Geography, Institutions and Regional Economic Performance

Author: Riccardo Crescenzi,Marco Percoco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642333958

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 436

View: 9989

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The book aims to present “traditional features” of regional science (as geographical concepts and institutions), as well as relatively new topics such as innovation and agglomeration economies. In particular it demonstrates that, contrary to what has been argued by recent economics literature, both geography and institutions (or culture) are relevant for local development. In fact, these phenomena, along with the movement of goods and workers, are among the main reasons for persisting development differentials. These intriguing relationships are at the heart of the analysis presented in this book and form the conceptual basis for a promising institutional approach to economic geography.

Equity, Growth, and Community

What the Nation Can Learn from America's Metro Areas

Author: Chris Benner,Manuel Pastor

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520960041

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 529

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In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America's metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.

Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union

Author: Riccardo Crescenzi,Andrés Rodríguez-Pose

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642177613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 3253

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This book investigates the EU’s regional growth dynamics and, in particular, the reasons why peripheral and socio-economically disadvantaged areas have persistently failed to catch up with the rest of the Union. It shows that the capability of the knowledge-based growth model to deliver its expected benefits to these areas crucially depends on tackling a specific set of socio-institutional factors which prevents innovation from being effectively translated into economic growth. The book takes an eclectic approach to the territorial genesis of innovation and regional growth by combining different theoretical strands into one model of empirical analysis covering the whole EU-25. An in-depth comparative analysis with the United States is also included, providing significant insights into the distinctive features of the European process of innovation and its territorial determinants. The evidence produced in the book is extensively applied to the analysis of EU development policies.

Regional Upgrading in Southern Europe

Spatial Disparities and Human Capital

Author: Madalena Fonseca,Ugo Fratesi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319498185

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 358

View: 6766

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The book is aimed at a wide audience, including academics, economic geography, spatial planning and regional policy researchers, institutional leaders and managers, national and institutional policy makers, practitioners, administrators, master's and senior bachelor's students on related courses, general readers. A list of courses and corresponding programmes in Geography, Planning, Economics and Management will be prepared later.

Innovation, Growth and Competitiveness

Dynamic Regions in the Knowledge-Based World Economy

Author: Peter Nijkamp,Iulia Siedschlag

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642149658

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 8068

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This book investigates dynamic regions in the context of greater global interaction in a world economy increasingly driven by knowledge and innovation. It offers novel empirical evidence on the underlying factors of the growth performance of these spaces. In particular, the following questions are addressed: What role is there for research, education and innovation in the development strategies of the dynamic growth regions? What are the risks and consequences of dynamic growth on patterns of world growth and development, competitiveness, inequalities, and convergence? What development strategies should be promoted at national and international levels to promote a growing and more sustainable world economy? What are the implications of the emerging new competitors for Europe’s competitiveness? Using an innovative, integrated framework of analysis, the contributions in this book combine a wide array of complex theoretical and methodological approaches.

Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics

Cities and Geography

Author: V. Henderson,J.F. Thisse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080495125

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1082

View: 7479

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The new Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics: Cities and Geography reviews, synthesizes and extends the key developments in urban and regional economics and their strong connection to other recent developments in modern economics. Of particular interest is the development of the new economic geography and its incorporation along with innovations in industrial organization, endogenous growth, network theory and applied econometrics into urban and regional economics. The chapters cover theoretical developments concerning the forces of agglomeration, the nature of neighborhoods and human capital externalities, the foundations of systems of cities, the development of local political institutions, regional agglomerations and regional growth. Such massive progress in understanding the theory behind urban and regional phenomenon is consistent with on-going progress in the field since the late 1960’s. What is unprecedented are the developments on the empirical side: the development of a wide body of knowledge concerning the nature of urban externalities, city size distributions, urban sprawl, urban and regional trade, and regional convergence, as well as a body of knowledge on specific regions of the world—Europe, Asia and North America, both current and historical. The Handbook is a key reference piece for anyone wishing to understand the developments in the field.

Regional Economic Development

Analysis and Planning Strategy

Author: Robert J. Stimson,Roger R. Stough,Brian H. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540348290

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 5202

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The completely reedited second edition of this book reflects recent advances and adds insightful new material. The book analyzes regional economic performance and change, and discusses how analysis integrates with strategies for local and regional economic development policy and planning. The aim is to provide the reader with an account of quantitative and qualitative approaches to regional economic analysis, and of old and new strategic frameworks for formulating regional economic development planning.

Introduction to Regional Economic Development

Major Theories and Basic Analytical Tools

Author: Mustafa Dinc

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178536135X

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 224

View: 5751

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This is a relatively simple and easy to read introduction of major regional and local economic development theories, their theoretical evolution and other relevant topics such as governance, institutions and local leadership within the globalization context. It also discusses some basic analytical tools and provides a template for them in an easy to use MS Excel spreadsheet application. It introduces conflict management procedures into regional development process and provides a regional decision support framework.

Econometric Advances in Spatial Modelling and Methodology

Essays in Honour of Jean Paelinck

Author: Daniel A. Griffith,C. Amrhein,Jean-Marie Huriót

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792349150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 5072

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The purpose of models is not to fit the data but to sharpen the questions. S. Karlin, 11th R. A. Fisher Memorial Lecture, Royal Society, 20 April 1983 We are proud to offer this volume in honour of the remarkable career of the Father of Spatial Econometrics, Professor Jean Paelinck, presently of the Tinbergen Institute, Rotterdam. Not one to model solely for the sake of modelling, the above quotation nicely captures Professor Paelinck's unceasing quest for the best question for which an answer is needed. His FLEUR model has sharpened many spatial economics and spatial econometrics questions! Jean Paelinck, arguably, is the founder of modem spatial econometrics, penning the seminal introductory monograph on this topic, Spatial Econometrics, with Klaassen in 1979. In the General Address to the Dutch Statistical Association, on May 2, 1974, in Tilburg, "he coined the term [spatial econometrics] to designate a growing body of the regional science literature that dealt primarily with estimation and testing problems encountered in the implementation of multiregional econometric models" (Anselin, 1988, p. 7); he already had introduced this idea in his introductory report to the 1966 Annual Meeting of the Association de Science Regionale de Langue Fran~aise.

Globalization and Regional Economic Modeling

Author: Russel Cooper,Kieran Donaghy,Geoffrey Hewings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540724443

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 475

View: 7349

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Globalization affects regional economies in a broad spectrum of aspects, from labor market conditions and development policies to climate change. This volume, written by an international cast of eminent regional scientists, provides new tools for analyzing the enormous changes in regional economies due to globalization. It offers timely conceptual refinements for regional analysis.

Applied Regional Growth and Innovation Models

Author: Karima Kourtit,Peter Nijkamp,Robert Stimson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642378196

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 7010

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Modern spatial-economic systems exhibit a high degree of dynamics as a result of technological progress, demographic evolution or global change. In the past decade, an avalanche of new regional economic growth and innovation models has been put forward. This volume contains a unique collection of operational models of a strong applied nature that may be seen as original landmarks in the rich tradition of spatial-economic growth modelling. The contributors are recognized experts from different parts of the world. ​

Knowledge Flows, Technological Change and Regional Growth in the European Union

Author: Małgorzata Runiewicz-Wardyn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319003429

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 3556

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The book provides conceptual and empirical insights into the complex relationship between knowledge flows and regional growth in the EU. The author critically scrutinizes and enhances the RIS (Regional Innovation System) approach, discussing innovation as a technological, institutional and evolutionary process. Moreover, she advances the ongoing discourse on the role of space and technological proximity in the process of innovation and technological externalities. The book closes with an investigation of the role of technological change and knowledge spillovers in the dynamic growth and “catching-up” of EU regions. ​

Local Development and Competitiveness

Author: S. Conti,P. Giaccaria

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401721017

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 9575

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In recent years, the contemporary social sciences have again turned their attention to space and places. The hypothesis is that these are not accidental episodes but a full-blown revolution in the way of viewing economic processes and their links with social and cultural structures. In other words, this new sensitivity to places offers the possibility of rethinking issues typical of economics in a different perspective that might be defined as local development, one of the terms most (ab)used in the contemporary scientific and political debate. In this book the authors will thus try to support more strongly, although in a necessarily simplified manner, the possibility of constructing a theory of local development. The key idea is that there is no single development model operating at a given time and valid for all places, but that it is more correct to talk of multiple development paths that co-exist in the same place at the same time (multiplicity of development paths). The central point is not to identify the succession of distinct hegemonic models (Fordism versus post-Fordism, mass production versus lean production and so on), but to show how the complexity of the contemporary economy demands new concepts to explain its apparent contradictions. In the authors' view, the conception of a theory of local development implies radical rethinking in institutionalist terms of the way of viewing the economy and production, recognising that behind economic development lies a wealth of institutional assets that make the encounter between local and global more open and varied than ever before (institutional biodiversity).

Service Industries and Regions

Growth, Location and Regional Effects

Author: Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642358012

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 447

View: 3379

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The service sector in most advanced economies accounts for up to seventy percent of employment and GDP and, given its growing importance, has received much research attention over the last two decades. However, not very much attention has been paid to the relationship between this sector and both its territorial impact and regional effects. The main objective of this book is to offer a comprehensive approach to these aspects, focusing particularly on the location factors of service industries and the importance of some specific services, such as business services and knowledge and information services. The contributions have been prepared by well-known experts in the field from a wide number of countries. The focus of all contributions is not only on theoretical aspects, but also provides empirical analyses on specific countries and topics such as the geographical concentration, globalization impacts, foreign direct investments, and innovation.

Fifty Years of Regional Science

Author: Raymond Florax,David A. Plane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540223610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 4612

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This book contains the complete text of the special Golden Anniversary issue of the flagship journal of the Regional Science Association International (RSAI), Papers in Regional Science (Volume 83, Number 1), as well as the full text of Walter Isard's Presidential Address "The future (near and far) of regional science". Professor Isard originally delivered the speech in a special plenary session of the fiftieth North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International. The session began with a ceremonial kickoff to the year-long celebration of the multidisciplinary field's first 50 years. At the ceremony, held on the morning of Friday, November 21,2004 at the DoubleTree Hotel in Philadelphia, we presented Walter Isard, the founder of our multidisciplinary field, as well as Antoine Bailly, the President of the Regional Science Association International, and David Boyce, the Association's Archivist, with commemorative first copies of the anniversary issue. This book, entitled Fifty Years of Regional Science, consists of a compendium of "thought" papers authored by a representative sampling of some of the field's leading scholars. For the special journal issue we originally titled the collection: "The Brightest of Dawns".

Emerging Nodes in the Global Economy: Frankfurt and Tel Aviv Compared

Author: D. Felsenstein,E.W. Schamp,A. Shachar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714088

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 3821

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This volume looks at the temporal and volatile ways in which Frankfurt and Tel Aviv engage the global economy and function as nodes within global networks. Drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative empirical studies of leading sectors, it systematically analyzes the process of network formation and highlights the role of national and regional policy. It will be of interest to academics, researchers, practitioners and policymakers working in urban and economic geography, public policy and economic development.

Resilience and Regional Dynamics

An International Approach to a New Research Agenda

Author: Hugo Pinto,Teresa Noronha,Eric Vaz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319951351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 3363

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Economic and financial crises have brought the rise of unemployment, reduction of economic growth and emergence of global imbalances and tensions as countries and regions have suffered the effects of a variety of internal and external shocks. In this context of constant disruption, the scientific community has struggled to provide satisfactory answers to current economic challenges within standard frameworks. Focusing on the interconnections between innovation and resilience, this edited book contributes to a better understanding of how the crisis affects innovation and the capacity of territories to adapt and evolve. It offers both theoretical and empirical contributions that debate the notions of resilience in regional and urban contexts and serve as case studies related to innovation strategies and territorial clusters.

Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism

Author: John Loughlin,John Kincaid,Wilfried Swenden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136727698

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 8735

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Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.

Planning and Socioeconomic Applications

Author: Jay D. Gatrell,Ryan R. Jensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402096429

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 7972

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This chapter has shown a small sample of GIS applications in economic devel- ment. GIS is a powerful tool for data analysis and presentation, and the economic development rami cations are truly signi cant. The speed at which data and stra- gies can be coordinated is clearly changing the way economic developers approach their job. There are a number of important trends that are likely to result in GIS becoming more pervasive in the economic development community. These include declining costs of GIS software, increased computing power, and the growth of Web-based GIS applications. There also has been increase in GIS skills among economic development professionals. References Bastian, L. (2002). Getting the best from the web. Area Development Site and Facility Planning, March 1–7. Accessed 5 September 2008. Batheldt, H. (2005). Geographies of production: growth regimes in spatial perspective (II) – kno- edge creation and growth in clusters. Progress in Human Geography, 29(2), 204–216. Bathelt,H.,Malmberg,A.,Maskell,P.(2004). Clustersandknowledge: localbuzz,globalpipelines and the process of knowledge creation. Progress in Human Geography, 28(1), 31–56. Bernthal, M., Regan, T. (2004). The economic impact of a NASCAR racetrack on a rural com- nity and region. Sports Marketing Quarterly, 13(1), 26–34. Blackwell, M., Cobb, S. Weinbert, D. (2002). The economic impact of educational institutions: Issues and methodology. Economic Development Quarterly, 16(1), 88–95. Blair, J. (1995). Local Economic Development, Analysis and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.