Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Sheep and Cattle

Biology and Control

Author: Ian Sutherland,Ian Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405185821

Category: Medical

Page: 242

View: 1277


A unique resource for all those interested in the impact of wormson livestock, the anthelmintics used to get rid of them and theemerging problem of anthelmintic resistance. This bookprovides an over-arching view of past, present and suggested futurestrategies for control of gastrointestinal nematode parasites insheep and cattle. The book begins with descriptions of the biology ofgastrointestinal nematodes, the harm they cause to the host andtheir economic impact. The main body of the book deals withthe control of worms, focusing on the use of anthelmintic drenches.The relationship between drenching practices and the development ofdrug resistance is discussed, as well as resistance management. Theauthors also break new ground by discussing alternative options forworm control, including: nutritional interventions, biologicalcontrol, breeding for desirable genetics and artificially improvingimmunity to infection. They also offer useful recommendations forprogram development.

Haemonchus Contortus and Haemonchosis – Past, Present and Future Trends

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128103965

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 5637


Haemonchus Contortus and Haemonchosis – Past, Present and Future Trends, the latest in the Advances in Parasitology series first published in 1963, contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on all areas of interest in contemporary parasitology. The series includes medical studies of parasites of major influence, such as Plasmodium falciparum and trypanosomes. The series also contains reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy, and life history, which help to shape current thinking and applications. The 2014 impact factor is 6.226. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of parasitology Contains contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography

Author: Luc DesCôteaux,Jill Colloton,Giovanni Gnemmi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780813808079

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 8487


Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography is a practical, fully referenced, image-based guide to the essential concepts of reproductive ultrasound in domesticated ruminants and camelids. Providing information to enable practitioners to incorporate ultrasound service into their practices, the book also includes more specialized information for advanced techniques such as fetal sexing, embryo transfer, color Doppler, and others. Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography is a must-have reference for ruminant and camelid practitioners, instructors, and students.

Ivermectin and Abamectin

Author: William C. Campbell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461236266

Category: Medical

Page: 363

View: 5694


Ivermectin and abamectin, members of the avermectin family of compounds, were introduced to the market in the 1980's as a veterinary antiparasitic drug and agricultural pesticide, respectively. Their acceptance and commercial success have been remarkable; both are highly effective and in worldwide use. The efficacy of ivermectin in river blindness has expanded the interest in its use in human medicine. In response to the intense scientific and industrial interest in ivermectin and abamectin and the likelihood that they will be forerunners of an expanding family of drugs, this comprehensive monograph satisfies the need for a review and synthesis of current knowledge about the use of these substances in crop protection as well as in cattle, sheep, swine, horses, dogs, cats, birds, fish, reptiles, and in man. This overview presents chemical, biochemical, and microbiological data, as well as pharmacological, safety, and environmental aspects and covers practical use of the compounds as antiparasitic and pesticide agents, as well as the available safety data that have emerged from the clinical experience with human applications.

Veterinary Medicine

A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats

Author: Peter D. Constable,Kenneth W Hinchcliff,Stanley H. Done,Walter Gruenberg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702070580

Category: Medical

Page: 2278

View: 3198


Treat the diseases affecting large animals! Veterinary Medicine, 11th Edition provides up-to-date information on the diseases of horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs. Comprehensive coverage includes the principles of clinical examination and making a diagnosis, along with specific therapy recommendations. For easier use, this edition has been divided into two volumes and restructured into a logical, anatomically based approach to disease. From internationally known veterinary experts Peter Constable, Kenneth Hinchcliff, Stanley Done, and Walter Grünberg, this book is the definitive, one-stop reference for farm animal and equine care. Comprehensive coverage includes information essential to any large-animal veterinarian, especially those working with horses, cattle, sheep, goats, or pigs. Coverage of diseases addresses major large-animal diseases of all countries, including foreign animal and emerging diseases. User-friendly format makes it easier to quickly absorb key information. Quick review/synopsis sections make important information on complex diseases easy to find. NEW! Convenient, easy-access format is organized by organ systems, and divides the content into two compact volumes with the same authoritative coverage. Nearly 200 new color photographs and line drawings are included in this edition. NEW full-color design improves navigation, clarifies subject headings, and includes more boxes, tables, and charts for faster reference. New Diseases Primarily Affecting the Reproductive System chapter is added. Updated and expanded chapter on pharmacotherapy lists therapeutic interventions and offers treatment boxes and principles of antibiotic use. Expanded sections on herd health include biosecurity and infection control, and valuable Strength of Evidence boxes. NEW or extensively revised sections include topics such as the Schmallenberg and Bluetongue viral epidemics of ruminants in Europe, Wesselbron disease in cattle, hypokalemia in adult cattle, equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis, Hendra virus infection, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, torque teno virus, and numerous recently identified congenital and inherited disorders of large animals. Additional content is provided on lameness in cattle and the diseases of cervids.

Antimicrobial Drug Resistance

Clinical and Epidemiological Aspects

Author: Douglas L. Mayers,Jack D. Sobel,Marc Ouellette,Keith S. Kaye,Dror Marchaim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319472666

Category: Medical

Page: 855

View: 7338


The two volumes included in Antimicrobial Drug Resistance, Second Edition is an updated, comprehensive and multidisciplinary reference covering the area of antimicrobial drug resistance in bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites from basic science, clinical, and epidemiological perspectives. This newly revised compendium reviews the most current research and development on drug resistance while still providing the information in the accessible format of the first edition. The first volume, Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance, is dedicated to the biological basis of drug resistance and effective avenues for drug development. With the emergence of more drug-resistant organisms, the approach to dealing with the drug resistance problem must include the research of different aspects of the mechanisms of bacterial resistance and the dissemination of resistance genes as well as research utilizing new genomic information. These approaches will permit the design of novel strategies to develop new antibiotics and preserve the effectiveness of those currently available. The second volume, Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Clinical and Epidemiological Aspects, is devoted to the clinical aspects of drug resistance. Although there is evidence that restricted use of a specific antibiotic can be followed by a decrease in drug resistance to that agent, drug resistance control is not easily achieved. Thus, the infectious diseases physician requires input from the clinical microbiologist, antimicrobial stewardship personnel, and infection control specialist to make informed choices for the effective management of various strains of drug-resistant pathogens in individual patients. This 2-volume set is an important reference for students in microbiology, infectious diseases physicians, medical students, basic scientists, drug development researchers, microbiologists, epidemiologists, and public health practitioners.

Chemotherapy of Gastrointestinal Helminths

Author: H. Vanden Bossche,D. Thienpont,P.G. Janssens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642695272

Category: Medical

Page: 719

View: 2657


Parasitic diseases are the most widespread of all the major diseases, currently 9 affecting about 3 x 10 people and innumerable domestic animals. There is no doubt that among these parasitic diseases, the helminthic infections of the gastrointestinal tract are about the most important because of their global distribution, their high prevalence, their effects on the nutritional status of men and animals, their effects on the physical and mental development of children, and their economic effects on the production of animals. Anthelmintics are important elements in the control of these gastrointestinal helminthic infections. In this volume the editors and authors have tried to find a way through the immense amount of information on anthelmintic drugs that is scattered throughout the literature. Different authors have critically examined this information from different angles. However, the aim of all has been to provide the information needed by veterinarians, physicians, and public health workers to select the most suitable drug for a given situation.

Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Agriculture

Author: Mette Vaarst,V. Lund,S. Roderick,W. Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851998701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 9169


Annotation. The rapid growth of organic farming has been among the most remarkable changes in global agriculture in recent decades. However, more attention was initially aid to the crop side of organic systems, and animals are a lower priority in formal research and the development of organic farming. But now, that has changed. There is now greater recognition of the need to understand animal health and welfare better. The purpose of this book is to further the understanding of organic animal husbandry and to demonstrate practical solutions and innovative methods, drawing mainly on research and practical experience with organic farming in Europe.

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 8761


"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.

Immunity to Parasites

How Parasitic Infections are Controlled

Author: Derek Wakelin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436359

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 4843


This completely updated second edition provides a clear account of how immune responses operate and how parasites can evade immunity. Parasites have evolved to exploit hosts' bodies, whereas hosts have evolved immune systems to control infections. Host-parasite interactions therefore provide fascinating examples of evolutionary "arms-races" in which the immune system plays a key role. Including an expanded section on anti-parasite vaccines, the text focuses on modern research in immunoparasitology directed at understanding and exploiting the capacity to develop effective anti-parasite immunity. The experimental basis of this research is emphasized throughout. The text is aimed at undergraduates and postgraduates with interests in either parasitology or immunology and contains introductory sections on these topics.

Parasitic Helminths

Targets, Screens, Drugs and Vaccines

Author: Conor R. Caffrey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527652949

Category: Medical

Page: 540

View: 9418


This third volume in the successful 'Drug Discovery in Infectious Diseases' series is the first to deal with drug discovery in helminthic infections in human and animals. The result is a broad overview of different drug target evaluation methods, including specific examples of successful drug development against helminthes, and with a whole section devoted to vaccine development. With its well-balanced mix of high-profile contributors from academia and industry, this handbook and reference will appeal to a wide audience, including parasitologists, pharmaceutical industry, epidemiologists, and veterinary scientists.

Biological Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Ruminants Using Predacious Fungi

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251041093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 94

View: 955


Gastro-intestinal nematode parasitism is one of the most important disease constraints to small ruminant production in the sub-tropics and tropics control of the gastro-intestinal nematodes particularly Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus species is a prerequisite for profitable small ruminant production. Strategies for the control have up till now relied almost entirely on the use of anthelmintics. The frequent use, often combined with mismanagement of the drugs, have led to wide-spread resistance of the parasites to one or more of the major groups of anthelmintics. There is, therefore, an urgent need for developing alternative sustainable strategies. These include grazing management, breeding for resistance/resilience, better utilization of existing drugs through the understanding of the pharmacokinetics and the use of predacious fungi for biological control of the nematode parasite larvae on pasture. FAO in collaboration with the Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology and the Veterinary Research Institute in Ipoh, Malaysia organized a workshop on Biological Control of Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes of Ruminants Using Predacious Fungi held 5 - 12 October 1997 in Ipoh, Malaysia. Fourteen participants from 10 countries received theoretical and practical training in the isolation, identification and cultivation of predacious fungi enabling them to utilize biological control of parasitic nematodes of ruminants in the future.

Veterinary Entomology

Livestock and Companion Animals

Author: Ralph E. Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143988319X

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 9171


Livestock production systems and some husbandry practices are prone to producing veterinary important entomological concerns. In addition, various arthropod-borne diseases―such as West Nile and some types of encephalitis―can affect both humans and animals. To circumvent these problems successfully, a solid understanding of veterinary entomology should be the foundation of comprehensive animal-health programs and production management practices. Veterinary Entomology: Livestock and Companion Animals is a comprehensive guide to the recognition, biology, importance, and control of insects and related arthropods that may be encountered in animal husbandry practices and with companion animals. Unlike similar books, this single-authored textbook is focused exclusively on the veterinary aspects of entomology. In 15 highly readable chapters, it addresses the details of livestock/companion animal pest management within the current trends in pest management techniques and available technology such as pest surveillance and detection. Richly illustrated with more than 200 figures and a four-page color insert, the book discusses pertinent information on host–pest relationships, pest control methodology, identification, and biology of important pest groups, emphasizing those arthropods specifically associated with livestock and poultry production systems and those affecting companion animals. Written by a leading entomological expert, this book includes coverage of: Cattle Swine Sheep and goats Poultry Domestic pets Horses Veterinary Entomology: Livestock and Companion Animals is an excellent resource for all those involved with the handling and research of livestock and companion animals, as well as students in entomology, agriculture, and veterinary science.

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Farm Animals

Author: R. F. E. Axford

Publisher: Cab International

ISBN: 9780851993256

Category: Medical

Page: 418

View: 8089


The first edition of this book, published in 1991, was based on a conference. However, this second edition consists of specially commissioned chapters to provide a more comprehensive and balanced review of the subject. Two additional editors, Stephen Bishop from the world-famous Roslin Institute, and Frank Nicholas, author of a widely respected textbook on veterinary genetics, have been brought in, as have several new contributors. As the subject of breeding for disease resistance rather than controlling diseases using expensive chemicals continues to be topical, this book will attract wide interest. The book gives full coverage of important areas of development, by those leading the field.

Research Priorities for Helminth Infections

Technical Report of the TDR Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections

Author: TDR Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections,World Health Organization

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789241209724

Category: Medical

Page: 174

View: 6343


Over a billion people in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Americas are infected with one or more helminth species, causing morbidity that helps maintain the vicious cycle of poverty, decreased productivity, and inadequate socioeconomic development. This report presents an evaluation of current research and challenges in controlling the helminthiases of public health importance, including onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, schistosomiasis, food-borne trematodiases and taeniasis/cysticercosis. The evaluation covers five major themes--intervention, epidemiology and surveillance, environmental and social ecology, data and modelling, and fundamental biology. Despite the recent demonstrated successes and expansion of tools for the helminthiases outlined here, and the development of some research capacity, the evaluation found major deficiencies in our current control tools, in diagnostics, and in our fundamental knowledge of helminth biology and transmission dynamics, as well as in capacity and policy for health research. Thus the current research issues are summarized here, and opportunities for improving disease control and reducing poverty are identified. Recommendations are presented to inform public health policy, guide implementation programs, and focus the research community on the needs of disease control and the opportunities for bettering human welfare. This is one of ten disease and thematic reference group reports that have come out of the TDR Think Tank, all of which have contributed to the development of the Global Report for Research on Infectious Diseases of Poverty.