Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory

Author: Andrew P. Dicks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439840776

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 3676

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The last decade has seen a huge interest in green organic chemistry, particularly as chemical educators look to "green" their undergraduate curricula. Detailing published laboratory experiments and proven case studies, this book discusses concrete examples of green organic chemistry teaching approaches from both lecture/seminar and practical perspectives. The experienced contributors address such topics as the elimination of solvents in the organic laboratory, organic reactions under aqueous conditions, organic reactions in non-aqueous media, greener organic reagents, waste management/recycling strategies, and microwave technology as a greener heating tool. This reference allows instructors to directly incorporate material presented in the text into their courses. Encouraging a stimulating organic chemistry experience, the text emphasizes the need for undergraduate education to: Focus on teaching sustainability principles throughout the curriculum Be flexible in the teaching of green chemistry, from modification of an existing laboratory experiment to development of a brand-new course Reflect modern green research areas such as microwave reactivity, alternative reaction solvents, solvent-free chemistry, environmentally friendly reagents, and waste disposal Train students in the "green chemistry decision-making" process Integrating recent research advances in green chemistry research and the Twelve Principles of Organic Chemistry into the lecture and laboratory environments, Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory highlights smaller, more cost-effective experiments with minimized waste disposal and reduced reaction times. This approach develops a fascinating and relevant undergraduate organic laboratory experience while focusing on real-world applications and problem-solving.

Nanocellulose and Sustainability

Production, Properties, Applications, and Case Studies

Author: Koon-Yang Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351262912

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 4768

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Nanometre scale cellulose fibres, or nanocellulose, are emerging materials for various advanced applications. Nanocellulose and Sustainability: Production, Properties, Applications, and Case Studies provides a comprehensive overview of nanocellulose production, nanocellulose properties and nanocellulose in selected applications. This book serves as an entry level reference text for undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and professional engineers working in the area of nanocellulose and sustainability.

Catalysis for Sustainability

Goals, Challenges, and Impacts

Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586869

Category: Nature

Page: 214

View: 5179

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Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Solvents

Author: B. Trémillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401021236

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 712

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Arising no doubt from its pre-eminence as a natural liquid, water has always been considered by chemists as the original solvent in which very varied chemical reactions can take place, both for preparational and for analytical purposes. This explains the very long-standing interest shown in the study of aqueous solutions. In this con nection, it must be stressed that the theory of Arrhenius and Ostwald (1887-1894) on electrolytic dissociation, was originally devised solely for solutions in water and that the first true concept of acidity resulting from this is linked to the use of this solvent. The more recent development of numerous physico-chemical measurement methods has made possible an increase of knowledge in this area up to an extremely advanced degree of systematization. Thus today we have available both a very large amount of experimental data, together with very refined methods of deduction and of quantitative treatment of chemical reactions in solution which enable us to make the fullest use of this data. Nevertheless, . it appears quite evident at present that there are numerous chemical processes which cannot take place in water, and that its use as a solvent imposes 2 INTRODUCTION limitations. In order to overcome these limitations, it was natural that interest should be attracted to solvents other than water and that the new possibilities thus opened up should be explored.

Chemistry in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Solvents

Author: Mido & S. Taguchi

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788171413317

Category:

Page: 166

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Contents: Aqueous Solution Chemistry, Acids and Bases, Solute-Solvent Interactions, Chemistry in Protonic Solvents Liquid Ammonia, Liquid Hydrogen, Fluoride, Sulphuric, Acid, Liquid, Hydrogen, Cyanide, Acetic Acid and Liquid Hydrogen Sulphide, Non- Protonic Solvents Liquid Dinitrogen Tetroxide, Liquid Sulphur, Dioxide and Liquid Halides.

Green Chemistry Education

Changing the Course of Chemistry

Author: Paul T. Anastas,Irvin Jay Levy,Kathryn E. Parent

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: 9780841274471

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 1572

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Green Chemistry - a new approach to designing chemicals and chemical transformations that are beneficial for human health and the environment - is an area that continues to emerge as an important field of study. Practitioners design to be more sustainable the materials, products, and processes that are the basis of our technologically advanced society and economy. Molecular designers are seeing new performance capabilities in the products, new efficiencies in the processes, and achievements in meeting the goals for protecting human health and the environment in a profitable way. Educators have recognized that Green Chemistry principles and practice have not been a part of traditional training in chemistry, and are not part of the skill sets of most practicing chemists. Leaders in Green Chemistry education have developed a wide range of new approaches, courses, tools, and materials that have been introduced and demonstrated in the chemistry curriculum in colleges and universities around the U.S. This ACS Symposium Series Book collects the current research and advances in the field of green chemistry, with an emphasis on providing educators with the knowledge and tools needed to incorporate recent information about this field into the chemistry curriculum. This volume is an outstanding resource for any chemical educator wishing to deepen, broaden, or begin the inclusion of green principles and practices into their teaching or research. Given the current interest in green chemistry, this timely book provides an invaluable snapshot of green chemistry education, highlighting best practices from the first decade of greening the chemistry curriculum.

Asperger Syndrome, the Universe and Everything

Author: Kenneth Hall

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Pub

ISBN: 9781853029301

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 109

View: 5966

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Kenneth Hall was diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome at the age of eight. Here he describes some of the inner experiences and perceptions of autism in childhood. He has a warm and positive attitude which other children will find inspiring. Insights, struggles and joys are recounted vividly in a frank and humorous way.

Green Chemistry

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Suresh C. Ameta,Rakshit Ameta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1926895436

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 3446

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This book highlights the potential and scope of green chemistry for clean and sustainable development. Covering the basics, the book introduces readers to the need and the many applications and benefits and advantages of environmentally friendly chemical practice and application in industry. The book addresses such topics as ecologically safe products, catalysts and solvents, conditions needed to produce such products, types of chemical processes that are conducive to green chemistry, and much more.

Silent Spring

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618249060

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 743

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Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.

A Handbook of Applied Biopolymer Technology

Synthesis, Degradation and Applications

Author: Sanjay Kumar Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo,James H. Clark

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849731519

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 9644

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Covers the latest research in green chemistry principles for new, environmentally friendly processes in the fields of engineering, science and technology.

Permeable Reactive Barrier

Sustainable Groundwater Remediation

Author: Ravi Naidu,Volker Birke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482224488

Category: Nature

Page: 333

View: 6787

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Remediation of groundwater is complex and often challenging. But the cost of pump and treat technology, coupled with the dismal results achieved, has paved the way for newer, better technologies to be developed. Among these techniques is permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technology, which allows groundwater to pass through a buried porous barrier that either captures the contaminants or breaks them down. And although this approach is gaining popularity, there are few references available on the subject. Until now. Permeable Reactive Barrier: Sustainable Groundwater Remediation brings together the information required to plan, design/model, and apply a successful, cost-effective, and sustainable PRB technology. With contributions from pioneers in this area, the book covers state-of-the-art information on PRB technology. It details design criteria, predictive modeling, and application to contaminants beyond petroleum hydrocarbons, including inorganics and radionuclides. The text also examines implementation stages such as the initial feasibility assessment, laboratory treatability studies (including column studies), estimation of PRB design parameters, and development of a long-term monitoring network for the performance evaluation of the barrier. It also outlines the predictive tools required for life cycle analysis and cost/performance assessment. A review of current PRB technology and its applications, this book includes case studies that exemplify the concepts discussed. It helps you determine when to recommend PRB, what information is needed from the site investigation to design it, and what regulatory validation is required.

Green Metrics

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527695273

Category: Science

Page: 400

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There has been dramatic growth in the community of researchers and industrialists working in the area of Green Chemistry. There has been an increasing recognition by a wide-range of scientists and engineers in the chemical enterprise that the framework of Green Chemistry is relevant and enabling to their work. There has been a significant body of work that has accumulated over the past decade that details the breakthroughs, innovation and creativity within Green Chemistry and Engineering. While there have been edited volumes on Green Chemistry that collect a limited number of papers often on a particular topic area, there is not currently a series that seeks to provide a more comprehensive overview of the current state of the science. The lack of this type of series is a notable niche for which the continually growing Green Chemistry and engineering community would value and welcome.

Exploring Opportunities in Green Chemistry and Engineering Education

A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309179881

Category: Education

Page: 56

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Going green is a hot topic in both chemistry and chemical engineering. Green chemistry is the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. Green engineering is the development and commercialization of economically feasible industrial processes that reduce the risk to human health and the environment. This book summarizes a workshop convened by the National Research Council to explore the widespread implementation of green chemistry and chemical engineering concepts into undergraduate and graduate education and how to integrate these concepts into the established and developing curricula. Speakers highlighted the most effective educational practices to date and discussed the most promising educational materials and software tools in green chemistry and engineering. The goal of the workshop was to inform the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, which provides a science-oriented, apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemically related issues affecting government, industry, and universities.

Sustainability and the U.S. EPA

Author: Committee on Incorporating Sustainability in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,Science and Technology for Sustainability Program,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309212529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 8074

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Sustainability is based on a simple and long-recognized factual premise: Everything that humans require for their survival and well-being depends, directly or indirectly, on the natural environment. The environment provides the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat. Recognizing the importance of sustainability to its work, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been working to create programs and applications in a variety of areas to better incorporate sustainability into decision-making at the agency. To further strengthen the scientific basis for sustainability as it applies to human health and environmental protection, the EPA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to provide a framework for incorporating sustainability into the EPA's principles and decision-making. This framework, Sustainability and the U.S. EPA, provides recommendations for a sustainability approach that both incorporates and goes beyond an approach based on assessing and managing the risks posed by pollutants that has largely shaped environmental policy since the 1980s. Although risk-based methods have led to many successes and remain important tools, the report concludes that they are not adequate to address many of the complex problems that put current and future generations at risk, such as depletion of natural resources, climate change, and loss of biodiversity. Moreover, sophisticated tools are increasingly available to address cross-cutting, complex, and challenging issues that go beyond risk management. The report recommends that EPA formally adopt as its sustainability paradigm the widely used "three pillars" approach, which means considering the environmental, social, and economic impacts of an action or decision. Health should be expressly included in the "social" pillar. EPA should also articulate its vision for sustainability and develop a set of sustainability principles that would underlie all agency policies and programs.

Green Extraction of Natural Products

Theory and Practice

Author: Farid Chemat,Jochen Strube

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527676813

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 770

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Extraction processes are essential steps in numerous industrial applications from perfume over pharmaceutical to fine chemical industry. Nowadays, there are three key aspects in industrial extraction processes: economy and quality, as well as environmental considerations. This book presents a complete picture of current knowledge on green extraction in terms of innovative processes, original methods, alternative solvents and safe products, and provides the necessary theoretical background as well as industrial application examples and environmental impacts. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and the strong focus on green chemistry throughout the book makes this book a unique reference source. This book is intended to be a first step towards a future cooperation in a new extraction of natural products, built to improve both fundamental and green parameters of the techniques and to increase the amount of extracts obtained from renewable resources with a minimum consumption of energy and solvents, and the maximum safety for operators and the environment.

Materials for a Healthy, Ecological and Sustainable Built Environment

Principles for Evaluation

Author: Emina K. Petrovic,Brenda Vale,Maibritt Pedersen Zari

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 008100706X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

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Principles for Evaluating Building Materials in Sustainable Construction: Healthy and Sustainable Materials for the Built Environment provides a comprehensive overview of the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction, proposing a holistic and integrated approach. The book evaluates the issues involved in choosing materials from an ecosystem services perspective, from the design stage to the impact of materials on the health of building users. The three main sections of the book discuss building materials in relation to ecosystem services, the implications of materials choice at the design stage, and the impact of materials on building users and their health. The final section focuses on specific case studies that illustrate the richness of solutions that existed before the rise of contemporary construction and that are consistent with a sustainable approach to creating built environments. These are followed by modern examples which apply some, if not all, of the principles discussed in the first three sections of the book. Provides a holistic and integrated approach to the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction Provides a thorough understanding of ecosystem services based on ecology research for built environment design Provides an original review of the impact of materials on human health Provides case studies to illustrate the points above

Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future

Author: Trevor Letcher,Janet Scott,Darrell Alec Patterson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849739757

Category: Science

Page: 800

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Companion to: Materials for a sustainable future. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012.

Methods in Non-Aqueous Enzymology

Author: Munishwar N. Gupta

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034884729

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 6815

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Extending the range of enzymatic catalysis by using non-aqueous media has now developed into a powerful approach in biochemistry and biotechnology. One peculiar feature which distinguishes it from the conventional enzymology (carried out in aqueous buffers) is that the awareness of different parameters that control and influence the behaviour of enzymes in such environments has emerged rather slowly. Science is about being able to repeat what somebody else has done. Absence of knowledge about such well-defined parameters/fac tors has sometimes made some workers rather cautious and diffident about using this approach in their laboratories. But for this, non-aqueous enzymol ogy would be more widely practised. It is these thoughts that made me feel that the availability of some well-defined protocols for various applications invol ving enzymes in non-aqueous environments would further catalyze the growth of this area. Hence this book, in which each chapter has some protocols in a specific area. The protocols are preceded by brief background material. The early chapters, which are of general importance, concern control of water ac tivity and stabilization via immobilization. Some subsequent chapters provide the protocols for transformations involving lipids and carbohydrates, peptide synthesis, and preparation of chiral compounds. The disproportionate focus on lipases is not a coincidence; this class of enzymes has been used more often than others in non-aqueous enzymology.

Element Recovery and Sustainability

Author: Andrew Hunt

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849737347

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 7987

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Increased consumption of electronic equipment has brought with it a greater demand for rare earth elements and metals. Adding to this is the growth in low carbon technologies such as hybrid fuel vehicles. It is predicted that the global supply of rare earth elements could soon be exhausted. A sustainable approach to the use and recovery of rare earth elements is needed, and this book addresses the political, economic and research agendas concerning them. The problem is discussed thoroughly and a multi-disciplinary team of authors from the chemistry, engineering and biotechnology sectors presents a range of solutions, from traditional metallurgical methods to innovations in biotechnology. Case studies add value to the theory presented, and indirect targets for recovery, such as municipal waste and combustion ash are considered. This book will be essential reading for researchers in academia and industry tackling sustainable element recovery, as well as postgraduate students in chemistry, engineering and biotechnology. Environmental scientists and policy makers will also benefit from reading about potential benefits of recovery from waste streams.

Essentials of Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Andrejus Korolkovas

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1216

View: 8980

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This text/reference presents fundamental aspects of medicinal chemistry and contains comprehensive information on approximately 5,000 drugs currently in use, describing their therapeutic uses, their mechanisms of action, and their main side and harmful effects. Employs the latest World Health Organization (WHO) pharmacological classification and provides extensive information for drugs on WHO's latest list of basic or essential pharmaceuticals, including history: chemical, trade and generic names; chemical structure; obtention; physical and chemical properties; mechanisms of action; therapeutic uses; adverse reactions; biotransformation; chemical and pharmacological incompatibilities; bioavailability; dosage; storage; and assay.