Information Sources in Engineering

Author: Roderick A. Macleod,Jim Corlett

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110930765

Category: Reference

Page: 703

View: 8927

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In diesem Band werden Informationsquellen aus dem Bereich Technik bewertet. Der Leser erhält nicht nur Hinweise zu primären und sekundären Quellen an die Hand, sondern es werden darüber hinaus auch Spezifika der Informationen aus allen bedeutenden Technikbereichen analysiert, einschließlich Umwelttechnik, Biotechnik, Luftfahrt und Verteidigung, Nanotechnologie, Industriedesign, Materialkunde, Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz am Arbeitsplatz, sowie Aspekte aus den Bereichen Chemie, Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Zu den vorgestellten Informationsquellen zählen gedruckte sowie in elektronischer Form vorliegende Veröffentlichungen wie Bücher, Zeitschriften, E-Zeitschriften, technische Berichte, Dissertationen, Forschungsberichte, Beiträge von Konferenzen, Versammlungen und Symposien, Patente und Patentinformationen, technische Standards, Produkte, elektronische Volltextdienste, Referat- und Indexierungsdienste, Bibliographien, Rezensionen, Internetquellen, Nachschlagewerke und Publikationen von Berufsverbänden. Ein wertvolles Hilfsmittel für Bibliothekare und Informationswissenschaftler im Bereich Technik, für nicht fachgebundene Informationsspezialisten, die in der Lage sein müssen, Informationen zu technischen Themen bereitzustellen, sowie für Studierende und Angehörige technischer Berufe.

Quantum Computation and Quantum Information

10th Anniversary Edition

Author: Michael A. Nielsen,Isaac L. Chuang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495488

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9335

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One of the most cited books in physics of all time, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information remains the best textbook in this exciting field of science. This 10th anniversary edition includes an introduction from the authors setting the work in context. This comprehensive textbook describes such remarkable effects as fast quantum algorithms, quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography and quantum error-correction. Quantum mechanics and computer science are introduced before moving on to describe what a quantum computer is, how it can be used to solve problems faster than 'classical' computers and its real-world implementation. It concludes with an in-depth treatment of quantum information. Containing a wealth of figures and exercises, this well-known textbook is ideal for courses on the subject, and will interest beginning graduate students and researchers in physics, computer science, mathematics, and electrical engineering.

Compacted Oxide Layer Formation Under Conditions of Limited Debris Retention at the Wear Interface During High Temperature Sliding Wear of Superalloys

Author: Ian Inman

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581123213

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 7351

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For many applications, including power generation, aerospace and the automobile industry, high temperature wear provides serious difficulties where two or more surfaces move or slide relative to one another. In aerospace, for example, demands for more powerful, efficient engines operating at ever higher temperatures, mean that conventional lubrication is no longer sufficient to prevent direct contact between metallic sliding surfaces, accelerating wear. However, one high temperature phenomenon observed to reduce metallic contact, and thus wear and friction, is the formation of 'glazes', essentially compacted oxide wear debris layers that sinter together to form wear resistant surfaces. This thesis studies the nature of wear encountered with four different combinations of Superalloys, slid together using a 'block-on-cylinder' configuration (Nimonic 80A and Incoloy MA956 as block / sample materials; Stellite 6 and Incoloy 800HT as cylinder / counterface materials) simulating car (automobile) engine 'valve-on-valve-seat' wear. Initially this study concentrates on the combined effects of sliding speed (either 0.314 m/s or 0.905 m/s, supplementing previous testing at 0.654 m/s) and temperature (between room temperature and 750 C) - by altering either or both of these variables, the nature of the wear process can be radically altered, encouraging or suppressing wear protective oxide or 'glaze' layer formation. Extensive characterisation is conducted of the 'glaze' layers during this study, using a wide range of tools including optical microscopy, SEM, EDX (spot, mapping and Autopoint), XRD (including Glancing Angle) and micro-hardness. On selected samples, TEM and STM show these 'glaze' layers to be nano-structured (nano-crystalline), with an estimated grain size of as little as 2 to 10 nm."

Robots and Sensor Clouds

Author: Anis Koubaa,Elhadi Shakshuki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331922168X

Category: Computers

Page: 94

View: 1476

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This book comprises four chapters that address some of the latest research in clouds robotics and sensor clouds. The first part of the book includes two chapters on cloud robotics. The first chapter introduces a novel resource allocation framework for cloud robotics and proposes a Stackelberg game model and the corresponding task oriented pricing mechanism for resource allocation. In the second chapter, the authors apply Cloud Computing for building a Cloud-Based 3D Point Cloud extractor for stereo images. Their objective is to have a dynamically scalable and applicable to near real-time scenarios.

Networks on Networks

The Physics of Geobiology and Geochemistry

Author: Allen G. Hunt,Stefano Manzoni

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681741598

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 6204

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Order from chaos is simultaneously a mantra of physics and a reality in biology. Physicist Norman Packard suggested that life developed and thrives at the edge of chaos. Questions remain, however, as to how much practical knowledge of biology can be traced to existing physical principles, and how much physics has to change in order to address the complexity of biology. Phil Anderson, a physics Nobel laureate, contributed to popularizing a new notion of the end of “reductionism.” In this view, it is necessary to abandon the quest of reducing complex behavior to known physical results, and to identify emergent behaviors and principles. In the present book, however, we have sought physical rules that can underlie the behavior of biota as well as the geochemistry of soil development. We looked for fundamental principles, such as the dominance of water flow paths with the least cumulative resistance, that could maintain their relevance across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, together with the appropriate description of solute transport associated with such flow paths. Thus, ultimately, we address both nutrient and water transport limitations of processes from chemical weathering to vascular plant growth. The physical principles guiding our effort are established in different, but related concepts and fields of research, so that in fact our book applies reductionist techniques guided by analogy. The fact that fundamental traits extend across biotic and abiotic processes, i.e., the same fluid flow rate is relevant to both, but that distinctions in topology of the connected paths lead to dramatic differences in growth rates, helps unite the study of these nominally different disciplines of geochemistry and geobiology within the same framework. It has been our goal in writing this book to share the excitement of learning, and one of the most exciting portions to us has been the ability to bring some order to the question of the extent to which soils can facilitate plant growth, and what limitations on plant sizes, metabolism, occurrence, and correlations can be formulated thereby. While we bring order to the soil constraints on growth , we also generate some uncertainties in the scaling relationships of plant growth and metabolism. Although we have made an first attempt to incorporate edaphic constraints into allometric scaling, this is but an initial foray into the forest.

Wireless Device-to-Device Communications and Networks

Author: Lingyang Song,Dusit Niyato,Zhu Han,Ekram Hossain

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107063574

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 431

View: 1356

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Enables engineers and researchers to understand the fundamentals and applications of device-to-device communications and its optimization in wireless networking.

Soccer in Sun and Shadow

Author: Eduardo H. Galeano,Mark Fried

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859844236

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 244

View: 340

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This new edition of Eduardo Galeano's riveting commentary on the history and politics of soccer includes newly written material on the 2002 World Cup, which one quarter of humanity watched.

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity

Author: Jeremy Rich,Dorothy E. Dean,Robert H. Powers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592598978

Category: Medical

Page: 422

View: 7465

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Publius Syrus stated back in 42 B.C., “You cannot put the same shoe on every foot.” (Maxim 596) Though written long before the advent of forensic science, Syrus’ maxim summarizes the theme of Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot. Put simply, the lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region. This variation is beneficial to forensic experts. Differences in the leg and foot can be used to establish individual identity. Analysis of damage to the lower limb can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. As a forensic anthropologist, I analyze cases involving decomposed, burned, m- mified, mutilated, and skeletal remains. Many of the corpses I examine are incomplete. Occasionally, I receive nothing but the legs and feet; a lower torso dragged from a river; a foot recovered in a city park; dismembered drug dealers in plastic bags; victims of bombings and airline disasters; and the dead commingled in common graves. Though the leg and foot contain much that is useful in forensic analysis, before this publication, investigators faced a twofold problem. Little research that focused on the lower extremity was available in the literature, and the existing research was published in diverse sources, making its location and synthesis a daunting task.

High Performance Computing Systems and Applications

23rd International Symposium, HPCS 2009, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, June 14-17, 2009, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Douglas J. K. Mewhort

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642126588

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 8802

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications, HPCS 2009, held in Kingston, Canada, in June 2009. The 29 revised full papers presented - fully revised to incorporate reviewers' comments and discussions at the symposium - were carefully selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on turbulence, materials and life sciences, bringing HPC to industry, computing science, mathematics, and statistics, as well as HPC systems and methods.

The Proof is in the Pudding

The Changing Nature of Mathematical Proof

Author: Steven G. Krantz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387487441

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 5891

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This text explores the many transformations that the mathematical proof has undergone from its inception to its versatile, present-day use, considering the advent of high-speed computing machines. Though there are many truths to be discovered in this book, by the end it is clear that there is no formalized approach or standard method of discovery to date. Most of the proofs are discussed in detail with figures and equations accompanying them, allowing both the professional mathematician and those less familiar with mathematics to derive the same joy from reading this book.

Automata, Languages and Programming

29th International Colloquium, ICALP 2002, Malaga, Spain, July 8-13, 2002. Proceedings

Author: Peter Widmayer,Francisco Triguero,Rafael Morales,Matthew Hennessy,Stephan Eidenbenz,Ricardo Conejo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540454659

Category: Computers

Page: 1072

View: 2672

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Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range

Author: Marie-Franc̦oise Brunet,Tom McCann,Edward R. Sobel

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1862397384

Category: Science

Page: 605

View: 9526

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The geological evolution of Central Asia commenced with the formation of a complex Precambrian–Palaeozoic orogen. Cimmerian blocks were then accreted to the southern margin in the Mesozoic, leading to tectonic reactivation of older structures and discrete episodes of basin formation. The Indian and Arabian blocks collided with Asia in the Cenozoic, leading to renewed structural reactivation, intracontinental deformation and basin development. This complex evolution resulted in the present-day setting of an elongated Tien Shan range flanked by large Mesozoic–Cenozoic sedimentary basins with smaller intramontane basins distributed within the range. This volume presents multidisciplinary results and reviews from research groups in Europe and Central Asia that focus on the western part of the Tien Shan and some of the adjacent large sedimentary basins. These works elucidate the Late Palaeozoic–Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary evolution of the area. Emphasis is given to the collision of terranes and continents and the ensuing fault reactivations. The impact of climatic changes on sedimentation is also examined.

Generating Electricity Using Photovoltaic Solar Plants in Iraq

Author: Miqdam Tariq Chaichan,Hussein A. Kazem

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319750313

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 9497

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This book focuses on solar energy and its applications in Iraq and its neighboring countries. Iraq suffers from electricity shortages and faces many challenges to meet and overcome current and future increases in electrical demand. Although Iraq relies primarily on petroleum as an energy source, many scientists agree that the future of energy efficiency and safety will rely heavily on the implementation of green and renewable energies. This book is aimed at researchers, policymakers, and students and discusses how PV systems can be successfully implemented in order to reduce dependency on fossil fuel resources. Contains case studies and examples to enhance practical application of the technologies presented; Presents actual adopted Iraqi PV projects; Explains the use and application of photovoltaic cells.