From Number Theory to Physics

Author: Michel Waldschmidt,Pierre Moussa,Jean-Marc Luck,Claude Itzykson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662028387

Category: Science

Page: 690

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The present book contains fourteen expository contributions on various topics connected to Number Theory, or Arithmetics, and its relationships to Theoreti cal Physics. The first part is mathematically oriented; it deals mostly with ellip tic curves, modular forms, zeta functions, Galois theory, Riemann surfaces, and p-adic analysis. The second part reports on matters with more direct physical interest, such as periodic and quasiperiodic lattices, or classical and quantum dynamical systems. The contribution of each author represents a short self-contained course on a specific subject. With very few prerequisites, the reader is offered a didactic exposition, which follows the author's original viewpoints, and often incorpo rates the most recent developments. As we shall explain below, there are strong relationships between the different chapters, even though every single contri bution can be read independently of the others. This volume originates in a meeting entitled Number Theory and Physics, which took place at the Centre de Physique, Les Houches (Haute-Savoie, France), on March 7 - 16, 1989. The aim of this interdisciplinary meeting was to gather physicists and mathematicians, and to give to members of both com munities the opportunity of exchanging ideas, and to benefit from each other's specific knowledge, in the area of Number Theory, and of its applications to the physical sciences. Physicists have been given, mostly through the program of lectures, an exposition of some of the basic methods and results of Num ber Theory which are the most actively used in their branch.

Group Theory and Physics

Author: S. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558853

Category: Mathematics

Page: 429

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This book is an introduction to group theory and its application to physics. The author considers the physical applications and develops mathematical theory in a presentation that is unusually cohesive and well-motivated. The book discusses many modern topics including molecular vibrations, homogeneous vector bundles, compact groups and Lie groups, and there is much discussion of the group SU(n) and its representations, which is of great significance in elementary particle physics. The author also considers applications to solid-state physics. This is an essential resource for senior undergraduates and researchers in physics and applied mathematics.

Frontiers in Number Theory, Physics, and Geometry I

On Random Matrices, Zeta Functions, and Dynamical Systems

Author: Pierre E. Cartier,Bernard Julia,Pierre Moussa,Pierre Vanhove

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540231899

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 2693

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The relation between mathematics and physics has a long history, in which the role of number theory and of other more abstract parts of mathematics has recently become more prominent. More than 10 years after a first meeting between number theorists and physicists at the Centre de Physique des Houches, a second two-week event focused on the broader interface of number theory, geometry, and physics. This book collects the material presented at this meeting.

Q-series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics

A Conference on Q-series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics, October 26-28, 2000, University of Illinois

Author: Bruce (University of Illinois Berndt,Bruce C. Berndt,Ken Ono

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821827464

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 9082

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The subject of $q$-series can be said to begin with Euler and his pentagonal number theorem. In fact, $q$-series are sometimes called Eulerian series. Contributions were made by Gauss, Jacobi, and Cauchy, but the first attempt at a systematic development, especially from the point of view of studying series with the products in the summands, was made by E. Heine in 1847. In the latter part of the nineteenth and in the early part of the twentieth centuries, two English mathematicians, L. J. Rogers and F. H. Jackson, made fundamental contributions.In 1940, G. H. Hardy described what we now call Ramanujan's famous $_1\psi_1$ summation theorem as 'a remarkable formula with many parameters'. This is now one of the fundamental theorems of the subject. Despite humble beginnings, the subject of $q$-series has flourished in the past three decades, particularly with its applications to combinatorics, number theory, and physics. During the year 2000, the University of Illinois embraced The Millennial Year in Number Theory. One of the events that year was the conference $q$-Series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics. This event gathered mathematicians from the world over to lecture and discuss their research. This volume presents nineteen of the papers presented at the conference. The excellent lectures that are included chart pathways into the future and survey the numerous applications of $q$-series to combinatorics, number theory, and physics.

Number Theory and Physics

Proceedings of the Winter School, Les Houches, France, March 7–16, 1989

Author: Jean-Marc Luck,Pierre Moussa,Michel Waldschmidt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642754058

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 8820

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7 Les Houches Number theory, or arithmetic, sometimes referred to as the queen of mathematics, is often considered as the purest branch of mathematics. It also has the false repu tation of being without any application to other areas of knowledge. Nevertheless, throughout their history, physical and natural sciences have experienced numerous unexpected relationships to number theory. The book entitled Number Theory in Science and Communication, by M.R. Schroeder (Springer Series in Information Sciences, Vol. 7, 1984) provides plenty of examples of cross-fertilization between number theory and a large variety of scientific topics. The most recent developments of theoretical physics have involved more and more questions related to number theory, and in an increasingly direct way. This new trend is especially visible in two broad families of physical problems. The first class, dynamical systems and quasiperiodicity, includes classical and quantum chaos, the stability of orbits in dynamical systems, K.A.M. theory, and problems with "small denominators", as well as the study of incommensurate structures, aperiodic tilings, and quasicrystals. The second class, which includes the string theory of fundamental interactions, completely integrable models, and conformally invariant two-dimensional field theories, seems to involve modular forms and p adic numbers in a remarkable way.

Frontiers in Number Theory, Physics, and Geometry II

On Conformal Field Theories, Discrete Groups and Renormalization

Author: Pierre E. Cartier,Bernard Julia,Pierre Moussa,Pierre Vanhove

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540303081

Category: Mathematics

Page: 789

View: 3704

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Ten years after a 1989 meeting of number theorists and physicists at the Centre de Physique des Houches, a second event focused on the broader interface of number theory, geometry, and physics. This book is the first of two volumes resulting from that meeting. Broken into three parts, it covers Conformal Field Theories, Discrete Groups, and Renormalization, offering extended versions of the lecture courses and shorter texts on special topics.

Liebe und Mathematik

Im Herzen einer verborgenen Wirklichkeit

Author: Edward Frenkel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662434210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 8103

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Number Theory in Science and Communication

With Applications in Cryptography, Physics, Digital Information, Computing, and Self-Similarity

Author: Manfred Schroeder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540852972

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 3286

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"Number Theory in Science and Communication" is a well-known introduction for non-mathematicians to this fascinating and useful branch of applied mathematics . It stresses intuitive understanding rather than abstract theory and highlights important concepts such as continued fractions, the golden ratio, quadratic residues and Chinese remainders, trapdoor functions, pseudo primes and primitive elements. Their applications to problems in the real world are one of the main themes of the book. This revised fifth edition is augmented by recent advances in coding theory, permutations and derangements and a chapter in quantum cryptography. From reviews of earlier editions – "I continue to find [Schroeder’s] Number Theory a goldmine of valuable information. It is a marvelous book, in touch with the most recent applications of number theory and written with great clarity and humor.’ Philip Morrison (Scientific American) "A light-hearted and readable volume with a wide range of applications to which the author has been a productive contributor – useful mathematics outside the formalities of theorem and proof." Martin Gardner

Group Theory and Its Application to Physical Problems

Author: Morton Hamermesh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486140393

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 8228

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One of the best-written, most skillful expositions of group theory and its physical applications, directed primarily to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics, especially quantum physics. With problems.

Q-series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics

A Conference on Q-series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics, October 26-28, 2000, University of Illinois

Author: Bruce (University of Illinois Berndt,Bruce C. Berndt,Ken Ono

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821827464

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 1443

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The subject of $q$-series can be said to begin with Euler and his pentagonal number theorem. In fact, $q$-series are sometimes called Eulerian series. Contributions were made by Gauss, Jacobi, and Cauchy, but the first attempt at a systematic development, especially from the point of view of studying series with the products in the summands, was made by E. Heine in 1847. In the latter part of the nineteenth and in the early part of the twentieth centuries, two English mathematicians, L. J. Rogers and F. H. Jackson, made fundamental contributions.In 1940, G. H. Hardy described what we now call Ramanujan's famous $_1\psi_1$ summation theorem as 'a remarkable formula with many parameters'. This is now one of the fundamental theorems of the subject. Despite humble beginnings, the subject of $q$-series has flourished in the past three decades, particularly with its applications to combinatorics, number theory, and physics. During the year 2000, the University of Illinois embraced The Millennial Year in Number Theory. One of the events that year was the conference $q$-Series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics. This event gathered mathematicians from the world over to lecture and discuss their research. This volume presents nineteen of the papers presented at the conference. The excellent lectures that are included chart pathways into the future and survey the numerous applications of $q$-series to combinatorics, number theory, and physics.

Group Theory for Physicists

Author: Zhong-Qi Ma

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813101482

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 5662

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This textbook explains the fundamental concepts and techniques of group theory by making use of language familiar to physicists. Application methods to physics are emphasized. New materials drawn from the teaching and research experience of the author are included. This book can be used by graduate students and young researchers in physics, especially theoretical physics. It is also suitable for some graduate students in theoretical chemistry.

Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics

IX International Workshop

Author: Vladimir Dobrev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431542701

Category: Mathematics

Page: 554

View: 9525

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Traditionally, Lie Theory is a tool to build mathematical models for physical systems. Recently, the trend is towards geometrisation of the mathematical description of physical systems and objects. A geometric approach to a system yields in general some notion of symmetry which is very helpful in understanding its structure. Geometrisation and symmetries are meant in their broadest sense, i.e., classical geometry, differential geometry, groups and quantum groups, infinite-dimensional (super-)algebras, and their representations. Furthermore, we include the necessary tools from functional analysis and number theory. This is a large interdisciplinary and interrelated field. Samples of these new trends are presented in this volume, based on contributions from the Workshop “Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics” held near Varna, Bulgaria, in June 2011. This book is suitable for an extensive audience of mathematicians, mathematical physicists, theoretical physicists, and researchers in the field of Lie Theory.

Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644052212

Category: Science

Page: 96

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Hundert schmale Seiten reichen, um die Physik der Moderne zu erklären Wo kommen wir her? Was können wir wissen? Seit ihren umwälzenden Entdeckungen im zwanzigsten Jahrhundert spüren Physiker den Kräften und Teilchen nach, die die Welt im Innersten und Äußersten zusammenhalten. Für jedermann verständlich, hat Carlo Rovelli dieses zauberhafte Buch darüber geschrieben. Es stürmte in wenigen Wochen an die Spitze der italienischen Bestsellerliste und wird derzeit in fast zwanzig Sprachen übersetzt. In eleganten, klaren Sätzen erklärt Rovelli die Physik der Moderne: Einstein und die Relativitätstheorie, Max Planck und die Quantenmechanik, die Entstehung des Universums, Schwarze Löcher, die Elementarteilchen, die Beschaffenheit von Raum und Zeit – und die Loop-Theorie, sein ureigenstes Arbeitsfeld. Ein Buch, das jeder verstehen kann – ein Lesevergnügen zum Staunen, Genießen und Mitreden können. «Von Natur aus wollen wir immer mehr wissen und immer weiter lernen. Unser Wissen über die Welt wächst. Uns treibt der Drang nach Erkenntnis und lernend stoßen wir an Grenzen. In den tiefsten Tiefen des Raumgewebes, im Ursprung des Kosmos, im Wesen der Zeit, im Schicksal der Schwarzen Löcher und im Funktionieren unseres eigenen Denkens. Hier, an den Grenzen unseres Wissens, wo sich das Meer unseres Nichtwissens vor uns auftut, leuchten das Geheimnis der Welt, die Schönheit der Welt, und es verschlägt uns den Atem.», schreibt Carlo Rovelli.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Surveys in Number Theory

Author: Krishnaswami Alladi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387785108

Category: Mathematics

Page: 188

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Number theory has a wealth of long-standing problems, the study of which over the years has led to major developments in many areas of mathematics. This volume consists of seven significant chapters on number theory and related topics. Written by distinguished mathematicians, key topics focus on multipartitions, congruences and identities (G. Andrews), the formulas of Koshliakov and Guinand in Ramanujan's Lost Notebook (B. C. Berndt, Y. Lee, and J. Sohn), alternating sign matrices and the Weyl character formulas (D. M. Bressoud), theta functions in complex analysis (H. M. Farkas), representation functions in additive number theory (M. B. Nathanson), and mock theta functions, ranks, and Maass forms (K. Ono), and elliptic functions (M. Waldschmidt).

Dynamical Systems, Number Theory and Applications

A Festschrift in Honor of Armin Leutbecher's 80th Birthday

Author: Thomas Hagen,Florian Rupp,Jrgen Scheurle

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981469987X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 266

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"This volume consists of a selection of research-type articles on dynamical systems, evolution equations, analytic number theory and closely related topics. A strong emphasis is on a fair balance between theoretical and more applied work, thus spanning the chasm between abstract insight and actual application. Several of the articles are expected to be in the intersection of dynamical systems theory and number theory. One article will likely relate the topics presented to the academic achievements and interests of Prof. Leutbecher and shed light on common threads among all the contributions."--

Introduction to Analytic Number Theory

Author: Tom M. Apostol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387901633

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

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"This book is the first volume of a two-volume textbook for undergraduates and is indeed the crystallization of a course offered by the author at the California Institute of Technology to undergraduates without any previous knowledge of number theory. For this reason, the book starts with the most elementary properties of the natural integers. Nevertheless, the text succeeds in presenting an enormous amount of material in little more than 300 pages."-—MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS