Afro-Latin American Studies

An Introduction

Author: Alejandro de la Fuente,George Reid Andrews

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316832325

Category: History

Page: N.A

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Alejandro de la Fuente and George Reid Andrews offer the first systematic, book-length survey of humanities and social science scholarship on the exciting field of Afro-Latin American studies. Organized by topic, these essays synthesize and present the current state of knowledge on a broad variety of topics, including Afro-Latin American music, religions, literature, art history, political thought, social movements, legal history, environmental history, and ideologies of racial inclusion. This volume connects the region's long history of slavery to the major political, social, cultural, and economic developments of the last two centuries. Written by leading scholars in each of those topics, the volume provides an introduction to the field of Afro-Latin American studies that is not available from any other source and reflects the disciplinary and thematic richness of this emerging field.

Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature

Author: Verity Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113531425X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 950

View: 2782

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A comprehensive, encyclopedic guide to the authors, works, and topics crucial to the literature of Central and South America and the Caribbean, the Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature includes over 400 entries written by experts in the field of Latin American studies. Most entries are of 1500 words but the encyclopedia also includes survey articles of up to 10,000 words on the literature of individual countries, of the colonial period, and of ethnic minorities, including the Hispanic communities in the United States. Besides presenting and illuminating the traditional canon, the encyclopedia also stresses the contribution made by women authors and by contemporary writers. Outstanding Reference Source Outstanding Reference Book

The Ideational Approach to Populism

Concept, Theory, and Analysis

Author: Kirk Hawkins,Ryan Carlin,Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser,Levente Littvay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138716537

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

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Populism is on the rise in Europe and the Americas. Scholars increasingly understand populist forces in terms of their ideas or discourse, one that envisions a cosmic struggle between the will of the common people and a conspiring elite. In this volume, we advance populism scholarship by proposing a causal theory and methodological guidelines--a research program--based on this ideational approach. This program argues that populism exists as a set of widespread attitudes among ordinary citizens, but that these attitudes lie dormant until activated by weak democratic governance and policy failure. It offers methodological guidelines for scholars seeking to measure populist ideas and test their effects. And, to ground the program empirically, it tests this theory at multiple levels of analysis using original data on populist discourse across European and US party systems; case studies of populist forces in Europe, Latin America, and the US; survey data from Europe and Latin America; and experiments in Chile, the US, and the UK. The result is a truly systematic, comparative approach that helps answer questions about the causes and effects of populism.

Sex and Sexuality in Latin America

An Interdisciplinary Reader

Author: Daniel Balderston,Donna Guy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814712894

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

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Organized around three central themes - control and repression; the politics and culture of resistance; and sexual transgression as affirmation of marginalized identity - this intriguing collection will challenge and inform conceptions of Latin American sexuality.

Empowering Women

Land and Property Rights in Latin America

Author: Carmen Diana Deere,Magdalena León de Leal

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822972327

Category: History

Page: 486

View: 2555

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The expansion of married women's property rights was a main achievement of the first wave of feminism in Latin America. As Carmen Diana Deeere and Magdalena Leon reveal, however, the disjuncture between rights and actual ownership remains vast. This is particularly true in rural areas, where the distribution of land between men and women is highly unequal. In their pioneering, twelve-country comparative study, the authors argue that property ownership is directly related to women's bargaining power within the household and community, point out changes resulting from recent gender-progressive legislation, and identify additional areas for future reform, including inheritance rights of wives.

Handbook of Latin American Studies, No. 70

Humanities

Author: Katherine D. McCann,Tracy North

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477300466

Category: Reference

Page: 776

View: 5489

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"The one source that sets reference collections on Latin American studies apart from all other geographic areas of the world. . . . The Handbook has provided scholars interested in Latin America with a bibliographical source of a quality unavailable to scholars in most other branches of area studies."—Latin American Research Review Beginning with Number 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Studies, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of more than 140 specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research under way in specialized areas. The subject categories for Number 70 are as follows: • Art • History • Literature • Music • Philosophy: Latin American Thought

Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America

Emergence, Survival, and Fall

Author: Scott Mainwaring,Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107433630

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

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This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin America since 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical approach situated between long-term structural and cultural explanations and short-term explanations that look at the decisions of specific leaders. They focus on the political preferences of powerful actors - the degree to which they embrace democracy as an intrinsically desirable end and their policy radicalism - to explain regime outcomes. They also demonstrate that transnational forces and influences are crucial to understand regional waves of democratization. Based on extensive research into the political histories of all twenty Latin American countries, this book offers the first extended analysis of regime emergence, survival and failure for all of Latin America over a long period of time.

Making Up the Difference

Women, Beauty, and Direct Selling in Ecuador

Author: Erynn Masi de Casanova

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292723865

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 7556

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Globalization and economic restructuring have decimated formal jobs in developing countries, pushing many women into informal employment such as direct selling of cosmetics, perfume, and other personal care products as a way to “make up the difference” between household income and expenses. In Ecuador, with its persistent economic crisis and few opportunities for financially and personally rewarding work, women increasingly choose direct selling as a way to earn income by activating their social networks. While few women earn the cars and trips that are iconic prizes in the direct selling organization, many use direct selling as part of a set of household survival strategies. In this first in-depth study of a cosmetics direct selling organization in Latin America, Erynn Masi de Casanova explores women’s identities as workers, including their juggling of paid work and domestic responsibilities, their ideas about professional appearance, and their strategies for collecting money from customers. Focusing on women who work for the country’s leading direct selling organization, she offers fascinating portraits of the everyday lives of women selling personal care products in Ecuador’s largest city, Guayaquil. Addressing gender relations (including a look at men’s direct and indirect involvement), the importance of image, and the social and economic context of direct selling, Casanova challenges assumptions that this kind of flexible employment resolves women’s work/home conflicts and offers an important new perspective on women’s work in developing countries.

Being in Common

Nation, Subject, and Community in Latin American Literature and Culture

Author: Silvia Nora Rosman

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9780838755525

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 151

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Rosman persuasively demonstrates how they explore ways of being in common - the communal relation - when the notion of a common being - a totalized conception of community - is shown to be untenable. In doing so she incorporates and looks beyond her predecessors theoretical resources to urgent contemporary preoccupations with how to imagine identity in a "post-national" moment."--Jacket.

The Kingdom of Quito, 1690-1830

The State and Regional Development

Author: Kenneth J. Andrien

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894487

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 1697

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This volume examines the impact of Spanish colonialism on patterns of development in the Kingdom of Quito (modern Ecuador) from 1690 to 1830.

Sports Culture in Latin American History

Author: David M. K. Sheinin

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 0822980452

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 3190

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Perhaps no other activity is more synonymous with passion, identity, bodily ideals, and the power of place than sport. As the essays in this volume show, the function of sport as a historical and cultural marker is particularly relevant in Latin America. From the late nineteenth century to the present, the contributors reveal how sport opens a wide window into local, regional, and national histories. The essays examine the role of sport as a political vehicle, in claims to citizenship, as a source of community and ethnic pride, as a symbol of masculinity or feminism, as allegorical performance, and in many other purposes. Sports Culture in Latin American History juxtaposes analyses of better-known activities such as boxing and soccer with first peoples’ athletics in Argentina, Cholita wrestling in Bolivia, the African-influenced martial art of capoeira, Japanese Brazilian gateball, the “Art Deco” body ideal for postrevolutionary Mexican women, Jewish soccer fans in Argentina and transgressive behavior at matches, and other topics. The contributors view the local origins and adaptations of these athletic activities and their significance as insightful narrators of history and culture.

Pachakutik and the Rise and Decline of the Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement

Author: Kenneth J. Mijeski,Scott H. Beck

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0896802809

Category: Political Science

Page: 159

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One of the most important stories in Latin American studies today is the emergence of left-leaning social movements sweeping across Latin America includes the mobilization of militant indigenous politics. Formed in 1995 in Ecuador to advance the interests of a variety of people s organizations and to serve as an alternative to the country s traditional political parties, Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement (Pachakutik) is an indigenist-based movement and political party."Pachakutik and the Rise and Decline of the Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement" is an extraordinarily valuable case study that examines the birth, development, and in this case, waning of Ecuador s indigenous movement."

Women in the Latin American Development Process

Author: Christine E. Bose

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566392938

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 9718

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This interdisciplinary volume provides a historical and international framework for understanding the changing role of women in the political economy of Latin America and the Caribbean. The contributors challenge the traditional policies, goals, and effects of development, and examine such topics as colonialism and women's subordination; the links to economic, social, and political trends in North America; the gendered division of paid and unpaid work; differing economic structures, cultural and class patterns; women's organized resistance; and the relationship of gender to class, race, and ethnicity/nationality. Author note: Christine E. Bose is Associate Professor of Sociology, Women's Studies, and Latin American and Caribbean Studies at the University at Albany, SUNY. >P>Edna Acosta-Belen is Distinguished Service Professor of Latin American and Caribbean Studies and Women's Studies and the Director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies and the Director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at the University at Albany, SUNY.

Handbook of Latin American Studies Vol. 72

Humanities

Author: Katherine D. McCann

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477315606

Category: Reference

Page: 776

View: 6119

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“The one source that sets reference collections on Latin American studies apart from all other geographic areas of the world. . . . The Handbook has provided scholars interested in Latin America with a bibliographical source of a quality unavailable to scholars in most other branches of area studies.” —Latin American Research Review Beginning with Number 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Studies, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research underway in specialized areas. The subject categories for Number 72 are as follows: Art History Literature Music Special Section: Latin American Online Videos Philosophy: Latin American Thought

Privatization in Latin America

Myths and Reality

Author: Alberto Chong,Florencio Lopez de Silanes

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821383506

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 5874

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Privatization is under attack. Beginning in the 1980s, thousands of failing state-owned enterprises worldwide have been turned over to the private sector. But public opinion has turned against privatization. A large political backlash has been brewing for some time, infused by accusations of corruption, abuse of market power, and neglect of the poor. What is the real record of privatization and are the criticisms justified? 'Privatization in Latin America' evaluates the empirical evidence on privatization in a region that has witnessed an extensive decline in the state's share of production over the past 20 years. The book is a compilation of recent studies that provide a comprehensive analysis of the record of and accusations against privatization, with important recommendations for the future. Seven countries are investigated: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. This book will be vital to anyone interested in the privatization debate but especially to those involved in civil service reform, corporate governance, economic policy, finance, and anticorruption efforts. 'Privatization is important but controversial. While economists typically favor it, others are skeptical. This book provides strong scientific evidence that privatization has been beneficial for many Latin American countries, although some privatizations failed and some groups in society lost out. As usual, the devil is in the details: how privatization is carried out and what reforms accompany it are crucial to its success. The book is definitely an invaluable contribution to the privatization debate.' --Oliver Hart, Andrew E. Furer Professor of Economics, Harvard University

Clientelism in Everyday Latin American Politics

Author: Tina Hilgers

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137275987

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

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In Latin America and beyond, societies are deeply unequal, the poor are marginalized, and states face continuous fiscal shortages and real or potential political instability. In this context, democracy functions imperfectly. It intermeshes with clientelism, with the incongruous result that clientelism not only erodes but also accompanies and supplements democratic processes. Armed with evidence of these complex interactions, Clientelism in Everyday Latin American Politics improves understandings of how and why clientelism endures and why state policy is often ineffective. Political scientists and sociologists, the contributors employ ethnography, targeted interviews, case studies, within-case and regional comparison, thick descriptions, and process tracing. They write from political economy and institutionalist as well as principle-centered and agent-centered perspectives.

Latin American Democratic Transformations

Institutions, Actors, Processes

Author: William C. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405197587

Category: Political Science

Page: 381

View: 7041

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Latin American Democratic Transformations explores the manner in which Latin American societies seek to consolidate and deepen their democracies in adverse domestic and international circumstances. The contributors engage recent debates on liberal and illiberal democracy and probe the complex connections between democratic politics and neoliberal, market-oriented reforms.

Disciplinary Conquest

U.S. Scholars in South America, 1900–1945

Author: Ricardo D. Salvatore

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822374501

Category: History

Page: 344

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In Disciplinary Conquest Ricardo D. Salvatore rewrites the origin story of Latin American studies by tracing the discipline's roots back to the first half of the twentieth century. Salvatore focuses on the work of five representative U.S. scholars of South America—historian Clarence Haring, geographer Isaiah Bowman, political scientist Leo Rowe, sociologist Edward Ross, and archaeologist Hiram Bingham—to show how Latin American studies was allied with U.S. business and foreign policy interests. Diplomats, policy makers, business investors, and the American public used the knowledge these and other scholars gathered to build an informal empire that fostered the growth of U.S. economic, technological, and cultural hegemony throughout the hemisphere. Tying the drive to know South America to the specialization and rise of Latin American studies, Salvatore shows how the disciplinary conquest of South America affirmed a new mode of American imperial engagement.