Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 7395

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Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

Author: Roxy Peck,Chris Olsen,Jay L. Devore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0840054904

Category: Mathematics

Page: 944

View: 426

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Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen, and Jay Devore's new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation--including the frequent substitution of words for symbols--helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, includes updated coverage of the graphing calculator as well as expanded coverage of probability. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

With Exercises, Solutions and Applications in R

Author: Christian Heumann,Michael Schomaker,Shalabh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319461621

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 8066

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This introductory statistics textbook conveys the essential concepts and tools needed to develop and nurture statistical thinking. It presents descriptive, inductive and explorative statistical methods and guides the reader through the process of quantitative data analysis. In the experimental sciences and interdisciplinary research, data analysis has become an integral part of any scientific study. Issues such as judging the credibility of data, analyzing the data, evaluating the reliability of the obtained results and finally drawing the correct and appropriate conclusions from the results are vital. The text is primarily intended for undergraduate students in disciplines like business administration, the social sciences, medicine, politics, macroeconomics, etc. It features a wealth of examples, exercises and solutions with computer code in the statistical programming language R as well as supplementary material that will enable the reader to quickly adapt all methods to their own applications.

An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis

Author: R. Lyman Ott,Micheal T. Longnecker

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465520

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1296

View: 6372

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Ott and Longnecker's AN INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICAL METHODS AND DATA ANALYSIS, Seventh Edition, provides a broad overview of statistical methods for advanced undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of disciplines who have little or no prior course work in statistics. The authors teach students to solve problems encountered in research projects, to make decisions based on data in general settings both within and beyond the university setting, and to become critical readers of statistical analyses in research papers and news reports. The first eleven chapters present material typically covered in an introductory statistics course, as well as case studies and examples that are often encountered in undergraduate capstone courses. The remaining chapters cover regression modeling and design of experiments. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 4962

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Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis, Enhanced Review Edition

Author: Roxy Peck,Chris Olsen,Jay Devore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495557838

Category: Mathematics

Page: 880

View: 7816

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Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen and Jay Devore’s new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. The Third Edition includes coverage of the graphing calculator and includes expanded coverage of probability. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. It helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension by using simple notation-frequently substituting words for symbols. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. This Enhanced Edition includes new Teaching Tips for each chapter in the book, specific references to other available instructor resources, and suggestions for effectively teaching an Advanced Placement Introduction to Statistics course. Also, Enhanced WebAssign now complements a robust supplement package. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

For the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Robert S. Lockhart

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716729747

Category: Psychology

Page: 651

View: 8494

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In Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis, Bob Lockhart emphasizes the link between statistical techniques and scientific discovery by focusing on evaluation and comparison of models. It is an intuitive view of statistics that views all methods as variants on a basic theme (evaluating models). Lockhart's realistic approach enables students to examine and question the methods and goals of statistics and to draw clear connections between statistical methods and the research process.

An Introduction to Statistics with Python

With Applications in the Life Sciences

Author: Thomas Haslwanter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319283162

Category: Computers

Page: 278

View: 7391

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This textbook provides an introduction to the free software Python and its use for statistical data analysis. It covers common statistical tests for continuous, discrete and categorical data, as well as linear regression analysis and topics from survival analysis and Bayesian statistics. Working code and data for Python solutions for each test, together with easy-to-follow Python examples, can be reproduced by the reader and reinforce their immediate understanding of the topic. With recent advances in the Python ecosystem, Python has become a popular language for scientific computing, offering a powerful environment for statistical data analysis and an interesting alternative to R. The book is intended for master and PhD students, mainly from the life and medical sciences, with a basic knowledge of statistics. As it also provides some statistics background, the book can be used by anyone who wants to perform a statistical data analysis.

Introduction to Statistics

Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis

Author: Howard M. Reid

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324281

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 4331

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Using a truly accessible and reader-friendly approach, Introduction to Statistics: Fundamental Concepts and Procedures of Data Analysis, by Howard M. Reid, redefines the way statistics can be taught and learned. Unlike other books that merely focus on procedures, Reid’s approach balances development of critical thinking skills with application of those skills to contemporary statistical analysis. He goes beyond simply presenting techniques by focusing on the key concepts readers need to master in order to ensure their long-term success. Indeed, this exciting new book offers the perfect foundation upon which readers can build as their studies and careers progress to more advanced forms of statistics. Keeping computational challenges to a minimum, Reid shows readers not only how to conduct a variety of commonly used statistical procedures, but also when each procedure should be utilized and how they are related. Following a review of descriptive statistics, he begins his discussion of inferential statistics with a two-chapter examination of the Chi Square test to introduce students to hypothesis testing, the importance of determining effect size, and the need for post hoc tests. When more complex procedures related to interval/ratio data are covered, students already have a solid understanding of the foundational concepts involved. Exploring challenging topics in an engaging and easy-to-follow manner, Reid builds concepts logically and supports learning through robust pedagogical tools, the use of SPSS, numerous examples, historical quotations, insightful questions, and helpful progress checks.

An Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis Using Stata®

From Research Design to Final Report

Author: Lisa Daniels,Nicholas Minot

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506371841

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 9509

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An Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis Using Stata® by Lisa Daniels and Nicholas Minot provides a step-by-step introduction for statistics, data analysis, or research methods classes with Stata. Concise descriptions emphasize the concepts behind statistics for students rather than the derivations of the formulas. With real-world examples from a variety of disciplines and extensive detail on the commands in Stata, this text provides an integrated approach to research design, statistical analysis, and report writing for social science students.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 3123

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This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.

Introduction to Statistical Analysis of Laboratory Data

Author: Alfred Bartolucci,Karan P. Singh,Sejong Bae

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118736834

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 3656

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Introduction to Statistical Analysis of Laboratory Data presents a detailed discussion of important statistical concepts and methods of data presentation and analysis Provides detailed discussions on statistical applications including a comprehensive package of statistical tools that are specific to the laboratory experiment process Introduces terminology used in many applications such as the interpretation of assay design and validation as well as “fit for purpose” procedures including real world examples Includes a rigorous review of statistical quality control procedures in laboratory methodologies and influences on capabilities Presents methodologies used in the areas such as method comparison procedures, limit and bias detection, outlier analysis and detecting sources of variation Analysis of robustness and ruggedness including multivariate influences on response are introduced to account for controllable/uncontrollable laboratory conditions

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 6264

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This updated text provides a superior introduction to applied probability and statistics for engineering or science majors. Ross emphasizes the manner in which probability yields insight into statistical problems; ultimately resulting in an intuitive understanding of the statistical procedures most often used by practicing engineers and scientists. Real data sets are incorporated in a wide variety of exercises and examples throughout the book, and this emphasis on data motivates the probability coverage. As with the previous editions, Ross' text has remendously clear exposition, plus real-data examples and exercises throughout the text. Numerous exercises, examples, and applications apply probability theory to everyday statistical problems and situations. New to the 4th Edition: - New Chapter on Simulation, Bootstrap Statistical Methods, and Permutation Tests - 20% New Updated problem sets and applications, that demonstrate updated applications to engineering as well as biological, physical and computer science - New Real data examples that use significant real data from actual studies across life science, engineering, computing and business - New End of Chapter review material that emphasizes key ideas as well as the risks associated with practical application of the material

An Introduction to Survey Research, Polling, and Data Analysis

Author: Herbert Weisberg,Jon A. Krosnick,Bruce D. Bowen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803974029

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 5144

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This book describes how surveys are conducted in such a way that they can be believed, explains how to read statistical reports and analyze data, and provides guidelines that are useful in evaluating polls. Using examples from contemporary large surveys and polls, as well as from the media, the authors stress the importance of understanding tables thoroughly before moving to interval statistics. In addition, they cover: the design of surveys; the steps for sampling and question writing; interviewing and coding strategies; survey analysis from frequency distributions and cross-tabulations through to control tables and correlation/regression; the ethics of survey research; and how to read and write reports of survey research.

An Introduction to Data Analysis and Uncertainty Quantification for Inverse Problems

Author: Luis Tenorio

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611974925

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 4234

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Inverse problems are found in many applications, such as medical imaging, engineering, astronomy, and geophysics, among others. To solve an inverse problem is to recover an object from noisy, usually indirect observations. Solutions to inverse problems are subject to many potential sources of error introduced by approximate mathematical models, regularization methods, numerical approximations for efficient computations, noisy data, and limitations in the number of observations; thus it is important to include an assessment of the uncertainties as part of the solution. Such assessment is interdisciplinary by nature, as it requires, in addition to knowledge of the particular application, methods from applied mathematics, probability, and statistics. This book bridges applied mathematics and statistics by providing a basic introduction to probability and statistics for uncertainty quantification in the context of inverse problems, as well as an introduction to statistical regularization of inverse problems. The author covers basic statistical inference, introduces the framework of ill-posed inverse problems, and explains statistical questions that arise in their applications. An Introduction to Data Analysis and Uncertainty Quantification for Inverse Problems÷includes many examples that explain techniques which are useful to address general problems arising in uncertainty quantification, Bayesian and non-Bayesian statistical methods and discussions of their complementary roles, and analysis of a real data set to illustrate the methodology covered throughout the book.