Fuel Reduction for the Mobility Air Forces

Author: Christopher A. Mouton,James D. Powers,Daniel M. Romano,Christopher Guo,Sean Bednarz

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833087652

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 878

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Reducing aviation fuel use is an ongoing goal for military and civil operators, and Air Mobility Command is feeling increasing pressure to further reduce fuel use by implementing and following known best practices. Although the Air Force had achieved a 12 percent reduction in fuel consumption by March 2012, it must continue to pursue cost-effective options to reduce fuel use even further.

Reducing the Logistics Burden for the Army After Next:

Doing More with Less

Author: Committee to Perform a Technology Assessment Focused on Logistics Support Requirements for Future Army Combat Systems,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063787

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 6784

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This study assesses the potential of new technology to reduce logistics support requirements for future Army combat systems. It describes and recommends areas of research and technology development in which the Army should invest now to field systems that will reduce logistics burdens and provide desired capabilities for an ''Army After Next (AAN) battle force" in 2025.

Zero-Sustainment Aircraft for the U.S. Air Force:

A Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Air Force Studies Board,Committee on Zero-Sustainment Aircraft for the U.S. Air Force: A Workshop

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309272610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 40

View: 1216

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Overall Air Force weapon system sustainment (WSS) costs are growing at more than 4 percent per year, while budgets have remained essentially flat. The cost growth is due partly to aging of the aircraft fleet, and partly to the cost of supporting higher-performance aircraft and new capabilities provided by more complex and sophisticated systems, such as the latest intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms. Furthermore, the expectation for the foreseeable future is that sustainment budgets are likely to decrease, so that the gap between budgets and sustainment needs will likely continue to grow wider. Most observers accept that the Air Force will have to adopt new approaches to WSS if it is going to address this problem and remain capable of carrying out its missions. In this context, the original intent of this 3-day workshop was to focus on ways that science and technology (S&T) could help the Air Force reduce sustainment costs. However, as the workshop evolved, the discussions focused more and more on Air Force leadership, management authority, and culture as the more critical factors that need to change in order to solve sustainment problems. Many participants felt that while S&T investments could certainly help--particularly if applied in the early stages ("to the left") of the product life cycle--adopting a transformational management approach that defines the user-driven goals of the enterprise, empowers people to achieve them, and holds them accountable, down to the shop level. Several workshop participants urged Air Force leaders to start the process now, even though it will take years to percolate down through the entire organization. These sustainment concerns are not new and have been studied extensively, including recent reports from the National Research Council's Air Force Studies Board and the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board.

Department of Defense Authorization for Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013 and the Future Years Defense Program

Hearings Before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, on S. 3254, to Authorize Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013 for Military Activities of the Department of Defense, for Military Construction, and for Defense Activities of the Department of Energy, to Prescribe Military Personnel Strengths for Such Fiscal Year, and for Other Purposes

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Military research

Page: N.A

View: 5043

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The Air Campaign

Planning for Combat

Author: John A. Warden

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1583481001

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 5918

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"The Air Force staff quickly came up with an air campaign, the brainchild of Colonel John Warden, a brilliant, brash fighter pilot and a leading Air Force intellectual on the use of airpower... Warden's original plan would undergo numerous modifications…but his original concept remained the heart of the Desert Storm air war." Colin Powell Colin Powell, My American Journey Since its original publication The Air Campaign: Planning for Combat has been translated into more than a half dozen languages and is in use at military colleges throughout the world. This book would later serve as the basis for the planning of much of the Gulf War air campaign. Generals Schwarzkopf and Powell credited Col. Warden with creating the air campaign that defeated Iraq in the Gulf War. This new edition includes a new epilogue where Col. Warden has refined and extended many of the ideas presented in the original book. The most significant of these refinements is the development of the theory of the enemy as a system-which flows from the center of gravity concepts developed in the first edition.

Assessing Unit Readiness

Case Study of an Air Force Fighter Wing

Author: Carl Johan Dahlman,David E. Thaler

Publisher: RAND Corporation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Air pilots, Military

Page: 43

View: 3980

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Ongoing allegations of problems with readiness in the current environment of constrained resources and demanding contingency requirements have driven efforts to characterize the effect of this environment of representative operational unit and to capture the features in a readiness management system. A broad recipe for assessing readiness involves defining what is healthy, evaluating the current and future status, and identifying where that status deviates from a healthy state. Results indicate that the fighter wing faces a mismatch between the tasks it must accomplish and the resources at its disposal. Withour the proper standards and the right metrics for tracking how units can meet those standards, senior management will be unable to identify and assess shortfalls in readiness throughout the force.

OSS Operation Black Mail

One Woman’s Covert War Against the Imperial Japanese Army

Author: Ann Todd

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 1682471519

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 7088

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OSS Operation Black Mail is the story of a remarkable woman who fought World War II on the front lines of psychological warfare. Elizabeth P. McIntosh spent eighteen life-changing months serving in the Office of Strategic Services in what has been called the “forgotten theater,” China-Burma-India, where she met and worked with people as diverse as Allen Dulles, Julia Child, and Ho Chi Minh. Her craft was black propaganda, and her mission was to demoralize the enemy through prevarication and deceit, and ultimately, convince him to surrender. Betty’s effectiveness stemmed from her ability to target not merely the Japanese soldier, but the man with-in: the husband, the son, the father. Her black propaganda was boldly experimental and ground-breaking; destined to play a key role in the Cold War.

Improving the Efficiency of Engines for Large Nonfighter Aircraft

Author: Committee on Analysis of Air Force Engine Efficiency Improvement Options for Large,Non-fighter Aircraft,Air Force Studies Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103991

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 1987

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Because of the important national defense contribution of large, non-fighter aircraft, rapidly increasing fuel costs and increasing dependence on imported oil have triggered significant interest in increased aircraft engine efficiency by the U.S. Air Force. To help address this need, the Air Force asked the National Research Council (NRC) to examine and assess technical options for improving engine efficiency of all large non-fighter aircraft under Air Force command. This report presents a review of current Air Force fuel consumption patterns; an analysis of previous programs designed to replace aircraft engines; an examination of proposed engine modifications; an assessment of the potential impact of alternative fuels and engine science and technology programs, and an analysis of costs and funding requirements.

Biofuels

An Alternative to U. S. Air Force Petroleum Fuel Dependency

Author: Mark S. Danigole

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437911080

Category:

Page: 53

View: 6017

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The USAF is the largest energy consumer in the DoD. In conjunction with the Pres¿s. mandate to reduce dependency on foreign oil and in an effort to stem fuel exp., the USAF estab. an alternative energy program focused on increased conservation and the dev¿t. of new, domestic sources of fuel. This report examines biologically produced fuel alternatives and their ability to meet USAF jet fuel requirements by the year 2025. It examines ethanol, terrestrial produced biodiesel, algae oil and biobutanol and each fuel¿s ability to meet JP-8 fuel standards while achieving compatibility with USAF aircraft and fuel distribution systems. It recommends the continued development of biofuel technology to reduce USAF dependency on foreign oil. Illus.

The Ecology of Transportation: Managing Mobility for the Environment

Author: John Davenport,Julia L. Davenport

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402045042

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 5671

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This volume reviews the ecological effects of road, rail, marine and air transport. The focus ranges from identification of threats and repair of damaging effects to design of future transport systems that minimize environmental degradation. The scope of coverage extends from small ecosystems to the planet as a whole. Experts from a variety of disciplines address the topic, expressing views across the spectrum from deep pessimism to cautious optimism.

Air Mobility

A Brief History of the American Experience

Author: Robert C. Owen

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597978515

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 2859

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Global air mobility is an American invention. During the twentieth century, other nations developed capabilities to transport supplies and personnel by air to support deployed military forces. But only the United States mustered the resources and will to create a global transport force and aerial refueling aircraft capable of moving air and ground combat forces of all types to anywhere in the world and supporting them in continuous combat operations. Whether contemplating a bomber campaign or halting another surprise attack, American war planners have depended on transport and tanker aircraft to launch, reinforce, and sustain operations. Air mobility has also changed the way the United States relates to the world. American leaders use air mobility to signal friends and enemies of their intent and ability to intervene, attack, or defend on short notice and powerfully. Stateside air wings and armored brigades on Sunday can be patrolling the air of any continent on Wednesday and taking up defensive positions on a friend's borders by Friday. This capability affects the diplomacy and the calculations of America and its friends and enemies alike. Moreover, such global mobility has made America the world's philanthropist. From their earliest days, American airlift forces have performed thousands of humanitarian missions, dropping hay to snow-bound cattle, taking stranded pilgrims to Mecca, and delivering food and medicine to tsunami stricken towns. Air Mobility examines how air power elevated the American military's penchant for speed and ability to maneuver to an art unequalled by any other nation. Is charitable giving more about satisfying the needs of the donor or those of the recipient? The answer, according to Friedman, is both, and Reinventing Philanthropy provides the essential tools for maximizing the impact of one's donations.

What is the Price of Energy Security?

From Battlefields to Bases : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Readiness of the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, Hearing Held March 29, 2012

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Energy conservation

Page: 167

View: 4241

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Driving Forces

The Automobile, Its Enemies, and the Politics of Mobility

Author: James A. Dunn

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815707202

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 7838

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To its critics, the automobile is a voracious consumer of irreplaceable energy resources, a leading polluter of the environment, and a destroyer of cohesive communities. The most outspoken opponents call for greater regulations and restrictions to ultimately replace the automobile as the country's primary means of transportation. But their proposals all ignore one simple fact: Americans love their cars! Millions of citizens have made the automobile the most successful method of mass transportation ever developed, and they are not about to give up the personal mobility it offers. This book presents the controversial view that, for the vast majority of Americans, the automobile is not the problem, but the solution to transportation needs. While acknowledging the automobile's significant drawbacks, the author refutes much of the shrill rhetoric and doomsday predictions of its opponents. He takes a skeptical look at the major policy initiatives to tax, regulate, and provide alternatives to the automobile, pointing out that any policies designed to remove Americans from their cars without offering them a superior means of mobility are "worse than useless" and doomed to failure. The book offers suggestions and guidelines for politically realistic initiatives that preserve the benefits of the automobile while building public support for policies that will reduce its negative effects on energy use and the environment.

Force Multiplying Technologies for Logistics Support to Military Operations

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Army Science and Technology,Committee on Force Multiplying Technologies for Logistics Support to Military Operations

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309307368

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 1429

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The mission of the United States Army is to fight and win our nation's wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders. Accomplishing this mission rests on the ability of the Army to equip and move its forces to the battle and sustain them while they are engaged. Logistics provides the backbone for Army combat operations. Without fuel, ammunition, rations, and other supplies, the Army would grind to a halt. The U.S. military must be prepared to fight anywhere on the globe and, in an era of coalition warfare, to logistically support its allies. While aircraft can move large amounts of supplies, the vast majority must be carried on ocean going vessels and unloaded at ports that may be at a great distance from the battlefield. As the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have shown, the costs of convoying vast quantities of supplies is tallied not only in economic terms but also in terms of lives lost in the movement of the materiel. As the ability of potential enemies to interdict movement to the battlefield and interdict movements in the battlespace increases, the challenge of logistics grows even larger. No matter how the nature of battle develops, logistics will remain a key factor. Force Multiplying Technologies for Logistics Support to Military Operations explores Army logistics in a global, complex environment that includes the increasing use of antiaccess and area-denial tactics and technologies by potential adversaries. This report describes new technologies and systems that would reduce the demand for logistics and meet the demand at the point of need, make maintenance more efficient, improve inter- and intratheater mobility, and improve near-real-time, in-transit visibility. Force Multiplying Technologies also explores options for the Army to operate with the other services and improve its support of Special Operations Forces. This report provides a logistics-centric research and development investment strategy and illustrative examples of how improved logistics could look in the future.

Defense Management: Overarching Organizational Framework Could Improve DoD¿s Mgmt. of Energy Reduction Efforts for Military Operations

Congressional Testimony

Author: William M. Solis

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437902677

Category:

Page: 15

View: 3525

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The DoD is the single largest U.S. energy consumer. About 3/4 of its total consumption consists of mobility energy -- the energy required for moving and sustaining its forces and weapons platforms for military operations. This testimony discusses DoD¿s efforts to manage and reduce its mobility energy demand, and addresses: (1) energy issues that are likely to affect DoD in the future; (2) key departmental and military service efforts to reduce demand for mobility energy; and (3) DoD¿s management approach to guide and oversee these efforts. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.

The Future of Mobility

Scenarios for China in 2030

Author: Liisa Ecola,Johanna Zmud,Kun Gu,Peter Phleps,Irene Feige

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833090917

Category: Transportation

Page: 118

View: 1927

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Researchers developed two scenarios to envision the future of mobility in China in 2030. Economic growth, the presence of constraints on vehicle ownership and driving, and environmental conditions differentiate the scenarios. By making potential long-term mobility futures more vivid, the team sought to help decisionmakers at different levels of government and in the private sector better anticipate and prepare for change.