How to Read Wittgenstein

Author: Ray Monk

Publisher: Granta

ISBN: 9781862077249

Category: Philosophy

Page: 114

View: 8041

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Approaching the writing of major intellectuals, artists, and philosophers need no longer be daunting. How to Read is a new sort of introduction - a personal master class in reading - that brings you face to face with the work of some of the most influential and challenging writers in history. In lucid, accessible language, these books explain essential topics such as Wittgenstein's determination to insist on the integrity and the autonomy of nonscientific forms of understanding. Intent upon letting the reader experience the pleasure and intellectual stimulation in reading these classic authors, the How to Read series provides a context and an explanation that will facilitate and enrich your understanding of texts vital to the canon.

Wittgensteins Mätresse

Roman

Author: David Markson

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827076129

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 3463

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Die Künstlerin Kate hält sich für den letzten Menschen auf Erden. Doch gab es sie wirklich – jene Apokalypse, die nur sie allein verschont hat? Oder ist Kate wahnsinnig? In einem Strandhaus an einer unbekannten Küste dokumentiert eine Frau ihre Suche nach den Überlebenden einer namenlosen Katastrophe, durchforstet ihre Erinnerung an Kunstwerke, Bücher und Artefakte einer untergegangenen Zivilisation. Und während Kate rastlos über den Globus reist, in den größten Museen der Welt übernachtet und an den verlassenen Monumenten unserer Kultur umherstreicht, entspinnt sich wie nebenbei eine irrwitzige Geschichte der westlichen Welt: von Homer, der womöglich eine Frau war, über Aristoteles’ Lispeln bis zu Rembrandts rostbrauner Katze, von Guy de Maupassants Abneigung gegenüber dem Eiffelturm zu Brahms’ Abneigung gegenüber Kindern. Doch dann und wann, tief verborgen zwischen den Zeilen, scheint eine Trauer auf, die vermuten lässt, dass Kates Geschichte womöglich eine ganz andere ist ...

Reading Wittgenstein with Anscombe, Going On to Ethics

Author: Cora Diamond

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674051688

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

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Cora Diamond follows two major philosophers as they think about thinking, and about our ability to respond to thinking that has gone astray. Acting as both witness to and participant in the encounter, she provides fresh perspective on the value of Wittgenstein’s and Anscombe’s work, and demonstrates what genuinely independent thought can achieve.

Das Haus Wittgenstein

die Geschichte einer ungewöhnlichen Familie

Author: Alexander Waugh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596182282

Category: Eccentrics and eccentricities

Page: 439

View: 8830

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A portrait of the Wittgenstein family of Vienna traces the triumphs and vicissitudes of a star-crossed dynasty held together by a love of music yet torn apart by money, madness, conflicts of loyalty, and the cataclysmic upheaval of two world wars.

On Wittgenstein

Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534575946

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 65

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This brief text assists students in understanding Wittgenstein's philosophy and thinking so that they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the "Wadsworth Philosophers Series," (which will eventually consist of approximately 100 titles, each focusing on a single "thinker" from ancient times to the present), ON WITTGENSTEIN is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers sufficient insight into the thinking of a notable philosopher better enabling students to engage in the reading and to discuss the material in class and on paper.

How To Read Shakespeare

Author: Nicholas Royle

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783781017

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 144

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Shakespeare's legacy is all around us - in our books and our films, in our politics and in our everyday speech. With his words he has formed our world, and his influence has been greater than that of any other writer. So what makes Shakespeare's plays so powerful? Taking a single word from each of the seven most influential plays, Nicholas Royle opens up the delights and complexities of Shakespeare's language for the reader, teaching us to discover his work anew.

How To Read Sartre

Author: Robert Bernasconi

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780665

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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'I can want only the freedom of others' Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre is best known as the pre-eminent philosopher of individual freedom. He is the one who told us that we are totally free. Robert Bernasconi shows how the early existentialist Sartre became, in stages, the political champion of the oppressed. Extracts are drawn from the full range of Sartre's writings: the novel Nausea, the drama No Exit, the political essay 'Communists and Peace', as well as the major philosophical texts, Being and Nothingness and Critique of Dialectical Reason. They show why of all major twentieth-century philosophers Sartre was the one who most easily passed beyond the confines of the academy to a general readership.

How To Read Beauvoir

Author: Stella Sandford

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780576

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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'One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman' Simone de Beauvoir To what extent does our social existence determine who we are? What is the meaning of sexuality for human existence? What is the meaning of 'old age'? What is a woman? And what, for that matter, is a man? Stella Sandford explores the philosophical basis of Beauvoir's reflections on these and other questions, from her early moral period, through her post-war philosophical crisis, to the astounding polymathic studies of her mature thought. She demonstrates the persistence of the fundamental existential and ethical questions that drove Beauvoir's work and her constant revision of her own positions. With a central emphasis on Beauvoir's major work, The Second Sex, extracts are also taken from her first philosophical and political essays, as well as The Mandarins, Old Age and her essay on the Marquis de Sade.

How To Read Lacan

Author: Slavoj Zizek

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1847085407

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

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'The only thing of which one can be guilty is of having given ground relative to one's desire' Jacques Lacan. Is psychoanalysis dead or are we to read frequent attacks on its theoretical 'mistakes' and clinical 'frauds' as a proof of its vitality? Slavoj Zizek's passionate defence of Lacan reasserts the ethical urgency of psychoanalysis. Traditionally, psychoanalysis was expected to allow the patient to overcome the obstacles which prevented access to 'normal' sexual enjoyment. Today, however, we are bombarded from all sides by different versions of the injunction 'Enjoy!' Lacan reminds us that psychoanalysis is the only discourse in which you are allowed not to enjoy. Since for Lacan psychoanalysis itself is a procedure of reading, each chapter uses a passage from Lacan as a tool to interpret another text from philosophy, art or popular ideology, applying his ideas to Hegel and Hitchcock, Shakespeare and Dostoevsky.

How To Read Jung

Author: David Tacey

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783782277

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 4416

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'The world today hangs by a thin thread, and that thread is the psyche of man' C. G. Jung Jung was the original anti-psychiatrist, who believed that the real patient was not the suffering individual, but a sick and ailing Western civilization. He was not interested in developing a narrow therapy that would help fit the individual into an untransformed society. His true aim, in all of his work, was a therapy of the West. David Tacey introduces the reader to Jung's unique style and approach, which is at once scientific and prophetic. Through a series of close readings of Jung's works, he explores the radical themes at the core of Jung's psychology, and interprets for us the dynamic vision of the whole self that inspires and motivates his work. Extracts are taken from Jung's autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, and from his collected works, including Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious and Civilization in Transition.

How To Read Ancient Philosophy

Author: Miriam Leonard

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780703

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Thinkers such as Aristotle, Plato and Parmenides have shaped the way we see the world, and it is their original conception of philosophy which has placed topics such as logic, metaphysics, ethics and ontology at the heart of philosophical debates for centuries. Miriam Leonard not only explores the central theories of their works, but also gives some sense of the process of abstraction, which sees written texts transformed into timeless ideals. She looks at how simple phrases such as 'In what way?' or 'There is ...' are turned into the language of philosophy. Taking passages from Heraclitus, Parmenides, Lucretius and Cicero, as well as Plato and Aristotle, she investigates the breadth and diversity of Greek and Roman thought and provides an account of the influence of its texts on the later history of ideas.

How To Read Heidegger

Author: Mark Wrathall

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780738

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Heidegger is perhaps the most influential, yet least readily understood, philosopher of the last century. Mark A. Wrathall unpacks Heidegger's dense prose and guides the reader through Heidegger's early concern with the nature of human existence and his later preoccupation with the threat that technology poses to our ability to live worthwhile lives. Wrathall pays particular attention to Heidegger's revolutionary analysis of human existence as inextricably shaped by a shared world. This leads to an exploration of his views on the banality of public life and the possibility of authentic anticipation of death as a response to that banality. Wrathall reviews Heidegger's scandalous involvement with National Socialism, situating it in the context of his views about the movement of world history. He also explains Heidegger's important accounts of truth, art and language. Extracts are taken from Heidegger's magnum opus, Being and Time, as well as a variety of his best-known essays and lectures.

How To Read Marx

Author: Peter Osborne

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780533

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Emphasizing the Romantic heritage and modernist legacy of Karl Marx's writings, Peter Osborne presents Marx's thought as a developing investigation into what it means, concretely, for humans to be practical historical beings. Drawing upon passages from a wide range of Marx's writings, and showing the links between them, Osborne refutes the myth of Marx as a reductively economistic thinker. What Marx meant by 'materialism', 'communism' and the 'critique of political economy' was much richer and more original, philosophically, than is generally recognized. With the renewed globalization of capitalism since 1989, Osborne argues, Marx's analyses of the consequences of commodification are more relevant today than ever before. Extracts are taken from the full breadth of Marx's writings, from his student Notebooks on Epicurean Philosophy, via the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and The Communist Manifesto to Capital.

How To Read Derrida

Author: Penelope Deutscher

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780657

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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'Deconstruction is not neutral. It intervenes' Jacques Derrida An idiosyncratic and highly controversial French philosopher, Jacques Derrida inspired profound changes in disciplines as diverse as law, anthropology, literature and architecture. In Derrida's view, texts and contexts are woven with inconsistencies and blindspots that provide us with a chance to think in new ways about, among other things, language, community, identity and forgiveness. Derrida's suggestions for 'how to read' lead to a new vision of ethics and a new concept of responsibility. Penelope Deutscher discusses extracts from the full range of Derrida's work, including Of Grammatology, Dissemination, Limited Inc, The Other Heading: Reflections on Europe, Monolinguism of the Other, Given Time and Force of Law.

How To Read Nietzsche

Author: Keith Ansell-Pearson

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 178378072X

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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'My humanity is a constant self-overcoming' Friedrich Nietzsche Nietzsche's thinking revolves around a new and striking concept of humanity - a humanity which has come to terms with the death of God and practises the art and science of living well, free of the need for metaphysical certainties and moral absolutes. How, then, are we to live? And what do we love? Keith Ansell-Pearson introduces the reader to Nietzsche's distinctive philosophical style and to the development of his thought. Through a series of close readings of Nietzsche's aphorisms he illuminates some ofhis best-known but often ill-understood ideas, including eternal recurrence and the superman, the death of God and the will to power, and brings to light the challenging nature of Nietzsche's thinking on key topics such as beauty, truth and memory. Extracts are taken from a range of Nietzsche's work, including Human, All Too Human, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra and On the Genealogy of Morality.

How To Read Freud

Author: Josh Cohen

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1783780681

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

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In this engaging introduction, Josh Cohen argues that Freud shows above all that any thought, word or action, however apparently trivial, can invite close reading. Indeed, it may be just this insight that provokes so much opposition to psychoanalysis. By reading short extracts from across Freud's work, addressing the neuroses, the unconscious, words, death and (of course) sex, How to Read Freud brings out the paradoxical core of psychoanalytic thinking: that our innermost truths only ever manifest themselves as distortions. Read attentively, our dreams, errors, jokes and symptoms - in short, our everyday lives - reveal us as masters of disguise, as unrecognizable to ourselves as to others.

Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and his Works

Author: Alois Pichler,Simo Säätelä

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110328917

Category: Philosophy

Page: 461

View: 5847

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This wide-ranging collection of essays contains eighteen original articles by authors representing some of the most important recent work on Wittgenstein. It deals with questions pertaining to both the interpretation and application of Wittgenstein’s thought and the editing of his works. Regarding the latter, it also addresses issues concerning scholarly electronic publishing. The collection is accompanied by a comprehensive introduction which lays out the content and arguments of each contribution. Contributors: Knut Erik Tranøy, Lars Hertzberg, Georg Henrik von Wright, Marie McGinn, Cora Diamond, James Conant, David G. Stern, Eike von Savigny, P.M.S. Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock, Allan Janik, Kristóf Nyíri, Antonia Soulez, Brian McGuinness, Anthony Kenny, Joachim Schulte, Herbert Hrachovec, Cameron McEwen.

The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein

Author: Hans Sluga,David G. Stern

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108547249

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951) is one of the most important and influential philosophers in modern times, but he is also one of the least accessible. In this volume, leading experts chart the development of his work and clarify the connections between its different stages. The essays, which are both expository and original, address central themes in Wittgenstein's writing on a wide range of topics, particularly his thinking about the mind, language, logic, and mathematics. The contributors illuminate the character of the whole body of work by focusing on key topics: the style of the philosophy, the conception of grammar contained in it, rule-following, convention, logical necessity, the self, and what Wittgenstein called, in a famous phrase, 'forms of life'. This revised edition includes a new introduction, five new essays - on Tractarian ethics, Wittgenstein's development, aspects, the mind, and time and history - and a fully updated comprehensive bibliography.