Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Chris B. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317900251

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4980

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A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Geographic Information Systems

The Microcomputer and Modern Cartography

Author: D.R.F. Taylor

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329286X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6900

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Technological changes are revolutionising cartography and there is a growing convergence between geographic information systems and computer assisted cartography. This book describes in detail the relationship between geographic information systems and modern cartography and considers all aspects from data collection to presentation and applications. Written by some of the world's leading cartographers, the book examines the emergence of electronic mapping systems and stresses both analysis and visualisation.

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470870006

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 4391

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"One of the nicest features is the book’s accessibility … this is a must-have reference guide for all newcomers to the field, be they students or professionals." (GISProfessional, 2005) Geographic Information Systems and Science has become the pre-eminent textbook in its field, for students and practitioners alike. Its unique approach communicates the richness and diversity of GIS in a lucid and accessible format. This fully revised and updated second edition reinforces the view of GIS as a gateway to science and problem solving, sets out the scientific principles that govern its use, and describes the impact of people on its development, design, and success.

Visualization in geographical information systems

Author: Hilary M. Hearnshaw,David John Unwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471944355

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 560

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A practical, research-oriented introduction to the principles of scientific visualization applied to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Brings together the world's foremost practitioners to produce an integrated, up-to-the-minute manual concerned with techniques and their applications. Copiously illustrated in line, black and white and full color with many of the color images published for the first time.

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

A 12-Volume Set

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080449107

Category: Social Science

Page: 8250

View: 1659

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The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the discipline of human geography and its constituent, and related, subject areas. The encyclopedia includes over 1,000 detailed entries on philosophy and theory, key concepts, methods and practices, biographies of notable geographers, and geographical thought and praxis in different parts of the world. This groundbreaking project covers every field of human geography and the discipline’s relationships to other disciplines, and is global in scope, involving an international set of contributors. Given its broad, inclusive scope and unique online accessibility, it is anticipated that the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography will become the major reference work for the discipline over the coming decades. The Encyclopedia will be available in both limited edition print and online via ScienceDirect - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit http://info.sciencedirect.com/content/books/ref_works/coming/ Available online on ScienceDirect and in limited edition print format Broad, interdisciplinary coverage across human geography: Philosophy, Methods, People, Social/Cultural, Political, Economic, Development, Health, Cartography, Urban, Historical, Regional Comprehensive and unique - the first of its kind in human geography

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists

Modelling with GIS

Author: Graeme F. Bonham-Carter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483144941

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1235

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Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists: Modelling with GIS provides an introduction to the ideas and practice of GIS to students and professionals from a variety of geoscience backgrounds. The emphasis in the book is to show how spatial data from various sources (principally paper maps, digital images and tabular data from point samples) can be captured in a GIS database, manipulated, and transformed to extract particular features in the data, and combined together to produce new derived maps, that are useful for decision-making and for understanding spatial interrelationship. The book begins by defining the meaning, purpose, and functions of GIS. It then illustrates a typical GIS application. Subsequent chapters discuss methods for organizing spatial data in a GIS; data input and data visualization; transformation of spatial data from one data structure to another; and the combination, analysis, and modeling of maps in both raster and vector formats. This book is intended as both a textbook for a course on GIS, and also for those professional geoscientists who wish to understand something about the subject. Readers with a mathematical bent will get more out of the later chapters, but relatively non-numerate individuals will understand the general purpose and approach, and will be able to apply methods of map modeling to clearly-defined problems.

The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health

Author: M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard M. Stern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585315604

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

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Health for all by the year 2000 is the blueprint for change agreed to by the Member States of the World Health Organization. In Europe, this blueprint is built on 38 regional targets, many of which have the underlying aim of uncovering new knowledge and of using existing knowledge more effectively. The targets related to a healthy environment have the ultimate goals of safeguarding human health against environmental hazards, and of enhancing the quality of life by providing clean and safe water, air, food, and working and living conditions. Allied to these goals is the need to reduce the sense of jeopardy that many people feel about what they perceive as 'the risks of everyday life'. These goals are an integral part of the European Charter on Environment and Health, adopted by 29 European Member States and the Commission of the European Communities in December 1989. The Charter stresses the shared responsibility of everyone to protect the environment, to be given adequate and accurate information, and to be involved in decision-making. It outUnes the principles for public policy as well as what needs to be done to transform them into action. In this, strong information systems have a vital role to play by helping to monitor the effectiveness of measures taken, of trends analysed, of priorities set and of decisions made.

GIS And Generalisation

Methodology And Practice

Author: J-P Lagrange,R Weibel,Jean-Claude Muller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748403196

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

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This text is the inaugural book in Taylor and Francis's GISDATA series, and is derived from the specialist workshop convened under the auspices of the European Science Foundation's GISDATA Scientific Programme. Generalisation is an integrating tool for the analysis and presentation of spatial data. Effective spatial data analysis requires multiple views of the world at various scales with different thematic layers of representation. Generalisation is a key mechanism in this process, as it filters out information which is required for particular scales or layers; hence it is critical to implement full and comprehensive generalisation capabilities in a GIS, something with which few current GIS are equipped.; This book overviews the core and as-yet unresolved issues surrounding the achievement of this goal, and presents various alternatives - both speculative views and practical examples - in the areas of automated generalisation, vis-a-vis problems such as object simplification and placement. At the same time it distinguishes between modelling with generalisation and graphical representation, and adopts a model-building perspective. It also describes artificial intelligence techniques for implementing automated generalised routines, and addresses issues of data quality and production.; The text is organized into six parts: an introduction; generic issue; object-orientated methods and knowledge-based modelling; knowledge acquisition and representation; data quality; and operation and implementation.

Technological Transition in Cartography

Author: Mark S. Monmonier

Publisher: Mark Monmonier

ISBN: 9780299100704

Category: Science

Page: 282

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Published in 1985, Technological Transition in Cartography relates likely future developments in the form and use of maps to historical trends, including the potential of the geographic base file, the evolution of statistical surveys and the statistical tabulation of economic and demographic data, and the expanding role of computer graphics systems in public- and private-sector decision making. Swift technological progress, readers are warned, can also create a new range of potential problems. Such issues as security needs, the preservation of printed and digital maps, and important but heretofore overlooked questions regarding information policy must be confronted in a changing field that has become as much a policy science as a graphic skill and a cognitive science.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203484738

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 2369

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Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

ADVANCED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS -Volume I

Author: Claudia Maria Bauzer Medeiros

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 190583991X

Category:

Page: 410

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Advanced Geographic Information Systems is a component of Encyclopedia of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The content of the Theme on Advanced Geographic Information Systems is organized with state-oc-the-art presentations covering the following aspects of the subject: Spatio-Temporal Information Systems; Interacting with GIS - From Paper Cartography to Virtual Environments; Spatial Data Management: Topic Overview; Introduction to Spatial Decision Support Systems; GIS Interoperability, from Problems to Solutions. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The Accuracy Of Spatial Databases

Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Sucharita Gopal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203490231

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 308

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The book addresses the problem of accuracy of spatial databases, and comprises of papers drawn from a wide range of physical and human systems, taking approaches which vary from statistical to descriptive. Together they present both a comprehensive review of existing knowledge, techniques and experience, and an analysis of critical research needs in this area of spatial data handling.

Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining

Proceedings of the International IIS: IIPWM ́04 Conference Held in Zakopane, Poland, May 17-20, 2004

Author: Mieczyslaw A. Klopotek,Slawomir T. Wierzchon,Krzysztof Trojanowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540213314

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 641

View: 7495

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This edited book contains articles accepted for presentation during The Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining Conference IIS:IIP WM¿04 held in Zakopane, Poland, on May 17-20, 2004. Considerable attention is devoted to the newest developments in the area of Artificial Intelligence with special calls for contributions on Web mining. This book will be a valuable source for further research in the fields of data mining, intelligent information processing, machine learning, computational linguistics, or natural language processing for search engines.

Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse,David M. Danko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726802

Category: Science

Page: 1120

View: 9462

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Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.

Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment:

Predicting Relative Contamination Potential Under Conditions of Uncertainty

Author: Committee for Assessing Ground Water Vulnerability,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309047999

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 4560

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Since the need to protect ground water from pollution was recognized, researchers have made progress in understanding the vulnerability of ground water to contamination. Yet, there are substantial uncertainties in the vulnerability assessment methods now available. With a wealth of detailed information and practical advice, this volume will help decisionmakers derive the most benefit from available assessment techniques. It offers Three laws of ground water vulnerability. Six case studies of vulnerability assessment. Guidance for selecting vulnerability assessments and using the results. Reviews of the strengths and limitations of assessment methods. Information on available data bases, primarily at the federal level. This book will be indispensable to policymakers and resource managers, environmental professionals, researchers, faculty, and students involved in ground water issues, as well as investigators developing new assessment methods.

Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity

Eliminating Perinatal Disparity

Author: Curtis, Andrew

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591406102

Category: Medical

Page: 317

View: 9648

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"This book provides an overview of why geography is important in the investigation of health, the importance of the main components of a GIS, how important neighborhood context is when using a GIS, and the general differences found between urban and rural health environments"--Provided by publisher.

Remote Sensing and GIS for Site Characterization

Applications and Standards

Author: Vernon Singhroy,D. Nebert,Arnold Ivan Johnson

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803120273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 9942

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Contains selected papers from the title international symposium, held in January 1994 in San Francisco, CA. Sections on remote sensing applications, geographic information system (GIS), site characterization, and standards detail the latest findings in areas such as digital elevation data; Landsat T