Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Archaeological Approaches, Second Edition

Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439850313

Category: Law

Page: 398

View: 826

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This reference, now in its second edition, is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, as well as any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport evidence. New additions to the reference include discussion questions and suggested readings, updated mapping and measuring techniques, including a section on GIS and backpack differential GPS systems, expanded information on botany, DNA, and soil, and non-forensic burial contexts. Almost 200 illustrations are included to help clarify concepts.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Forensic Analysis of the Dead and the Depositional Environment

Author: Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118953347

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 7584

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A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science Combines essential theory with practical crime scene work Includes case studies Applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology Combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance

Forensic Science: Fundamentals & Investigations

Author: Anthony J. Bertino,Patricia Bertino

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305464907

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 5940

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With today's popular television programs about criminal justice and crime scene investigation and the surge of detective movies and books, students often have a passion for exploring forensic science. Now you can guide that excitement into a profitable learning experience with the help of the innovative, new FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E. This dynamic, visually powerful text has been carefully crafted to ensure solid scientific content and an approach that delivers precisely what you need for your high school course. Now an established best-seller, FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E offers a truly experiential approach that engages students in active learning and emphasizes the application of integrated science in your course. Student materials combine math, chemistry, biology, physics, and earth science with content aligned to the National Science Education Standards, clearly identified by icons. This book balances extensive scientific concepts with hands-on classroom and lab activities, readings, intriguing case studies, and chapter-opening scenarios. The book's exclusive Gale Forensic Science eCollectionTM database provides instant access to hundreds of journals and Internet resources that spark the interest of today's high school students. The new edition includes one new chapter on entomology and new capstone projects that integrate the concepts learned throughout the text. Comprehensive, time-saving teacher support and lab activities deliver exactly what you need to ensure that students receive a solid, integrated science education that keeps readers at all learning levels enthused about science. FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS AND INVESTIGATIONS, 2E sets the standard in high school forensic science . . . case closed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Forensic Anthropology

A Textbook

Author: Steven N. Byers

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 8144

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This text offers a comprehensive coverage of all of the major topics in the field of forensics with accuracy, intensity, and clarity. Following the protocol developed for the field by Clyde Snow in his 1982 article in 'The Annual Review of Anthropology', this text includes coverage of all areas in the field.

Forensic Archaeology

The Application of Comparative Excavation Methods and Recording Systems

Author: Laura Evis

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784914844

Category:

Page: 250

View: 3827

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Archaeological excavation has been widely used in the recovery of human remains and other evidence in the service of legal cases for many years. However, established approaches will in future be subject to closer scrutiny following the announcement by the Law Commission in 2011 that expert evidence will in future be subject to a new reliability-based admissibility test in criminal proceedings. This book evaluates current archaeological excavation methods and recording systems - focusing on those used in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australasia, and North America - in relation to their use in providing forensic evidence, and their ability to satisfy the admissibility tests introduced by the Law Commission, and other internationally recognised bodies. In order to achieve this aim, two analyses were undertaken. First, attention was directed to understanding the origins, development, underpinning philosophies, and current use of archaeological excavation methods and recording systems in the regions selected for study. A total of 153 archaeological manuals/guidelines were examined from archaeological organisations operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. This research indicated that the Stratigraphic Excavation method and Single Context Recording system, the Demirant Excavation method and Standard Context Recording system, the Quadrant Excavation method and Standard Context Recording system, and the Arbitrary Level Excavation method and Unit Level Recording system were the approaches most often used to excavate and record graves. Second, the four defined methodological approaches were assessed experimentally, using a grave simulation of known properties to test the excavation, recording, and interpretation of material evidence, the definition of stratigraphic contexts, and understanding of stratigraphic relationships. The grave simulation also provided opportunities to measure archaeologists' narratives of the grave formation process against the known properties of the grave simulation, and to assess whether archaeological experience had any impact on evidence recovery rates. Fifty repeat excavations were conducted. The results obtained from this experimental study show that the Quadrant Excavation method and Standard Context Recording system was the most consistent, efficient, and reliable archaeological approach to use to excavate and record clandestine burials and to formulate interpretation-based narratives of a grave's formation sequence. In terms of the impact that archaeological experience had on evidence recovery rates, archaeological experience was found to have little bearing upon the recovery of evidence from the grave simulation. It is suggested that forensic archaeologists use the Quadrant Excavation method and Standard Context Recording system to excavate and record clandestine burials. If this approach is unable to be used, the Demirant Excavation method and Standard Context Recording system, or the Stratigraphic Excavation method and Single Context Recording system should be used. Both of these aforementioned techniques proved to be productive in terms of material evidence recovery and the identification and definition of stratigraphic contexts. The Arbitrary Level Excavation method and Unit Level Recording system should not be used, as this method proved to have an extremely poor evidence recovery rate and destroyed the deposition sequence present within the simulated grave.

Forensic Anthropology

Current Methods and Practice

Author: Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128157343

Category:

Page: 450

View: 7089

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Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice, Second Edition approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds and practices of working forensic anthropologists. The book guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field and incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will learn about innovative techniques and the necessary background needed to work in the field. Instructors and students will find the book to be a comprehensive, practical and relevant source on the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance, such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topic-oriented case studies, keywords and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1938

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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

Die Gräber

Srebrenica und Vukovar

Author: Eric Stover,Gilles Peress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783931141752

Category:

Page: 334

View: 5218

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Übergangsriten

Author: Arnold Van Gennep

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593378367

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 258

View: 2304

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Practical Fire and Arson Investigation

Author: David R. Redsicker,John J. O'Connor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439831991

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 5738

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Did you know. . . . . . that arson has been described as the fastest-growing crime in America? . . . that arson is the most expensive crime committed? . . . that over 8 billion dollars was estimated lost due to fires in 1994? . . . that an estimated 86,000 structure fires of incendiary or suspicious origin were reported in 1994? David Redsicker provides these statistics and much more, including practical methods, information, and advice for investigating these types of crimes, in Practical Fire and Arson Investigation, Second Edition. Extensively rewritten second edition of this practical manual - More than 40% new material! Practical Fire and Arson Investigation, Second Edition is a significantly revised, updated, and expanded new edition of this best-selling book in the Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations series, edited by Vernon Geberth. As in the first edition, specific details on the basic principles are presented, and advanced applied techniques for conducting a thorough fire and arson investigation are detailed. New topics covered in the Second Edition include: Extensively rewritten chapters on determining origin and cause, eliminating accidental fire causes, investigating fatal fires and vehicular fires, and documenting the fire/crime scene Fire scene photography using "painting with light" Importance of evidence preservation and analysis in civil litigation of liability and product defects

The Environmental Archaeology of Industry

Author: Peter Murphy,Patricia E. J. Wiltshire

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842170847

Category: History

Page: 170

View: 5174

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The environmental impact of industry is often profound and far-reaching, and has long been present in the cultural landscape, but research into the nature and relative importance of industrial activity has been somewhat neglected by environmental archaeologists. This volume presents eighteen papers deriving from a conference of the Association for Environmental Archaeology; they aim to bridge the gap between environmental and industrial archaeology. The papers address several major issues including: the effects of mining and smelting on sedimentation and vegetation in river catchments, the environmental impact of industries which are based on high-temperature processes and require reliable sources of fuel, such as metallurgy, pottery, glass and lime-making; the environmental impact of industrial processes based on biological raw materials, such as horn, bone, hides and shell; and the effects of industry on human health. Contents: Setting the Scene ( F Chambers ); Reconstructing the environmental impact of past metallurgical activities ( P D Marshall ); An environmental approach to the archaeology of tin mining on Dartmoor ( V Thorndycraft, D Pirriet and A G Brown ); Wood-based industrial fuels and their environmental impact in lowland Britain ( R Gale ); The iron production industry and its extensive demand upon woodland resources: A case study from Creeton Quarry, Lincolnshire ( J Cowgill ); Tanning and horn-working at late- and post- mediaeval Bruges ( A Ervynck, B Hillewaert, A Maes and M van Strydonck ); Tawyers, tanners, horn trade and the mystery of the missing goat ( U Albarella ); Choice and use of shells for artefacts at Roman sites in the Eastern Desert of Egypt ( S Hamilton-Dyer ); Industrial activities - some suggested microstratigraphic signatures ( R Macphail ); Deriving information efficiently from surveys of artefact distribution ( R S Shiel and S B Mohamed ); Can we identify biological indicator groups for craft, industry and other activities? ( A Hall and H Kenward ); Archaeological arthropod faunas as indicators of past industrial activitie( J Schelvis ); Charred mollusc shells as indicators of industrial activities ( P Murphy ); Saxon flax retting in river channels and the apparent lack of water pollution ( M Robinson ); The rise and fall of Rickets in England ( S A Mays ); A comparison of health in past rural, urban and industrial England ( M Lewis ); Determining occupation from skeletal remains - is it possible? ( T Waldron and W Birch ); The disposal and decomposition of human and animal remains( D W Hopkins and P E J Wiltshire ).

Trauma-Biomechanik

Verletzungen in Straßenverkehr und Sport

Author: Kai-Uwe Schmitt,Peter F. Niederer,Markus H. Muser,Felix Walz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642115969

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 3597

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Trauma-Biomechanik untersucht die Reaktion und Toleranz von Gewebe auf extreme mechanische Belastungen. Dabei ist das Verständnis der mechanischen Faktoren entscheidend, um Maßnahmen zur Verhinderung von Verletzungen zu entwickeln. Die Autoren beschäftigen sich intensiv mit den Verletzungsarten, die durch Verkehrs- und Sportunfälle verursacht werden. Dabei wird eine interdisziplinäre Sicht eingenommen, die u. a. Fragen der Anatomie jeder Körperregion, aber auch ingenieurwissenschaftliche Lösungen zur Verletzungsvorbeugung miteinbezieht.

Human Paleopathology and Related Subjects

An International Bibliography

Author: Daniel V. Elerick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human remains (Archaeology)

Page: 716

View: 5369

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Consists of 6 computer disks with citations in alphabetical order, lists of journals, and sources. Each citation includes author, year, title (publisher and place if book), journal, volume/pages, key words, and source of the citation.