Hell Gap

A Stratified Paleoindian Campsite at the Edge of the Rockies

Author: Mary Lou Larson,Marcel Kornfeld,George C. Frison

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874809435

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 7328

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The Hell Gap site was first uncovered in the late 1950s and is one of the gems in the history of American archaeology. Yet it is still one of the least understood and most poorly published of the sites that helped establish the framework for Paleoindian archaeology as it exists today. No other excavated site in North America contains a record that includes all cultural complexes known on the Plains between 11,000 and 8,000 B.P. Major excavations during the 1960s, conducted by the University of Wyoming and Harvard's Peabody Museum, not only removed vast quantities of Paleoindian deposits, but also trained some of the foremost archaeologists of our time. Much has happened in American archaeology in the intervening years and modern techniques of dating, excavation, and analysis are now capable of revealing much more about the specifics of Hell Gap. This volume finally begins the analysis of the vast quantity of material recovered from one of the most significant Paleoindian sites in North America, as contributors consider such topics as settlement, subsistence, technology, paleoenvironments, and archaeological site formation. The studies included here expand our understanding of the results of the original investigators, while providing an important reevaluation of their interpretations.

Clovis Caches

Recent Discoveries and New Research

Author: Bruce B. Huckell

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826354831

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5595

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This collection of essays investigates caches of Clovis tools, many of which have only recently come to light. The studies comprising this volume treat methodological and theoretical issues including the recognition of Clovis caches, Clovis lithic technology, mobility, and land use.

Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the High Plains and Rockies

Third Edition

Author: Marcel Kornfeld,George C Frison,Mary Lou Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315422085

Category: Social Science

Page: 710

View: 1558

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George Frison’s Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains has been the standard text on plains prehistory since its first publication in 1978, influencing generations of archaeologists. Now, a third edition of this classic work is available for scholars, students, and avocational archaeologists. Thorough and comprehensive, extensively illustrated, the book provides an introduction to the archaeology of the more than 13,000 year long history of the western Plains and the adjacent Rocky Mountains. Reflecting the boom in recent archaeological data, it reports on studies at a wide array of sites from deep prehistory to recent times examining the variability in the archeological record as well as in field, analytical, and interpretive methods. The 3rd edition brings the book up to date in a number of significant areas, as well as addressing several topics inadequately developed in previous editions.

From the Pleistocene to the Holocene

Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America

Author: C. Britt Bousman,Bradley J. Vierra

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1603447784

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 1756

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The end of the Pleistocene era brought dramatic environmental changes to small bands of humans living in North America: changes that affected subsistence, mobility, demography, technology, and social relations. The transition they made from Paleoindian (Pleistocene) to Archaic (Early Holocene) societies represents the first major cultural shift that took place solely in the Americas. This event—which manifested in ways and at times much more varied than often supposed—set the stage for the unique developments of behavioral complexity that distinguish later Native American prehistoric societies. Using localized studies and broad regional syntheses, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the diversity of adaptations to the dynamic and changing environmental and cultural landscapes that occurred between the Pleistocene and early portion of the Holocene. The authors' research areas range from Northern Mexico to Alaska and across the continent to the American Northeast, synthesizing the copious available evidence from well-known and recent excavations.With its methodologically and geographically diverse approach, From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America provides an overview of the present state of knowledge regarding this crucial transformative period in Native North America. It offers a large-scale synthesis of human adaptation, reflects the range of ideas and concepts in current archaeological theoretical approaches, and acts as a springboard for future explanations and models of prehistoric change.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

Author: Vicki Cummings,Peter Jordan,Marek Zvelebil

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025275

Category: Social Science

Page: 1264

View: 7155

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For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies to date, including critical engagements with older debates, new theoretical perspectives, and renewed obligations for greater engagement between researchers and indigenous communities. Chapters provide in-depth archaeological, historical, and anthropological case-studies, and examine far-reaching questions about human social relations, attitudes to technology, ecology, and management of resources and the environment, as well as issues of diet, health, and gender relations - all central topics in hunter-gatherer research, but also themes that have great relevance for modern global society and its future challenges. The Handbook also provides a strategic vision for how the integration of new methods, approaches, and study regions can ensure that future research into the archaeology and anthropology of hunter-gatherers will continue to deliver penetrating insights into the factors that underlie all human diversity.

The First Rocky Mountaineers

Coloradans Before Colorado

Author: Marcel Kornfeld

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607812623

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 7693

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Considers the human adaptation of the earliest people to inhabit Colorado's Middle Park

Aggregate Analysis in Chipped Stone

Author: Christopher T. Hall,Mary Lou Larson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 7336

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Less than two decades ago, archaeologists considered lithic debitage, the flakes and debris left from the manufacture of stone tools, little more than uninformative waste. Since then, fieldworkers have increasingly recognized that stone flakes can provide information both singly and in aggregate. Many methods are now available for analyzing lithic debitage, yet no single method is entirely reliable as a vehicle to meaningful interpretation of past behavior. Part of the problem lies in the disparity between tightly controlled experimental conditions and the difficulty of sorting individual sequences out of the masses of stone found in many archaeological sites. Contributors to this volume seek to identify the strengths and weaknesses in the more widespread and competing analytical forms while arguing for the use of multiple lines of evidence. As the title indicates, their primary focus is on mass analysis of aggregates rather than individual flakes. Thus several chapters also address problems of subdividing aggregates to better deal with the "mixed assemblages" generated by multiple factors over time.

Rancher Archaeologist

A Career in Two Different Worlds

Author: George Frison,William Woodcock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607813293

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 5419

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Islands on the Plains

Ecological, Social, and Ritual Use of Landscapes

Author: Marcel Kornfeld,Alan J. Osborn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 331

View: 2092

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Scattered throughout the Great Plains are many isolated areas of varying size and ecology, quite distinct from the surrounding grasslands. Such spaces can be uplands like the Black Hills, low hills like the Nebraska Sand Hills, or linear areas such as shallow river valleys and deeply incised canyons. While the notion of "islands" is not a new one among ecologists, its application in Plains archaeology is. The contributors to this volume seek to illustrate the different ways that the spatial, structural, and temporal nature of islands conditioned the behavior and adaptation of past Plains peoples. This as a first step toward a more detailed analysis of habitat variation and its effects on Plains cultural dynamics and evolution. Although the emphasis is on ecology, several chapters also address social and ideological islands in the form of sacred sites and special hunting grounds.

1421

als China die Welt entdeckte

Author: Gavin Menzies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783426777664

Category:

Page: 602

View: 9368

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Die Spur des Adlers

Author: Tony Hillerman

Publisher: Edel:Books

ISBN: 3955304914

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 1018

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Ein raffinierter und spannender Kriminalroman vom vielfach preisgekrönten Autor Tony Hillerman – und ein faszinierender Blick in die fremdartige, von der modernen Zivilisation bedrohte indianische Kultur. Eigentlich will Jim Chee seinem Officer die Leviten lesen, denn der belästigt im Dienst immer wieder Frauen. Doch dafür ist es nun zu spät. Chee findet den Cop erschlagen auf einem Berg im Hopi-Reservat. Der vermeintliche Täter kniet noch neben ihm - ein Hopi, der gerade illegal einen Adler für eine heilige Zeremonie gefangen hat. Auf den Mann wartet die neu eingeführte Todesstrafe - wenn nicht ausgerechnet Chees Verlobte, Janet Pete, seine Verteidigung übernähme. Und wenn nichts Chees ehemaliger Chef, der legendäre Joe Leaphorn, bei dem Fall mitmischte. Leaphorn soll eine Biologin wiederfinden, die der tote Officer zuletzt belästigte. Sie verschwand in der Gegend und zur Zeit des Mords ...