Isaac Newton

Adventurer in Thought

Author: A. Rupert Hall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521566698

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 468

View: 4605


In this elegant, absorbing biography of Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Rupert Hall surveys the vast field of modern scholarship in order to interpret Newton's mathematical and experimental approach to nature. Mathematics was always the deepest, most innovative and productive of Newton's interests. However, he was also a historian, theologian, chemist, civil servant and natural philosopher. These diverse studies were unified in his single design as a Christian to explore every facet of God's creation. The exploration during the past forty years of Newton's huge manuscript legacy, has greatly altered previous stories of Newton's life, throwing new light on his personality and intellect. Hall's discussion of this research, first published in 1992, shows that Newton cannot simply be explained as a Platonist, or mystic. He remains a complex and enigmatic genius with an immensely imaginative and commonsensical mind.


Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540415312

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 2927


von Markus Fierz Isaac Newton hat in seinem langen Leben zwei Biicher ver6ffentlicht: 1687 erschien "Philo­ sophiae naturalis Principia mathematica", d. h. "Die mathematischen Grundlagen der Physik". Das Buch ist eine epochemachende Monographie der mathematischen Physik. 1704 hat Newton seine optischen Forschungsergebnisse zusammengefaBt und unter dem Titel "Opticks, or a Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light" herausgegeben. Dieses Buch ist ebenfalls epochemachend, aber es ist eine Monographie iiber Experimentalphysik. Die "Optik" umfaBt drei "Biicher", dessen erstes die Folgerungen aus Newtons Entdeckung von 1666 zieht, daB namlich das weiBe Licht aus Strahlen verschiedener Brechbarkeit besteht, die den Spektralfarben entsprechen. Newton hat seine Entdeckung am 6. Februar 1672 in einem l Briefe ) der Royal Society mitgeteiltl). Er wurde in den "Philosophical Transactions" (6, 1671/72 pg. 3075/87) abgedruckt. In der "Optik" ist die Darstellung viel ausfiihrlicher, vollstandiger und auch mehr systematisch. Diese Ausarbeitung entstand, wie Newton im Vorwort mitteilt, ca. 1687. Er hat sie also unmittelbar nach Vollendung seiner "Principia" geschrieben. Das zweite Buch behandelt Erscheinungen, die wir seit Thomas Young "Interferenzerscheinun­ gen" nennen. Die beiden ersten Teile und der dritte bis einschlieBlich Prop. VIII sind ein fast unveranderter Abdruck der Abhandlung, die Newton am 7. Dezember 1675 an Oldenburg geschickt hat. Sie wurde an fiinf Sitzungen (Dezember - Februar) in der Royal Society vorgelesen und besprochen. Newton war dabei nicht anwesend; er war in Cambridge. Die Arbeit wurde damals nicht publiziert, aber die Royal Society hat sie "registriert", und das galt als "Publikation" .

The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton:

Author: Isaac Newton,D. T. Whiteside

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521045843

Category: Mathematics

Page: 660

View: 2607


The fifth volume of this definitive edition centres around Newton's Lucasian lectures on algebra, purportedly delivered during 1673-83, and subsequently prepared for publication under the title Arithmetica Universalis many years later. Dr Whiteside first reproduces the text of the lectures deposited by Newton in the Cambridge University Library about 1684. In these much reworked, not quite finished, professional lectiones, Newton builds upon his earlier studies of the fundamentals of algebra and its application to the theory and construction of equations, developing new techniques for the factorizing of algebraic quantities and the delimitation of bounds to the number and location of roots, with a wealth of worked arithmetical, geometrical, mechanical and astronomical problems. An historical introduction traces what is known of the background to the parent manuscript and assesses the subsequent impact of the edition prepared by Whiston about 1705 and the revised version published by Newton himself in 1722. A number of minor worksheets, preliminary drafts and later augmentations buttress this primary text, throwing light upon its development and the essential untrustworthiness of its imposed marginal chronology.

Isaac Newton: Philosophical Writings

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521538480

Category: Philosophy

Page: 148

View: 8751


This volume collects together Newton's principal philosophical writings for the first time.

Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton

A Selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library, Cambridge

Author: Sir Isaac Newton,A. Rupert Hall,Marie Boas Hall

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521294362

Category: Science

Page: 415

View: 5043


First published in 1962, this volume collects together some of Newton's most important scientific papers. Chosen primarily to illustrate Newton's ideas on the nature of matter, the papers afford valuable insights into Newton's development as a scientist and his ideas of the world that science explores. The six sections are entitled: Mathematics, Mechanics, Theory of Matter, Manuscripts related to the Principia, Education and Notes. Each section has a critical introduction to set the manuscripts in perspective and to discuss their implications. English translations of the Latin documents are given.

Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy

Author: Jed Z. Buchwald,I. Bernard Cohen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262524254

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 6050


Shedding new light on the intellectual context of Newton's scientific thought, this book explores the development of his mathematical philosophy, rational mechanics, and celestial dynamics. An appendix includes the last paper written by Newton biographer Richard S. Westfall.

Sir Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520009271

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 311


I consider philosophy rather than arts and write not concerning manual but natural powers, and consider chiefly those things which relate to gravity, levity, elastic force, the resistance of fluids, and the like forces, whether attractive or impulsive; and therefore I offer this work as the mathematical principles of philosophy.In the third book I give an example of this in the explication of the System of the World. I derive from celestial phenomena the forces of gravity with which bodies tend to the sun and other planets.

Isaac Newton

Author: Mitch Stokes

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1418555290

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 192

View: 7263


In this Christian Encounter Series biography, author Mitch Stokes explores the life of Isaac Newton, the man behind the atomic theory. As an inventor, astronomer, physicist, and philosopher, Isaac Newton forever changed the way we see and understand the world. At one point, he was the world’s leading authority in mathematics, optics, and alchemy. And surprisingly he wrote more about faith and religion than on all of these subjects combined. But his single-minded focus on knowledge and discovery was a great detriment to his health. Newton suffered from fits of mania, insomnia, depression, a nervous breakdown, and even mercury poisoning. Yet from all of his suffering came great gain. Newton saw the scientific world not as a way to refute theology, but as a way to explain it. He believed that all of creation was mandated and set in motion by God and that it was simply waiting to be “discovered” by man. Because of his diligence in both scientific and biblical study, Newton had a tremendous impact on religious thought that is still evident today.

Isaac Newton

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322898210

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 134

View: 9861


Newton - Wie ein Arschloch das Universum neu erfand

Author: Florian Freistetter

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446256202

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 7057


Im 17. Jahrhundert war es höchste Zeit, dass ein Genie auftauchte und Schneisen ins Dickicht des Unwissens schlug. Isaac Newton war dieses Genie. Und ein Arschloch. Science Buster Florian Freistetter zeigt, wie intrigant und hinterhältig Newton wirklich war und dass sein Hass auf Robert Hooke und Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz keine Grenzen kannte. Gleichzeitig beweist er, dass Newton die Physik niemals revolutioniert hätte, wenn er nicht solch ein Kotzbrocken gewesen wäre. Wenn Genialität auf Streitsucht trifft – und dabei ein kosmisches Arschloch herauskommt, davon erzählt Freistetters Buch mit schonungslosem Humor.

Isaac Newton

Author: Gale E. Christianson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198041184

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 8546


Quarrelsome and quirky, a disheveled recluse who ate little, slept less, and yet had an iron constitution, Isaac Newton rose from a virtually illiterate family to become one of the towering intellects of science. Now, in this fast-paced, colorful biography, Gale E. Christianson paints an engaging portrait of Newton and the times in which he lived. We follow Newton from his childhood in rural England to his student days at Cambridge, where he devoured the works of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo, and taught himself mathematics. There ensued two miraculous years at home in Woolsthorpe Manor, where he fled when plague threatened Cambridge, a remarkably fertile period when Newton formulated his theory of gravity, a new theory of light, and calculus--all by his twenty-fourth birthday. Christianson describes Newton's creation of the first working model of the reflecting telescope, which brought him to the attention of the Royal Society, and he illuminates the eighteen months of intense labor that resulted in his Principia, arguably the most important scientific work ever published. The book sheds light on Newton's later life as master of the mint in London, where he managed to convict and hang the arch criminal William Chaloner (a remarkable turn for a once reclusive scholar), and his presidency of the Royal Society, which he turned from a dilettante's club into an eminent scientific organization. Christianson also explores Newton's less savory side, including his long, bitter feud with Robert Hooke and the underhanded way that Newton established his priority in the invention of calculus and tarnished Liebniz's reputation. Newton was an authentic genius with all too human faults. This book captures both sides of this truly extraordinary man.

The Life of Isaac Newton

Author: Richard S. Westfall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316453952

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6625


Isaac Newton was indisputably one of the greatest scientists in history. His achievements in mathematics and physics marked the culmination of the movement that brought modern science into being. Richard Westfall's biography captures in engaging detail both his private life and scientific career, presenting a complex picture of Newton the man, and as scientist, philosopher, theologian, alchemist, public figure, President of the Royal Society, and Warden of the Royal Mint. An abridged version of his magisterial study Never at Rest (Cambridge, 1980), this concise biography makes Westfall's highly acclaimed portrait of Newton newly accessible to general readers.

Newton's Principia

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: N.A


Category: Celestial mechanics

Page: 581

View: 2745


Newton's Revised History of Ancient Kingdoms

A Complete Chronology

Author: Isaac Newton,Larry Pierce,Marion Pierce

Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780890515563

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 1205