Islam, Politics, Anthropology

Author: Filippo Osella,Benjamin Soares

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444324419

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 1956

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Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute SpecialIssue Book Series, Islam, Politics, Anthropology offerscritical reflections on past and current studies of Islam andpolitics in anthropology and charts new analytical approaches toexamining Islam in the post-9/11 world. Challenges current and past approaches to the study of Islamand Muslim politics in anthropology Offers a critical comprehensive review of past and currentliterature on the subject Presents innovative ethnographic description and analysis ofeveryday Muslim politics in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, andNorth America Proposes new analytical approaches to the study of Islam andMuslim politics

Articulating Islam: Anthropological Approaches to Muslim Worlds

Author: Magnus Marsden,Konstantinos Retsikas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400742673

Category: Religion

Page: 268

View: 8663

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This collection of arresting and innovative chapters applies the techniques of anthropology in analyzing the role played by Islam in the social lives of the world’s Muslims. The volume begins with an introduction that sets out a powerful case for a fresh approach to this kind of research, exhorting anthropologists to pause and reflect on when Islam is, and is not, a central feature of their informants’ life-worlds and identities. The chapters that follow are written by scholars with long-term, specialist research experience in Muslim societies ranging from Kenya to Pakistan and from Yemen to China: thus they explore and compare Islam’s social significance in a variety of settings that are not confined to the Middle East or South Asia alone. The authors assess how helpful current anthropological research is in shedding light on Islam’s relationship to contemporary societies. Collectively, the contributors deploy both theoretical and ethnographic analysis of key developments in the anthropology of Islam over the last 30 years, even as they extrapolate their findings to address wider debates over the anthropology of world religions more generally. Crucially, they also tackle the thorny question of how, in the current political context, anthropologists might continue conducting sensitive and nuanced work with Muslim communities. Finally, an afterword by a scholar of Christianity explores the conceptual parallels between the book’s key themes and the anthropology of world religions in a broader context. This volume has key contemporary relevance: for example, its conclusions on the fluidity of people’s relations with Islam will provide an important counterpoint to many commonly held assumptions about the incontestability of Islam in the public sphere.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion

Author: Janice Boddy,Michael Lambek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119124999

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 9001

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A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion presents a collection of original, ethnographically–informed essays that explore the variety of beliefs, practices, and religious experiences in the contemporary world and asks how to think about religion as a subject of anthropological inquiry. Presents a collection of original, ethnographically–informed essays exploring the wide variety of beliefs, practices, and religious experiences in the contemporary world Explores a broad range of topics including the perspectivism debate, the rise of religious nationalism, reflections on religion and new media, religion and politics, and ideas of self and gender in relation to religious belief Includes examples drawn from different religious traditions and from several regions of the world Features newly–commissioned articles reflecting the most up–to–date research and critical thinking in the field, written by an international team of leading scholars Adds immeasurably to our understanding of the complex relationships between religion, culture, society, and the individual in today s world

Halal Matters

Islam, Politics and Markets in Global Perspective

Author: Florence Bergeaud-Blackler,Johan Fischer,John Lever

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317597397

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 5274

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In today’s globalized world, halal (meaning ‘permissible’ or ‘lawful’) is about more than food. Politics, power and ethics all play a role in the halal industry in setting new standards for production, trade, consumption and regulation. The question of how modern halal markets are constituted is increasingly important and complex. Written from a unique interdisciplinary global perspective, this book demonstrates that as the market for halal products and services is expanding and standardizing, it is also fraught with political, social and economic contestation and difference. The discussion is illustrated by rich ethnographic case studies from a range of contexts, and consideration is given to both Muslim majority and minority societies. Halal Matters will be of interest to students and scholars working across the humanities and social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and religious studies.

Politics of Modern Muslim Subjectivities

Islam, Youth, and Social Activism in the Middle East

Author: D. Jung,M. Petersen,S. Sparre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137380659

Category: Political Science

Page: 213

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Examining modern Muslim identity constructions, the authors introduce a novel analytical framework to Islamic Studies, drawing on theories of successive modernities, sociology of religion, and poststructuralist approaches to modern subjectivity, as well as the results of extensive fieldwork in the Middle East, particularly Egypt and Jordan.

Guter Moslem, böser Moslem

Amerika und die Wurzeln des Terrors

Author: Mahmood Mamdani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783894014759

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 317

View: 898

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"Der in Uganda geborene Sohn indischer Einwanderer, heute Professor an der Columbia Universität in New York, schreibt über religiösen Fundamentalismus und seine politischen Auswirkungen. Er wendet sich gegen die Vorstellung vom "Clash of civilizations" zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen und schildert, wie die "Achse des Bösen" aus den von den US-Amerikanern geförderten antikommunistischen Stellvertreterkriegen nach der Niederlage in Vietnam entstand. In diesem Buch-protegiert von Edward Said-zeigt sich Mamdani als leidenschaftlicher Häretiker."

Muslim Politics

Author: Dale F. Eickelman,James Piscatori

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187789

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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In this updated paperback edition, Dale Eickelman and James Piscatori explore how the politics of Islam play out in the lives of Muslims throughout the world. They discuss how recent events such as September 11 and the 2003 war in Iraq have contributed to reshaping the political and religious landscape of Muslim-majority countries and Muslim communities elsewhere. As they examine the role of women in public life and Islamic perspectives on modernization and free speech, the authors probe the diversity of the contemporary Islamic experience, suggesting general trends and challenging popular Western notions of Islam as a monolithic movement. In so doing, they clarify concepts such as tradition, authority, ethnicity, pro-test, and symbolic space, notions that are crucial to an in-depth understanding of ongoing political events. This book poses questions about ideological politics in a variety of transnational and regional settings throughout the Muslim world. Europe and North America, for example, have become active Muslim centers, profoundly influencing trends in the Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, and South and Southeast Asia. The authors examine the long-term cultural and political implications of this transnational shift as an emerging generation of Muslims, often the products of secular schooling, begin to reshape politics and society--sometimes in defiance of state authorities. Scholars, mothers, government leaders, and musicians are a few of the protagonists who, invoking shared Islamic symbols, try to reconfigure the boundaries of civic debate and public life. These symbolic politics explain why political actions are recognizably Muslim, and why "Islam" makes a difference in determining the politics of a broad swath of the world.

Islam and the Politics of Secularism

The Caliphate and Middle Eastern Modernization in the Early 20th Century

Author: Nurullah Ardic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136489843

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7203

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This book examines the process of secularization in the Middle East in the late 19th and early 20th century through an analysis of the transformation and abolition of Islamic Caliphate. Focusing on debates in both the center of the Caliphate and its periphery, the author argues that the relationship between Islam and secularism was one of accommodation, rather than simply conflict and confrontation, because Islam was the single most important source of legitimation in the modernization of the Middle East. Through detailed analysis of both official documents and the writings of the intellectuals who contributed to reforms in the Empire, the author first examines the general secularization process in the Ottoman Empire from the late 18th century up to the end of the 1920s. He then presents an in-depth analysis of a crucial case of secularization: the demise of Islamic Caliphate. Drawing upon a wide range of secondary and primary sources on the Caliphate and the wider process of political modernization, he employs discourse analysis and comparative-historical methods to examine how the Caliphate was first transformed into a "spiritual" institution and then abolished in 1924 by Turkish secularists. Ardıç also demonstrates how the book’s argument is applicable to wider secularization and modernization processes in the Middle East. Deriving insights from history, anthropology, Islamic law and political science, the book will engage a critical mass of scholars interested in Middle Eastern studies, political Islam, secularization and the near-global revival of religion as well as the historians of Islam and late-Ottoman Empire, and those working in the field of historical sociology and the sociology of religion as a case study.

Methode und Wahrheit in der Islamwissenschaft

Prolegomena

Author: Marco Schöller

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447043359

Category: Religion

Page: 148

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Seit geraumer Zeit wird die Islamwissenschaft, wie die meisten Kultur- und Geisteswissenschaften, von einer Methodendebatte beherrscht. Im Zentrum dieser Debatte steht die Frage nach der Theoretizitat der islamwissenschaftlichen Forschung und ihrer Methode. Viele der ins Feld gefuhrten Modelle und theoretischen Ansatze sind allerdings kaum ins Allgemeine gewendet worden und blieben spezifischen Fragestellungen verhaftet. Dieses Buch versucht deshalb den Horizont aufzuzeigen, vor dem eine grundsatzliche Neuorientierung der Islamwissenschaft denkbar und sinnvoll erscheint.Die drei Hauptteile des Buches behandeln die weitreichenden Folgen des historistischen und positivistisch-szientifischen Denkens fur die Entwicklung und Auspragung der Orientalistik, die Problematik des interkulturellen Vergleichs und der Interdisziplinaritat, die Diskursanalyse samt anderer, verwandter Ansatze, wie z. B. Mentalitatsgeschichte und Wissenssoziologie in ihrer Bedeutung fur die zukunftige islamwissenschaftliche Forschung und die dadurch mogliche Entscharfung oder Uberwindung des oft zitierten Gegensatzes von Philologie und Sozialwissenschaft auf der Grundlage einer kulturalistisch und konstruktiv ausgerichteten Hermeneutik.

Recognizing Islam (RLE Politics of Islam)

An Anthropologist's Introduction

Author: Michael Gilsenan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134610548

Category: Reference

Page: 284

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Islam is more than a set of laws, rites and beliefs presented as a religious and social totality. As a word it covers a multitude of everyday forms and practices that are interwoven in complex, sometimes almost invisible ways in daily existence. Drawing exclusively on his own fieldwork in Egypt, South Arabia and the Lebanon, the author explores the nature of Islam and its impact on the daily lives of its followers; he shows that all the Western stereotypes of Islam and its practitioners need to be treated with considerable scepticism. He demonstrates also that the understanding of Islam is dependent on recognizing a variety of class tensions and oppositions within an Islamic society. These have become all the more crucial in recent years with the growth of a capitalist economy, in which the forms and functions of the state have expanded considerably. This study focuses on the social and cultural divisions between very different groups and classes, ranging from the working masses of Cairo to the new bourgeoisie of Algeria and Morocco. The accent of the book is on the forms and transformations of Islam within these different societies. The impact of colonialism is discussed in this context, and reformist and radical Islamic movements are analyzed in relation to shifting structures in class and society at large. First published in 1982.

Malaysia

Islam, Society and Politics

Author: Virginia Hooker,Norani Othman

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789812301611

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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This collection of essays has been prepared as a tribute to Clive S. Kessler, Professor of Sociology at the University of New South Wales for over twenty years and a member of staff of the London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, and the Barnard College, Columbia University, New York. Written by colleagues and graduate students, the essays are divided into three sections: Islam, Society and Politics. They focus on Professor Kessler's analyses of Malaysia. Each essay draws on aspects of his published research, taking his insights as points of departure for new studies. Professor Kessler's ideas and observations are thus extended, complemented and updated in ways which emphasize the depth and extent of his influence on contemporary research on Malaysia.

Islam, Politics and Youth in Malaysia

The Pop-Islamist Reinvention of PAS

Author: Dominik M. Mueller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317912985

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 2658

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Providing an ethnographic account of the Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) and its Youth Wing (Dewan Pemuda PAS), this book analyses the genesis and role of Islamic movements in terms of their engagement in mainstream politics. It explores the party’s changing approach towards popular culture and critically investigates whether the narrative of a post-Islamist turn can be applied to the PAS Youth. The book shows that in contrast to the assumption that Islamic marketization and post-Islamism are reinforcing each other, the PAS Youth has strategically appropriated and integrated Islamic consumerism to pursue a decidedly Islamist – or ‘pop-Islamist’ – political agenda. The media-savvy PAS Youth elites, which are at the forefront of implementing new outreach strategies for the party, categorically oppose tendencies of political moderation among the senior party. Instead, they are most passionately calling for the establishment of a Syariah-based Islamic oder for state and society, although these renewed calls are increasingly expressed through modern channels such as Facebook, YouTube, rock music, celebrity advertising, branded commodities and other market-driven forms of social movement mobilization. A timely and significant contribution to the literature on Islam and politics in Malaysia and beyond, this book sheds new light on widespread assumptions or even hopes of "post-Islamism". It is of interest to students and scholars of Political Religion and Southeast Asian Politics.

Conservative Islam

A Cultural Anthropology

Author: Erich Kolig

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 073917424X

Category: Religion

Page: 381

View: 9923

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Conservative Islam: A Cultural Anthropology by Erich Kolig analyzes the salient characteristics of Islam and contemporary Muslim society from the perspective of traditional cultural anthropology. By highlighting socio-cultural configurations, the universals they represent, the circumstances of their creation, and their semiotic meaning, Kolig helps the reader gain understanding of Islam in the modern world.

Islam, Law, and Equality in Indonesia

An Anthropology of Public Reasoning

Author: John Richard Bowen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521531894

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 9102

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Muslims currently struggle to reconcile radically different sets of social norms and laws (including those derived from Islam, as well as contemporary ideas about gender equality and law) in Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim-majority country. John Bowen explores their struggle through archival and ethnographic research and interviews with national religious and legal figures. His book relates to debates in any society where people struggle to live together with extreme differences in values and lifestyles and is welcomed by scholars and students in all branches of the social sciences.

Guide

A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

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Islam in an Era of Nation-States

Politics and Religious Renewal in Muslim Southeast Asia

Author: Robert W. Hefner,Patricia Horvatich

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824819576

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 1126

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Since the late 1970s, Southeast Asia's Muslim population has experienced an unprecedented religious revival. This resurgence has created a new kind of Islamic discourse, one oriented to the needs of a broad public rather than to narrow circles of religious adepts. This text examines the history, politics and meanings of this resurgence in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. It explores the implications for Southeast Asia, the larger Muslim world, and the West.

The Anthropology of Islam

Author: Gabriele Marranci

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847886205

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

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An increasing number of people have questions about Islam and Muslims. But how can we approach and study Islam after September 11th? Which is the best methodology to understand an Islam that is changing in a globalized world? The Anthropology of Islam argues that Islam today needs to be studied as a living religion through the observation of everyday Muslim life. Drawing on extensive original fieldwork, Marranci provides provocative analyses of Islam and its relation to issues such as identities, politics, culture, power and gender. The Anthropology of Islam is unprecedented in its innovative and challenging discussion about fieldwork among Muslims, and its ethnographically based interpretations of contemporary aspects of Islam in a post-September 11th society. The book will appeal to those in anthropology and beyond who see and are interested in investigating the unsettled place of Islam in our multicultural society.