Genocide in International Law

The Crime of Crimes

Author: William A. Schabas,William Schabas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521883970

Category: Law

Page: 741

View: 2886

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Previous edition, 1st, published in 2000.

Genozid im Völkerrecht

Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 6846

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The Genocide Convention

An International Law Analysis

Author: John Quigley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317030737

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9347

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The Genocide Convention explores the question of whether the law and genocide law in particular can prevent mass atrocities. The volume explains how genocide came to be accepted as a legal norm and analyzes the intent required for this categorization. The work also discusses individual suits against states for genocide and, finally, explores the utility of genocide as a legal concept.

Crime of genocide in international law

appraising the contribution of the UN tribunal for Rwanda

Author: George William Mugwanya,International Tribunal for Rwanda

Publisher: Cameron May, Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 361

View: 5020

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The Crime of Genocide in International Law offers a comprehensive evaluation of the contribution of the UN INternational Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to the development of the crime of genocide. The author's analysis of ICTR jurisprudence and other relevant sources, reveal the pioneering role of the Court in establishing the contours of the crime

The UN Genocide Convention

A Commentary

Author: Paola Gaeta

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199570213

Category: Law

Page: 580

View: 9777

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The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948, is one of the most important instruments of contemporary international law. It was drafted in the aftermath of the Nuremberg trial to give flesh and blood to the well-known dictum of the International Military Tribunal, according to which 'Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced'. At Nuremberg, senior state officials who had committed heinous crimes on behalf or with the protection of their state were brought to trial for the first time in history and were held personally accountable regardless of whether they acted in their official capacity. The drafters of the Convention on Genocide crystallized the results of the Nuremberg trial and thus ensured its legacy. The Convention established a mechanism to hold those who committed or participated in the commission of genocide, the crime of crimes, criminally responsible. Almost fifty years before the adoption of the Rome Statute, the Convention laid the foundations for the establishment of the International Criminal Court. It also obliged its Contracting Parties to criminalize and punish genocide. This book is a much-needed Commentary on the Genocide Convention. It analyzes and interprets the Convention thematically, thoroughly covering every article, drawing on the Convention's travaux preparatoires and subsequent developments in international law. The most complex and important provisions of the Convention, including the definitions of genocide and genocidal acts, have more than one contribution dedicated to them, allowing the Commentary to explore all aspects of these concepts. The Commentary also goes beyond the explicit provisions of the Convention to discuss topics such as the retroactive application of the Convention, its status in customary international law and its future.

Völkerstrafrecht

Author: Gerhard Werle,Florian Jessberger

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161493720

Category: Crimes against humanity

Page: 728

View: 806

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Die erste Gesamtdarstellung des Völkerstrafrechts in deutscher Sprache liegt nunmehr in komplett überarbeiteter und aktualisierter Fassung vor. Ausgehend vom Römischen Statut des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofes und dem aktuellen Stand des Völkergewohnheitsrechts werden die Grundlagen und der Allgemeine Teil des Völkerstrafrechts sowie die einzelnen Völkerrechtsverbrechen behandelt, nämlich Völkermord, Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit, Kriegsverbrechen und das Verbrechen der Aggression. Rechtsprechung und Schrifttum sind auf aktuellem Stand berücksichtigt. Einbezogen sind die neuesten Entwicklungen des Völkerstrafrechts, insbesondere die erste Verfahrenspraxis des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofes, die Errichtung "hybrider" Strafgerichte und die Implementierung des Völkerstrafrechts in staatlichen Strafrechtsordnungen.

Genocide and Political Groups

Author: David L. Nersessian

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199588902

Category: Law

Page: 329

View: 524

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During the drafting of the Genocide Convention in 1948, a critical (and controversial) decision was made to exclude political groups, thereby limiting the Convention to national, ethnic, racial and religious collectives. Acts intended to physically or biologically destroy these four groups are condemned as 'genocide,' whereas the identical criminal conduct-directed instead at other human groups-is not. 'Genocide and Political Groups' analyzes whether,notwithstanding the decision 60 years ago, this legal dichotomy continues to make sense. The question is as relevant today as when the Genocide Convention was drafted in 1948. The intervening years provide many examples of political groups being targeted and destroyed 'as such.' Genocideand Political Groups sheds new light on this important issue and offers sound empirical and theoretical grounds to support action by the international community.

Eichmann in Jerusalem

Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492962580

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 7434

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Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

Darfur

der "uneindeutige" Genozid

Author: Gérard Prunier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936096668

Category:

Page: 274

View: 4396

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An Introduction to the International Criminal Court

Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131688323X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1567

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The International Criminal Court ushered in a new era in the protection of human rights. The Court prosecutes genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression when national justice systems are either unwilling or unable to do so themselves. This fifth edition of the seminal text describes a Court which is no longer in its infancy; the Court is currently examining situations that involve more than twenty countries in every continent of the planet. This book considers the difficulties in the Court's troubled relationship with Africa, the vagaries of the position of the United States, and the challenges the Court may face as it confronts conflicts around the world. It also reviews the history of international criminal prosecution and the Rome Statute. Written by a leading commentator, it is an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the legal issues involved in the creation and operation of the Court.

Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Law

Author: Elies van Sliedregt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199560366

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 8292

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Atrocities such as genocide or crimes against humanity are usually committed by a large number of perpetrators. Moreover those who masterminded the crimes may not have actively participated. This book sets out how these people can be held responsible for their crimes by international criminal tribunals.

International Criminal Law

Sources, Subjects and Contents

Author: M. Cherif Bassiouni

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004165320

Category: Law

Page: 1

View: 2526

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Volume 1 deals with international crimes. It contains several significant contributions on the theoretical and doctrinal aspects of ICL which precede the five chapters addressing some of the major categories of international crimes. The first two chapters address: the sources and subjects of ICL and its substantive contents. The other five chapters address: Chapter 3: The Crime Against Peace and Aggression (The Crime Against Peace and Aggression: From its Origins to the ICC; The Crime of Aggression and the International Criminal Court); Chapter 4: War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity & Genocide (Introduction to International Humanitarian Law; Penal Aspects of International Humanitarian Law; Non-International Armed Conflict and Guerilla Warfare; Mercenarism and Contracted Military Services; Customary International Law and Weapons Control; Genocide; Crimes Against Humanity; Overlaps, Gaps, and Ambiguities in Contemporary International Humanitarian Law, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity); Chapter 5: Crimes Against Fundamental Human Rights (Slavery, Slave-Related Practices, and Trafficking in Persons; Apartheid; International Prohibition of Torture; The Practice of Torture in the United States: September 11, 2001 to Present); Chapter 6: Crimes of Terror-Violence (International Terrorism; Kidnapping and Hostage Taking; Terrorism Financing; Piracy; International Maritime Navigation and Installations on the High Seas; International Civil Aviation); Chapter 7: Crimes Against Social Interest (International Control of Drugs; Challenges in the Development of International Criminal Law: The Negotiations of the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption; Transnational Organized Crime; Corruption of Foreign Public Officials; International Criminal Protection of Cultural Property; Criminalization of Environmental Protection).

Genocide

Modern Crimes Against Humanity

Author: Brendan January

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 9780761334217

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 160

View: 2756

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Looks at genocides of six different peoples--the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, the Jews of Europe, the Cambodians, the Tutsis of Rwanda, the Muslims of Bosnia, and Darfur tribes of Sudan.

Mit zweierlei Maß

Der Westen und das Völkerstrafrecht

Author: Wolfgang Kaleck

Publisher: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach

ISBN: 3803141087

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 2003

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Am 1. Juli 2012 wird der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag zehn Jahre alt. Doch die Hoffnungen auf eine universale Strafverfolgung von Menschheitsverbrechen wurden enttäuscht. Die Praxis internationaler und nationaler Gerichte muss deswegen verändert werden. Der Erfolg der Nürnberger Prozesse nährte die Erwartung, in Zukunft alle Regierungen für begangene Verbrechen vor Gericht stellen zu können. Aber der Kalte Krieg verhinderte jahrzehntelang eine Umsetzung dieses Versprechens. Wolfgang Kaleck zeichnet in diesem Buch die schier endlose Serie von ungesühnten Völkerrechtsstraftaten westlicher Machthaber von Algerien über Vietnam bis in die Türkei und Kolumbien nach. Trotz der vielversprechenden Schaffung des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs und der Tribunale für Ruanda und Jugoslawien gibt es noch viele Gründe für Kritik an den stattfindenden wie an den ausbleibenden Verfahren. Kaleck bemängelt, dass das Völkerstrafrecht überwiegend nur auf besiegte afrikanische Potentaten und Generäle angewandt wird und nicht auf die Verbrechen der Großmächte, insbesondere des Westens. Damit stellt die herrschende selektive Strafverfolgungspraxis das Prinzip universell geltender Menschenrechte generell in Frage.

Complicity in International Law

Author: Miles Jackson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191056758

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 1023

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This book examines how international law prohibits state and individual complicity. Complicity is a derivative form of responsibility that links an accomplice to the wrongdoing of a principal actor. Whenever a legal system prohibits complicity, it must address certain questions as to the content and structure of the rules. To understand how international law answers these questions, this book proposes an analytical framework in which complicity rules may be assessed and defends a normative claim as to how they should be structured. Anchored by this framework and normative claim, this book shows that international criminal law regulates individual complicity in a comprehensive way, using the doctrines of instigation and aiding and abetting to inculpate complicit participants in international crimes. By contrast, international law's regulation of state complicity was historically marked by an absence of complicity rules. This is changing. In respect of state complicity in the wrongdoing of another state, international law now imposes both specific and general complicity obligations, the latter prohibiting states from aiding or assisting another state in the commission of any internationally wrongful act. In respect of the ways that states participate in harms caused by non-state actors, the traditional normative structure of international law, which imposed obligations only on states, foreclosed the possibility of prohibiting the state's participation as a form of complicity. As that traditional normative structure has evolved, so the possibility of holding states responsible for complicity in the wrongdoing of non-state actors has emerged. More and more, both the wrongs that international actors commit, and the wrongs they help or encourage others to commit, matter.

War Crimes and Human Rights

Essays on the Death Penalty, Justice, and Accountability

Author: William Schabas

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017634

Category: Capital punishment

Page: 1158

View: 530

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This is a collection of essays and articles on human rights law and international criminal law authored by William Schabas, one of the most prominent contemporary scholars and practitioners. Particular attention is given to such topics as the limitation and abolition of the death penalty, genocide and crimes against humanity, the establishment and operation of the International Criminal Court and the ad hoc international criminal tribunals, truth and reconciliation commissions, reservations to human rights treaties, and the implementation of international human rights norms in domestic law

The Laws of Genocide

Prescriptions for a Just World

Author: Thomas W. Simon

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275979454

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 441

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Shows how reason offers the best hope for dealing with the crime of genocide.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

A Commentary

Author: Christian J. Tams,Lars Berster,Björn Schiffbauer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832972691

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 468

View: 1688

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The 1948 UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide ('Genocide Convention') has a special standing in international law and international politics. In this work the 19 provisions of the Convention are analysed article-by-article, with abundant references to state practice and case law.