Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State

How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons

Author: Malcolm M. Feeley,Edward L. Rubin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521777346

Category: Political Science

Page: 490

View: 9222

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Investigates the role of federal judges in prison reform, and policy making in general.

The Virtual Prison

Community Custody and the Evolution of Imprisonment

Author: Julian V. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521536448

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 1046

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Analyses the effectiveness and implications of community custody for offenders and society as a whole.

Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America

Author: Jeremy Travis,Christy Visher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521849166

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 9566

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The contributors question the causes of public concern about the number of returning prisoners, the public safety consequences of prisoners returning to the community and the political and law enforcement responses to the issue.

White-Collar Crime and Criminal Careers

Author: David Weisburd,Elin Waring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521777636

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 9894

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Weisburd and Waring offer here the first detailed examination of the white-collar criminal career.

Economic Espionage and Industrial Spying

Author: Hedieh Nasheri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521543712

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 7409

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This 2005 book provides an analytic overview and assessment of the changing nature of crime in the burgeoning information society. Bringing together views from leading national and international authorities, Hedieh Nasheri explains the historical and theoretical background surrounding issues of economic espionage, trade secret theft and industrial spying and its impact on society. She looks at legislative history, the progression of electronic and corporate criminal behavior by introducing the concept of information theft and computer crimes, exploring its definition, its identification and its development within criminology. Nasheri presents an assessment of the state of economic espionage activities within a criminological context and based on that assessment addresses areas where additional action is required. The book also draws attention to a variety of issues raised by economic espionage and technological development. It draws on a variety of disciplines, including criminology, criminal justice, sociology, law and society, economics and political science.

Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199315043

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 9723

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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Crime, Punishment and Justice

Selected Articles from a Scholarly Career

Author: Ulla Bondeson

Publisher: Djoef Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 242

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This work contains a dozen articles written by Professor Ulla V. Bondeson. These articles have been selected to portray the many different research interests of Professor Bondeson's scholarly career in crime and justice. They reflect her long-standing involvement in evaluation of correctional treatment, variations in sentencing, victim costs and consequences, the interplay between criminological research and criminal policy, economic criminality, global trends in corrections, perceptions of criminal justice in Scandinavia, philosophical and public conceptions of social and legal justice, levels of punitiveness in Scandinavia, negative individual prevention, and the paradox of increasing rates of imprisonment. In addition, the book contains a curriculum vitae with a complete list of Professor Bondeson's publications.

Handbook on Prisons

Author: Yvonne Jewkes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 778

View: 1255

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This handbook provides a broad and wide-ranging account of prisons and imprisonment and represents one of the most ambitious books on the subject yet published. Through research conducted in the UK, the book conveys the reality of imprisonment, and reflects the main issues and debates surrounding prisons and prisoners, while providing new ways of thinking about familiar penal problems and enhancing our theoretical understanding of imprisonment. The book reveals the range and depth of prison scholarship, and includes research from an international comparative perspective. It includes chapters written not only by those who have established and developed prison research over the last half-century, but also by prison governors and ex-governors, prison inspectors, and others who have worked with prisoners in a wide range of professional capacities. Handbook on Prisons is a key text for students taking courses in prisons, criminal justice, penology, criminology, and related subjects, and is

Encyclopedia of Law and Society

American and Global Perspectives

Author: David S. Clark

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 1808

View: 4266

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The Encyclopedia of Law and Society is the largest comprehensive and international treatment of the law and society field. With an Advisory Board of 62 members from 20 countries and six continents, the three volumes of this state-of-the-art resource represent interdisciplinary perspectives on law from sociology, criminology, cultural anthropology, political science, social psychology, and economics. By globalizing the Encyclopedia's coverage, American and international law and society will be better understood within its historical and comparative context.

The least dangerous branch?

consequences of judicial activism

Author: Stephen Powers,Stanley Rothman,Smith College. Center for the Study of Social and Political Change

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780275975364

Category: Law

Page: 221

View: 2551

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Is the American judiciary still the "least dangerous branch," as Alexander Hamilton and legal scholar Alexander Bickel characterized it? Unlike legislatures or administrative agencies, courts do not make policy so much as direct and redirect policy as it is implemented. The judicial contribution to policymaking involves the infusion of constitutional rights into the realm of public policy, and as the government has grown, the courts have become more powerful from doing more and more of this. Powers and Rothman explore the impact of the federal courts, providing a brief account of the development of constitutional law and an overview of the judiciary's impact in six controversial areas of public policy. BLBusing BLAffirmative action BLPrison reform BLMental health reform BLProcedural reforms in law enforcement BLElectoral redistricting In each of these areas, the authors review significant cases that bear on the particular policy, exploring the social science evidence to assess the impact of the courts on policies--and the consequences of that intervention. Powers and Rothman conclude that judicial intervention in public policy has often brought about undesirable consequences, sometimes even for the intended beneficiaries of government intervention.

North American Social Report

A Comparative Study of the Quality of Life in Canada and the USA from 1964 to 1974

Author: Alex C. Michalos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400990022

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 2792

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For readers who intend to read this volume without reading the first, some in troductory remarks are in order about the scope of the work and the strategy used in all five volumes to measure the quality of life. In the frrst chapter of Volume I, I reviewed the relevant recent literature on social indicators and so cial reporting, and explained all the general difficulties involved in such work. It would be redundant to repeat that discussion here, but there are some fundamental points that are worth mentioning. Readers who fmd this account too brief should consult the longer discussion. The basic question that will be answered in this work is this: Is there a difference in the quality of life in Canada and the United States of America, and if so, in which country is it better? Alternatively, one could put the question thus: If one individual were randomly selected out of Canada and another out of the United States, would there be important qualitative differences, and if so, which one would probably be better om To simplify matters, I often use the terms Canadian' and 'American' as abbreviations for 'a randomly selected resident' of Canada or the United States, respec tively.

The American System of Criminal Justice

Author: George F. Cole,Christopher E. Smith

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534525330

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 667

View: 6493

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This book, which is intended to be used as a textbook in an introductory course in criminal justice in America, covers the criminal justice process, the police, the courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. From defining what behavior is labeled criminal to deciding the fate of offenders who are caught, the process of criminal justice is a social process subject to many influences other than written law. In introducing the study of this process, the three chapters of part one of this book provide a broad framework for analyzing how American society -- through its police, courts, and corrections -- attempts to deal with criminal behavior. The three chapters of part two examine the police as the key unit of the criminal justice system, as it confronts crime in the community. One chapter traces the history of policing and reviews its functions and organization. A second chapter explores the daily operations of the police, and the third chapter analyzes current issues and trends in policing. In part three, five chapters examine the process by which guilt is determined in accordance with the law's requirements, as well as the processes and underlying philosophies of the punishment that further separates the convicted from the acquitted. An overview of the court is followed by discussions of prosecution and defense, pretrial processes, trial and posttrial processes, and punishment and sentencing. The five chapters of part four address how the American criminal justice system deals with those who are convicted and sentenced. The chapters discuss how various influences have molded the way American society manages those who violate its laws. Topics considered include community corrections (probation and intermediate sanctions); prisons (their goals and management); prison society; and release and supervision in the community. Part five is a single chapter on the juvenile justice system. Following an overview of youth crime in the United States, the development of juvenile justice is traced, followed by a profile of the juvenile justice system and the juvenile justice process. Some juvenile justice problems and perspectives are identified, and the parameters of the debate on whether juvenile offenders should be tried as adults are outlined. Study aids are provided for each chapter.