Green Chemistry - Nachhaltigkeit in der Chemie

Author: GDCh

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527308156

Category: Science

Page: 158

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Grün und Chemie - ein Widerspruch? Keinesfalls! Die Chemie ist sich ihrer Verantwortung für die Umwelt bewußt. Die "grüne Chemie" ist ein neuer, schnell wachsender Forschungszweig, der sich der Erschließung Abfall vermeidender, Material und Energie sparender sowie kostengünstiger industrieller Prozesse widmet. Nicht nur die bereits erzielten und umgesetzten Innovationen, sondern auch das umweltbezogene Denken und Handeln soll schon frühzeitig in der Schule und im Studium vermittelt werden. Dieses Buch ist für Lehrer und Dozenten, die die Grundprinzipien der Green Chemistry in ihren Unterricht und ihre Vorlesungen miteinbeziehen wollen. Zusätzlich finden sich auch methodisch-didaktische Anregungen sowie erprobte Versuchsvorschriften, die problemlos als Basis einer Unterrichtssequenz dienen können. Gleichermaßen richtet sich dieses Buch auch an Schüler, Studenten und chemisch interessierte Leser, die mehr über diesen neuen Zweig der chemischen Forschung und Produktion wissen möchten.

Green Chemistry

An Introductory Text

Author: Mike Lancaster

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558739

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6852

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Aimed at students, this introduction to green chemistry encourages new ways of thinking about how products and processes are developed.

Methods and Reagents for Green Chemistry

An Introduction

Author: Alvise Perosa,Fulvio Zecchini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470124079

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 4265

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This book aims to stimulate and promote the wide-ranging aspects of green chemistry and its major role in ensuring sustainable development. The book covers the following areas: green chemistry; green reagents and atom economy; safeguarding the atmosphere; industrial green catalysis; alternative reaction conditions; biocatalysis and green chemistry. This book is based on the third edition of the Collection of Lectures of the Summer Schools on Green Chemistry held in Venice, Italy in the summers of 1998-2003 (sponsored by the European Commission, TMR and Improving Programmes and carried out by the Consortzio Interuniversitario La Chemica per l'Ambiente).

Tools for Green Chemistry

Author: Paul T. Anastas,Evan S. Beach,Soumen Kundu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527326456

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 4029

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The series "Handbook of Green Chemistry" edited by P. Anastas who is one leading pioneer of this field is the ultimate reference. Volume 10 of the Handbook of Green Chemistry presents important tools, databases, and laboratory approaches to support chemists in academia and industry to achieve their green chemistry goals.

New Trends in Green Chemistry

Author: V.K. Ahluwalia,M. Kidwai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402031750

Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 4271

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Organic chemistry has played a vital role in the development of diverse molecules which are used in medicines, agrochemicals and polymers. Most ofthe chemicals are produced on an industrial scale. The industrial houses adopt a synthesis for a particular molecule which should be cost-effective. No attention is paid to avoid the release of harmful chemicals in the atmosphere, land and sea. During the past decade special emphasis has been made towards green synthesis which circumvents the above problems. Prof. V. K. Ahluwalia and Dr. M. Kidwai have made a sincere effort in this direction. This book discusses the basic principles of green chemistry incorporating the use of green reagents, green catalysts, phase transfer catalysis, green synthesis using microwaves, ultrasound and biocatalysis in detail. Special emphasis is given to liquid phase reactions and organic synthesis in the solid phase. I must congratulate both the authors for their pioneering efforts to write this book. Careful selection of various topics in the book will serve the rightful purpose for the chemistry community and the industrial houses at all levels. PROF. JAVED IQBAL, PhD, FNA Distinguished Research Scientist & Head Discovery Research Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd.

Green Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: R. A. Sheldon,Isabella Arends,Ulf Hanefeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527611010

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 9853

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This first book to focus on catalytic processes from the viewpoint of green chemistry presents every important aspect: · Numerous catalytic reductions and oxidations methods · Solid-acid and solid-base catalysis · C-C bond formation reactions · Biocatalysis · Asymmetric catalysis · Novel reaction media like e.g. ionic liquids, supercritical CO2 · Renewable raw materials Written by Roger A. Sheldon -- without doubt one of the leaders in the field with much experience in academia and industry -- and his co-workers, the result is a unified whole, an indispensable source for every scientist looking to improve catalytic reactions, whether in the college or company lab.

Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Author: Joseph M. DeSimone,William Tumas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195348248

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8951

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Chemists have been researching the potential of liquid and supercritical carbon dioxide for environmentally safe applications. This edited volume will cover the various applications of using these forms of carbon dioxide. The three main areas of focus are catalysis and chemical synthesis in CO2, polymers in CO2, and industrial processes and applications utilizing CO2. The book is aimed at researchers in academia and industry, and the contributors are all experts in the field.

Green Chemistry and Engineering

Author: Mukesh Doble,Ken Rollins,Anil Kumar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080524771

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 1606

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Chemical processes provide a diverse array of valuable products and materials used in applications ranging from health care to transportation and food processing. Yet these same chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies, also generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions. Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in design. Due to extravagant costs needed to managing these wastes, tens of billions of dollars a year, there is a need to propose a way to create less waste. Emission and treatment standards continue to become more stringent, which causes these costs to continue to escalate. Green Chemistry and Engineering describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste. It explores the use of milder manufacturing conditions resulting from the use of smarter organic synthetic techniques and the maintenance of atom efficiency that can temper the effects of chemical processes. By implementing these techniques means less waste, which will save industry millions of dollars over time. Chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions, this new book describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste This book contains expert advise from scientists around the world, encompassing developments in the field since 2000 Aids manufacturers, scientists, managers, and engineers on how to implement ongoing changes in a vast developing field that is important to the environment and our lives

Introduction to Green Chemistry, Second Edition

Author: Albert Matlack

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882118

Category: Science

Page: 599

View: 1780

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In the nearly 10 years since the publication of the bestselling first edition of Introduction to Green Chemistry, interest in green chemistry and clean processes has grown so much that topics, such as fluorous biphasic catalysis, metal organic frameworks, and process intensification, barely mentioned in the first edition, have become major areas of research. In addition, government funding has ramped up the development of fuel cells and biofuels. It reflects the evolving focus from pollution remediation to pollution prevention. Copiously illustrated with over 800 figures, this second edition provides an update from the frontiers of the field. New and expanded research topics: Metal-organic frameworks Solid acids for alkylation of isobutene by butanes Carbon molecular sieves Mixed micro- and mesoporous solids Organocatalysis Process intensification and gas phase enzymatic reactions Hydrogen storage for fuel cells Reactive distillation Catalysts in action on an atomic scale Updated and expanded current events topics: Industry resistance to inherently safer chemistry Nuclear power Removal of mercury from vaccines Removal of mercury and lead from primary explosives Biofuels Uses for surplus glycerol New hard materials to reduce wear Electronic waste Smart growth The book covers traditional green chemistry topics, including catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks. It also discusses relevant but less frequently covered topics with chapters such as Chemistry of Longer Wear and Population and the Environment. This coverage highlights the importance of chemistry to everyday life and demonstrates the benefits the expanded exploitation of green chemistry can have for society.

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry

Author: Francesca Kerton

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847559522

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 7525

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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Process Intensification Technologies for Green Chemistry

Engineering Solutions for Sustainable Chemical Processing

Author: Kamelia Boodhoo,Adam Harvey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118498534

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7573

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The successful implementation of greener chemical processesrelies not only on the development of more efficient catalysts forsynthetic chemistry but also, and as importantly, on thedevelopment of reactor and separation technologies which candeliver enhanced processing performance in a safe, cost-effectiveand energy efficient manner. Process intensification has emerged asa promising field which can effectively tackle the challenges ofsignificant process enhancement, whilst also offering the potentialto diminish the environmental impact presented by the chemicalindustry. Following an introduction to process intensification and theprinciples of green chemistry, this book presents a number ofintensified technologies which have been researched and developed,including case studies to illustrate their application to greenchemical processes. Topics covered include: • Intensified reactor technologies: spinning discreactors, microreactors, monolith reactors, oscillatory flowreactors, cavitational reactors • Combined reactor/separator systems: membrane reactors,reactive distillation, reactive extraction, reactiveabsorption • Membrane separations for green chemistry • Industry relevance of process intensification,including economics and environmental impact, opportunities forenergy saving, and practical considerations for industrialimplementation. Process Intensification for Green Chemistry is a valuableresource for practising engineers and chemists alike who areinterested in applying intensified reactor and/or separator systemsin a range of industries to achieve green chemistry principles.

Green Chemistry and Engineering

A Practical Design Approach

Author: Concepción Jiménez-González,David J. C. Constable

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118101971

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 582

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The past, present, and future of green chemistry and greenengineering From college campuses to corporations, the past decade witnesseda rapidly growing interest in understanding sustainable chemistryand engineering. Green Chemistry and Engineering: A PracticalDesign Approach integrates the two disciplines into a singlestudy tool for students and a practical guide for working chemistsand engineers. In Green Chemistry and Engineering, theauthors—each highly experienced in implementing greenchemistry and engineering programs in industrialsettings—provide the bottom-line thinking required to notonly bring sustainable chemistry and engineering closer together,but to also move business towards more sustainable practices andproducts. Detailing an integrated, systems-oriented approach thatbridges both chemical syntheses and manufacturing processes, thisinvaluable reference covers: Green chemistry and green engineering in the movement towardssustainability Designing greener, safer chemical synthesis Designing greener, safer chemical manufacturing processes Looking beyond current processes to a lifecycle thinkingperspective Trends in chemical processing that may lead to more sustainablepractices The authors also provide real-world examples and exercises topromote further thought and discussion. The EPA defines green chemistry as the design of chemicalproducts and processes that reduce or eliminate the use orgeneration of hazardous substances. Green engineering is describedas the design, commercialization, and use of products and processesthat are feasible and economical while minimizing both thegeneration of pollution at the source and the risk to human healthand the environment. While there is no shortage of books on eitherdiscipline, Green Chemistry and Engineering is the first totruly integrate the two.

Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability

Author: Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439824740

Category: Nature

Page: 450

View: 6526

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When the Nobel Prize Committee recognized the importance of green chemistry with its 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, this relatively new science came into its own. Although no concerted agreement has been reached yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there seems to be increasing interest in environmental topics that are based on the chemistry embodied in this subject. Linking green chemistry practice to environmental sustainability, Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability illustrates the efforts being made to remediate a scathed environment into a pristine one. Links Green Chemistry Practice to Environmental Sustainability Eminent international experts present research on and the application of green chemistry and engineering in addressing current issues of an environmental and social nature. They cover sustainable development and environmental sustainability with chapters on green chemistry and engineering research, the design and synthesis of environmentally benign chemical processes, green approaches to minimize and/or remediate environmental pollution, the development of biomaterials, biofuel, and bioenergy production, biocatalysis, and policies and ethics in green chemistry. The book also explores economics, environmentally benign technologies for greener processes, computational methods and modeling, and green approaches to minimize air and water. Green chemistry has brought a relatively prompt and positive paradigm shift in the overall use and management of natural resources and raw materials for the development of society with a subtle promise to cause far less pronounced harm to the environment. This text provides insight into the chemical and biochemical technologies that are being studied, optimized, and eventually developed to promote environmental sustainability. It provides up-to-date information on selected fields where the principles of green chemistry are being embraced for safeguarding and improving the quality of the environment.

Green Chemistry for Environmental Remediation

Author: Rashmi Sanghi,Vandana Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111828772X

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 8651

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The book presents an in depth review from eminent industry practitioners and researchers of the emerging green face of multidimensional environmental chemistry. Topics such as green chemistry in industry, green energy: solar photons to fuels, green nanotechnology and sustainability, and green chemistry modeling address a wide array of iusses encouraging the use of economical ecofriendly benign technologies, which not only improve the yield, but also illustrates the concept of zero waste, a subject of interest to both chemists and environmentalists alike.

Exploring Opportunities in Green Chemistry and Engineering Education

A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309179881

Category: Education

Page: 56

View: 6112

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Going green is a hot topic in both chemistry and chemical engineering. Green chemistry is the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. Green engineering is the development and commercialization of economically feasible industrial processes that reduce the risk to human health and the environment. This book summarizes a workshop convened by the National Research Council to explore the widespread implementation of green chemistry and chemical engineering concepts into undergraduate and graduate education and how to integrate these concepts into the established and developing curricula. Speakers highlighted the most effective educational practices to date and discussed the most promising educational materials and software tools in green chemistry and engineering. The goal of the workshop was to inform the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, which provides a science-oriented, apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemically related issues affecting government, industry, and universities.

Green Chemistry

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Suresh C. Ameta,Rakshit Ameta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466578262

Category: Science

Page: 403

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This book highlights the potential and scope of green chemistry for clean and sustainable development. Covering the basics, the book introduces readers to the need and the many applications and benefits and advantages of environmentally friendly chemical practice and application in industry. The book addresses such topics as ecologically safe products, catalysts and solvents, conditions needed to produce such products, types of chemical processes that are conducive to green chemistry, and much more.

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry

Author: Francesca M. Kerton

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085404163X

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 1359

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Conventional solvents can be hazardous in terms of toxicity, flammability and waste generation. Consequently, alternative solvents now form a substantial part of green chemistry. This book covers the latest developments in this growing field as well as some key areas that have been overlooked in previous literature.

Innovations in Green Chemistry and Green Engineering

Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Author: Paul T. Anastas,Julie B. Zimmerman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146145817X

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 5062

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Processes that meet the objectives of green chemistry and chemical engineering minimize waste and energy use, and eliminate toxic by-products. Given the ubiquitous nature of products from chemical processes in our lives, green chemistry and chemical engineering are vital components of any sustainable future. Gathering together ten peer-reviewed articles from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Innovations in Green Chemistry and Green Engineering provides a comprehensive introduction to the state-of-the-art in this key area of sustainability research. Worldwide experts present the latest developments on topics ranging from organic batteries and green catalytic transformations to green nanoscience and nanotoxicology. An essential, one-stop reference for professionals in research and industry, this book also fills the need for an authoritative course text in environmental and green chemistry and chemical engineering at the upper-division undergraduate and graduate levels.

Green Chemistry

Environment Friendly Alternatives

Author: Rashmi Sanghi,M. M. Srivastava

Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

ISBN: 9781842651735

Category: Science

Page: 355

View: 8702

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The present monograph presents 17 in-depths reviews from eminent professors, scientists, chemists and engineers from educational institutions, research organizations and chemical industries introducing a new emerging green face of multidimensional chemistry. It addresses different topics under the domain of 'Green Chemistry' like Introductory aspects, alternate approaches to solvent chemistry, Environment friendly Green techniques, Alternative wastewater treatment technologies and Step change technologies for exploiting Green Chemistry.

Handbook of Green Chemistry and Technology

Author: James H. Clark,Duncan J. Macquarrie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172487

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 2365

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Sustainable development is now accepted as a necessary goal for achieving societal, economic and environmental objectives. Within this chemistry has a vital role to play. The chemical industry is successful but traditionally success has come at a heavy cost to the environment. The challenge for chemists and others is to develop new products, processes and services that achieve societal, economic and environmental benefits. This requires an approach that reduces the materials and energy intensity of chemical processes and products; minimises the dispersion of harmful chemicals in the environment; maximises the use of renewable resources and extends the durability and recyclability of products in a way that increases industrial competitiveness as well as improve its tarnished image.