Forensic Science in Court

The Role of the Expert Witness

Author: Wilson Wall

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470743331

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 9683

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Forensic Science in Court: The Role of the Expert Witness is a practical handbook aimed at forensic science students, to help them prepare as an expert witness when presenting their evidence in court. Written in a clear, accessible manner, the book guides the student through the legal process and shows them how to handle evidence, write reports without ambiguity through to the more practical aspects of what to do when appearing in court. The book also offers advice on what to expect when working with lawyers in a courtroom situation. An essential text for all students taking forensic science courses who are required to take modules on how to present their evidence in court. The book is also an invaluable reference for any scientist requested to give an opinion in a legal context. · Integrates law and science in an easy to understand format · Inclusion of case studies throughout · Includes straightforward statistics essential for the forensic science student · An invaluable, practical textbook for anyone appearing as an expert witness in court · Unique in its approach aimed at forensic science students in a courtroom environment

Forensic Science in Court

Challenges in the Twenty First Century

Author: Donald Hon. Shelton, Chief Judge

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442201894

Category: Law

Page: 196

View: 8502

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Forensic Science in Court explores the legal implications of forensic science—an increasingly important and complex part of the legal system. Judge Donald Shelton provides an accessible overview of the legal issues, then examines the strengths and limitations of various kinds of forensic science, including DNA, fingerprints, handwriting, hair, bite marks, tool marks, firearms and bullets, fire and arson investigation, and bloodstain evidence. Case studies illustrate the issues and their application in depth.

From Crime Scene to Court

The Essentials of Forensic Science

Author: Peter C White

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847550657

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 4871

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Forensic science has been variously described as fascinating, challenging and even frightening. If you have only a vague concept of what forensic science is, this book will provide the answer. Aimed at non-scientists, or those with limited scientific knowledge, Crime Scene to Court covers all three main areas of an investigation where forensic science is practised, namely the scene of the crime, the forensic laboratory and the court. Coverage includes details of how crime scene and forensic examinations are conducted in the United Kingdom, the principles of crime scene investigations and the importance of this work in an investigation, and courtroom procedures and the role of the expert witness. The latest methods and techniques used in crime scene investigation and forensic laboratories are reported, cases are presented to illustrate why and how examinations are performed to generate forensic evidence and there is a bibliography for each chapter which provides further material for those readers wishing to delve deeper into the subject. This revised and updated edition also includes coverage on changes in professional requirements, the latest developments in DNA testing and two new chapters on computer based crimes and Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Ideal for those studying forensic science or law, the book is intended primarily for teaching and training purposes. However, anyone with a role in an investigation, for example police, crime scene investigators or indeed those called for jury service, will find this text an excellent source of information.

Forensic Evidence in Court

Evaluation and Scientific Opinion

Author: Craig Adam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119054435

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 851

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The interpretation and evaluation of scientific evidence and its presentation in a court of law is central both to the role of the forensic scientist as an expert witness and to the interests of justice. This book aims to provide a thorough and detailed discussion of the principles and practice of evidence interpretation and evaluation by using real cases by way of illustration. The presentation is appropriate for students of forensic science or related disciplines at advanced undergraduate and master's level or for practitioners engaged in continuing professional development activity. The book is structured in three sections. The first sets the scene by describing and debating the issues around the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence presented to the court. In the second section, the principles underpinning interpretation and evaluation are explained, including discussion of those formal statistical methods founded on Bayesian inference. The following chapters present perspectives on the evaluation and presentation of evidence in the context of a single type or class of scientific evidence, from DNA to the analysis of documents. For each, the science underpinning the analysis and interpretation of the forensic materials is explained, followed by the presentation of cases which illustrate the variety of approaches that have been taken in providing expert scientific opinion.

Crime Scene to Court

The Essentials of Forensic Science

Author: Peter White

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558828

Category: Medical

Page: 569

View: 4235

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If you have only a vague concept of what forensic science is, this book will provide the answer.

Digital Crime and Forensic Science in Cyberspace

Author: Panagiotis Kanellis,Evangelos Kiountouzis,Nicholas Kolokotronis

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591408725

Category: Law

Page: 357

View: 4810

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"Digital forensics is the science of collecting the evidence that can be used in a court of law to prosecute the individuals who engage in electronic crime"--Provided by publisher.

Crime Scene to Court Fourth Edition

The Essentials of Forensic Science

Author: Peter White

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782624465

Category: Law

Page: 680

View: 8570

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Keeping readers at the forefront of current practices across the forensic disciplines, this fourth edition is an excellent source of information for anyone studying forensic science or law.

Forensic Evidence

Science and the Criminal Law

Author: Terrence F. Kiely

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834377

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 9143

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Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law is a comprehensive analysis of the most recent state and federal court decisions addressing the use of forensic science in the investigation and trial of criminal cases. Each case provides a complete overview and analysis of the relevant scientific issues debated by the court in that particular case. These science-related discussions present the court's most recent positions on ballistics, blood analysis, forensic anthropology, and other scientific applications. Each case also provides a thorough examination of the legal aspects of its relevant science-related issues. These legal analyses focus on issues of criminal discovery, the debate over the legal requirements for utilization of an area of medical or other forensic science at trial, and the appellate court's acceptance in whole, in part, or not at all, of the scientist's factual findings and opinions in a wide variety of science-based settings. The author gives special attention to the latest decisions addressing the applicability of the famous Daubert case. Here, he offers a thorough analysis of what does and does not constitute acceptable science for the basis of an expert's opinion. Against this background, Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law will aid you tremendously in discerning these intricate factors, thereby boosting your understanding and analysis of science-based criminal cases on both the federal and state levels.

Forensic Ecology Handbook

From Crime Scene to Court

Author: Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Julie Roberts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119974192

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 2280

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The analysis of plants, insects, soil and other particulates from scenes of crime can be vital in proving or excluding contact between a suspect and a scene, targeting search areas, and establishing a time and place of death. Forensic Ecology: A Practitioner?s Guide provides a complete handbook covering all aspects of forensic ecology. Bringing together the forensic applications of anthropology, archaeology, entomology, palynology and sedimentology in one volume, this book provides an essential resource for practitioners in the field of forensic science, whether crime scene investigators, forensic science students or academics involved in the recovery and analysis of evidence from crime scenes. Forensic Ecology: A Practitioner?s Guide includes information not only on the search, location, recovery and analysis of evidence, but includes sampling strategies for diatom analysis, pollen and soils samples and entomology and provides guides for good practice. Each chapter provides background information on each discipline and is structured according to pre-scene attendance (what questions should the scientist ask when receiving a call? What sort of preparation is required?), scene attendance (including protocols at the scene, sampling strategies, recording), scientific examination of analysis of the evidence up to the stages and guidelines for witness statement and presenting evidence in court. The book is written by specialists in all fields with a wealth of experience who are current forensic practitioners around the world. It provides an essential and accessible resource for students, academics, forensic practitioners and police officers everywhere.

Legal Aspects of Forensics

Author: Danielle S. Sapse

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438103832

Category: Law

Page: 114

View: 9943

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Forensic science has made huge advances in recent years, leading to the solving of crimes that previously would have remained in the dark. Offering examples of cases that represent landmarks in types of evidence being considered admissible or not, as well as cases solved by the use of scientific methods, this handbook is ideal for students interested in a law career, or those intrigued by the forensic science methods used today.

Forensic Science

Author: Andrew R. W. Jackson,Julie M. Jackson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780130432513

Category: Law

Page: 395

View: 8396

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This text aims to provide a broad, scientifically rigorous introduction to Forensic Science. It covers processes from the crime scene to presentation of forensic science in court. It focuses on the chemical, biological and physical methods used in forensic examination. Techniques and procedures used in forensic science are fully covered. The book includes real-life case studies.

Forensic Testimony

Science, Law and Expert Evidence

Author: C. Michael Bowers

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123972604

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 329

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Forensic Testimony: Science, Law and Expert Evidence—favored with an Honorable Mention in Law & Legal Studies at the Association of American Publishers' 2015 PROSE Awards—provides a clear and intuitive discussion of the legal presentation of expert testimony. The book delves into the effects, processes, and battles that occur in the presentation of opinion and scientific evidence by court-accepted forensic experts. It provides a timely review of the United States Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) regarding expert testimony, and includes a multi-disciplinary look at the strengths and weaknesses in forensic science courtroom testimony. The statutes and the effects of judicial uses (or non-use) of the FRE, Daubert, Kumho, and the 2009 NAS Report on Forensic Science are also included. The presentation expands to study case law, legal opinions, and studies on the reliability and pitfalls of forensic expertise in the US court system. This book is an essential reference for anyone preparing to give expert testimony of forensic evidence. Honorable Mention in the 2015 PROSE Awards in Law & Legal Studies from the Association of American Publishers A multi-disciplinary forensic reference examining the strengths and weaknesses of forensic science in courtroom testimony Focuses on forensic testimony and judicial decisions in light of the Federal Rules of Evidence, case interpretations, and the NAS report findings Case studies, some from the Innocence Project, assist the reader in distinguishing good testimony from bad

Introduction to Forensic Sciences, Second Edition

Author: William G. Eckert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439821909

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 6165

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Introduction to Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is the current edition of this bestselling introductory textbook. Dr. William Eckert, one of the world's foremost authorities in the area of forensic medicine, presents each of the distinct fields that collectively comprise the forensic sciences in a logical, relatively non-technical fashion. Each chapter is written by a well-known expert in his/her respective field, and each specialty area is thoroughly treated. When appropriate, the various methods of applying these sciences in different countries are covered. Heavily illustrated, the Second Edition has been updated to include current procedures and techniques that were not available or usefully developed when the first edition was published. Features include:

Forensic Evidence in Court

A Case Study Approach

Author: Christine Beck Lissitzyn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594603709

Category: Law

Page: 389

View: 9948

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The text will cover the use of forensic evidence at trial through expert testimony as well as court challenges to many types of forensic evidence. The case study is the 1973 murder of Penney Serra in New Haven, Connecticut, which remained a cold case until 1997, when Ed Grant was identified based on a fingerprint match and subsequently convicted. The text examines forensic evidence in the Grant trial, including fingerprint, DNA, blood spatter and eyewitness identification. It also examines trial strategy, handwriting testimony, polygraph, and exonerations based on newly-discovered DNA.

Forensic Science Under Siege

The Challenges of Forensic Laboratories and the Medico-Legal Investigation System

Author: Kelly Pyrek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080471075

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 2698

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Forensic science laboratories' reputations have increasingly come under fire. Incidents of tainted evidence, false reports, allegations of negligence, scientifically flawed testimony, or - worse yet - perjury in in-court testimony, have all served to cast a shadow over the forensic sciences. Instances of each are just a few of the quality-related charges made in the last few years. Forensic Science Under Siege is the first book to integrate and explain these problematic trends in forensic science. The issues are timely, and are approached from an investigatory, yet scholarly and research-driven, perspective. Leading experts are consulted and interviewed, including directors of highly visible forensic laboratories, as well as medical examiners and coroners who are commandeering the discussions related to these issues. Interviewees include Henry Lee, Richard Saferstein, Cyril Wecht, and many others. The ultimate consequences of all these pressures, as well as the future of forensic science, has yet to be determined. This book examines these challenges, while also exploring possible solutions (such as the formation of a forensic science consortium to address specific legislative issues). It is a must-read for all forensic scientists. Provides insight on the current state of forensic science, demands, and future direction as provided by leading experts in the field Consolidates the current state of standards and best-practices of labs across disciplines Discusses a controversial topic that must be addressed for political support and financial funding of forensic science to improve

Report to the President

Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-comparison Methods

Author: Executive Office Executive Office of the President

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781539172000

Category:

Page: 132

View: 7070

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Published and needed studies for pattern-based forensic science methods What studies have been published in the past 5 years that support the foundational aspects of each of the pattern-based forensic science methods, including (but not limited to) latent print analysis; firearms/toolmarks; shoe/tire prints; bitemark analysis; questioned documents? What studies are needed to demonstrate the reliability and validity of these methods? Have studies been conducted to establish baseline frequencies of characteristics or features used in these pattern-based matching techniques? If not, how might such studies be conducted? What publicly accessible databases exist that could support such studies? What closed databases exist? Where such databases exist, how are they controlled and curated? If studies have not been conducted, what conclusions can and cannot be stated about the relationship between the crime scene evidence and a known suspect or tool (e.g., firearm)? How is performance testing (testing designed to determine the frequency with which individual examiners obtain correct answers) currently used in forensic laboratories? Are performance tests conducted in a blind manner? How could well-designed performance testing be used more systematically for the above pattern-based techniques to establish baseline error rates for individual examiners? What are the opportunities and challenges for developing and employing blind performance testing? What studies have been published in this area? What are the most promising new scientific techniques that are currently under development or could be developed in the next decade that would be most useful for forensic applications? Examples could include hair analysis by mass spectrometry, advances in digital forensics, and phenotypic DNA profiling. What standards of validity and reliability should new forensic methods be required to meet before they are introduced in court? Are there scientific and technology disciplines other than the traditional forensic science disciplines that could usefully contribute to and/or enhance the scientific, technical and/or societal aspects of forensic science? What mechanisms could be employed to encourage further collaboration between these disciplines and the forensic science community?

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

A Path Forward

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309142393

Category: Law

Page: 348

View: 9291

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Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Author: John M. Chalmers,Howell G. M. Edwards,Michael D. Hargreaves

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470749067

Category: Law

Page: 618

View: 9413

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This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.