense of frustration and anomie endemic to the political and economic desperation among residents of the shantytown.

Laughter Out of Place

Race, Class, Violence, and Sexuality in a Rio Shantytown

Author: Donna M. Goldstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520276043

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 1961

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Drawing on the author's experience in Brazil, this text provides a portrait of everyday life among the women of the favelas - a portrait that challenges much of what we think we know about the 'culture of poverty'. It helps us understand the nature of joking and laughter in the shantytown.

Laughter Out of Place

Race, Class, Violence, and Sexuality in a Rio Shantytown

Author: Donna M. Goldstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520235975

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 3623

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Annotation Drawing on more than a decade of experience in Brazil, Donna M. Goldstein provides an intimate portrait of everyday life among the women of the favelas--a portrait that challenges much of what we think we know about the "culture of poverty." Confronted with these women's absurdist and black-humored storytelling practices in the face of trauma and tragedy, Goldstein helps us to understand such joking and laughter--so disruptive of "universal" notions of normality and ethics--as part of an emotional aesthetic that defines the sense of frustration and anomie endemic to the political and economic desperation of the shantytown.

Classic Readings in Cultural Anthropology

Author: Gary Ferraro

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305177363

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 9079

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Practical and insightful, CLASSIC READINGS IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY is a concise, inexpensive, and accessible reader that presents core historical and contemporary works that have been instrumental in shaping anthropological thought and research over the past decades. Carefully edited by author Dr. Gary Ferraro, the text includes classic readings from the disciplines of cultural anthropology and linguistics. Selected from scholarly works on the basis of their enduring themes and contributions to the discipline, these eminently relevant selections enable you to further explore anthropological perspectives on such key topics as culture; language and communication; ecology and economics; marriage and family; gender; politics and social control; supernatural beliefs; and issues of culture change. By providing this wide array of classic reading on foundational topics, this book delivers an excellent introduction to the field of cultural anthropology and the contributions it makes to understanding the world around us. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Women's Health in Post-Soviet Russia

The Politics of Intervention

Author: Michele R. Rivkin-Fish

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253217677

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 7901

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"An unparalleled study of a transforming and privatizing Russian health care system, of the promises and perils of prescriptive programs for change, that points to the areas that need change in the change-makers themselves.... part of a larger story about the inherent dangers of current neoliberal economic transformations of fragile post-socialist social welfare arrangements.... "Rivkin-Fish takes the reader into a new understanding of the fragile and tense relations between state and market transitions, and into the deep and largely silent struggle for gender and health equity in Russia." —Adriana Petryna, author of Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl In the first decade after the collapse of the Soviet Union, deteriorating public health indicators such as below-replacement fertility and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases, abortions, birth traumas, and maternal mortality raised acute anxieties about Russia's future. This study documents the efforts of global and local experts, and ordinary Russian women in St. Petersburg, to explain Russia's maternal health problems and devise reforms to solve them. Examining both official health projects and informal daily practices, Michele Rivkin-Fish draws ethnographic and theoretical insights about the contested processes of interpreting and managing neo-liberal transitions in Russia and explores the challenges of bringing anthropological insights to public health interventions for women's empowerment.

The Ghosts of Empire

Violence, Suffering and Mobility in the Transatlantic Cultural Economy of Desire

Author: Samuel Veissière

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643900805

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 8682

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Set against the background of nighttime encounters in the rough streets of Brazil's Salvador da Bahia, this experimental ethnography explores how certain transnational characters are at once co-constructed and reinvented through the legacy of conquest and the global inequalities of late capitalism. Theorizing the desires that drive these encounters as forms of colonial violence and sincere emancipatory strategies, author Samuel Veissiere's gaze travels outward across the Atlantic and the historical violence of empire, and then turns back inward to revisit the violence of his own white colonial desires. (Series: Contributions to Transnational Feminism - Vol. 3)

Intersecting Inequalities

Women and Social Policy in Peru, 1990-2000

Author: Jelke Boesten

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271036702

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 2385

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"Examines how food aid, population policies and policy against domestic violence reflected and reproduced existing inequalities based on race, class and gender in 1990s Peru"--Provided by publisher.

Deaf in Japan

Signing and the Politics of Identity

Author: Karen Nakamura

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801473562

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 6268

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A groundbreaking study of deaf identity, minority politics, and sign language, traces the history of the deaf community in Japan.

New Poverty Studies

The Ethnography of Power, Politics, and Impoverished People in the United States

Author: Judith G. Goode,Jeff Maskovsky

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814731163

Category: Social Science

Page: 494

View: 2525

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Diasporic Africa presents the most recent research on the history and experiences of people of African descent outside of the African continent. By incorporating Europe and North Africa as well as North America, Latin America, and the Caribbean, this reader shifts the discourse on the African diaspora away from its focus solely on the Americas, underscoring the fact that much of the movement of people of African descent took place in Old World contexts. This broader view allows for a more comprehensive approach to the study of the African diaspora. The volume provides an overview of African diaspora studies and features as a major concern a rigorous interrogation of "identity." Other primary themes include contributions to western civilization, from religion, music, and sports to agricultural production and medicine, as well as the way in which our understanding of the African diaspora fits into larger studies of transnational phenomena.

The Spectacular Favela

Violence in Modern Brazil

Author: Erika Mary Robb Larkins

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282760

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4314

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"This book examines the political economy of violence in the Rio de Janeiro favela of Rocinha. Based on over two years of research and residence in the community, it offers an ethnographic account of how entangled forms of violence become essential forces shaping everyday social relations in the favela. The first part of the book shows how armed actors--drug traffickers and police--use spectacle to perform power. Yet despite the prevalence of physical violence, the favela has itself become a valuable global brand, consumed in disembodied fashion through media and in embodied fashion through tourism. Exploring media and favela tourism, the second part of the book demonstrates how the social relationships that arise from ongoing favela violence have a direct relationship to the market economy"--Provided by publisher.

Chocolate and Corn Flour

History, Race, and Place in the Making of “Black” Mexico

Author: Laura A. Lewis

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: 9780822351320

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

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Located on Mexico's Pacific coast in a historically black part of the Costa Chica region, the town of San Nicolás has been identified as a center of Afromexican culture by Mexican cultural authorities, journalists, activists, and foreign anthropologists. The majority of the town's residents, however, call themselves morenos (black Indians). In Chocolate and Corn Flour, Laura A. Lewis explores the history and contemporary culture of San Nicolás, focusing on the ways that local inhabitants experience and understand race, blackness, and indigeneity, as well as on the cultural values that outsiders place on the community and its residents. Drawing on more than a decade of fieldwork, Lewis offers a richly detailed and subtle ethnography of the lives and stories of the people of San Nicolás, including community residents who have migrated to the United States. San Nicoladenses, she finds, have complex attitudes toward blackness—as a way of identifying themselves and as a racial and cultural category. They neither consider themselves part of an African diaspora nor deny their heritage. Rather, they acknowledge their hybridity and choose to identify most deeply with their community.

Standing in the Need

Culture, Comfort, and Coming Home After Katrina

Author: Katherine E. Browne

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477307397

Category: Social Science

Page: 281

View: 4726

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Standing in the Need presents an intimate account of an African American family’s ordeal after Hurricane Katrina. Before the storm struck, this family of one hundred fifty members lived in the bayou communities of St. Bernard Parish just outside New Orleans. Rooted there like the wild red iris of the coastal wetlands, the family had gathered for generations to cook and share homemade seafood meals, savor conversation, and refresh their interconnected lives. In this lively narrative, Katherine Browne weaves together voices and experiences from eight years of post-Katrina research. Her story documents the heartbreaking struggles to remake life after everyone in the family faced ruin. Cast against a recovery landscape managed by outsiders, the efforts of family members to help themselves could get no traction; outsiders undermined any sense of their control over the process. In the end, the insights of the story offer hope. Written for a broad audience and supported by an array of photographs and graphics, Standing in the Need offers readers an inside view of life at its most vulnerable.

Blind Spot

How Neoliberalism Infiltrated Global Health

Author: M.D. Salmaan Keshavjee

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 052095873X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3260

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Neoliberalism has been the defining paradigm in global health since the latter part of the twentieth century. What started as an untested and unproven theory that the creation of unfettered markets would give rise to political democracy led to policies that promoted the belief that private markets were the optimal agents for the distribution of social goods, including health care. A vivid illustration of the infiltration of neoliberal ideology into the design and implementation of development programs, this case study, set in post-Soviet Tajikistan’s remote eastern province of Badakhshan, draws on extensive ethnographic and historical material to examine a "revolving drug fund" program—used by numerous nongovernmental organizations globally to address shortages of high-quality pharmaceuticals in poor communities. Provocative, rigorous, and accessible, Blind Spot offers a cautionary tale about the forces driving decision making in health and development policy today, illustrating how the privatization of health care can have catastrophic outcomes for some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.

Global Outlaws

Crime, Money, and Power in the Contemporary World

Author: Carolyn Nordstrom

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520940636

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1193

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Carolyn Nordstrom explores the pathways of global crime in this stunning work of anthropology that has the power to change the way we think about the world. To write this book, she spent three years traveling to hot spots in Africa, Europe, Asia, and the United States investigating the dynamics of illegal trade around the world—from blood diamonds and arms to pharmaceuticals, exotica, and staples like food and oil. Global Outlaws peels away the layers of a vast economy that extends from a war orphan in Angola selling Marlboros on the street to powerful transnational networks reaching across continents and oceans. Nordstrom's extraordinary fieldwork includes interviews with scores of informants, including the smugglers, victims, power elite, and profiteers who populate these economic war zones. Her compelling investigation, showing that the sum total of extra-legal activities represents a significant part of the world's economy, provides a new framework for understanding twenty-first-century economics and economic power. Global Outlaws powerfully reveals the illusions and realities of security in all areas of transport and trade and illuminates many of the difficult ethical problems these extra-legal activities pose.

Conformity and Conflict

Readings in Cultural Anthropology

Author: James P. Spradley,David W. McCurdy

Publisher: Jill Potash

ISBN: 0205234100

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 775

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Demonstrate the nature of culture and its influence on people's lives. For over 40 years, the best-selling Conformity and Conflict has brought together original readings and cutting edge research alongside classic works as a powerful way to study human behavior and events. Its readings cover a broad range of theoretical perspectives and demonstrate basic anthropological concepts. The Fourteenth Edition incorporates successful articles from past editions and fresh ideas from the field to show fascinating perspectives on the human experience. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning - MyAnthroLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking - Articles, article introductions and review questions encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more! Engage Students - Section parts, key terms, maps, a glossary and subject index all spark student interest and illustrate the reader's main points with examples and visuals from daily life. Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier! You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor's Manual, Electronic “MyTest” Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides. Additionally, Conformity and Conflict's part introductions parallel the basic concepts taught in introductory courses – which allow the book to be used alone as a reader or in conjunction with a main text. Note: MyAnthroLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyAnthroLab, please visit www.MyAnthroLab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyAnthroLab (at no additional cost): VP ISBN-10: 0205176011/ISBN-13: 9780205176014

The Killing Consensus

Police, Organized Crime, and the Regulation of Life and Death in Urban Brazil

Author: Graham Denyer Willis

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520285700

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5872

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We hold many assumptions about police work—that it is the responsibility of the state, or that police officers are given the right to kill in the name of public safety or self-defense. But in The Killing Consensus, Graham Denyer Willis shows how in São Paulo, Brazil, killing and the arbitration of “normal” killing in the name of social order are actually conducted by two groups—the police and organized crime—both operating according to parallel logics of murder. Based on three years of ethnographic fieldwork, Willis's book traces how homicide detectives categorize two types of killing: the first resulting from “resistance” to police arrest (which is often broadly defined) and the second at the hands of a crime "family' known as the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC). Death at the hands of police happens regularly, while the PCC’s centralized control and strict moral code among criminals has also routinized killing, ironically making the city feel safer for most residents. In a fractured urban security environment, where killing mirrors patterns of inequitable urbanization and historical exclusion along class, gender, and racial lines, Denyer Willis's research finds that the city’s cyclical periods of peace and violence can best be understood through an unspoken but mutually observed consensus on the right to kill. This consensus hinges on common notions and street-level practices of who can die, where, how, and by whom, revealing an empirically distinct configuration of authority that Denyer Willis calls sovereignty by consensus.

The Primer of Humor Research

Author: Victor Raskin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198495

Category: Humor

Page: 679

View: 6227

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The book is intended to provide a definitive view of the field of humor research for both beginning and established scholars in a variety of fields who are developing an interest in humor and need to familiarize themselves with the available body of knowledge. Each chapter of the book is devoted to an important aspect of humor research or to a disciplinary approach to the field, and each is written by the leading expert or emerging scholar in that area. There are two primary motivations for the book. The positive one is to collect and summarize the impressive body of knowledge accumulated in humor research in and around Humor: The International Journal of Humor Research. The negative motivation is to prevent the embarrassment to and from the "first-timers," often established experts in their own field, who venture into humor research without any notion that there already exists a body of knowledge they need to acquire before publishing anything on the subject-unless they are in the business of reinventing the wheel and have serious doubts about its being round! The organization of the book reflects the main groups of scholars participating in the increasingly popular and high-powered humor research movement throughout the world, an 800 to 1,000-strong contingent, and growing. The chapters are organized along the same lines: History, Research Issues, Main Directions, Current Situation, Possible Future, Bibliography-and use the authors' definitive credentials not to promote an individual view, but rather to give the reader a good comprehensive and condensed view of the area.

Anthropology, Development and Modernities

Exploring Discourse, Counter-Tendencies and Violence

Author: Alberto Arce,Norman Long

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134628420

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4180

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While the diffusion of modernity and the spread of development schemes may bring prosperity, optimism and opportunity for some, for others it has brought poverty, a deterioration in quality of life and has given rise to violence. This collection brings an anthropological perspective to bear on understanding the diverse modernities we face in the contemporary world. It provides a critical review of interpretations of development and modernity, supported by rigorous case studies from regions as diverse as Guatemala, Sri Lanka, West Africa and contemporary Europe. Together, the chapters in this volume demonstrate the crucial importance of looking to ethnography for guidance in shaping development policies. Ethnography can show how people's own agency transforms, recasts and complicates the modernities they experience. The contributors argue that explanations of change framed in terms of the dominantdiscourses and institutions of modernity are inadequate, and that we give closer attention to discourses, images, beliefs and practices that run counter to these yet play a part in shaping them and giving them meaning. Anthropology, Development and Modernities deals with the realities of people's everyday lives and dilemmas. It is essential reading for students and scholars in anthropology, sociology and development studies. It should also be read by all those actively involved in development work.