Ionic Liquids in Lipid Processing and Analysis

Opportunities and Challenges

Author: Xuebing Xu,Zheng Guo,Ling-Zhi Cheong

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1630670480

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 6040


This book serves as a reference for those interested in state-of-the-art research on the science and technology of ionic liquids (ILs), particularly in relation to lipids processing and analysis. Topics include a review of the chemistry and physics of ILs as well as a quantitative understanding of structure-activity relationships at the molecular level. Further, chapter authors examine the molecular basis of the toxicity of ILs, the prediction of the properties of ILs, and the rationale and steps toward a priori design of ionic liquids for task-defined applications. Emerging research in developing lipid-inspired ILs and their prospective use in drug formulation is described. Among the highlights are the latest advances in IL-mediated biocatalysis and biotransformation, along with lipase production, purification, and activation. Reviews the state-of-the-art applications of ionic liquids in lipid processing and relevant areas from a variety of perspectives Summarizes the latest advances in the measurement of the physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids and available databases of thermodynamic property datapoints Presents the tremendous opportunities provided and challenges faced from ionic liquids as a newly emerging technology for lipids processing area

Lipid Modification by Enzymes and Engineered Microbes

Author: Uwe T. Bornscheuer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128131683

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 3012


Lipid Modification by Enzymes and Engineered Microbes covers the state-of-the art use of enzymes as natural biocatalysts to modify oils, also presenting how microorganisms, such as yeast, can be designed. In the past ten years, the field has made enormous progress, not only with respect to the tools developed for the development of designer enzymes, but also in the metabolic engineering of microbes, the discovery of novel enzyme activities, and in reaction engineering/process development. For the first time, these advances are covered in a single-volume that is edited by leading enzymatic scientist Uwe Borchscheuer and authored by an international team of experts. Identifies how, and when, to use enzymes and microbes for lipid modification Provides enzymatic, microbial and metabolic techniques for lipid modification Covers lipases, acyltransferases, phospholipases, lipoxygenases, monooxygenases, isomerases and sophorolipids Includes lipid modification for use in food, biofuels, oleochemicals and polymer precursors

Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ionic Liquids

Author: Zhen Fang,Richard L. Smith, Jr.,Xinhua Qi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400777116

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 9061


The application of ionic liquids to biomass for producing biofuels and chemicals will be one of the hot research areas during the next decade due to the fascinating properties of these versatile group of solvents that allow them to dissolve lignocellulosic materials. The present text provides up-to-date fundamentals, state-of-the-art reviews, current assessments and prospects in this area, including aspects of pretreatment, fermentation, biomass dissolution, cellulose transformation, reaction kinetics and physical properties, as well as the subsequent production of biofuels and platform chemicals such as sugars, aldehydes and acids. Auxiliary methods such as catalysis, microwave and enzymatic techniques used in the transformations are covered. Both researchers and practitioners are certain to find a wealth of information in the individual chapters, which were written by experts in the field to provide an essential basis for assessing possible pretreatment and transformation routes of biomass using ionic liquids, and for developing new methods and chemical processes. Dr. Zhen Fang is Professor of Bioenergy, head of the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Biomass Group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden and is also an Adjunct Professor of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China. Dr. Richard L Smith, Jr. is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan. Dr. Xinhua Qi is Professor of Environmental Science at Nankai University, China.

Algal Biorefineries

Volume 1: Cultivation of Cells and Products

Author: Rakesh K. Bajpai,Ales Prokop,Mark E. Zappi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940077494X

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 8920


This book reviews efforts to produce chemicals and fuels from forest and plant products, agricultural residues and more. Algae can potentially capture solar energy and atmospheric CO2; the book details needed research and legislative initiatives.

Supercritical Fluids Technology in Lipase Catalyzed Processes

Author: Sulaiman Al-Zuhair,Hanifa Taher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351231421

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 5973


Enzymes are currently used in various industries, most commonly in food, detergents, and pharmaceuticals production. Lipases are hydrolytic enzymes that demonstrate great potential as an alternative to conventional catalysts in a number of industrial applications. A complete understanding of enzymes, and their proteins structure and environmental behavior, can greatly aid in the further development of industrial applications. Supercritical Fluids Technology in Lipase Catalized Processes provides basic information about enzymes, their sources, reaction kinetics, and main industrial applications. The book focuses in lipases. their main sources, structure, and features, with an emphasis on their specificity and interfacial activity, and presents proven techniques for isolating, extracting, and purifying. Comprised of six compact chapters, this comprehensive guide introduces: Immobilization techniques and immobilized lipases that allow repeated use (which is essential from an economic point of view) Different bioreactor configurations using immobilized lipases The latest information on the available technologies in lipolytic reactions The advantages of nonaqueous media in biochemical synthesis over aqueous and solvent-free systems Material on the use of lipases in nonaqueous media to overcome the drawbacks usually encountered with the use of conventional chemical catalysts The use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) as a green alternative reaction medium Factors affecting the physical properties of lipases in this medium and, hence, their activity and stability A case study using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) for biodiesel production Novel, cutting-edge technology, using immobilized enzymes to reduce the overall production cost Supercritical Fluids Technology in Lipase Catalized Processes outlines the main industrial applications of common enzymes and discusses relevant challenges and innovations emerging in the field.

Polar Lipids

Biology, Chemistry, and Technology

Author: Moghis U. Ahmad,Xuebing Xu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1630670456

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 2344


Polar Lipids is a valuable reference resource providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of different types of polar lipids known to lipid science and industry today. This book covers important applications and utilization of polar lipids, either in the area of food and nutrition, or health and disease. Each chapter covers chemistry and chemical synthesis, biosynthesis and biological effects, functional and nutritional properties, applications, processing technologies, and future trends of a variety of polar lipids—including glycolipids, ether lipids, phenol lipids, serine phospholipids, omega-3 phospholipids, rice lecithin, palm lecithin, sunflower lecithin, sugar- and protein-based lipids, lysophospholipids,and more. Presents new and relatively unexplored polar lipids for researchers to consider to use in food and health applications Includes details on the chemistry and chemical synthesis, biosynthesis and biological effects, functional and nutritional properties, applications, and future trends of a variety of polar lipids Presents the latest analytical techniques for use in polar lipids research, including NMR and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

Rice Bran and Rice Bran Oil

Chemistry, Processing and Utilization

Author: Xuebing Xu,Ling-Zhi Cheong

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128128291

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 2184


Rice Bran and Rice Bran Oil provides much-needed best practices on the science and technology of RBO, including the chemistry, methodology, nutritional understanding (including the effect of processing technologies on micronutrients) and applications. This volume is perfect for those interested in understanding the many emerging potential uses for this alternative oil. Written by a team of experts from academia and industry, the book is the first of its kind. The book offers a scientific yet practical view of RBO and RBO-related product development, critical for processors, research and development, product development specialists, formulators and many more. RBO contains many nutritional components, including up to 2% oryzanol, tocotrienol and phytosterols. In addition, the fatty acid composition is well balanced with mainly oleic acid and very little linolenic acid, which allows for versatile uses in frying, cooking and in formulating oil blends for food uses, especially as a trans-free alternative. Many food industrial sectors are seeking possibilities to use RBO in their products from not only Asia and South America, but also Europe and North America. However, there are many processing, analytical and nutritional considerations that must be documented in one resource. The book provides an overview of related rice bran products and their development, including rice bran protein, rice dietary fiber, dietary rice bran/meal, rice husk/ask applications, paddy straw applications, and valued added products, including rice bran wax. Delivers practical application guidance in the selection and storage of raw materials, ensuring processing conditions address stability concerns during production Presents simple and reliable detection methods, as well as the international and national rice bran oil standards Provides core scientific insights into this trans free oil option

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production

Author: Veera Gnaneswar Gude

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351582852

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 1524


Renewable fuel research and process development requires interdisciplinary approaches involving chemists and physicists from both scientific and engineering backgrounds. Here is an important volume that emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development from an interdisciplinary point of view. It creates an enriching knowledge base on green chemistry of biofuel production, sustainable process development, and green engineering principles for renewable fuel production. This book includes chapters contributed by both research scientists and research engineers with significant experience in biofuel chemistry and processes. The book offers an abundance of scientific experimental methods and analytical procedures and interpretation of the results that capture the state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. The wide range of topics make this book a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, industrial practitioners and scientists, and engineers in various renewable energy fields. Key features: • Emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development for biofuel production • Discusses a wide array of biofuels from algal biomass to waste-to-energy technologies and wastewater treatment and activated sludge processes • Presents advances and developments in biofuel green chemistry and green engineering, including process intensification (microwaves/ultrasound), ionic liquids, and green catalysis • Looks at environmental assessment and economic impact of biofuel production

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods E-Book

Author: Richard A. McPherson,Matthew R. Pincus

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455726842

Category: Medical

Page: 1568

View: 5394


Recognized as the definitive book in laboratory medicine since 1908, Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, edited by Richard A. McPherson, MD and Matthew R. Pincus, MD, PhD, is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary pathology reference that gives you state-of-the-art guidance on lab test selection and interpretation of results. Revisions throughout keep you current on the latest topics in the field, such as biochemical markers of bone metabolism, clinical enzymology, pharmacogenomics, and more! A user-friendly full-color layout puts all the latest, most essential knowledge at your fingertips. Update your understanding of the scientific foundation and clinical application of today's complete range of laboratory tests. Get optimal test results with guidance on error detection, correction, and prevention as well as cost-effective test selection. Reference the information you need quickly and easily thanks to a full-color layout, many new color illustrations and visual aids, and an organization by organ system. Master all the latest approaches in clinical laboratory medicine with new and updated coverage of: the chemical basis for analyte assays and common interferences; lipids and dyslipoproteinemia; markers in the blood for cardiac injury evaluation and related stroke disorders; coagulation testing for antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin and clopidogrel; biochemical markers of bone metabolism; clinical enzymology; hematology and transfusion medicine; medical microbiology; body fluid analysis; and many other rapidly evolving frontiers in the field. Effectively monitor the pace of drug clearing in patients undergoing pharmacogenomic treatments with a new chapter on this groundbreaking new area. Apply the latest best practices in clinical laboratory management with special chapters on organization, work flow, quality control, interpretation of results, informatics, financial management, and establishing a molecular diagnostics laboratory. Confidently prepare for the upcoming recertification exams for clinical pathologists set to begin in 2016.

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538968

Category: Science

Page: 2082

View: 3992


The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of computer aided process engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges," described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies."

Gentechnologie für Einsteiger

Author: T. A. Brown

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827428684

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 6292


Gentechnologie für Einsteiger hat sich weltweit als leicht verständliche Einführung in dieses wichtige und spannende Wissenschaftsgebiet bewährt. Die sechste Auflage bleibt dem Grundkonzept früherer Auflagen treu, widmet sich aber auch neuen, wachsenden Forschungsfeldern. Das Buch bleibt damit ein unentbehrlicher Leitfaden für Studierende in den Biowissenschaften und ihren zahlreichen Teilgebieten. Es eignet sich auch bestens als Einführung für alle, die sich in ihrem Beruf mit den Grundlagen des Themas vertraut machen müssen.

Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications

Author: Gerard L. Hasenhuettl,Richard W Hartel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387752846

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 8194


The improved second edition of Food Emulsifiers and their Applications integrates theoretical background with practical orientation and serves as a highly significant reference on the applications of emulsifiers in food systems. It offers practitioners an overview of the manufacture, analysis, physical properties, interactions and applications of emulsifiers used in processed food. The book is written for food technologists as well as R&D and product development personnel.

Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis and Control

A Reference of Theory and Best-Practice Methods

Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 4173


Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

High Throughput Screening

The Discovery of Bioactive Substances

Author: John P. Devlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824700676

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 2949


Furnishing the latest interdisciplinary information on the most important and frequently the only investigational system available for discovery programs that address the effects of small molecules on newly discovered enzyme and receptor targets emanating from molecular biology, this timely resource facilitates the transition from classical to high throughput screening (HTS) systems and provides a solid foundation for the implementation and development of HTS in bio-based industries and associated academic environments.


Author: Owen P. Ward

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461539145

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 8171


Methods for processing of biological materials into useful products represent essential core manufacturing activities of the food, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. On the one hand the techniques involved include well established process engineering methodologies such as mixing, heat transfer, size modification and a variety of separatIon and fermentation procedures. In addition, new bioprocessing practices arising from the exciting recent advances in biotech nology, including innovative fermentation cell culture and enzyme based operations, are rapidly extending the frontiers of bioprocessing. These develop ments are resulting in the introduction to the market place of an awesome range of novel biological products having unique applications. Indeed, the United States Office of Technology Assessment· has concluded that 'competitive advantage in areas related to biotechnology may depend as much on developments in bioprocess engineering as on innovations in genetics, immunology and other areas of basic science'. Advances in analytical instrumentation, computerization and process automation are playing an important role in process control and optimization and in the maintenance of product quality and consistency characteristics. Bioprocessing represents the industrial practice of biotechnology and is multidisciplinary in nature, integrating the biological, chemical and engineering sciences. This book discusses the individual unit operations involved and describes a wide variety of important industrial bioprocesses. I am very grateful to Sanjay Thakur who assisted me in the collection of material for this book.