Gordon R. Willey and American Archaeology

Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Jeremy A. Sabloff,William Leonard Fash

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806138053

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 9936

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Gauging the impact of one scholar's contributions to modern archaeology

Latin American Research Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 1109

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An interdisciplinary journal that publishes original research and surveys of current research on Latin America and the Caribbean.

Specialization, Exchange and Complex Societies

Author: Elizabeth M. Brumfiel,Timothy K. Earle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521321181

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 5709

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book, a comparative study of specialised production in prehistoric societies, examines approaches to specialization and exchange.

Maya Postclassic State Formation

Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers

Author: John W. Fox

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521321105

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 4738

DOWNLOAD NOW »

John Fox here offers a fresh and persuasive view of the crucial Classic-Postclassic transition that determined the shape of the later Maya state. Drawing this data from ethnographic analogy and native chronicles as well as archaeology, he identifies segmentary lineage organisation as the key to understanding both the political organisation and the long-distance migrations observed among the Quiche Maya of Guatemala and Mexico. The first part of the book traces the origins of the Quiche, Itza and Xiu to the homeland on the Mexican Gulf coast where they acquired their potent Toltec mythology and identifies early segmentary lineages that developed as a result of social forces in the frontier zone. Dr Fox then matches the known anthropological characteristics of segmentary lineages against the Mayan kinship relationships described in documents and deduced from the spatial patterning within Quiche towns and cities. His conclusion, that the inherently fissile nature of segmentary lineages caused the leapfrogging migrations of up to 500km observed amongst the Maya, offers a convincing solution to a problem that has long puzzled scholars.

Pre-Columbian Foodways

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food, Culture, and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica

Author: John Staller,Michael Carrasco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441904713

Category: Social Science

Page: 691

View: 8272

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The significance of food and feasting to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures has been extensively studied by archaeologists, anthropologists and art historians. Foodways studies have been critical to our understanding of early agriculture, political economies, and the domestication and management of plants and animals. Scholars from diverse fields have explored the symbolic complexity of food and its preparation, as well as the social importance of feasting in contemporary and historical societies. This book unites these disciplinary perspectives — from the social and biological sciences to art history and epigraphy — creating a work comprehensive in scope, which reveals our increasing understanding of the various roles of foods and cuisines in Mesoamerican cultures. The volume is organized thematically into three sections. Part 1 gives an overview of food and feasting practices as well as ancient economies in Mesoamerica. Part 2 details ethnographic, epigraphic and isotopic evidence of these practices. Finally, Part 3 presents the metaphoric value of food in Mesoamerican symbolism, ritual, and mythology. The resulting volume provides a thorough, interdisciplinary resource for understanding, food, feasting, and cultural practices in Mesoamerica.

Urbanism in the Preindustrial World

Cross-Cultural Approaches

Author: Glenn Storey

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817352465

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 5359

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A baseline study of the growth of preindustrial cities worldwide. This work employs a subset of preindustrial cities on many continents to answer questions archaeologists grapple with concerning the populating and growth of cities before industrialization. It further explores how scholars differently conceive and execute their research on the population of cities. The subject cities are in Greece, Mesoamerica, the Andes, Italy, Egypt, Africa, United States, Denmark, and China. This broad sample provides a useful framework for answers to such questions as “Why did people agglomerate into cities?” and “What population size and what age of endurance constitute a city?” The study covers more than population magnitude and population makeup, the two major frameworks of urban demography. The contributors combine their archaeological and historical expertise to reveal commonalities, as well as theoretical extrapolations and methodological approaches, at work here and outside the sample. Urbanism in the Preindustrial World is a unique study revealing the variety of factors involved in the coalescing and dispersal of populations in preindustrial times.

Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya

Author: Walter R. T. Witschey

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0759122865

Category: History

Page: 540

View: 1279

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya provides an A-to-Z overview of the ancient Maya culture from its inception to the Spanish Conquest. Exploring Maya society, celebrations, and achievements, as well as new insights into Maya culture and collapse, this is a sophisticated yet accessible introduction suitable for students and general readers.

Historical Dictionary of Mesoamerica

Author: Walter Robert Thurmond Witschey,Clifford T. Brown

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 081087167X

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6244

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Mesoamerica is one of six major areas of the world where humans independently changed their culture from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle into settled communities, cities, and civilization. In addition to China (twice), the Indus Valley, the Fertile Crescent of southwest Asia, Egypt, and Peru, Mesoamerica was home to exciting and irreversible changes in human culture called the Neolithic Revolution. The changes included domestication of plants and animals, leading to agriculture, husbandry, and eventually sedentary village life. These developments set the stage for the growth of cities, social stratification, craft specialization, warfare, writing, mathematics, and astronomy, or what we call the rise of civilization. These changes forever transformed humankind. The Historical Dictionary of Mesoamerica covers the history of Mesoamerica through a chronology, an introductory essay, an extensive bibliography, and over 900 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering the major peoples, places, ideas, and events related to Mesoamerica. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Mesoamerica."

Handbook of Latin American Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Latin America

Page: 853

View: 9458

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Contains scholarly evaluations of books and book chapters as well as conference papers and articles published worldwide in the field of Latin American studies. Covers social sciences and the humanities in alternate years.

Hieroglyphs and History at Dos Pilas

Dynastic Politics of the Classic Maya

Author: Stephen D. Houston

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 181

View: 6482

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Since their discovery by early explorers, Maya hieroglyphs have prompted much speculation. What did this complex writing system record? How was the information organized, and what themes did it emphasize? What did the script reveal about the society that produced it? After over a century of research, epigraphers have finally deciphered much of the hieroglyphs' structure, content, and chronology, thereby opening a way to understand Maya civilization in its own terms. This pioneering study uses the inscriptions and monumental art of Dos Pilas in the Peten region of Guatemala to reconstruct the history and fate of a crucial Maya-dynasty. Houston's innovative approach combines data derived from the hieroglyphs with the findings of archaeology and anthropology to provide a detailed picture of Dos Pilas' development as a dynastic center. Houston reveals that the rulers of Dos Pilas were conquerors who established and maintained a regional polity. The records of their deeds on monuments at Dos Pilas and sites nearby contain a wealth of detail that matches anything found at other major Maya centers. This information on a major Classic period (roughly A.D. 250-900) site illuminates a world of intrigue, diplomacy, warfare, and courtly life. Though the written record inscribes only the elite version of events, it amplifies much that is already known about the Classic Maya and will be of interest to historians of the region, archaeologists, anthropologists, art historians, and epigraphers.

Religion and Power

Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond

Author: Nicole Maria Brisch

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 1744

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume represents a collection of contributions presented during the Third Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond, held at the Oriental Institute, February 23-24, 2007. The purpose of this conference was to examine more closely concepts of kingship in various regions of the world and in different time periods. The study of kingship goes back to the roots of fields such as anthropology and religious studies, as well as Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology. More recently, several conferences have been held on kingship, drawing on cross-cultural comparisons. Yet the question of the divinity of the king as god has never before been examined within the framework of a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary conference. Some of the recent anthropological literature on kingship relegates this question of kings who deified themselves to the background or voices serious misgivings about the usefulness of the distinction between divine and sacred kings. Several contributors to this volume have pointed out the Western, Judeo-Christian background of our categories of the human and the divine. However, rather than abandoning the term divine kingship because of its loaded history it is more productive to examine the concept of divine kingship more closely from a new perspective in order to modify our understanding of this term and the phenomena associated with it.

Copán

the history of an ancient Maya kingdom

Author: Edward Wyllys Andrews,William Léonard Fash

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 492

View: 6896

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume collects leading scholarship on one of the most important archaeological complexes in the ancient Maya world. The authors-internationally renowned experts who participated in the long-running Cop搖 Acropolis Archaeological Project-address enduring themes in Maya archaeology. In addition to site-specific breakthroughs involving dynastic sequences, epigraphy, and chronologies, these essays explore questions of broad interest to archaeologists and other anthropologists, including state formation, architecture and space, and the relationship between history and archaeology as well as among archaeology, epigraphy, and iconography.