Gauge/Gravity Duality

Foundations and Applications

Author: Martin Ammon,Johanna Erdmenger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316239721

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Gauge/gravity duality creates new links between quantum theory and gravity. It has led to new concepts in mathematics and physics, and provides new tools to solve problems in many areas of theoretical physics. This book is the first textbook on this important topic, enabling graduate students and researchers in string theory and particle, nuclear and condensed matter physics to get acquainted with the subject. Focusing on the fundamental aspects as well as on the applications, this textbook guides readers through a thorough explanation of the central concepts of gauge/gravity duality. For the AdS/CFT correspondence, it explains in detail how string theory provides the conjectured map. Generalisations to less symmetric cases of gauge/gravity duality and their applications are then presented, in particular to finite temperature and density, hydrodynamics, QCD-like theories, the quark-gluon plasma and condensed matter systems. The textbook features a large number of exercises, with solutions available online at www.cambridge.org/9781107010345.

Gauge/Gravity Duality

Author: Martin Ammon,Johanna Erdmenger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107010349

Category: Science

Page: 548

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The first textbook on this important topic, for graduate students and researchers in particle and condensed matter physics.

Introduction to the AdS/CFT Correspondence

Author: Horaƫiu Năstase

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316352307

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Providing a pedagogical introduction to the rapidly developing field of AdS/CFT correspondence, this is one of the first texts to provide an accessible introduction to all the necessary concepts needed to engage with the methods, tools and applications of AdS/CFT. Without assuming anything beyond an introductory course in quantum field theory, it begins by guiding the reader through the basic concepts of field theory and gauge theory, general relativity, supersymmetry, supergravity, string theory and conformal field theory, before moving on to give a clear and rigorous account of AdS/CFT correspondence. The final section discusses the more specialised applications, including QCD, quark-gluon plasma and condensed matter. This book is self-contained and learner-focused, featuring numerous exercises and examples. It is essential reading for both students and researchers across the fields of particle, nuclear and condensed matter physics.

AdS/CFT Duality User Guide

Author: Makoto Natsuume

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431554416

Category: Science

Page: 294

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This book describes applications of the AdS/CFT duality to the "real world." The AdS/CFT duality is an idea that originated from string theory and is a powerful tool for analyzing strongly-coupled gauge theories using classical gravitational theories. In recent years, it has been shown that one prediction of AdS/CFT is indeed close to the experimental result of the real quark–gluon plasma. Since then, the AdS/CFT duality has been applied to various fields of physics; examples are QCD, nuclear physics, condensed-matter physics, and nonequilibrium physics. The aim of this book is to provide background materials such as string theory, black holes, nuclear physics, condensed-matter physics, and nonequilibrium physics as well as key applications of the AdS/CFT duality in a single volume. The emphasis throughout the book is on a pedagogical and intuitive approach focusing on the underlying physical concepts. It also includes step-by-step computations for important results, which are useful for beginners. This book will be a valuable reference work for graduate students and researchers in particle physics, general relativity, nuclear physics, nonequilibrium physics, and condensed-matter physics.

Introduction to Conformal Field Theory

With Applications to String Theory

Author: Ralph Blumenhagen,Erik Plauschinn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642004504

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 399

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Based on class-tested notes, this text offers an introduction to Conformal Field Theory with a special emphasis on computational techniques of relevance for String Theory. It introduces Conformal Field Theory at a basic level, Kac-Moody algebras, one-loop partition functions, Superconformal Field Theories, Gepner Models and Boundary Conformal Field Theory. Eventually, the concept of orientifold constructions is explained in detail for the example of the bosonic string. In providing many detailed CFT calculations, this book is ideal for students and scientists intending to become acquainted with CFT techniques relevant for string theory but also for students and non-specialists from related fields.

Supergravity

Author: Daniel Z. Freedman,Antoine Van Proeyen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642855

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Supergravity, together with string theory, is one of the most significant developments in theoretical physics. Written by two of the most respected workers in the field, this is the first-ever authoritative and systematic account of supergravity. The book starts by reviewing aspects of relativistic field theory in Minkowski spacetime. After introducing the relevant ingredients of differential geometry and gravity, some basic supergravity theories (D=4 and D=11) and the main gauge theory tools are explained. In the second half of the book, complex geometry and N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories are covered. Classical solutions and a chapter on AdS/CFT complete the book. Numerous exercises and examples make it ideal for Ph.D. students, and with applications to model building, cosmology and solutions of supergravity theories, it is also invaluable to researchers. A website hosted by the authors, featuring solutions to some exercises and additional reading material, can be found at www.cambridge.org/supergravity.

Lectures on the Infrared Structure of Gravity and Gauge Theory

Author: Andrew Strominger

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889855

Category: Science

Page: 200

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A short, graduate-level synthesis of recent developments in theoretical physics, from a pioneer in the fieldshort, graduate-level synthesis of recent developments in theoretical physics, from a pioneer in the field Lectures on the Infrared Structure of Gravity and Gauge Theory presents an accessible, graduate-level synthesis of a frontier research area in theoretical physics. Based on a popular Harvard University course taught by the author, this book gives a concise introduction to recent discoveries concerning the structure of gravity and gauge theory at very long distances. These discoveries unite three disparate but well-developed subjects in physics. The first subject is the soft theorems, which were found by particle physicists in the 1950s to control the behavior of low-energy photons and are essential for all collider predictions. The second subject is asymptotic symmetries, found by general relativists in the 1960s to provide a surprising, infinite number of exact relations between distinct physical phenomena. The third subject is the memory effect, the measurement of which is sought in upcoming gravitational wave observations. An exploration of the physical and mathematical equivalence of these three subjects has provided a powerful new perspective on old results and led to a plethora of new results, involving symmetries of QED, gluon scattering amplitudes, flat-space holography in quantum gravity, black hole information, and beyond. Uniquely connective and cutting-edge, Lectures on the Infrared Structure of Gravity and Gauge Theory takes students and scholars to the forefront of new developments in the discipline. Materials are presented in a "lecture notes" style with problem sets included Concise and accessible pedagogical approach Topics include soft theorems, the memory effect, asymptotic symmetries with applications to QED, Yang-Mills theory, quantum gravity, and black holes

Holographic Duality in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Jan Zaanen,Yan Liu,Ya-Wen Sun,Koenraad Schalm

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107080088

Category: Science

Page: 598

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A pioneering treatise presenting how the mathematical techniques of holographic duality can unify the fundamental theories of physics.

AdS/CFT Correspondence in Condensed Matter

Author: Antonio S. T. Pires

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627053107

Category: Science

Page: 95

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The goal of this text is to introduce, in a very elementary way, the concept of anti-de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence to condensed matter physicists. This theory relates a gravity theory in a (d+1)-dimensional anti-de Sitter space

The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Anthony Duncan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573263

Category: Science

Page: 782

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The book provides a step by step construction of the framework of relativistic quantum field theory, starting from a minimal set of basic foundational postulates. The emphasis is on a careful and detailed description of the conceptual subtleties of modern field theory, many of which are glossed over in other texts.

Supersymmetric Field Theories

Author: Sergio Cecotti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107053811

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 467

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Adopting an elegant geometrical approach, this advanced pedagogical text describes deep and intuitive methods for understanding the subtle logic of supersymmetry while avoiding lengthy computations. The book describes how complex results and formulae obtained using other approaches can be significantly simplified when translated to a geometric setting. Introductory chapters describe geometric structures in field theory in the general case, while detailed later chapters address specific structures such as parallel tensor fields, G-structures, and isometry groups. The relationship between structures in supergravity and periodic maps of algebraic manifolds, Kodaira-Spencer theory, modularity, and the arithmetic properties of supergravity are also addressed. Relevant geometric concepts are introduced and described in detail, providing a self-contained toolkit of useful techniques, formulae and constructions. Covering all the material necessary for the application of supersymmetric field theories to fundamental physical questions, this is an outstanding resource for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics.

Gauge Theories in Particle Physics

QCD and the Electroweak Theory, Third Edition

Author: I.J.R. Aitchison,A.J.G. Hey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750309509

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 3021

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This is the second volume of the third edition of a successful text, now substantially enlarged and updated to reflect developments over the last decade in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research. Volume I covered relativistic quantum mechanics, electromagnetism as a gauge theory, and introductory quantum field theory, and ended with the formulation and application of quantum electrodynamics (QED), including renormalization. Building on these foundations, this second volume provides a complete, accessible, and self-contained introduction to the remaining two gauge theories of the standard model of particle physics: quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and the electroweak theory. The treatment significantly extends that of the second edition in several important respects. Simple ideas of group theory are now incorporated into the discussion of non-Abelian symmetries. Two new chapters have been added on QCD, one devoted to the renormalization group and scaling violations in deep inelastic scattering and the other to non-perturbative aspects of QCD using the lattice (path-integral) formulation of quantum field theory; the latter is also used to illuminate various aspects of renormalization theory, via analogies with condensed matter systems. Three chapters treat the fundamental topic of spontaneous symmetry breaking: the (Bogoliubov) superfluid and the (BCS) superconductor are studied in some detail; one chapter is devoted to the implications of global chiral symmetry breaking in QCD; and one to the breaking of local SU(2)xU(1) symmetry in the electroweak theory. Weak interaction phenomenology is extended to include discussion of discrete symmetries and of the possibility that neutrinos are Majorana (rather than Dirac) particles. Most of these topics are normally found only in more advanced texts, and this is the first book to treat them in a manner accessible to the wide readership that the previous editions have attracted.

Renormalization and Effective Field Theory

Author: Kevin Costello

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852884

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

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This book tells mathematicians about an amazing subject invented by physicists and it tells physicists how a master mathematician must proceed in order to understand it. Physicists who know quantum field theory can learn the powerful methodology of mathematical structure, while mathematicians can position themselves to use the magical ideas of quantum field theory in ``mathematics'' itself. The retelling of the tale mathematically by Kevin Costello is a beautiful tour de force. --Dennis Sullivan This book is quite a remarkable contribution. It should make perturbative quantum field theory accessible to mathematicians. There is a lot of insight in the way the author uses the renormalization group and effective field theory to analyze perturbative renormalization; this may serve as a springboard to a wider use of those topics, hopefully to an eventual nonperturbative understanding. --Edward Witten Quantum field theory has had a profound influence on mathematics, and on geometry in particular. However, the notorious difficulties of renormalization have made quantum field theory very inaccessible for mathematicians. This book provides complete mathematical foundations for the theory of perturbative quantum field theory, based on Wilson's ideas of low-energy effective field theory and on the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism. As an example, a cohomological proof of perturbative renormalizability of Yang-Mills theory is presented. An effort has been made to make the book accessible to mathematicians who have had no prior exposure to quantum field theory. Graduate students who have taken classes in basic functional analysis and homological algebra should be able to read this book.

Applications of the Gauge/Gravity Duality

Author: Jonas Probst

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331993967X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 141

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Many open questions in Theoretical Physics pertain to strongly interacting quantum systems such as the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) produced in heavy-ion collisions or the strange-metal phase observed in many high-temperature superconductors. These systems are notoriously difficult to study using traditional methods such as perturbation theory, but the gauge/gravity duality offers a successful alternative approach, which maps strongly interacting quantum gauge theories to computationally tractable, classical gravity theories. This book begins with a pedagogical introduction to how the duality can be used to extract transport properties of quantum systems from their gravity dual. It then presents new results on hydrodynamic transport in strongly interacting quantum fluids, providing strong evidence that the Haack-Yarom identity between second-order transport coefficients holds for all fluids with a classical gravity dual and may be a universal feature of all strongly coupled quantum fluids such as the QGP. Newly derived Kubo formulae, expressing transport coefficients in terms of quantum correlators, hold independently of the duality. Lastly, the book discusses new results on magnetic impurities in strongly correlated metals, including the first dual gravity description of an inter-impurity coupling, crucial for the quantum criticality underlying the strange-metal phase.

Gauge/String Duality, Hot QCD and Heavy Ion Collisions

Author: Jorge Casalderrey-Solana,Hong Liu,David Mateos,Krishna Rajagopal,Dr Urs Wiedemann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107022460

Category: Science

Page: 465

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Introduction to gauge/string duality and its applications to quark-gluon plasma for researchers in string theory and quantum field theory.

Ideas and Methods of Supersymmetry and Supergravity, Or a Walk Through Superspace

Author: I. L. Buchbinder,Sergei M. Kuzenko

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 1798

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This book provides a comprehensive, detailed and self-contained account of four dimensional simple supersymmetry and supergravity. It will be an indispensable source of reference for advanced graduate students, postdoctoral and faculty researchers alike working in quantum field theory, high energy physics, gravity theory, mathematical physics and applied mathematics. The authors develop the subject in its superfield formulation but where appropriate for illustration, analogy and comparison with conventional field theory, they use the component formulation. Throughout the book the authors develop their material in detail with calculation and full discussions of the fundamental ideas and motivations. They discuss many subjects which until now could only be found in the research literature. In addition they present a plethora of new results. The result is the most comprehensive book yet produced on the fundamentals of supersymmetry and supergravity. After studying this book readers should be well prepared to pursue independent research in any area of supersymmetry and supergravity.

Inflation and String Theory

Author: Daniel Baumann,Liam McAllister

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316240967

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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The past two decades have seen transformative advances in cosmology and string theory. Observations of the cosmic microwave background have revealed strong evidence for inflationary expansion in the very early universe, while new insights about compactifications of string theory have led to a deeper understanding of inflation in a framework that unifies quantum mechanics and general relativity. Written by two of the leading researchers in the field, this complete and accessible volume provides a modern treatment of inflationary cosmology and its connections to string theory and elementary particle theory. After an up-to-date experimental summary, the authors present the foundations of effective field theory, string theory, and string compactifications, setting the stage for a detailed examination of models of inflation in string theory. Three appendices contain background material in geometry and cosmological perturbation theory, making this a self-contained resource for graduate students and researchers in string theory, cosmology, and related fields.

Problem Book in Relativity and Gravitation

Author: Alan P. Lightman,William H. Press,Richard H. Price,Saul A. Teukolsky

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889014

Category: Science

Page: 616

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An essential resource for learning about general relativity and much more, from four leading experts Important and useful to every student of relativity, this book is a unique collection of some 475 problems--with solutions--in the fields of special and general relativity, gravitation, relativistic astrophysics, and cosmology. The problems are expressed in broad physical terms to enhance their pertinence to readers with diverse backgrounds. In their solutions, the authors have attempted to convey a mode of approach to these kinds of problems, revealing procedures that can reduce the labor of calculations while avoiding the pitfall of too much or too powerful formalism. Although well suited for individual use, the volume may also be used with one of the modem textbooks in general relativity.

Scattering Amplitudes in Gauge Theory and Gravity

Author: Henriette Elvang,Yu-tin Huang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107069254

Category: Science

Page: 323

View: 3062

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"This book grew out of a need to have a set of easily accessible notes that introduced the basic techniques used in modern research on scattering amplitudes. In addition to the key tools, such a review should collect some of the small results and intuitions the authors had acquired from their work in the eld and which had not reviously been exposed in the literature. As the authors quickly realized, such an introduction would bring the reader only part of the way towards some of the most exciting topics in the eld, so they decided to add a little extra" material. While doing so and this took quite a while the authors remained in full and complete denial about writing a book. It was only at the end of process that they faced their worst fears: the review was becoming a book. You now hold the result in your hands. Because the authors were not writing a book, they actually thoroughly enjoyed the work. Their hope is that you will enjoy it too and that you will nd it useful"--

String Theory Methods for Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Horatiu Nastase

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316851648

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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The discovery of a duality between Anti-de Sitter spaces (AdS) and Conformal Field Theories (CFT) has led to major advances in our understanding of quantum field theory and quantum gravity. String theory methods and AdS/CFT correspondence maps provide new ways to think about difficult condensed matter problems. String theory methods based on the AdS/CFT correspondence allow us to transform problems so they have weak interactions and can be solved more easily. They can also help map problems to different descriptions, for instance mapping the description of a fluid using the Navier–Stokes equations to the description of an event horizon of a black hole using Einstein's equations. This textbook covers the applications of string theory methods and the mathematics of AdS/CFT to areas of condensed matter physics. Bridging the gap between string theory and condensed matter, this is a valuable textbook for students and researchers in both fields.