How Children Learn Language

Author: William O'Grady

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139442155

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 9104


Adults tend to take language for granted - until they have to learn a new one. Then they realize how difficult it is to get the pronunciation right, to acquire the meaning of thousands of new words, and to learn how those words are put together to form sentences. Children, however, have mastered language before they can tie their shoes. In this engaging and accessible book, William O'Grady explains how this happens, discussing how children learn to produce and distinguish among sounds, their acquisition of words and meanings, and their mastery of the rules for building sentences. How Children Learn Language provides readers with a highly readable overview not only of the language acquisition process itself, but also of the ingenious experiments and techniques that researchers use to investigate his mysterious phenomenon. It will be of great interest to anyone - parent or student - wishing to find out how children acquire language.

First Language Acquisition

Author: Eve V. Clark

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629973

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 515

View: 5548


Takes a comprehensive look at where and when children acquire a first language.

First Language Acquisition

Method, Description and Explanation

Author: David Ingram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521349161

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 572

View: 5247


A closely analyzed exposition of how children acquire language that explores the receptive and productive abilities of children in all core areas of language--phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Readers will acquire the fundamental knowledge and skill not only to interpret primary literature but to approach their own research with sophistication. While the descriptive facts that are currently available on first language acquisition are central to the book, its emphasis on methodology and explanation distinguishes this text from others. The various ways in which research is conducted is discussed in detail, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, leading to new perspectives on key theoretical issues.

The Cambridge Handbook of Psycholinguistics

Author: Michael Spivey,Marc Joanisse,Ken McRae

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521677920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 745

View: 8531


This comprehensive collection of chapters is written by leading researchers in psycholinguistics from a wide array of subfields.

The Price of Linguistic Productivity

How Children Learn to Break the Rules of Language

Author: Charles Yang

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262035324

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 1722


An investigation of how children balance rules and exceptions when they learn languages.

The Names of God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

A Basis for Interfaith Dialogue

Author: Máire Byrne

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 144115356X

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 5986


Exploration of divine designations in the Hebrew Bible, New Testament and Qur'an, using comparative theology to ascertain if there is common language for interfaith dialogue.

Approaches to Bootstrapping

Phonological, Lexical, Syntactic and Neurophysiological Aspects of Early Language Acquisition

Author: Jürgen Weissenborn,Barbara Höhle

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027224910

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 298

View: 5578


Volume 1 of Approaches to Bootstrapping focuses on early word learning and syntactic development with special emphasis on the bootstrapping mechanisms by which the child using properties of the speech input enters the native linguistic system. Topics discussed in the area of lexical acquisition are: cues and mechanisms for isolating words in the input; special features of motherese and their role for early word learning; the determination of first word meanings; memory and related processing capacities in early word learning and understanding; and lexical representation and lexical access in early language production. The papers on syntactic development deal with the acquisition of grammatical prosodic features for learning language specific syntactic regularities.Volume 2 of Approaches to Bootstrapping focuses on the interaction between the development of prosodic and morphosyntactic knowledge as evidenced in the early speech of Dutch, English, German, Portugese, Spanish, Danish, Islandic, and Swedish children sheding new light on the relation between universal and language specific aspects of language acquisition. Another section of this volume deals with new approaches to language acquisition using ERP- techniques. The papers discuss in detail the relation between the development of language skills and changes in neurophysiological aspects of the brain. The potentials of these techniques for the development of new tools for an early diagnosis of children who are at risque for developmental language disorders are also pointed out. The closing section contains a synopsis of interactionist approaches to language acquisition, a discussion of the genetic and experiential origin of primitive linguistic elements in acquisition, and a discussion of structural and developmental aspects of bird song in comparison to human language. The two volumes making up Approaches to Bootstrapping present a state-of-the art interdisciplinary and cross-linguistic overview of recent developments in first language acquisition research.

Child Language

Author: Alison J. Elliot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521295567

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 194

View: 5035


The way children learn their native language has been the subject of intense and widespread investigation in the last decades, stimulated by advances in theoretical linguistics and the behavioural sciences. For the student, this has meant a bewildering number of research reports, often differing in their theoretical viewpoint and the methodological approach they advocate, and apparently conflicting in their conclusions. Child Language provides the student with a cool, clear and concise survey of the most important recent research work, and puts into perspective the contributions made by Chomsky, Piaget and others. The research surveyed, though primarily of English-speaking children, includes studies of children whose first language is not English and bilingual children. Dr Elliot believes that the study of child language necessarily raises questions about the nature of language - is human language something only humans can learn? - and about learning itself - how does our ability to learn language depend on biological factors, such as our age, and how important is our social and linguistic environment? Little justification is found for the view that language has an independent existence for the young child, and their linguistic achievements are studied within the context of their development in general.

Knowledge and Learning in Natural Language

Author: Charles D. Yang,Department of Linguistics Charles D Yang

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199254156

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 173

View: 8467


This book presents a new theory of how children acquire language and discusses its implications for a wide range of topics. It explores the roles of innateness and experience in language acquisition, provides further evidence for the theory of Universal Grammar, and shows how linguisticdevelopment in children is a driving force behind language shifts and changes.Charles Yang surveys a wide range of errors in children's language and identifies overlooked patterns. He combines these with work in biological evolution in order to develop a model of language acquisition by which to understand the interaction between children's internal linguistic knowledge andtheir external linguistic experience. He then presents evidence from his own and others' research in the acquisition of syntax and morphology and data from historical language change to test its validity. The model is the first to make quantitative and cross-linguistic predictions about childlanguage. It may also be deployed as a predictive model of language change which, when the evidence is available, could explain why grammars change in a particular direction at a particular time.Knowledge and Learning in Natural Language is a pioneering work at the centre of current concerns in linguistics and cognitive science. It will interest all those concerned to understand and explain language acquisition, Universal Grammar, and language change.

Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey: Volume 2, Linguistic Theory: Extensions and Implications

Author: Frederick J. Newmeyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521375818

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 4535


Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey is a comprehensive introduction to prevalent research in all branches of the field of linguistics, from syntactic theory to ethnography of speaking, from signed language to the mental lexicon, from language acquisition to discourse analysis. Each chapter has been written by a specialist particularly distinguished in his or her field who has accepted the challenge of reviewing the current issues and future prospects in sufficient depth for the scholar and with sufficient clarity for the student. Each volume can be read independently and has a particular focus. Volume I covers the internal structure of the language faculty itself, while Volume II considers the evidence for, and the implications of, a generativist approach to language. Psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics are covered in Volume III, and Volume IV concentrates on sociolinguistics and the allied fields of anthropological linguistics and discourse and conversation analysis. Several of the chapters in the work concentrate on the interface between different aspects of linguistic theory or the boundaries between linguistic theory and other disciplines. Thus in both its scope and in its approach the Survey is a unique and fundamental work of reference. It undoubtedly fulfils the editor's principal aim of providing a wealth of information, insight and ideas that will excite and challenge all readers with an interest in linguistics.

Sprache und Geist

mit einem Anhang: Linguistik und Politik

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518276198

Category: Psycholinguistics

Page: 188

View: 1738


Language: Its Structure and Use

Author: Edward Finegan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285052455

Category: Education

Page: 608

View: 9415


This best-selling introductory linguistics textbooks treats language as both a system (structure) and a social tool (use) - an approach that serves students in many disciplines, especially linguistics, English, speech communication, and education. Features such as “What Do You Think?” and “Try It Yourself” prompt students to consider language in daily life and to begin thinking about language analysis, while new “Language at the Bar” features show them the real-world applications of linguistic analysis to criminal and civil legal cases. The wide range of exercises includes “Especially for Educators and Future Teachers” sections ideal for future educators, as well as “Practice Exercises,” “Based on English,” and end-of-chapter review sections. Based on sound scholarship and framed in a clear, friendly presentation, LANGUAGE: ITS STRUCTURE AND USE, Seventh Edition, helps students understand the uniquely human trait of language. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Language and Linguistics

Author: Ralph W. Fasold,Jeff Connor-Linton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131606185X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 5339


A clear and up-to-date introduction to linguistics. This best-selling textbook addresses the full scope of language, from the traditional subjects of structural linguistics (relating to sound, form, meaning and language change) to the more specialised subjects of contextual linguistics (including discourse, dialect variation, language and culture, and the politics of language). There are also separate chapters on language and the brain, computational linguistics, writing, and first and second language learning. Extensively classroom-tested, this second edition has been revised to further support student learning, with numerous new examples, exercises and textboxes to model and contextualise key concepts. Updated throughout to incorporate contemporary issues and events, it includes worked examples of phonological analyses and multiple examples of a variety of World Englishes. A rich collection of online resources completes the learning package.

Bilingualism in Development

Language, Literacy, and Cognition

Author: Ellen Bialystok

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521635073

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 1277


Describes how intellectual development of bilingual children differs from that of monolingual children.

Language Development

Author: Rachel Rudman,Felicity Titjen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108402275

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: N.A

View: 3617


Essential study guides for the future linguist. Language Development is an introduction to how we learn to speak, read and write. It is suitable for advanced level students and beyond. Written with input from the Cambridge English Corpus, it considers the theoretical approaches to language development from early childhood to teenager. Language Development explores the lifelong process of learning a language, as well as the social factors that affect it. Using activities to help explain analysis methods, this book guides students through major modern issues and concepts. It summarises key concerns and modern findings, while providing inspiration for language investigations and non-examined assessments (NEAs) with research suggestions.

Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development

Author: Melissa Bowerman,Stephen C. Levinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521593588

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 602

View: 8812


Leading scholars examine the relationship between child language acquisition and cognitive development.

Das Weltbild des Kindes


Author: Jean Piaget

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608106804

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 6557


Dieser Klassiker der Entwicklungspsychologie liefert eine gut verständliche und immer noch spannend zu lesende Übersicht über die typischen Wahrnehmungs- und Interpretationsmuster von Vorschulkindern. Wie interpretieren Kinder den Zusammenhang von Wörtern und Dingen, den Ursprung und die Eigenschaften natürlicher Phänomene und die Ursache von Ereignissen? Jean Piaget analysiert in diesem Buch die typischen Eigenheiten des kindlichen Weltverstehens und widmet sich damit grundlegenden Fragen der Entwicklungspsychologie. Auf der Basis eigener Befragungen zu unterschiedlichen Aspekten der Kinderlogik greift er die Resultate der damaligen Forschung auf und setzt diese zu einem umfassenden Erklärungsmodell zusammen.

Introducing Second Language Acquisition

Author: Muriel Saville-Troike,Karen Barto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316688224

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 7911


Providing a solid foundation in second language acquisition, this book has become the leading introduction to the subject for students of linguistics, psychology and education, and trainee language teachers. Now in its third edition, the textbook offers comprehensive coverage of fundamental concepts, including second language acquisition (SLA) in adults and children, in formal and informal learning contexts, and in diverse socio-cultural settings, and takes an interdisciplinary approach, encouraging students to consider SLA from linguistic, psychological and social perspectives. Each chapter contains a list of key terms, a summary, and a range of graded exercises suitable for self-testing and class discussion. The third edition has been revised throughout, and features new material on the practical aspects of teaching language, along with updated online resources, including new classroom activities to accompany each chapter, as well as updated references and further reading suggestions.

Theoretical Issues in Language Acquisition

Continuity and Change in Development

Author: Juergen Weissenborn,Helen Goodluck,Thomas Roeper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134746695

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 5933


In recent linguistic theory, there has been an explosion of detailed studies of language variation. This volume applies such recent analyses to the study of child language, developing new approaches to change and variation in child grammars and revealing both early knowledge in several areas of grammar and a period of extended development in others. Topics dealt with include question formation, "subjectless" sentences, object gaps, rules for missing subject interpretation, passive sentences, rules for pronoun interpretation and argument structure. Leading developmental linguists and psycholinguists show how linguistic theory can help define and inform a theory of the dynamics of language development and its biological basis, meeting the growing need for such studies in programs in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science.