From the Crime to the Courts

An Overview of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Douglas Klutz,Mark M. Lanier

Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781621314691

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 8423

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"From the Crime to the Courts: An Overview of Criminology and Criminal Justice" provides a comprehensive overview of the field. The book uses current research and contemporary issues to familiarize students with the structure and nature of both the criminal justice system and criminology. The anthology begins with a discussion of the study of crime and how crime can most clearly be defined. This is followed by an exploration into the nature of criminology. Subsequent sections of the text focus on policing and law enforcement, courts and the judicial process, and corrections. Specific topics include: Community PolicingDue ProcessLaw AdjudicationThe History of American CorrectionsWhite Collar CrimeThe Use of ForcePrimary sources including the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and famous Supreme Court cases provide important background for understanding fundamental values and how these affect the administration of justice in the real world. Written in an accessible style, "From the Crime to the Courts" is ideal for introductory criminal justice courses. Douglas B. Klutz, MPA, received his Master of Public Administration degree with a concentration in policy analysis from the University of North Carolina, Wilmington. Professor Klutz is a full-time instructor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama. In addition to teaching, he serves as the internship and advising director. Prior to his academic career, Professor Klutz worked with the Center for Commercialization of Advanced Technology, a consortium of public and private institutions whose mission is to facilitate the transfer of first responder technologies available at the federal level to state and local governments.

Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Peter Joyce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315455080

Category:

Page: 530

View: 9703

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This new and expanded edition builds upon material from the highly successful first edition. A comprehensive textbook on the criminal justice system, the book assesses the main theories concerned with the causes of crime (including white-collar and corporate crime), discusses the operation of all key criminal justice agencies – including the police, probation and prison services and the legal and youth justice systems –and identifies the main themes underpinning contemporary criminal justice policy. Key additions include: updated material from the first edition, incorporating changes to criminal justice policy introduced by the 2010 Coalition government; a new chapter that presents an overview of the criminal justice system; discussions of the evolving EU criminal justice system and the implications of this for UK criminal justice policy. The book is an ideal text for students taking courses in criminal justice, or studying criminal justice as a component of a broader course in criminology or the social sciences and practitoners within these fields. It is written in a highly accessible manner and has a wide range of features that include questions, key chapter themes, a timeline of main events, a glossary of key terms, a website resource guide.

The Handbook of Crime & Punishment

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195140606

Category: Law

Page: 803

View: 5242

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Crime is one of the most significant political issues in contemporary American society. Crime control statistics and punishment policies are subjects of constant partisan debate, while the media presents sensationalized stories of criminal activity and over-crowded prisons. In the highly politicized arena of crime and justice, empirical data and reasoned analysis are often overlook or ignored. The Handbook of Crime and Punishment, however, provides a comprehensive overview of criminal justice, criminology, and crime control policy, thus enabling a fundamental understanding of crime and punishment essential to an informed public. Expansive in its coverage, the Handbook presents materials on crime and punishment trends as well as timely policy issues. The latest research on the demography of crime (race, gender, drug use) is included and weighty current problems (organized crime, white collar crime, family violence, sex offenders, youth gangs, drug abuse policy) are examined. Processes and institutions that deal with accused and convicted criminals and techniques of punishment are also examined. While some articles emphasize American research findings and developments, others incorporate international research and offer a comparative perspective from other English-speaking countries and Western Europe. Editor Michael Tonry, a leading scholar of criminology, introduces the 28 articles in the volume, each contributed by an expert in the field. Designed for a wide audience, The Handbook is encyclopedic in its range and depth of content, yet is written in an accessible style. The most inclusive and authoritative work on the topic to be found in one volume, this book will appeal to those interested in the study of crime and its causes, effects, trends, and institutions; those interested in the forms and philosophies of punishment; and those interested in crime control.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Michael Tonry

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195395085

Category: Law

Page: 978

View: 9551

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A comprehensive and accesible overview of the operation of the American criminal justice system. This handbook's extensive coverage of the criminal justice system in the U.S. makes it an important reference for students and scholars in criminal justice, law, and public policy.

Criminal Behavior

Theories, Typologies and Criminal Justice

Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412904870

Category: Social Science

Page: 605

View: 356

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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Crime and Punishment in Twentieth Century Ireland

A Description of The Criminal Justice System, 1950-1980

Author: Seamus Breathnach

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581125498

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 7671

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This book was written as part of a much wider criminological enterprise, designed at creating a real and critical basis for criminological enquiry in Ireland. Properly understood the Criminal Justice System (CJS) is every bit as important to society as the circular flow of money. No government would dream of conducting its business without the advice of an economist or, indeed, providing an econometric model of the economy. Yet when it comes to the CJS, governments take the opposite view and legislate in the dark, hardly reconnoitering for a moment to see what effect proposed legislation will have on the several institutions it invariably affects. Maybe this was okay when those effects could not be calculated. But such is no longer the case. In 1967 a President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice featured a model of criminal justice entitled "The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society." Incredibly misunderstood and widely neglected, this model marked a breakthrough -- the first step, as it were -- in coming to terms with the multiple agencies that go to make up what has come to be called the Criminal Justice System (CJS). In Volumes 2 and 3 of the present series Seamus Breathnach traces the initial steps necessary to complete the revolution begun by the President's Commission. In doing this he reveals the systematized neglect of the CJS in the Republic of Ireland for years 1950-80. In eight lectures he delineates the Republic's inability to get its act together or to engage the terms or significance of the '67 landmark - an inability that is anchored both in a deep religious resistance to the secular social sciences as well as an exaggerated estimation of the criminal lawyer as social commentator. From this study it appears that the first step for criminologists is to see the CJS as a totality - to see it as a social process clamoring to be rescued from the spokesmen of the discrete agencies that comprise it.

Corrections and the Criminal Justice System

Author: David C. May,Kevin I. Minor,Rick Ruddell,Betsy A. Matthews

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763735000

Category: Law

Page: 585

View: 9834

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Corrections and the Criminal Justice System is designed to help students understand corrections in relation to the entire criminal justice system. This text begins with an overview of the field of criminal justice and covers the components of the criminal justice system that an offender must pass through prior to his/her corrections experience (police, courts, and sentencing). The second part of the text shows students how corrections is interconnected and related to the other aspects of the criminal justice system.

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America

An Encyclopedia

Author: Wilbur R. Miller

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483305937

Category: History

Page: 2712

View: 1129

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Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.

Introduction to Criminology

Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior

Author: Frank E. Hagan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412953650

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 3096

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"After reviewing dozens of books, this text provided the best basic foundation and the study website is excellent." -Michelle Ronda, Marymount Manhattan College The Sixth Edition of Introduction to Criminology: Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, with a chapter devoted to the criminal justice system. Valued and admired for the author's easy-to-read writing style and the text's overall accessibility, this book concentrates on the vital core of criminological theory-theory, method, and criminal behavior-and successfully avoids an overly legal or crime control orientation. Updated throughout and with a visually engaging new two-color design, the Sixth Edition investigates all major forms of criminal activity, including organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. Author Frank E. Hagan explains the methods of operation, the effects on society, and how various theories account for criminal behavior. New to the Sixth Edition Offers expanded treatment of theory: An additional theory chapter (Chapter 5) explores psychological and biological theories, and the author has provided additional coverage of Developmental/Life Course theory in Chapter 6. Presents expanded detail on many types of crime: The book features comprehensive treatment of all crime typologies. Provides broader coverage of crime in its various forms: With major coverage of white collar, political, and organized crime, the text fully addresses topics such as Warez software piracy, spies, assassins, new organized crime groups, and major corporate scandals. Incorporates updated and new "Crime Files" and "In the News" boxes: New captivating examples include the Virginia Tech shootings; the BTK killer; Washington, DC snipers; Red Lake Massacre; and the Hanssen Spy case. Includes a new final chapter on the criminal justice system (Chapter 14): This chapter provides a brief overview to acquaint students who have not had a separate course on the justice system. Features an updated photo program: Contemporary visual representations bring to life the theories and crime typologies covered in the text. Accompanied by High Quality Ancillaries Student Study Site at www.sagepub.com/haganstudy: The study site includes self-quizzes, links to interesting and useful audio and video files (NPR and PBS radio archives, Frontline videos), carefully selected journal articles, Web research exercises, E-flashcards, and more. Instructors' Resources on CD-ROM: include a computerized test bank, PowerPoint slides for each chapter, classroom activities, and more. Qualified instructors can request a copy by contacting SAGE Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 (6am-5pm PT). Intended Audience This is an excellent text for undergraduate courses such as Criminology, Deviant Behavior, and Crime and Society in departments of criminal justice, criminology, and sociology.

Criminology

A Sociological Introduction

Author: Eamonn Carrabine,Paul Iganski,Maggy Lee

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415281676

Category: Law

Page: 428

View: 2608

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Covering all the major areas of the subject, this introduction to criminology features specific topics such as the history and theory of criminology and categories of crime.

America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System

Author: David W. Neubauer,Henry F. Fradella

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337557897

Category: Education

Page: 648

View: 8725

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The premier choice for Courts courses for decades, this popular text offers a comprehensive explanation of the courts and the criminal justice system, presented in a streamlined, straightforward manner that appeals to instructors and students alike. Neubauer and Fradella's crisp and clear writing, characterized by the organization of material into brief sections within chapters, ensures that readers gain a firm handle on the material. At the same time, the text's innovative courtroom workhouse model -- which focuses on the interrelationships among the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney -- brings the courtroom to life. AMERICA'S COURTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM has long been known for the way it gives students an accurate glimpse of what it is like to work within the American criminal justice system, and the thirteenth edition is no exception. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Understanding Criminal Justice

A Critical Introduction

Author: Azrini Wahidin,Nicola Carr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415670217

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 3806

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Few subjects provoke as much public fascination and political concern as crime, criminality, criminology, and criminal justice policy and practice. Understanding Criminal Justice seeks to provide students with a critical introduction to the range of theoretical, policy and operational issues faced by the criminal justice system in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It anticipates little or no prior knowledge of criminal justice, and seeks to provide an introduction to the area. This critical textbook provides both a thorough overview of the procedures central to the workings of the criminal justice system and a distillation of the topical debates that surround it. It outlines the political and historical context, detailing key procedures and challenging students to engage with current debates. Containing chapters on policing, prosecution, community justice and alternative modes of justice, this text provides a comprehensive coverage of the key topics included within undergraduate criminology programmes at an introductory level. Written in a lively and accessible style, this book will also be of interest to general readers and practitioners in the criminal justice system.

Criminological Theory

A Text/Reader

Author: Stephen G. Tibbetts,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412950376

Category: Social Science

Page: 789

View: 1707

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This book provides the best of both worlds-- authored text sections with carefully selected accompanying readings covering criminological theory from past to present and beyond. The articles, from leading journals in criminology and criminal justice, reflect both classic studies and state-of-the-art research. Key Features " Begins with an introductory chapter that presents a succinct overview of criminological theory, and briefly describes the organization and content of the book " Features 'How to Read a Research Article'--a perfect introduction to understanding how real-world research is organized and delivered in the journal literature " Includes a 'mini-chapter' for each Section, with figures and tables that present basic concepts and provide a background for the Readings that follow " Provides key terms, web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each Section, along with questions for each Reading to help students develop their critical thinking skills " Instructor Resources on CD include a test bank, PowerPoint slides for each section, classroom activities, and more. " A Student study site provides additional articles, self-study quizzes, e-flashcards, and more.

Handbook of Victims and Victimology

Author: Sandra Walklate

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136308377

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 4407

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The study of criminal victimisation has developed to the stage where by victimology is now regarded as a central component to the study of crime and criminology. This focus of concern has been matched by the growth and development of support services for the victim of crime alongside increasing political concern with similar issues. The central purpose of this book is to bring together leading scholars to produce an authoritative handbook on victims and victimology that gives due consideration to these developments. It will be concerned to reflect contemporary academic, policy, and political debates on the nature, extent and impact of criminal victimisation and policy responses to it. This book provides a overview of the importance of the role of the victim in the criminal justice system, with an analysis of the different theoretical perspectives within victimology. explores the relationship between victimisation and feminism with particular focus on domestic and sexual violence. analyses criminal justice policy and service delivery in relation to victims of crime, looking at developments within the UK and international perspectives. This handbook will be fundamental reading for students and academics studying victims and victimology and an essential reference tool for those working within the victim support environment.

Criminal Justice Ethics

Annotated Bibliography and Guide to Sources

Author: Frank Schmalleger,Robert McKenrick

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 113

View: 3067

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The burgeoning interest in criminal justice ethics necessitates this volume listing relevant materials published in North America after 1980. The compilers list books, chapters in books, articles, commission reports, videotapes, professional and government codes, as well as unpublished books near completion, including the most up-to-date and pertinent works. A definition of both criminal justice ethics as well as standards of behavior within the police, the courts, the correction process, and with reference to the protection of victim's rights comprise the content of most of the works listed, and a separate chapter indicating the location of the sources cited will aid researchers interested in additional or continually updated information.

Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology

Author: Andrew Karmen

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133049729

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 2966

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A first in the field when initially published and now a true classic, CRIME VICTIMS: AN INTRODUCTION TO VICTIMOLOGY, Eighth Edition offers the most comprehensive and balanced exploration of victimology available today. The author examines the victims’ plight, carefully placing statistics from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report and Bureau of Justice Statistics National Crime Victimization Survey in context. The text systematically investigates how victims are currently handled by the criminal justice system, analyzes the goals of the victims’ rights movement, and discusses what the future is likely to hold. This Eighth edition expands coverage of human trafficking, crimes on campus, identity theft, stalking, motor vehicle theft, prison attacks, and similar high-profile issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192790

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 5652

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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, faculty, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. Its diverse essays not only cover the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, and that generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The Handbook explores up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions, and is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students, researchers, and policy makers.

Criminology and Criminal Justice

A Study Guide

Author: Peter Joyce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317821815

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7564

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This book presents a summary of the key ideas that seek to explain criminal behaviour and the measures that have been developed to prevent crime. A broad overview of the criminal justice system is provided in order to explain the operations of the key criminal justice agencies and the processes that are involved in bringing offenders to justice. Readers are encouraged to develop the basic knowledge they have obtained in these areas by tackling a number of questions, making use of additional reading of key texts suggested in the book. Attention is devoted to key sources from which information regarding crime and the criminal justice system can be explained. Good practice regarding the presentation and assessment of written work is also provided, in particular in connection with referencing. Readers are also introduced to the wide variety of methods that can be used to carry out criminological research and are invited to engage in exercises that include the marking of sample essays and the design of a questionnaire.

Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society

Second Edition

Author: Randall G. Shelden,William B. Brown,Karen S. Miller,Randal B. Fritzler

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478630140

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 1529

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Today’s headlines vividly illustrate the importance of understanding aspects of the criminal justice system too often ignored. While the second edition of Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society includes the most recent statistics on the police, courts, and corrections, its provocative, current examples also spur critical thinking about justice in the United States. The authors offer an alternative interpretation of criminal justice rarely presented in traditional textbooks or by the media. They encourage readers to examine their beliefs about crime, punishment, and the law. Discussions in the chapters about how African Americans, Hispanics, whites, women, juveniles, the rich, and the poor experience crime and the criminal justice system contribute context for understanding different viewpoints. The poor and minorities are the most likely to be caught in the net of criminal justice—but inequities have consequences for everyone. Reflection on various perspectives provides helpful input for assessing attitudes and for becoming actively involved with issues that have significant consequences. Eighteen thoroughly revised chapters present historical backgrounds, theories, and emerging issues. New to the second edition is a chapter on veterans involved in the criminal justice system. Affordable, succinct, and engaging, this textbook presents the key concepts of the criminal justice system at less than half the cost of many competing textbooks.