Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Chris B. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317900251

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 8260

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A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Geographic Information Systems

The Microcomputer and Modern Cartography

Author: D.R.F. Taylor

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329286X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8399

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Technological changes are revolutionising cartography and there is a growing convergence between geographic information systems and computer assisted cartography. This book describes in detail the relationship between geographic information systems and modern cartography and considers all aspects from data collection to presentation and applications. Written by some of the world's leading cartographers, the book examines the emergence of electronic mapping systems and stresses both analysis and visualisation.

Generalisation of Geographic Information

Cartographic Modelling and Applications

Author: William A. Mackaness,Anne Ruas,L. Tiina Sarjakoski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080524740

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 8028

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Theoretical and Applied Solutions in Multi Scale Mapping Users have come to expect instant access to up-to-date geographical information, with global coverage--presented at widely varying levels of detail, as digital and paper products; customisable data that can readily combined with other geographic information. These requirements present an immense challenge to those supporting the delivery of such services (National Mapping Agencies (NMA), Government Departments, and private business. Generalisation of Geographic Information: Cartographic Modelling and Applications provides detailed review of state of the art technologies associated with these challenges, including the most recent developments in cartometric analysis techniques able to support high levels of automation among multi scale derivation techniques. The book illustrates the application of these ideas within existing and emerging technologies. In addition to providing a comprehensive theoretical underpinning, the book demonstrates how theoretical developments have translated into commercial systems deployed within NMAs. The book explores relevance of open systems in support of collaborative research and open source web based map services. State of the art review on multi scale representation techniques Detailed consideration of database requirements and object modeling in support of emerging applications (3D, mobile) and innovative delivery (map generalisation services) Illustration through existing map production environment implementations Consolidated bibliography (680 entries), 200 illustrations, author and subject index

Web Cartography

Author: Jan-Menno Kraak,Allan Brown

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482289237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 2593

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Maps and atlases are created as soon as information on our geography has been clarified. They are used to find directions or to get insight into spatial relations. They are produced and used both on paper as well as on-screen. The Web is the new medium for spreading and using maps. This book explains the benefits of this medium from the perspective of the user, and the map provider. Opportunities and pitfalls are illustrated by a set of case-studies. A website accompanies the book and provides a dynamic environment for demonstrating many of the principles set out in the text, including access to a basic course in Internet cartography as well as links to other interesting places on the Web. Professor Kraak looks at basic questions such as "I have this data what can I do with it?" and discusses the various functions of maps on the web. Web Cartography also looks at the particularities of multidimensional web maps and addresses topics such as map contents (colour, text and symbols), map physics (size and resolution), and the map environment (interface design/site contents).

Visualization in geographical information systems

Author: Hilary M. Hearnshaw,David John Unwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471944355

Category: Science

Page: 243

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A practical, research-oriented introduction to the principles of scientific visualization applied to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Brings together the world's foremost practitioners to produce an integrated, up-to-the-minute manual concerned with techniques and their applications. Copiously illustrated in line, black and white and full color with many of the color images published for the first time.

The Design and Implementation of Geographic Information Systems

Author: John E. Harmon,Steven J. Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471431524

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2565

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Presents strategies for application development, interface design, and enabling Web-based access. * Includes numerous case studies and examples from the private and public sectors. * Provides information on integrating legacy MIS systems and planning for future developments in database design.

Handbook on Geographic Information Systems and Digital Mapping

Author: United Nations. Statistical Division

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211614268

Category: Census

Page: 197

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The rapid recent developments in digital mapping technology and the increasing demand for geo-referenced small area population data have been the main motivation for the present handbook. The Handbook provides guidance on how to ensure consistency and facilitate census operations; support data collection and help monitor census activities during enumeration; and facilitate presentation, analysis and dissemination of census results. Along with an overview of geographic information systems and digital mapping, the publication discusses cost-benefit analysis of an investment in digital cartography and geographical information systems (GIS); the use of GIS during census enumeration; and describes the role of GIS and digital mapping in the post-censal phase [from UN website].

The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health

Author: M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard M. Stern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585315604

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 9269

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Health for all by the year 2000 is the blueprint for change agreed to by the Member States of the World Health Organization. In Europe, this blueprint is built on 38 regional targets, many of which have the underlying aim of uncovering new knowledge and of using existing knowledge more effectively. The targets related to a healthy environment have the ultimate goals of safeguarding human health against environmental hazards, and of enhancing the quality of life by providing clean and safe water, air, food, and working and living conditions. Allied to these goals is the need to reduce the sense of jeopardy that many people feel about what they perceive as 'the risks of everyday life'. These goals are an integral part of the European Charter on Environment and Health, adopted by 29 European Member States and the Commission of the European Communities in December 1989. The Charter stresses the shared responsibility of everyone to protect the environment, to be given adequate and accurate information, and to be involved in decision-making. It outUnes the principles for public policy as well as what needs to be done to transform them into action. In this, strong information systems have a vital role to play by helping to monitor the effectiveness of measures taken, of trends analysed, of priorities set and of decisions made.

A Primer of GIS, Second Edition

Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concepts

Author: Francis Harvey

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462522173

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3780

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This accessible text prepares students to understand and work with geographic information systems (GIS), offering a detailed introduction to essential theories, concepts, and skills. The book is organized in four modular parts that can be used in any sequence in entry-level and more specialized courses. Basic cartographic principles are integrated with up-to-date discussions of GIS technologies and applications. Coverage includes everything from what geographic information is to its many uses and societal implications. Practical examples and exercises invite readers to explore the choices involved in producing reliable maps and other forms of geographic information. Illustrations include 170 figures (with 15 in color). The companion website provides links to Web resources for each chapter, plus downloadable PowerPoint slides of most of the figures. New to This Edition *Chapter on online mapping and Big Data. *New and updated discussions of remote sensing, vector and raster data models, location privacy, uses of geocoding, and other timely topics. *Chapter on the many uses of GIS, such as in market analyses, emergency responding, and tracking of epidemics. *Section overviews and an end-of-book glossary. Pedagogical Features *Modules and individual chapters can be used sequentially or in any order. *End-of-chapter review questions with answers, exercises, and extended exercises for applying theories and concepts. *"In-Depth" sidebars offering a closer look at key concepts and applications. *End-of-chapter links to relevant Web resources.

The Accuracy Of Spatial Databases

Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Sucharita Gopal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203490231

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 308

View: 7653

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The book addresses the problem of accuracy of spatial databases, and comprises of papers drawn from a wide range of physical and human systems, taking approaches which vary from statistical to descriptive. Together they present both a comprehensive review of existing knowledge, techniques and experience, and an analysis of critical research needs in this area of spatial data handling.

Collaborative Geographic Information Systems

Author: Balram, Shivanand

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591408474

Category: Computers

Page: 364

View: 1730

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"This book provides a comprehensive treatment of collaborative GIS focusing on system design, group spatial planning and mapping; modeling, decision support, and visualization; and internet and wireless applications"--Provided by publisher.

Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse,David M. Danko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726802

Category: Science

Page: 1120

View: 3826

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Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.

Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

Author: Fahui Wang

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 159140455X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 345

View: 9371

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Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence. Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.

Ground Truth

The Social Implications of Geographic Information Systems

Author: John Pickles

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9780898622959

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 6516

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Professionals who work with grieving families, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, family therapists, physicians and nurses who work with dying patients and their families, hospice and patient home-care workers, clergy. The book also serves as a text in courses on bereavement, family development, family and child therapy, and child developmental psychopathology.

Cartographic Design Using ArcView GIS

Author: Ed Madej

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781566901871

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 3891

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This book is an effective primer on digital map design and a classic software tutorial. Arc/View GIS is one of today's most popular geographic information systems (GIS) software packages. Each stand-alone chapter introduces the reader to a general map design theory followed by opportunities to apply these theories. ArcView tips and tricks are noted throughout.

GIS Cartography

A Guide to Effective Map Design, Second Edition

Author: Gretchen N. Peterson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482220679

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 317

View: 5524

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In the five years since the publication of the first edition of A Guide to Effective Map Design, cartography and software have become further intertwined. However, the initial motivation for publishing the first edition is still valid: many GISers enter the field without so much as one hour of design instruction in their formal education. Yet they are then tasked with creating one the most effective, easily recognized communication tools: a map. See What’s New in the Second Edition Projection theory Hexagonal binning Big Data point density maps Scale dependent map design 3D building modeling Digital cartography and its best practices Updated graphics and references Study questions and lab exercises at the end of each chapter In this second edition of a bestseller, author Gretchen Peterson takes a "don’t let the technology get in the way" approach to the presentation, focusing on the elements of good design, what makes a good map, and how to get there, rather than specific software tools. She provides a reference that you can thumb through time and again as you create your maps. Copiously illustrated, the second edition explores novel concepts that kick-start your pursuit of map-making excellence. The book doesn’t just teach you how to design and create maps, it teaches you how to design and create better maps.