The Human Footprint

A Global Environmental History

Author: Anthony N. Penna

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118912438

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 4009

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The Human Footprint: A Global Environmental History, Second Edition, presents a multidisciplinary global history of Earth from its origins to the present day. Provides a comprehensive, global, multidisciplinary history of the planet from its earliest origins to the present era Draws on the most recent research in geology, climatology, evolutionary biology, archaeology, anthropology, history, demography and the social and physical sciences Features the latest research findings on planetary history, human evolution, the green agricultural revolution, climate change, global warming and the nature of world/human history interdependencies Offers in-depth analyses of topics relating to human evolution, agriculture, population growth, urbanization, manufacturing, consumption, industrialization, and fossil fuel dependency.

Human Footprints: Fossilised Locomotion?

Author: Matthew R. Bennett,Sarita A. Morse

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319085727

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 8796

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Human footprints provide some of the most emotive and tangible evidence of our ancestors. They provide evidence of stature, presence, behaviour and in the case of early hominin footprints, evidence with respect to the evolution of human gait and foot anatomy. While human footprint sites are rare in the geological record the number of sites around the World has increased in recent years, along with the analytical tools available for their study. The aim of this book is to provide a definitive review of these recent developments with specific reference to the increased availability of three-dimensional digital elevation models of human tracks at many key sites. The book is divided into eight chapters. Following an introduction the second chapter reviews modern field methods in human ichnology focusing on the development of new analytical tools. The third chapter then reviews the major footprint sites around the World including details on several unpublished examples. Chapters then follow on the role of geology in the formation and preservation of tracks, on the inferences that can be made from human tracks and the final chapter explores the application of this work to forensic science. Audience: This volume will be of interest to researchers and students across a wide range of disciplines – sedimentology, archaeology, forensics and palaeoanthropology.

The human footprint

challenges for wilderness and biodiversity

Author: Eric W. Sanderson,Wildlife Conservation Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 4974

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Our Ecological Footprint

Reducing Human Impact on the Earth

Author: Mathis Wackernagel,William Rees

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 086571312X

Category: Nature

Page: 176

View: 3590

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Our Ecological Footprint presents an internationally-acclaimed tool for measuring and visualizing the resources required to sustain our households, communities, regions and nations, converting the seemingly complex concepts of carrying capacity, resource-use, waste-disposal and the like into a graphic form that everyone can grasp and use. An excellent handbook for community activists, planners, teachers, students and policy makers.

Human Footprint

Everything You Will Eat, Use, Wear, Buy, and Throw Out in Your Lifetime

Author: Ellen Kirk (author.)

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 1426307675

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 2403

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Shows kids the dimensions of consumption, including diapers worn as a baby, bread eaten in a lifetime, and recycled cans, and explains how to create a sustainable way of living.

The Ecological Footprint

New Developments in Policy and Practice

Author: Andrea Collins,Andrew Flynn

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936964

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 6909

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The ecological footprint is one of the most prominent tools used to measure environmental sustainability, and its rise in academic and policy debates since the early 1990s has been remarkable. Drawing upon research and examples from around the world, t

Our Ecological Footprint

Author: Luca Marazzi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351352652

Category: Social Science

Page: 116

View: 1480

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Our Ecological Footprint presents a powerful model for measuring humanity’s impact on the Earth to reduce the harm we are causing the planet before it’s too late. While some people believe we can find a middle ground between environmental conservation and economic development, or that future technological discoveries will solve the problem, the authors warn that our planet’s limited resources simply can’t support an economic system based on unlimited growth. Our Ecological Footprint offers a valuable tool to help us live more sustainably and safeguard our natural resources for generations to come.

Our Human Footprint

Author: Barbara Seeber,National Geographic Learning,Lada Kratky,Nonie K. Lesaux,Dr Nancy Frey,Sylvia Linan Thompson,Deborah J Short

Publisher: National Geographic

ISBN: 9781133806608

Category: Education

Page: 12

View: 526

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Single copy of Our Human Footprint. Find out about your human footprint. That's the trash you throw out, the resources you use, and the carbon dioxide you send up in the air.

Living within a Fair Share Ecological Footprint

Author: Robert Vale,Brenda Vale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136456074

Category: Nature

Page: 344

View: 4579

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According to many authorities the impact of humanity on the earth is already overshooting the earth’s capacity to supply humanity’s needs. This is an unsustainable position. This book does not focus on the problem but on the solution, by showing what it is like to live within a fair earth share ecological footprint. The authors describe numerical methods used to calculate this, concentrating on low or no cost behaviour change, rather than on potentially expensive technological innovation. They show what people need to do now in regions where their current lifestyle means they are living beyond their ecological means, such as in Europe, North America and Australasia. The calculations focus on outcomes rather than on detailed discussion of the methods used. The main objective is to show that living with a reduced ecological footprint is both possible and not so very different from the way most people currently live in the west. The book clearly demonstrates that change in behaviour now will avoid some very challenging problems in the future. The emphasis is on workable, practical and sustainable solutions based on quantified research, rather than on generalities about overall problems facing humanity.

Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems

Author: John H. Bodley

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759111387

Category: Social Science

Page: 381

View: 2187

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Resource depletion, global warming, escalating energy costs, poverty, conflict. As human life becomes increasingly complicated, cultural anthropologist John H. Bodley conceives a work that closes in on the social and environmental problems of our time and explores the deleterious global reaches of unsustainable growth in production and consumption. Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems addresses the contemporary reader interested in social science and history, environmental studies, globalization, and the political economy and reveals the development of humanity and our global prospectus for the future.

Global Mapping of Human Settlement

Experiences, Datasets, and Prospects

Author: Paolo Gamba,Martin Herold

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420083408

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 2739

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The use of remote sensors for human settlement mapping and monitoring holds great promise for numerous fields of study, including urban planning and global environmental change and sustainability. While the potential for this technology is difficult to measure, achieving useful results at a regional or global level is but a recent accomplishment. Global Mapping of Human Settlement is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of the methodologies, datasets, and approaches related to the use of remotely sensed data to map human settlements at the global scale, as well as the experiences encountered with their application. Valuable to a broad range of researchers, the book begins by analyzing the requirements for global and regional urban remote sensing. It provides a general background of global urban issues, outlines observation and assessment requirements, and looks at how these relate to current initiatives on international policy and strategic levels. The contributors, an international group of pioneering experts, describe the characteristics of human settlements as seen and mapped from remote sensors, either at the regional or global scale. They also discuss the spectral variety, special scales, and nighttime appearance as key remote sensing indicators of these environments. The text explores some of the most acclaimed and important projects and programs previously carried out or in current use for urban mapping and monitoring. These chapters highlight the impressive amount of information available and the processing and analysis techniques used to extract such data from several data sources, including satellite imagery. The book also explores some of the future challenges and makes recommendations regarding areas of research that should be actively pursued. DVD Included to Complement the Text To provide readers with the opportunity to experience the latest tools, the editors supplement the text with a DVD that provides samples of the latest products. These will assist readers in testing approaches proposed in the book.

The Fragile Environment

Pollution and Abuse

Author: David Elcome

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748744206

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 746

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Intended for students of A-Level geography, this book on pollution and abuse offers a wide range of case studies and an integated approach to all aspect of geographical study. Students are helped to progress from GCSE and Standard Grade as they work through the questions that appear at regular intervals in the book and the enquiry activities at the end of each chapter. One of a series of books, this title also provides exam support.

Landscapes and Societies

Selected Cases

Author: I. Peter Martini,Ward Chesworth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048194131

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 4260

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This book contains case histories intended to show how societies and landscapes interact. The range of interest stretches from the small groups of the earliest Neolithic, through Bronze and Iron Age civilizations, to modern nation states. The coexistence is, of its very nature reciprocal, resulting in changes in both society and landscape. In some instances the adaptations may be judged successful in terms of human needs, but failure is common and even the successful cases are ephemeral when judged in the light of history. Comparisons and contrasts between the various cases can be made at various scales from global through inter-regional, to regional and smaller scales. At the global scale, all societies deal with major problems of climate change, sea-level rise, and with ubiquitous problems such as soil erosion and landscape degradation. Inter-regional differences bring out significant detail with one region suffering from drought when another suffers from widespread flooding. For example, desertification in North Africa and the Near East contrasts with the temperate countries of southern Europe where the landscape-effects of deforestation are more obvious. And China and Japan offer an interesting comparison from the standpoint of geological hazards to society - large, unpredictable and massively erosive rivers in the former case, volcanoes and accompanying earthquakes in the latter. Within the North African region localized climatic changes led to abandonment of some desertified areas with successful adjustments in others, with the ultimate evolution into the formative civilization of Egypt, the "Gift of the Nile". At a smaller scale it is instructive to compare the city-states of the Medieval and early Renaissance times that developed in the watershed of a single river, the Arno in Tuscany, and how Pisa, Siena and Florence developed and reached their golden periods at different times depending on their location with regard to proximity to the sea, to the main trunk of the river, or in the adjacent hills. Also noteworthy is the role of technology in opening up opportunities for a society. Consider the Netherlands and how its history has been formed by the technical problem of a populous society dealing with too much water, as an inexorably rising sea threatens their landscape; or the case of communities in Colorado trying to deal with too little water for farmers and domestic users, by bringing their supply over a mountain chain. These and others cases included in the book, provide evidence of the successes, near misses and outright failures that mark our ongoing relationship with landscape throughout the history of Homo sapiens. The hope is that compilations such as this will lead to a better understanding of the issue and provide us with knowledge valuable in planning a sustainable modus vivendi between humanity and landscape for as long as possible. Audience: The book will interest geomorphologists, geologists, geographers, archaeologists, anthropologists, ecologists, environmentalists, historians and others in the academic world. Practically, planners and managers interested in landscape/environmental conditions will find interest in these pages, and more generally the increasingly large body of opinion in the general public, with concerns about Planet Earth, will find much to inform their opinions. Extra material: The color plate section is available at http://extras.springer.com

From Biped to Strider

The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport

Author: Jeff Meldrum,Charles E. Hilton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306480003

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 2899

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The inspiration for this volume of contributed papers stemmed from conversations between the editors in front of Chuck Hilton's poster on the determinants of hominid walking speed, presented at thel998 meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA). Earlier at those meetings, Jeff Meldrum (with Roshna Wunderlich) had presented an alternate interpretation of the Laetoli footprints based on evidence of midfoot flexibility. As the discussion ensued we found convergence on a number of ideas about the nature of the evolution of modem human walking. From the continuation of that dialogue grew the proposal for a symposium which we called From Biped to Strider: the Emergence of Modem Human Walking. The symposium was held as a session of the 69th annual meeting of the AAPA, held in San Antonio, Texas in 2000. It seemed to us that the study of human bipedalism had become overshadowed by theoften polarized debates over whether australo pithecines were wholly terrestrial in habit, or retained a significant degree of arboreality.

Landscape-scale Conservation Planning

Author: Stephen C. Trombulak,Robert Baldwin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048195756

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 2754

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Hugh P. Possingham Landscape-scale conservation planning is coming of age. In the last couple of decades, conservation practitioners, working at all levels of governance and all spatial scales, have embraced the CARE principles of conservation planning – Comprehensiveness, Adequacy, Representativeness, and Efficiency. Hundreds of papers have been written on this theme, and several different kinds of software program have been developed and used around the world, making conservation planning based on these principles global in its reach and influence. Does this mean that all the science of conservation planning is over – that the discovery phase has been replaced by an engineering phase as we move from defining the rules to implementing them in the landscape? This book and the continuing growth in the literature suggest that the answer to this question is most definitely ‘no. ’ All of applied conservation can be wrapped up into a single sentence: what should be done (the action), in what place, at what time, using what mechanism, and for what outcome (the objective). It all seems pretty simple – what, where, when, how and why. However stating a problem does not mean it is easy to solve.

Capital Cardiff 1975-2020

Regeneration, Competitiveness and the Urban Environment

Author: Alan Hooper,John Punter

Publisher: University of Wales Press

ISBN: 0708320635

Category: Architecture

Page: 397

View: 7192

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Capital Cardiff examines the changing character of the city of Cardiff, as it continues its transformation from new provincial capital (1955) to a superlative maritime city and European capital by 2020. This volume focuses on the role of local government and its economic, social, and cultural agendas in light of policy initiatives and partnerships—as well as its underlying attempt to shape a medium-sized European capital into a power capable of competing on a world stage.