High-speed Signal Propagation

Advanced Black Magic

Author: Howard W. Johnson,Martin Graham

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional

ISBN: 9780130844088

Category: Computers

Page: 766

View: 7292

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Annotation Raves for Dr. Johnson's previous classic, "High-Speed Digital Design! ...".one of the finest efforts to come along in the field of applied high-speed digital design because of its focus on providing tools for the whole design team bringing a high-speed product to life. For all the PCB designers and circuit designers out there, buy it; read it; keep it." -- Dan Baumgartner, Printed Circuit Design Faster and farther: State-of-the-art signal transmission techniques In "High-Speed Signal Propagation, Howard Johnson and Martin Graham bring together state-of-the-art techniques for building digital interconnections that can transmit faster, farther, and more efficiently than ever before. Packed with new examples and never-before-published high-speed design guidance, this book offers a complete and unified theory of signal propagation for all metallic media, from cables to pcb traces to chips. Coverage includes: Managing tradeoffs between speed and distancePhysical theory of signal impairments: skin and proximity effects, dielectric loss, surface roughness, and non-TEM mode propagationGeneralized frequency- and step-response modelsCalculation of time-domain waveforms from frequency-domain transfer functionsDifferential signaling: Edge-coupled and broadside-coupled differential pairs, bends, intra-pair skew, differential trace geometry impedance, crosstalk, and radiationInter-cabinet connections: Coax, twisted-pair, fiber, equalizers, and LAN building wiringClock distribution: Special requirements, repeaters, multi-drop clock distribution, jitter, and power filteringSimulation: Frequency domain simulation methods, Spice, and IBIS

Printed Circuit Board Designer's Reference

Basics

Author: Christopher T. Robertson

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional

ISBN: 9780130674814

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 5796

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PCB design instruction and reference manual, all in one book!In-depth explanation of the processes and tools used in modern PCB designStandards, formulas, definitions, and procedures, plus software to tie it all together Buy it to learn, but keep it as a valued reference tool! Printed circuit boards (PCBs) literally form the backbone of electronic devices. The electronics industry continues its spread into every aspect of modern life, yet surprisingly little written material exists about PCB standards and design. At the same time, the industry is beginning to feel the effects of a lack of new designers entering the field! To address this situation, PCB design authority Christopher T. Robertson wrote "Printed Circuit Board Designer's Reference: Basics." This book teaches the essentials of PCB design the same standards and techniques used in the field, but collected in one place. You'll learn most of the key design techniques in use today, and be in the perfect position to learn the more advanced methods when you're ready. On the job, "Printed Circuit Board Designer's Reference: Basics" will continue to serve as an indispensable reference source filled with tables, charts, and task checklists you'll definitely want to keep on hand. Rounding out the book is a valuable software package DR Resource (Designer's Reference Resource) a multifunction calculator that manages the day-to-day activities of the PCB designer, performs project management functions, and keeps vital documentation and standards data right at your fingertips. Inside you'll find: Thorough coverage of PCB design tools and techniquesTools for everyday calculations, useful tables, quick reference charts, and a full checklist covering the entire design processClear explanations of where values come from, how to use and adjust them, and much more This book was written for new designers looking for a solid foundation in PCB design, although designers with more experience will find the reference material, software, and explanations of the values that manufacturers use invaluable as well. "

Digital Communications Test and Measurement

High-Speed Physical Layer Characterization

Author: Dennis Derickson,Marcus Müller

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132797216

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 976

View: 1231

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A Comprehensive Guide to Physical Layer Test and Measurement of Digital Communication Links Today's new data communication and computer interconnection systems run at unprecedented speeds, presenting new challenges not only in the design, but also in troubleshooting, test, and measurement. This book assembles contributions from practitioners at top test and measurement companies, component manufacturers,and universities. It brings together information that has never been broadly accessible before—information that was previously buried in application notes, seminar and conference presentations, short courses, and unpublished works. Readers will gain a thorough understanding of the inner workings of digital high-speed systems, and learn how the different aspects of such systems can be tested. The editors and contributors cover key areas in test and measurement of transmitters (digital waveform and jitter analysis and bit error ratio), receivers (sensitivity, jitter tolerance, and PLL/CDR characterization), and high-speed channel characterization (in time and frequency domain). Extensive illustrations are provided throughout. Coverage includes Signal integrity from a measurement point of view Digital waveform analysis using high bandwidth real-time and sampling (equivalent time) oscilloscopes Bit error ratio measurements for both electrical and optical links Extensive coverage on the topic of jitter in high-speed networks State-of-the-art optical sampling techniques for analysis of 100 Gbit/s + signals Receiver characterization: clock recovery, phase locked loops, jitter tolerance and transfer functions, sensitivity testing, and stressed-waveform receiver testing Channel and system characterization: TDR/T and frequency domain-based alternatives Testing and measuring PC architecture communication links: PCIexpress, SATA, and FB DIMM

CMOS Continuous-Time Adaptive Equalizers for High-Speed Serial Links

Author: Cecilia Gimeno,Santiago Celma,Concepción Aldea

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319105639

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 2972

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This book introduces readers to the design of adaptive equalization solutions integrated in standard CMOS technology for high-speed serial links. Since continuous-time equalizers offer various advantages as an alternative to discrete-time equalizers at multi-gigabit rates, this book provides a detailed description of continuous-time adaptive equalizers design - both at transistor and system levels-, their main characteristics and performances. The authors begin with a complete review and analysis of the state of the art of equalizers for wireline applications, describing why they are necessary, their types, and their main applications. Next, theoretical fundamentals of continuous-time adaptive equalizers are explored. Then, new structures are proposed to implement the different building blocks of the adaptive equalizer: line equalizer, loop-filters, power comparator, etc. The authors demonstrate the design of a complete low-power, low-voltage, high-speed, continuous-time adaptive equalizer. Finally, a cost-effective CMOS receiver which includes the proposed continuous-time adaptive equalizer is designed for 1.25 Gb/s optical communications through 50-m length, 1-mm diameter plastic optical fiber (POF).

RTL Hardware Design Using VHDL

Coding for Efficiency, Portability, and Scalability

Author: Pong P. Chu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047178639X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 700

View: 5440

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The skills and guidance needed to master RTL hardware design This book teaches readers how to systematically design efficient, portable, and scalable Register Transfer Level (RTL) digital circuits using the VHDL hardware description language and synthesis software. Focusing on the module-level design, which is composed of functional units, routing circuit, and storage, the book illustrates the relationship between the VHDL constructs and the underlying hardware components, and shows how to develop codes that faithfully reflect the module-level design and can be synthesized into efficient gate-level implementation. Several unique features distinguish the book: * Coding style that shows a clear relationship between VHDL constructs and hardware components * Conceptual diagrams that illustrate the realization of VHDL codes * Emphasis on the code reuse * Practical examples that demonstrate and reinforce design concepts, procedures, and techniques * Two chapters on realizing sequential algorithms in hardware * Two chapters on scalable and parameterized designs and coding * One chapter covering the synchronization and interface between multiple clock domains Although the focus of the book is RTL synthesis, it also examines the synthesis task from the perspective of the overall development process. Readers learn good design practices and guidelines to ensure that an RTL design can accommodate future simulation, verification, and testing needs, and can be easily incorporated into a larger system or reused. Discussion is independent of technology and can be applied to both ASIC and FPGA devices. With a balanced presentation of fundamentals and practical examples, this is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in advanced digital logic. Engineers who need to make effective use of today's synthesis software and FPGA devices should also refer to this book.

Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering

Author: Henry W. Ott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210654

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 872

View: 7117

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Praise for Noise Reduction Techniques IN electronic systems "Henry Ott has literally 'written the book' on the subject of EMC. . . . He not only knows the subject, but has the rare ability to communicate that knowledge to others." —EE Times Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering is a completely revised, expanded, and updated version of Henry Ott's popular book Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems. It reflects the most recent developments in the field of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and noise reduction¿and their practical applications to the design of analog and digital circuits in computer, home entertainment, medical, telecom, industrial process control, and automotive equipment, as well as military and aerospace systems. While maintaining and updating the core information—such as cabling, grounding, filtering, shielding, digital circuit grounding and layout, and ESD—that made the previous book such a wide success, this new book includes additional coverage of: Equipment/systems grounding Switching power supplies and variable-speed motor drives Digital circuit power distribution and decoupling PCB layout and stack-up Mixed-signal PCB layout RF and transient immunity Power line disturbances Precompliance EMC measurements New appendices on dipole antennae, the theory of partial inductance, and the ten most common EMC problems The concepts presented are applicable to analog and digital circuits operating from below audio frequencies to those in the GHz range. Throughout the book, an emphasis is placed on cost-effective EMC designs, with the amount and complexity of mathematics kept to the strictest minimum. Complemented with over 250 problems with answers, Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering equips readers with the knowledge needed to design electronic equipment that is compatible with the electromagnetic environment and compliant with national and international EMC regulations. It is an essential resource for practicing engineers who face EMC and regulatory compliance issues and an ideal textbook for EE courses at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.

Power Integrity Modeling and Design for Semiconductors and Systems

Author: Madhavan Swaminathan,Ege Engin

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132797178

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 323

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The First Comprehensive, Example-Rich Guide to Power Integrity Modeling Professionals such as signal integrity engineers, package designers, and system architects need to thoroughly understand signal and power integrity issues in order to successfully design packages and boards for high speed systems. Now, for the first time, there's a complete guide to power integrity modeling: everything you need to know, from the basics through the state of the art. Using realistic case studies and downloadable software examples, two leading experts demonstrate today's best techniques for designing and modeling interconnects to efficiently distribute power and minimize noise. The authors carefully introduce the core concepts of power distribution design, systematically present and compare leading techniques for modeling noise, and link these techniques to specific applications. Their many examples range from the simplest (using analytical equations to compute power supply noise) through complex system-level applications. The authors Introduce power delivery network components, analysis, high-frequency measurement, and modeling requirements Thoroughly explain modeling of power/ground planes, including plane behavior, lumped modeling, distributed circuit-based approaches, and much more Offer in-depth coverage of simultaneous switching noise, including modeling for return currents using time- and frequency-domain analysis Introduce several leading time-domain simulation methods, such as macromodeling, and discuss their advantages and disadvantages Present the application of the modeling methods on several advanced case studies that include high-speed servers, high-speed differential signaling, chip package analysis, materials characterization, embedded decoupling capacitors, and electromagnetic bandgap structures This book's system-level focus and practical examples will make it indispensable for every student and professional concerned with power integrity, including electrical engineers, system designers, signal integrity engineers, and materials scientists. It will also be valuable to developers building software that helps to analyze high-speed systems.

Jitter, Noise, and Signal Integrity at High- Speed

Author: Mike Peng Li

Publisher: Prentice-Hall PTR

ISBN: 9780132429610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 8191

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State-of-the-art JNB and SI Problem-Solving: Theory, Analysis, Methods, and Applications Jitter, noise, and bit error (JNB) and signal integrity (SI) have become today's greatest challenges in high-speed digital design. Now, there's a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to overcoming these challenges, direct from Dr. Mike Peng Li, cochair of the PCI Express jitter standard committee. One of the field's most respected experts, Li has brought together the latest theory, analysis, methods, and practical applications, demonstrating how to solve difficult JNB and SI problems in both link components and complete systems. Li introduces the fundamental terminology, definitions, and concepts associated with JNB and SI, as well as their sources and root causes. He guides readers from basic math, statistics, circuit and system models all the way through final applications. Emphasizing clock and serial data communications applications, he covers JNB and SI simulation, modeling, diagnostics, debugging, compliance testing, and much more. Coverage includes JNB component classification, interrelationships, measurement references, and transfer functions Statistical techniques and signal processing theory for quantitatively understanding and modeling JNB and related components Jitter, noise, and BER: physical/mathematical foundations and statistical signal processing views Jitter separation methods in statistical distribution, time, and frequency domains Clock jitter in detail: phase, period, and cycle-to-cycle jitter, and key interrelationships among them PLL jitter in clock generation and clock recovery Jitter, noise, and SI mechanisms in high-speed link systems Quantitative modeling and analysis for jitter, noise, and SI Testing requirements and methods for links and systems Emerging trends in high-speed JNB and SI As data rates continue to accelerate, engineers encounter increasingly complex JNB and SI problems. In Jitter, Noise, and Signal Integrity at High-Speed, Dr. Li provides powerful new tools for solving these problems–quickly, efficiently, and reliably. Preface xv Acknowledgements xxi About the Author xxiii Chapter 1: Introduction 1 Chapter 2: Statistical Signal and Linear Theory for Jitter, Noise, and Signal Integrity 27 Chapter 3: Source, Mechanism, and Math Model for Jitter and Noise 75 Chapter 4: Jitter, Noise, BER (JNB), and Interrelationships 109 Chapter 5: Jitter and Noise Separation and Analysis in Statistical Domain 131 Chapter 6: Jitter and Noise Separation and Analysis in the Time and Frequency Domains 163 Chapter 7: Clock Jitter 185 Chapter 8: PLL Jitter and Transfer Function Analysis 209 Chapter 9: Jitter and Signal Integrity Mechanisms for High-Speed Links 253 Chapter 10: Modeling and Analysis for Jitter and Signaling Integrity for High-Speed Links 281 Chapter 11: Testing and Analysis for Jitter and Signaling Integrity for High-Speed Links 309 Chapter 12: Book Summary and Future Challenges 345 Index 353

Practical FPGA Programming in C

Author: David Pellerin,Scott Thibault

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131543188

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 907

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FPGA brings high performance applications to market quickly - this book covers the many emerging platforms in a proven, effective manner.

Electromagnetic Shielding

Author: Kenneth L. Kaiser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849363726

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 6097

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In chapters culled from popular and critically acclaimed Electromagnetic Compatibility Handbook, Electromagnetic Shielding provides a tightly focused, convenient, and affordable reference for those interested primarily in this subset of topics. Author Kenneth L. Kaiser demystifies shielding and explains the source and limitations of the approximations, guidelines, models, and rules-of-thumb used in this field. The material is presented in a unique question-and-answer format that gets straight to the heart of each topic. The book includes numerous examples and uses Mathcad to generate all of the figures and many solutions to equations. In many cases, the entire Mathcad program is provided.

Mcgraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 2005

Author: McGraw-Hill Companies

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 9780071445047

Category: Reference

Page: 426

View: 1390

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McGraw-Hill's world-renowned annual publication continues its tradition of making information on the latest advances in science and technology accessible to non-specialists through concise, well-illustrated articles. * Approximately 150 articles from 200 leaders in their respective fields cover technical disciplines from Agriculture to Zoology * 225 images and two-color illustrations enhance the text * Features numerous cross-references to the "McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 9th Edition," and references of key literature after each article * An extensive subject index makes finding information a snap * Up-to-date coverage of forefront topics such as bioterrorism, earth simulator, electric power systems, extreme programming, HIV vaccines, human impact on vertebrate extinction, polymers for micro-electronics, solar storms, and Voice-over IP.

Frequency-domain Characterization of Power Distribution Networks

Author: Dr. Istvan Novak,Jason R. Miller

Publisher: Artech House Publishers

ISBN: 9781596932005

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 339

View: 8943

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Power distribution networks (PDNs) are key components in today's high-performance electronic circuitry. They ensure that circuits have a constant, stable supply of power. The complexities of designing PDNs have been dramatically reduced by frequency-domain analysis. This book examines step-by-step how electrical engineers can use frequency-domain techniques to accurately simulate, measure, and model PDNs. It guides engineers through the ins and outs of these techniques to ensure they develop the right PDN for any type of circuit. Circuit engineers gain valuable insight from the book's best practices for measuring, simulating, and modeling. Practical examples illustrate every phase in PDN development from material characterization and component design to modeling the entire network.

VLSI Circuits and Systems II

9-11 May, 2005, Seville, Spain

Author: José Fco López,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 9780819458322

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1126

View: 1999

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Includes Proceedings Vol. 7821

Printed Circuits Handbook, Seventh Edition

Author: Clyde Coombs,Happy Holden

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007183396X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1504

View: 2131

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The world's leading guide to printed circuits—completely updated to include the latest tools, technology, and techniques The de facto industry-standard for over 30 years, this practical guide equips you with definitive coverage of every facet of printed circuit assemblies—from design methods to fabrication processes. Now thoroughly revised and updated, this book offers cutting-edge coverage of printed circuit engineering, fabrication, construction, soldering, testing, and repair. Printed Circuits Handbook, Seventh Edition features all new, critical guidance on how to create, manage, and measure performance throughout the global supply chain. Written by a team of international experts from both industry and academia, this comprehensive volume offers new information on geographical specialization as well as the latest phase of the EUs Directive on the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (ROHS II). Fully overhauled to cover the latest scientific and technical developments Brand-new coverage of printed circuit supply chain technology and geographical specialization Complete explanations of new EU safety directives for halogen-free base materials

Wirbelströme und Schirmung in der Nachrichtentechnik

Author: Heinrich Kaden

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540325700

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 9713

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Die "Klassiker der Technik" sind unveränderte Neuauflagen traditionsreicher ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Werke. Wegen ihrer didaktischen Einzigartigkeit und zeitlosen Inhalte gehören sie zur Standardliteratur von Ingenieuren. Wer sie studiert, versteht die Hintergründe vieler computergestützter Verfahren. Oft bietet ein "Klassiker" einen Fundus an wichtigen Berechnungs- oder Konstruktionsbeispielen für Musterlösungen moderner Problemstellungen.

Multicore-Programmierung

Performance erhöhen durch Software-Multithreading

Author: Shameem Akhter,Jason Roberts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783939084709

Category:

Page: 298

View: 688

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