India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic [2 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic

Author: Arnold P. Kaminsky,Roger D. Long Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313374635

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 3797

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Containing almost 250 entries written by scholars from around the world, this two-volume resource provides current, accurate, and useful information on the politics, economics, society, and cultures of India since 1947. • 240 A–Z entries on the social, political, cultural, and economic development of India since 1947 • Contributions from more than 100 distinguished international scholars from five continents • A chronology of major domestic, regional, and world events in and involving India from 1947 to 2010 • A "Guide to Related Topics" to allow readers to trace main themes across related entries • An extensive Selected Bibliography containing multicultural and multidisciplinary materials and scholarship on the growth and development of the Republic of India from 1947 to the present

India Today

An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic

Author: Arnold P. Kaminsky,Roger D. Long

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313374627

Category: India

Page: 864

View: 9659

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With more than a billion citizens - almost 18 per cent of the world's population - India is a reflection of over 5,000 years of interaction and exchange across a wide spectrum of cultures and civilizations. "India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic" describes the growth and development of the nation since it achieved independence from the British Raj in 1947. The two-volume work presents an analytical review of India's transition from fledgling state to the world's largest democracy and potential economic superpower. Providing current data and perspective backed by historical context as appropriate, the encyclopedia brings together the latest scholarship on India's diverse cultures, societies, religions, political cultures, and social and economic challenges. It covers such issues as foreign relations, security, and economic and political developments, helping readers understand India's people and appreciate the nation's importance as a political power and economic force, both regionally and globally

Brazil Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic [2 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic

Author: John J. Crocitti,Monique Vallance

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313346739

Category: Social Science

Page: 741

View: 6343

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For students, business people, government officials, artists, and tourists—in short, anyone traveling to or wishing to know more about contemporary Brazil—this is an essential resource. • 250 A–Z entries on contemporary government, the economic and business sectors, social movements, environmental issues, culture, and more • Dozens of photographs of geographic features, landmarks, architecture, the urban landscape, industrial and agricultural enterprises, and personalities from politics, entertainment, and sports • Cross-listings and indexes to guide readers to related topics

Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic [2 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic

Author: Ana Paula Ambrosi,Silvia D. Zárate,Alex M. Saragoza

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313349495

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 6352

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Providing over 200 entries on politics, government, economics, society, culture, and much more, this two-volume work brings modern Mexico to life. • Comprises information from approximately 100 contributors • Provides a timeline of events of modern Mexico from 1968 to the present day • Includes about 50 photographs that illustrate many aspects of contemporary Mexico • Provides a helpful bibliography and subject index

Women’s Authority and Leadership in a Hindu Goddess Tradition

Author: Nanette R. Spina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137589094

Category: Religion

Page: 327

View: 3500

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This book investigates women’s ritual authority and the common boundaries between religion and notions of gender, ethnicity, and identity. Nanette R. Spina situates her study within the transnational Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi movement established by the Tamil Indian guru, Bangaru Adigalar. One of the most prominent, defining elements of this tradition is that women are privileged with positions of leadership and ritual authority. This represents an extraordinary shift from orthodox tradition in which religious authority has been the exclusive domain of male Brahmin priests. Presenting historical and contemporary perspectives on the transnational Adhiparasakthi organization, Spina analyzes women’s roles and means of expression within the tradition. The book takes a close look at the Adhiparasakthi society in Toronto, Canada (a Hindu community in both its transnational and diasporic dimensions), and how this Canadian temple has both shaped and demonstrated their own diasporic Hindu identity. The Toronto Adhiparasakthi society illustrates how Goddess theology, women's ritual authority, and “inclusivity” ethics have dynamically shaped the identity of this prominent movement overseas. Based on years of ethnographic fieldwork, the volume draws the reader into the rich textures of culture, community, and ritual life with the Goddess.

Iran today

an encyclopedia of life in the Islamic Republic

Author: Mehran Kamrava,Manochehr Dorraj

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 543

View: 4788

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Encyclopedia of Sacred Places, 2nd Edition [2 volumes]

Author: Norbert C. Brockman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598846558

Category: Social Science

Page: 681

View: 2708

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Now thoroughly revised and updated, this encyclopedia documents the diversity of shrines, temples, holy places, and pilgrimage sites sacred to the world's major religious traditions, and illustrates their elemental place in human culture. • Over 300 A–Z entries covering sites and pilgrimages sacred to the world's major religious traditions • Illustrative photographs and maps • A glossary of relevant terms • Appendices listing sites by country, faith tradition, and placement in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites

Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123739858

Category: Social Science

Page: 2750

View: 5997

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The 2nd edition of Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict provides timely and useful information about antagonism and reconciliation in all contexts of public and personal life. Building on the highly-regarded 1st edition (1999), and publishing at a time of seemingly inexorably increasing conflict and violent behaviour the world over, the Encyclopedia is an essential reference for students and scholars working in the field of peace and conflict resolution studies, and for those seeking to explore alternatives to violence and share visions and strategies for social justice and social change. Covering topics as diverse as Arms Control, Peace Movements, Child Abuse, Folklore, Terrorism and Political Assassinations, the Encyclopedia comprehensively addresses an extensive information area in 225 multi-disciplinary, cross-referenced and authoritatively authored articles. In his Preface to the 1st edition, Editor-in-Chief Lester Kurtz wrote: "The problem of violence poses such a monumental challenge at the end of the 20th century that it is surprising we have addressed it so inadequately. We have not made much progress in learning how to cooperate with one another more effectively or how to conduct our conflicts more peacefully. Instead, we have increased the lethality of our combat through revolutions in weapons technology and military training. The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict is designed to help us to take stock of our knowledge concerning these crucial phenomena." Ten years on, the need for an authoritative and cross-disciplinary approach to the great issues of violence and peace seems greater than ever. More than 200 authoritative multidisciplinary articles in a 3-volume set Many brand-new articles alongside revised and updated content from the First Edition Article outline and glossary of key terms at the beginning of each article Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access Articles written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Corporate Reputation

Author: Craig E. Carroll

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483376524

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1048

View: 8144

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What creates corporate reputations and how should organizations respond? Corporate reputation is a growing research field in disciplines as diverse as communication, management, marketing, industrial and organizational psychology, and sociology. As a formal area of academic study, it is relatively young with roots in the 1980s and the emergence of specialized reputation rankings for industries, products/services, and performance dimensions and for regions. Such rankings resulted in competition between organizations and the alignment of organizational activities to qualify and improve standings in the rankings. In addition, today’s changing stakeholder expectations, the growth of advocacy, demand for more disclosures and greater transparency, and globalized, mediatized environments create new challenges, pitfalls, and opportunities for organizations. Successfully engaging, dealing with, and working through reputational challenges requires an understanding of options and tools for organizational decision-making and stakeholder engagement. For the first time, the vast and important field of corporate reputation is explored in the format of an encyclopedic reference. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Corporate Reputation comprehensively overviews concepts and techniques for identifying, building, measuring, monitoring, evaluating, maintaining, valuing, living up to and/or changing corporate reputations. Key features include: 300 signed entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in 2 volumes available in a choice of electronic or print formats Entries conclude with Cross-References and Further Readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Although organized A-to-Z, a thematic “Reader’s Guide” in the front matter groups related entries by broad areas A Chronology provides historical perspective on the development of corporate reputation as a discrete field of study. A Resource Guide in the back matter lists classic books, key journals, associations, websites, and selected degree programs of relevance to corporate reputation. A General Bibliography will be accompanied by visual maps noting the relationships between the various disciplines touching upon corporate reputation studies. The work concludes with a comprehensive Index, which—in the electronic version—combines with the Reader’s Guide and Cross-References to provide thorough search-and-browse capabilities

The Black Book of the American Left

The Collected Conservative Writings of David Horowitz

Author: David Horowitz

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594038708

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 5704

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David Horowitz spent the first part of his life in the world of the Communist-progressive left, a politics he inherited from his mother and father, and later in the New Left as one of its founders. When the wreckage he and his comrades had created became clear to him in the mid-1970s, he left. Three decades of second thoughts then made him this movement’s principal intellectual antagonist. “For better or worse,” as Horowitz writes in the preface, “I have been condemned to spend the rest of my days attempting to understand how the left pursues the agendas from which I have separated myself, and why.” When Horowitz began his odyssey, the left had already escaped the political ghetto to which his parents’ generation and his own had been confined. Today, it has become the dominant force in America’s academic and media cultures, electing a president and achieving a position from which it can shape America’s future. How it achieved its present success and what that success portends are the overarching subjects of Horowitz’s conservative writings. Through the unflinching focus of one singularly engaged witness, the identity of a destructive movement that constantly morphs itself in order to conceal its identity and mission becomes disturbingly clear. Horowitz reflects on the years he spent at war with his own country, collaborating with and confronting radical figures like Huey Newton, Tom Hayden and Billy Ayers, as he made his transition from what the writer Paul Berman described as the American left’s “most important theorist” to its most determined enemy.

The Republic of India

the development of its laws and constitution

Author: Alan Gledhill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 309

View: 1221

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Encyclopedia of Slave Resistance and Rebellion

Author: Junius P. Rodriguez

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313332739

Category: African Americans

Page: 748

View: 3660

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Entries cover slave rebellions, rebels, and modes and forms of slave resistance throughout the Americas, also providing information on the depiction of slavery and slave rebellions in literature and mass media.

Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World

Author: Charles Wankel

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506319521

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 2136

View: 4918

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2009 RUSA Outstanding Business Reference Business in today's world is increasingly diverse. Undertaking commerce, even by an individual, can mean working globally through a welter of new media with opportunities of all kinds rapidly appearing. The boundaries, scope, content, structures, and processes of a business activity can morph into completely different ones in the course of a project. Contemporary businesses, and certainly future businesses, find it incumbent upon them to fit within the requirements of environmental and economic sustainability of the others who inhabit our world. With more than 1,000 entries, the Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World is packed with essential and up-to-date information on the state of business in our world. Not only does it reflect where business is, it also conveys the trajectory of business farther into the 21st century. These four volumes provide clear overviews of the important business topics of our time, ranging from culture shock to currency hedging, political risk, offshoring, and transnational corporations. The wealth of topics represent an integrated vision by the editor of a perplexity of functions, technologies, and environmental factors. Key Features Provides insight into the development and current business situation globally through articles on many individual countries Examines the processes, responsibilities, and ethics of business in the global market Offers entries written by experts from diverse fields Includes an appendix that looks at World Trade Organization statistics Presents a vast range of topics, including key companies, business policies, regions, countries, dimensions of globalization, economic factors, international agreements, financial instruments, accounting regulations and approaches, theories, legislation, management practices and approaches, and much more Key Themes Competitive Forces Countries Corporate Profiles Cultural Environments Economics of International Business Economic Theories of International Business Ethics, Corruption, and Social Responsibility Export/Import Strategies Foreign Direct Investment Globalization and Society Human Resource Management International Accounting International Finance International Monetary System International Trade Legal and Labor Issues Management and Leadership Manufacturing and Operations Marketing Political Environments Regional Economic Integration Supranational and National Organizations The Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World serves as a general, nontechnical resource for students, professors, and librarians seeking to understand the development of business as practiced in the United States and internationally.

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender

Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender

Author: Judith Worell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780122272462

Category: Gender identity

Page: 1256

View: 7732

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Provides a detailed subject index at the end of volume 2.

Africana

The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience : the Concise Desk Reference

Author: Anthony Appiah,Henry Louis Gates

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780762416424

Category: History

Page: 1135

View: 6921

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Drawn from the acclaimed landmark in reference publishing, this incomparable one-volume encyclopedia of the black world is now within reach of every family, student, and educator. It brings the entire Pan-African experience into sharp focus, with entries ranging from "affirmative action" to "zydeco," from each of the most prominent ethnic groups in Africa to each member of the Congressional Black Caucus. Africana will provide hours of reading pleasure through its longer, interpretive essays on the religion, arts, and cultural life of Africans and of black people everywhere.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 5218

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Eisler's Encyclopedia of Environmentally Hazardous Priority Chemicals

Author: Ronald Eisler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080547077

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 986

View: 9916

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Thousands of inorganic and organic chemicals and their metabolites enter the biosphere daily as a direct result of human activities. Many of these chemicals have serious consequences on sensitive species of natural resources, crops, livestock, and public health. The most hazardous of these were identified by a panel of environmental specialists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; these chemicals are the focus of this encyclopedia. For each priority group of chemicals, information is presented on sources, uses, physical and chemical properties, tissue concentrations in field collections and their significance, lethal and sublethal effects under controlled conditions. This includes effects on survival, growth, reproduction, metabolism, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and mutagenicity - and proposed regulatory criteria for the protection of sensitive natural resources, crops, livestock, and human health. Taxonomic groups of natural resources covered include terrestrial and aquatic plants and invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. * The only product that centers on the most hazardous environmental chemicals to sensitive natural resources * The only single volume compendium on the subject, allowing ease in consulting * Written by a noted national and international authority on chemical risk assessment to living organisms

Conflicts in American History

A Documentary Encyclopedia

Author: Matthew J. Bruccoli,Laymen,Manly,Robert J. Allison,Edward J. Blum,Anthony J. Connors,Brian L. Johnson,Kent McConnell,Kimberly K. Porter,Zoe Trodd,C. Bríd Nicholson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816070930

Category: United States

Page: 3200

View: 1350

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For more than four centuries, new ideas, principles, and events have caused major conflicts in American history - concerning such vital issues as slavery, freedom, democracy, immigration, and equality. It is through these very conflicts that American history is taught, and increasingly, this history is being taught through documents. From introducing slavery and breaking away from England in the colonial period to the Civil War in the 19th century, the civil rights movement in the 20th century, and the war in Iraq today, every era has been marked by conflicts in which Americans have fought passionately for what they believed in. All of these conflicts have defined what America is, and all of them can be studied through historical documents. ""Conflicts in American History: A Documentary Encyclopedia"" explores the conflicts, controversies, and ideas that have made American civilization unique and distinctive. Blending narrative essays and primary sources, this new, comprehensive eight-volume encyclopedia provides students with the background they need to understand American history and the skills required to read and interpret the important documents that have shaped our nation. Each volume focuses on one distinct chronological era and the conflicts that defined it. Consisting of 15-20 manageable chapters, with each chapter devoted to one specific conflict and containing 10-15 original documents, every volume begins with a general overview essay that introduces the major conflicts, issues, and controversies of the period, as well as key figures and events. A chronology and a bibliography are included in each chapter. Each volume of the encyclopedia features approximately 250-350 original documents, a master bibliography, and a lengthy appendix with biographical sketches of 50-100 individuals mentioned in the documents or central to the period. A master index is included for the entire set in the final volume.

America's God and Country

Encyclopedia of Quotations

Author: William Joseph Federer

Publisher: Amerisearch, Inc.

ISBN: 9781880563052

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 845

View: 6013

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This exhaustive reference tool is ideal for students, teachers, attorneys, journalists, speakers, politicians, and more. The book affirms America's Godly heritage with over 2,100 quotations from nearly 700 sources. Fully footnoted.